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Potential for job creation in a
circular economy
ETUI-ETUC Conference
27 – 29 June 2016
Shaping the new world of work
What is the Institut de l’économie circulaire ?
French multi-stakeholders think-tank gathering 250
members :
• Companies
• Public and Local Authorities
• Political and Academic Personalities
• NGOs
3 actions levels :
• Studies and Workshops
• Communicate and Influence
• Projects / Experimentation
Which jobs in a circular
economy ?
CIRCULAR ECONOMY PILLARS (Source : Suez, translated from
ADEME)
Which jobs in a circular
economy ?
Waste Management Number of full-time jobs
Waste disposal / Landfill 1
Incineration 3 to 4
Compost / methanisation 11
Deconstruction / Remanufacturing 50
Number of jobs created for 10kt of managed waste (Source
ADEME, 2013)
Which jobs in a circular
economy ?
Pillar Number of jobs
Sustainable supplies 378 000
Eco-design / Industrial ecology / Product-
service-system
-
Repair 150 000
Reuse 18 000
Recycling 79 000
Total 625 000
Jobs in circular economy pillars in France (Sources : ADEME, ONEMEV)
Which jobs in a circular
economy ?
Jobs in circular economy pillars in France (Source : France Stratégies,
2016)
Which jobs in a circular
economy ?
• Unlikely to be relocated
• Low to high skilled jobs
Job creation potential in a
circular economy
Sectors Additional jobs
Packaging Recycling (2030) 10 000
Reuse, Repair 10 000 à 20 000
Energy Transition (2030) 300 000 to 600 000
Industrial ecology projects (2020) 3 700
Furniture ecodesign (2020) 3 500
Job potential in France (Sources : ADEME, Negaatt, CGEDD)
Job creation potential in a
circular economy
EU / Country Hypothesis Additional Jobs
EU (GWS, 2012) - 17 % natural resources consumption 1,4 to 2,8 millions
EU (Cambridge
Eco. 2014)
+ 30 % resource productivity (2030) 2 millions
UK (WRAP,
2015)
High implementation of product-service
system, recycling, remanufacturing,
reuse, biofuels
517 000
Netherlands
(TNO, 2013)
Metals, WEEE, Food and agriculture 54 000
Job creation potential in a
circular economy
Applying hypothesis from WRAP study to France :
• High level of recycling (85%)
• Remanufacturing of WEEE and equipement (50%)
• Reuse and product-service system
Between 450 000 and 550 000 additional jobs
Job creation potential in a
circular economy
Country
GHG Emission
Reduction
Additional
Jobs
Trade Balance
Effects
France - 66% + 500 000 + 2,5% of GDP
Netherlands - 67% + 200 000 + 2,5% of GDP
Spain - 69% + 400 000 + 2% of GDP
Sweden - 66% + 100 000 + 1,5% of GDP
Finland - 68% + 75 000 + 1,5% of GDP
Source : Club of Rome, 2015. The Circular Economy and Benefits for Society
How to support the transition
towards circular economy « jobs »
• More studies on economic opportunities linked
to circular economy
• Initial and continuing education
• Taxation
• Regulation

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ETUI-ETUC conference 2016 Panel 9 Adrian Deboutière

  • 1. Potential for job creation in a circular economy ETUI-ETUC Conference 27 – 29 June 2016 Shaping the new world of work
  • 2. What is the Institut de l’économie circulaire ? French multi-stakeholders think-tank gathering 250 members : • Companies • Public and Local Authorities • Political and Academic Personalities • NGOs 3 actions levels : • Studies and Workshops • Communicate and Influence • Projects / Experimentation
  • 3. Which jobs in a circular economy ? CIRCULAR ECONOMY PILLARS (Source : Suez, translated from ADEME)
  • 4. Which jobs in a circular economy ? Waste Management Number of full-time jobs Waste disposal / Landfill 1 Incineration 3 to 4 Compost / methanisation 11 Deconstruction / Remanufacturing 50 Number of jobs created for 10kt of managed waste (Source ADEME, 2013)
  • 5. Which jobs in a circular economy ? Pillar Number of jobs Sustainable supplies 378 000 Eco-design / Industrial ecology / Product- service-system - Repair 150 000 Reuse 18 000 Recycling 79 000 Total 625 000 Jobs in circular economy pillars in France (Sources : ADEME, ONEMEV)
  • 6. Which jobs in a circular economy ? Jobs in circular economy pillars in France (Source : France Stratégies, 2016)
  • 7. Which jobs in a circular economy ? • Unlikely to be relocated • Low to high skilled jobs
  • 8. Job creation potential in a circular economy Sectors Additional jobs Packaging Recycling (2030) 10 000 Reuse, Repair 10 000 à 20 000 Energy Transition (2030) 300 000 to 600 000 Industrial ecology projects (2020) 3 700 Furniture ecodesign (2020) 3 500 Job potential in France (Sources : ADEME, Negaatt, CGEDD)
  • 9. Job creation potential in a circular economy EU / Country Hypothesis Additional Jobs EU (GWS, 2012) - 17 % natural resources consumption 1,4 to 2,8 millions EU (Cambridge Eco. 2014) + 30 % resource productivity (2030) 2 millions UK (WRAP, 2015) High implementation of product-service system, recycling, remanufacturing, reuse, biofuels 517 000 Netherlands (TNO, 2013) Metals, WEEE, Food and agriculture 54 000
  • 10. Job creation potential in a circular economy Applying hypothesis from WRAP study to France : • High level of recycling (85%) • Remanufacturing of WEEE and equipement (50%) • Reuse and product-service system Between 450 000 and 550 000 additional jobs
  • 11. Job creation potential in a circular economy Country GHG Emission Reduction Additional Jobs Trade Balance Effects France - 66% + 500 000 + 2,5% of GDP Netherlands - 67% + 200 000 + 2,5% of GDP Spain - 69% + 400 000 + 2% of GDP Sweden - 66% + 100 000 + 1,5% of GDP Finland - 68% + 75 000 + 1,5% of GDP Source : Club of Rome, 2015. The Circular Economy and Benefits for Society
  • 12. How to support the transition towards circular economy « jobs » • More studies on economic opportunities linked to circular economy • Initial and continuing education • Taxation • Regulation