Writing:  The Bridge: Bagrut, Project and Literature By Ann Shlapobersky
<ul><li>&quot; Writing is mind traveling,  </li></ul><ul><li>destination unknown.&quot;   (unknown – at least I couldn’t f...
You can talk, but can you write? <ul><li>When do we write? </li></ul><ul><li>Why do we write? </li></ul><ul><li>What do we...
Teaching writing <ul><li>Letters </li></ul><ul><li>Words </li></ul><ul><li>Phrases </li></ul><ul><li>Noun/verb combo </li>...
Technicality of writing - PGS <ul><li>do i need to go to school today to learn new things the teacher teached yesterday bu...
But, we taught it! So, <ul><li>why won’t they write? </li></ul><ul><li>why won’t they express their thoughts on paper? </l...
Writing Requirements <ul><li>Concrete sentences / paragraph structure </li></ul><ul><li>Clarity of thought </li></ul><ul><...
Bridging to Writing <ul><li>Provide: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>specific steps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>detailed examples </l...
What’s required to Bridge Task to Literature? <ul><li>Length Requirements:   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4 pointers – 500–750 wo...
Bridging Task: What must be decided? <ul><li>Name of literary text and topic / student’s name/ class </li></ul><ul><li>Why...
more to decide <ul><li>Summary of information  about the topic </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Bibliography...
While we’re reading – what can we do? <ul><li>Cover page </li></ul><ul><li>Rationale for the choice of topic </li></ul><ul...
More: While we read – what can we do? <ul><li>Summary of information about the topic  </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></...
The Task outline <ul><li>Cover page </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Name of topic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Name of literary text <...
<ul><li>Summary of information about the topic  (body of paper: 3 – 5 paragraphs) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Write about the to...
<ul><li>Conclusion (2 paragraphs: three – five sentences) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>General conclusion/ summary of the task (1...
Paragraph <ul><li>Topic Sentence   Writing is difficult for me and most students. </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting sentences  ...
Bibliography <ul><li>ECB  Online -  http://www.ecb.co.il/ecbonline/resources.html </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative to the Pro...
Happy Writing <ul><li>Ann Shlapobersky -  [email_address]   </li></ul>
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Writing: Bagrut, Projects and Now Bridging to Literature

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Writing: Bagrut, Projects and Now Bridging to Literature

  1. 1. Writing: The Bridge: Bagrut, Project and Literature By Ann Shlapobersky
  2. 2. <ul><li>&quot; Writing is mind traveling, </li></ul><ul><li>destination unknown.&quot; (unknown – at least I couldn’t find it) </li></ul>
  3. 3. You can talk, but can you write? <ul><li>When do we write? </li></ul><ul><li>Why do we write? </li></ul><ul><li>What do we write? </li></ul><ul><li>Do we write in sentences? </li></ul><ul><li>Why don’t we write sentences? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Teaching writing <ul><li>Letters </li></ul><ul><li>Words </li></ul><ul><li>Phrases </li></ul><ul><li>Noun/verb combo </li></ul><ul><li>Noun expansion (subject) </li></ul><ul><li>Verb expansion (predicate) </li></ul><ul><li>Paragraph </li></ul><ul><li>a…b…c….d… </li></ul><ul><li>bag, chance, exploratory </li></ul><ul><li>under the bed, behind the curtain </li></ul><ul><li>We walk… Sue conceives… </li></ul><ul><li>The big gray evasive eagle </li></ul><ul><li>flew cumbersomely above the jagged cliff </li></ul><ul><li>Topic sentence, supporting details, conclusion </li></ul>
  5. 5. Technicality of writing - PGS <ul><li>do i need to go to school today to learn new things the teacher teached yesterday but no one remembers because we don’t listening. </li></ul><ul><li>P unctuation </li></ul><ul><li>G rammar </li></ul><ul><li>S tructur3 (of sentences/paragraphs) </li></ul>
  6. 6. But, we taught it! So, <ul><li>why won’t they write? </li></ul><ul><li>why won’t they express their thoughts on paper? </li></ul><ul><li>why won’t they put pen to paper / fingers to keyboard? </li></ul>
  7. 7. Writing Requirements <ul><li>Concrete sentences / paragraph structure </li></ul><ul><li>Clarity of thought </li></ul><ul><li>Fluid ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Display an understanding of content </li></ul>
  8. 8. Bridging to Writing <ul><li>Provide: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>specific steps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>detailed examples </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>rules </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>step-by-step expansion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>sentence </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>to paragraph </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>to paper </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Explain the process </li></ul>
  9. 9. What’s required to Bridge Task to Literature? <ul><li>Length Requirements: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4 pointers – 500–750 words (2 – 3 typed written pages 250 words per page) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5 pointers – 750–1000 words (3 – 4 typed written pages 250 words per page) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cover page </li></ul><ul><li>Rationale for the choice of topic </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction about the topic </li></ul><ul><li>Summary of information about the topic </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Bibliography </li></ul>
  10. 10. Bridging Task: What must be decided? <ul><li>Name of literary text and topic / student’s name/ class </li></ul><ul><li>Why I chose this topic? </li></ul><ul><li>Umbrella topic: Expansion of historical, social or cultural context </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction to bridging task What am I writing about? </li></ul><ul><li>Cover page </li></ul><ul><li>Rationale for the choice of topic </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction about the topic </li></ul>
  11. 11. more to decide <ul><li>Summary of information about the topic </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Bibliography </li></ul><ul><li>How do I integrate the information I found and read? </li></ul><ul><li>How do I write a summary of it all? </li></ul><ul><li>How do I explain how the topic I chose is reflected in the text or how it may have influenced the writing of the text? </li></ul><ul><li>What’s my conclusion? How do I explain how the information I learned about enhances or changes my understanding of the literary text. </li></ul><ul><li>Two sources – four points </li></ul><ul><li>Three sources – five points </li></ul>
  12. 12. While we’re reading – what can we do? <ul><li>Cover page </li></ul><ul><li>Rationale for the choice of topic </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction about the topic </li></ul><ul><li>Play / Short Story / Article / Poem </li></ul><ul><li>Pre- Reading Activity: </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion of themes related to topic (historical, social and author) </li></ul><ul><li>Basic Understanding of the Text: </li></ul><ul><li>Choose three to five aspects of the topic that you want to learn more about. </li></ul><ul><li>Write questions if that helps. </li></ul><ul><li>Name of literary text and topic / student’s name/ class </li></ul><ul><li>Why I chose this topic?: Umbrella topic: Expansion of historical, social or cultural context </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction to bridging task What am I writing about? </li></ul>
  13. 13. More: While we read – what can we do? <ul><li>Summary of information about the topic </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Bibliography </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis and Interpretation: </li></ul><ul><li>Locate the answers to the questions and write one paragraph explaining each answer. </li></ul><ul><li>Bridging Text and Context: </li></ul><ul><li>Explain how the topic you choose is reflected in the text or how it may have influenced the writing of the text. </li></ul><ul><li>Summary / Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>What I can conclude from what I learned of the topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Reflection </li></ul><ul><li>How does what I learned enhance my understanding of the literary text? </li></ul><ul><li>Write about the topic integrating the information you found and read. </li></ul><ul><li>General conclusion of the task </li></ul><ul><li>Explain how the information you learned about the topic enhances or changes your understanding of the literary text. </li></ul><ul><li>Two sources – four points </li></ul><ul><li>Three sources – five points </li></ul>
  14. 14. The Task outline <ul><li>Cover page </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Name of topic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Name of literary text </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Name of student/class </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rationale for the choice of topic (1 paragraph: three – five sentences) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Why I chose this topic? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why does this topic interest me? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Introduction about the topic (1 paragraph: three – five sentences) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Opening sentence(s) stating what is the purpose of the paper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Three to five sentences stating what you will discuss in this paper (these sentences should mirror the questions you asked yourself about the topic) </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Summary of information about the topic (body of paper: 3 – 5 paragraphs) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Write about the topic integrating the information you found and read. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>First piece of information I found relating to the topic (or my first question and its answer - 1 paragraph: three – five sentences) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Second piece of information I found relating to the topic (or my second question and its answer - 1 paragraph: three – five sentences) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Third piece of information I found relating to the topic (or my third question and its answer - 1 paragraph: three – five sentences) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fourth piece of information I found relating to the topic (or my forth question and its answer - 1 paragraph: three – five sentences) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fifth piece of information I found relating to the topic (or my fifth question and its answer - 1 paragraph: three – five sentences) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Explain how the topic you choose is reflected in the text or how the topic may have influenced the writing of the text. (paragraph 1) </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Conclusion (2 paragraphs: three – five sentences) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>General conclusion/ summary of the task (1 paragraph) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Explain how the information you learned about the topic enhances or changes your understanding of the literary text. (1 paragraph) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bibliography </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two sources – four points </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Three sources – five points </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Paragraph <ul><li>Topic Sentence Writing is difficult for me and most students. </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting sentences First of all, we don’t like to display our thoughts on paper. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Second, we worry about whether we’ll use the correct grammar and appropriate vocabulary. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Third, we may have to write a second or third draft and we’d prefer not to doing that. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Concluding sentence </li></ul><ul><li>We will write this paper if we absolutely have to, so make it interesting. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Bibliography <ul><li>ECB Online - http://www.ecb.co.il/ecbonline/resources.html </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative to the Project: Literature Bridging Task – Ministry of Education (Aug 09) </li></ul><ul><li>Writing Effective Paragraphs - http://writing2.richmond.edu/writing/wweb/paragrph.html </li></ul><ul><li>How to Write a Paragraph - http:// howtowriteaparagraph.com/index.html </li></ul><ul><li>Writing Tips: Paragraph – WritingDen - http://www2.actden.com/writ_Den/Tips/paragrap/index.htm </li></ul><ul><li>English-Zone.com – Paragraph Writing - http://www.english-zone.com/index.php?ID =71 </li></ul><ul><li>How to Write a Five Paragraph Essay - http://www.bookrags.com/articles/4.html </li></ul><ul><li>How to Write a Paragraph (WikiHowto) - http:// www.wikihow.com /Write-a-Paragraph </li></ul><ul><li>Ann Shlapobersky - [email_address] </li></ul>
  19. 19. Happy Writing <ul><li>Ann Shlapobersky - [email_address] </li></ul>

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