Erratic Spelling and the ESOL Learner


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Liz Shapiro

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Erratic Spelling and the ESOL Learner

  1. 1. Erratic Spelling and the ESOL Learner Liz Shapiro
  2. 2. Erratic Speller and ESOL Your aim • My Aim… Individualised Spelling Program Brain Gym® Who? Memory Techniques !! !! Assessments Personal History – Tests Starting Point….. Detective work ? ??? Processing Strengths/Weaknesses Audio Visual Motor L1 Individualised Spelling Program Look Say Cover Write Check ACTION !
  3. 3. Erratic spelling and ESOL Learner ETAI 2010 Liz Shapiro Strengths/Weaknesses Technology Audio Visual Motor L1 How to support? Computer Chun king Chun king Cursive writing Awareness Processor Rhythm Colour Touch typing Meaning Rhyme Pattern Wall writing Stress Plastic Rug writing Letters Song Clay Brain Gym® Plastic letters Clay Feel Word Building /Word families Individualised Spelling Program Look Say Cover Write Check (Max.10 words per week Look say cover write check new words every day. At the end of the week,the tutor will use them in a dictation to check for student’s automaticity and previous words will be reviewed.) ACTION !
  4. 4. Assessments Assessment Purpose of Test Requirements Spelling Error Analysis To identify spelling Spelling from a from Dictation errors, i.e. visual, auditory dictation taken from processing and motor Cynthia Klein selections, integration problems at appropriate level to generate at least 26 errors Free Writing Analysis To identify the learner’s Produce 100 words of Including Spelling spelling strengths and free writing on a topic Error Analysis weaknesses in addition to relevant to the planning, grammar, student. vocabulary, proof reading and L1 interference etc Digit Memory Test To assess short term Repeat sets of digits auditory memory for forward and then in sequences reverse Reading Miscue • To identify strategies Read aloud text from Analysis used by the learner Cynthia Klein selection when reading extended of appropriate level to text produce 20 – 25 miscues • To check on reading comprehension and speed Perin Spoonerism Task To identify phonological Transpose initial processing problems sounds of a pair of relating to segmentation words i.e. forename and and blending surname Single word reading To test strengths and Read aloud lists of non- tests: weaknesses: words, regular, • Non words • phonological irregular and non- • Regular long words • auditory phonological words • Irregular words • visual Test for Visual Stress To identify visual stress View words through Syndrome by preferred coloured different coloured overlay overlay and identify
  5. 5. preference Erratic Spellor and the ESOL learner ETAI 2010 Liz Shapiro Source of Assessments Dyslexia Action: Digit Memory Test, Turner and Ridsdale 2003 The Non Word Decoding Test, Turner 2003 Perin Spoonerism Task, Perin 2001 (revised) Klein, C. 2003 Diagnosing Dyslexia (2nd edition), The Basic Skills Agency: Methodology and materials for miscue, spelling error, free writing analysis, and single word reading tests Sunderland, Klein, Savinson, Partridge, Dyslexia and the Bilingual Learner 1997: Dictation text and reading text Nelson, H. Regular Long Word Reading Test/ New Adult Reading Test (NART) Swabey, A. LLLU Irregular Word Reading Test Wilkins, A. Prof. at University of Essex Wilkins Test for Visual Stress Syndrome (Visual Dyslexia)
  6. 6. BIBLIOGRAPHY – Erratic Spelling and the ESOL Learner ETAI 2010 Liz Shapiro Davis, R. D. with Braun, E. M. 1997 The Gift of Dyslexia, Souvenir Press Dennison, P.E. & G. E. 2010 (USA) Brain Gym Teachers’ Edition, Hearts at Play, Inc., a division of Edu-Kinesthetics, USA Klein, C. and Millar, R. 1990 Unscrambling Spelling, Hodder & Stoughton Klein, C. 1993 Diagnosing Dyslexia, The Basic Skills Agency, London Krupska, M. and Klein, C. 1995 Demystifying Spelling, LLLU, London Mortimore, T. 2003 Dyslexia and Learning Style, A Practitioner’s Handbook, Whurr Publishers Ltd Peer, L. and Reid, G. 2000 Multilingualism, Literacy and Dyslexia A Challenge For Educators, David Fulton Publishers Sassoon, R. and Briem G. S.E. 1993 Teach Yourself Better Handwriting, Hodder & Stoughton Spiegel, M. and Sunderland, H. 2006 Teaching Basic Literacy to ESOL Learners (A Teachers Guide), LLU+, London Sunderland, H. Savinson, R. Klein, C. and Partridge, T. 1997 Dyslexia and the Bilingual Learner, London Language and Literacy Unit, London Hannaford, C. 1995 Smart Moves - Why Learning is Not ALL in Your Head, Great Ocean Swan, M. and Smith, B. 1987 Learner English – A Teacher’s Guide to Interference and Other Problems, Cambridge University Press, UK
  7. 7. Erratic Spelling and the ESOL Learner ETAI 2010 Liz Shapiro Useful Resources • Davies. A and Ritchie, D. 1998 Thrass Picturechart, Thrass (UK) Ltd • Coloured pens/highlighterpens • Coloured lined paper • Pen grip – handwriting - cursive handwriting practice – a gateway to learning styles approach; skills for life; a framework for understanding dyslexia – Supporting writing with ICT: word processors; talking word processors; spell checkers in word processors; additional onscreen wordbanks and grids; predictive programs; typing and keyboard skills; voice or speech recognition software; portable word processors and writing aids; making web pages, planning software; handwriting. coloured overlays - The National Institute of Adult Continuing Education - The Digit Memory Test