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Chemda Benisty

ETAI International
   July, 2010

                     Copyright © Wondershare Software
• Sets numerical lexical targets
• Includes suggestions to facilitate
  the transition from receptive
  knowledge to produ...
•   Some insights from the literature
•   The situation in Israel
•   Syllabus design
•   Presentation of the syllabus
•  ...
Copyright © Wondershare Software
• It is the basis of language and crucial
  for the functioning of the four skills
• It is closely tied to comprehension

...
• Vocabulary acquisition includes the
  learning of lexical chunks
• Corpus linguistics provides support
  for this claim
...
Two main complementary processes
 for acquiring new vocabulary:

• Explicit learning
• Implicit learning


               ...
Deliberate decontextualized attention:
• Establishes the form meaning link
  (Schmitt 2008)
• Facilitates acquisition with...
Enhances vocabulary knowledge and
the acquisition of new vocabulary while
engaging in different language activities:
  • D...
Nine aspects of word knowledge
• Form: spelling, sound, and word parts
• Meaning: concepts and referents, and
  associatio...
• Each aspect impacts both receptive
  knowledge and productive use
• Productive learning involves deeper
  processing of ...
• Depth of knowledge is as important
  as vocabulary size.
• Unfortunately, most learning stops
  following the provision ...
Copyright © Wondershare Software
The Israeli English Curriculum for All
Grades (2001) does not incorporate a
lexical syllabus.




                       C...
• Teachers make decisions about
  vocabulary.
• Teachers rely on textbooks.
• Textbooks don’t necessarily have clear
  cri...
• To set numerical goals for vocabulary
  instruction
• To standardize vocabulary instruction in Israel
• To inform and im...
Copyright © Wondershare Software
Selection Criteria




            Usefulness for Relevance to the
Frequency                                     Learning ...
This basic lexis: 2000 word families for less
proficient students by the end of JHS

Note:
This basic high frequency lexis...
ADOPT
·   adopted
·   adopting
·   adoption
·   adoptions               1st list

·   adopts

                Copyright © ...
• All inflections of verbs, adjectives
  and nouns
• Items familiar to learners from
  elementary school
• Irrelevant item...
• Divided into two lists
• American English spelling preferred
  with references to British spelling
• Headwords alphabeti...
• Examples italicized
• Verbs proceeded by to
• Multiple meanings differentiated by
  the use of lower case letters



   ...
• Spoken language given special
  attention
• Lexical chunks added to most entries
• On a disc




                       ...
1st list   2nd list




            Copyright © Wondershare Software
(to) categorize (categorise), category:
divide sb/ sth into categories, group
sb/ sth under categories, put sb/ sth
in/ in...
(to) approve/ disapprove: (a) like sb/
sth: strongly/ very much approve of
sth/ sb, (b) agree to sth: formally
approve, ap...
Copyright © Wondershare Software
• Collocations- crucial for developing
  productive aspects of language
• Collocational competence contributes to
  fluenc...
• Allotting time to productive aspects
• Recycling
• Pushing learners to produce and
  make use of newly taught lexical
  ...
• Production contributes to vocabulary
  acquisition:
            The need
            The search
            The evaluati...
• Successful production increases the
  likelihood of memorization
• Successful production impacts
  motivation


        ...
Copyright © Wondershare Software
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Targeting Vocabulary for Junior High School

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Chemda Benisty

Published in: Education
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Targeting Vocabulary for Junior High School

  1. 1. Chemda Benisty ETAI International July, 2010 Copyright © Wondershare Software
  2. 2. • Sets numerical lexical targets • Includes suggestions to facilitate the transition from receptive knowledge to productive use of target vocabulary Copyright © Wondershare Software
  3. 3. • Some insights from the literature • The situation in Israel • Syllabus design • Presentation of the syllabus • Pedagogical recommendations • Questions Copyright © Wondershare Software
  4. 4. Copyright © Wondershare Software
  5. 5. • It is the basis of language and crucial for the functioning of the four skills • It is closely tied to comprehension Copyright © Wondershare Software
  6. 6. • Vocabulary acquisition includes the learning of lexical chunks • Corpus linguistics provides support for this claim Copyright © Wondershare Software
  7. 7. Two main complementary processes for acquiring new vocabulary: • Explicit learning • Implicit learning Copyright © Wondershare Software
  8. 8. Deliberate decontextualized attention: • Establishes the form meaning link (Schmitt 2008) • Facilitates acquisition within a limited time • Results in higher gains in acquisition • Better for the most frequently used words Copyright © Wondershare Software
  9. 9. Enhances vocabulary knowledge and the acquisition of new vocabulary while engaging in different language activities: • Depends on 8-15 exposures • Exposures must be in frequent intervals Copyright © Wondershare Software
  10. 10. Nine aspects of word knowledge • Form: spelling, sound, and word parts • Meaning: concepts and referents, and associations • Use: grammatical functions, collocations, frequency and register Nation 2005 Copyright © Wondershare Software
  11. 11. • Each aspect impacts both receptive knowledge and productive use • Productive learning involves deeper processing of vocabulary • Productive learning necessitates deliberate attention Copyright © Wondershare Software
  12. 12. • Depth of knowledge is as important as vocabulary size. • Unfortunately, most learning stops following the provision of a translation (Schmitt, 2008). Copyright © Wondershare Software
  13. 13. Copyright © Wondershare Software
  14. 14. The Israeli English Curriculum for All Grades (2001) does not incorporate a lexical syllabus. Copyright © Wondershare Software
  15. 15. • Teachers make decisions about vocabulary. • Teachers rely on textbooks. • Textbooks don’t necessarily have clear criteria for vocabulary selection. • Vocabulary is often marginalized in favor of a focus on grammar. Copyright © Wondershare Software
  16. 16. • To set numerical goals for vocabulary instruction • To standardize vocabulary instruction in Israel • To inform and improve the quality of vocabulary instruction • To enable the assessment of students’ progress Copyright © Wondershare Software
  17. 17. Copyright © Wondershare Software
  18. 18. Selection Criteria Usefulness for Relevance to the Frequency Learning burden TEFL learners’ world Copyright © Wondershare Software
  19. 19. This basic lexis: 2000 word families for less proficient students by the end of JHS Note: This basic high frequency lexis is essential for a variety of spoken and written texts. Copyright © Wondershare Software
  20. 20. ADOPT · adopted · adopting · adoption · adoptions 1st list · adopts Copyright © Wondershare Software
  21. 21. • All inflections of verbs, adjectives and nouns • Items familiar to learners from elementary school • Irrelevant items for Israeli students Exclusions Copyright © Wondershare Software
  22. 22. • Divided into two lists • American English spelling preferred with references to British spelling • Headwords alphabetized and bolded • Other parts of speech underlined Copyright © Wondershare Software
  23. 23. • Examples italicized • Verbs proceeded by to • Multiple meanings differentiated by the use of lower case letters Copyright © Wondershare Software
  24. 24. • Spoken language given special attention • Lexical chunks added to most entries • On a disc Copyright © Wondershare Software
  25. 25. 1st list 2nd list Copyright © Wondershare Software
  26. 26. (to) categorize (categorise), category: divide sb/ sth into categories, group sb/ sth under categories, put sb/ sth in/ into categories, create categories, categories of Copyright © Wondershare Software
  27. 27. (to) approve/ disapprove: (a) like sb/ sth: strongly/ very much approve of sth/ sb, (b) agree to sth: formally approve, approval/ disapproval: need/ receive/ give/ show full/ final/ written/ formal approval Copyright © Wondershare Software
  28. 28. Copyright © Wondershare Software
  29. 29. • Collocations- crucial for developing productive aspects of language • Collocational competence contributes to fluency Note: Not all can be explicitly taught; consider level (tracking) Copyright © Wondershare Software
  30. 30. • Allotting time to productive aspects • Recycling • Pushing learners to produce and make use of newly taught lexical items Copyright © Wondershare Software
  31. 31. • Production contributes to vocabulary acquisition: The need The search The evaluation Hulstijn and Laufer, 1995, cited in Schmitt, 2008. Copyright © Wondershare Software
  32. 32. • Successful production increases the likelihood of memorization • Successful production impacts motivation Copyright © Wondershare Software
  33. 33. Copyright © Wondershare Software

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