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European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
Risk analysis
for publication
1
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
It’s Feedback time!
2
Persons giving feedback
Li...
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
What is the Y
measure?
The training today will c...
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
What do you remember about DMAIC?
Project
Charte...
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
Fishbone Diagram and PPA as part of the
Measure ...
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
What methods will we use today?
Defining the
Y m...
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
What is the definition of
the Y measure ?
7
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
Y = f(x)
8
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
Characteristics of a good catapult
Shoots fast
L...
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
Why is it important to understand what
is the Y ...
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
Next method Fishbone diagram!
Defining the
Y mea...
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
What is the purpose of doing a
Fishbone diagram?...
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
Fishbone Diagram
13
Desired
output
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
Have you heard of the
7M categories?
Can you rem...
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
7M categories
▪ Measurements
▪ Material
▪ Method...
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
Fishbone Diagram
16
Materials Methods
Machinery
...
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
Can you think of other methods
to list the facto...
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
Time to work…
18
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
SPONSOR MESSAGE
19
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
Sometimes the items are labelled as
controllable...
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
Sometimes the items are labelled as
controllable...
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
SPONSOR MESSAGE
22
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
In which phase of the DMAIC process
should you u...
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
Fishbone is often created in the Measure phase
b...
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
Ask why 5 or as many times as needed, to
identif...
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
Let’s think about the Method 5 Why’s
26
It is to...
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
Next we’ll jump to PPA
Defining the
Y measure
Fi...
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
Which tools you know can be helpful to
understan...
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
Often the different risks are linked – there is
...
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
Have you heard about FMEA
(Failure Mode Effectiv...
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
In FMEA Risk Priority Number can be calculated
F...
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
In the ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt
course w...
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
PLAN/
ACTIONS/TA
SKS
PROBLEMS EFFECTS
LIKELY
CAU...
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
PLAN/
ACTIONS/T
ASKS
PROBLEMS EFFECTS
LIKELY
CAU...
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
An example of filling PPA
35
Plan / Action
/ Tas...
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
Time to work…
36
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
SPONSOR MESSAGE
37
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
Did you find problems linked
to each other?
38
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
PLAN/
ACTIONS/T
ASKS
POTENTIAL
PROBLEMS
EFFECTS
...
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
Risks are often categorized from 1-10
(10 highes...
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
Don’t start by voting on the number values…
41
D...
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
If possible, use data!
42
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
Example of the severity table
43
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
Example of an occurrence table
44
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
Matrix can be helpful to visualize the prioritiz...
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
Excel is a good tool to create a PPA
Potential p...
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
Time to work…
47
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
SPONSOR MESSAGE
48
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
PLAN/
ACTIONS/T
ASKS
POTENTIAL
PROBLEMS
EFFECTS
...
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
What is the difference between?
1) Preventive ac...
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
An example of the items in the case of a
burning...
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
Time to work…
52
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
SPONSOR MESSAGE
53
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
Question 1/2:
Which other tools can link to the
...
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
Question 2/2:
How should the risks be prioritise...
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
PPA can be started in Measure but continues
thro...
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
Time for reflection and
questions
57
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
It’s Feedback time!
58
Persons giving feedback
L...
European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management
www.estiem.org
Usage license of the
materials
https://creativec...
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04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 1 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 2 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 3 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 4 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 5 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 6 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 7 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 8 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 9 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 10 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 11 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 12 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 13 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 14 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 15 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 16 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 17 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 18 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 19 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 20 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 21 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 22 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 23 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 24 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 25 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 26 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 27 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 28 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 29 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 30 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 31 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 32 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 33 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 34 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 35 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 36 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 37 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 38 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 39 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 40 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 41 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 42 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 43 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 44 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 45 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 46 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 47 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 48 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 49 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 50 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 51 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 52 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 53 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 54 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 55 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 56 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 57 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 58 04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course Slide 59
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These slides are part of the ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt course which also includes 13hr of video by Gregory H. Watson.
For more info about the ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt course visit https://internal.estiem.org/leansixsigma

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04 - Risk analysis - ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Course

  1. 1. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org Risk analysis for publication 1
  2. 2. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org It’s Feedback time! 2 Persons giving feedback Link to the feedback form (can be found on Schoology and WhatsApp) Instructor to give feedback toPersons giving feedback INSTRUCTOR 1 INSTRUCTOR 2
  3. 3. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org What is the Y measure? The training today will comprise three phases Fishbone Potential Problem Analysis (PPA) 1 2 3 3
  4. 4. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org What do you remember about DMAIC? Project Charter SIPOC EDA VA vs. NVA DEFINE Deployment Diagram Identifying the Bottleneck MEASURE 4
  5. 5. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org Fishbone Diagram and PPA as part of the Measure phase Fishbone Diagram Deployment Diagram MEASURE PPA Measure, Analyze & Improve 5 Identifying the Bottleneck
  6. 6. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org What methods will we use today? Defining the Y measure Fishbone diagram Potential Problem Analysis 6
  7. 7. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org What is the definition of the Y measure ? 7
  8. 8. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org Y = f(x) 8
  9. 9. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org Characteristics of a good catapult Shoots fast Low Variation Hits the target 9
  10. 10. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org Why is it important to understand what is the Y measure of the process? Why is it important to understand what the x measures of the process are? 10
  11. 11. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org Next method Fishbone diagram! Defining the Y measure Fishbone diagram Potential Problem Analysis 11
  12. 12. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org What is the purpose of doing a Fishbone diagram? It serves as a long list of possible factors (x’s of the process) affecting the Y
  13. 13. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org Fishbone Diagram 13 Desired output
  14. 14. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org Have you heard of the 7M categories? Can you remember them all? 14
  15. 15. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org 7M categories ▪ Measurements ▪ Material ▪ Methods ▪ Manpower ▪ Machinery ▪ Mother Nature ▪ Money 15
  16. 16. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org Fishbone Diagram 16 Materials Methods Machinery Mother Nature Measurement Manpower Money Desired output
  17. 17. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org Can you think of other methods to list the factors that could possibly affect the Y? 17
  18. 18. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org Time to work… 18
  19. 19. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org SPONSOR MESSAGE 19
  20. 20. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org Sometimes the items are labelled as controllable (C) or noise (N) What do these terms mean? 20
  21. 21. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org Sometimes the items are labelled as controllable (C) or noise (N) Why do we distinguish between the two? 21
  22. 22. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org SPONSOR MESSAGE 22
  23. 23. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org In which phase of the DMAIC process should you use the Fishbone diagram? 23
  24. 24. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org Fishbone is often created in the Measure phase but used throughout the DMAIC. 1) When suck – Helps to find a new approach. 2) New things can come up later in the DMAIC - Add them 24
  25. 25. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org Ask why 5 or as many times as needed, to identify the possible root Are you familiar with 5 why’s technique? 25
  26. 26. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org Let’s think about the Method 5 Why’s 26 It is to warm when distributed Thermostat is broken Cooling is varying Not enough maintenance Ice cream melts too fast Cooling has to be adjusted manually No maintenance planned Why? Why? Why? Why? Why? Why? This causes ? This causes ? This causes ? This causes ? This causes ? This causes ?
  27. 27. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org Next we’ll jump to PPA Defining the Y measure Fishbone diagram Potential Problem Analysis 27
  28. 28. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org Which tools you know can be helpful to understand the potential risks? Deployment Diagram Fishbone Potential Problem Analysis (PPA) EDA 28
  29. 29. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org Often the different risks are linked – there is often one risk that causes several others 29 Risk / Problem Likely causes Effects
  30. 30. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org Have you heard about FMEA (Failure Mode Effective Analysis)? FMEA is a widely used methodology for risk analysis that was developed in the 1950s 30
  31. 31. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org In FMEA Risk Priority Number can be calculated Failure Mode Severity Occurrence Detection RPN A 4 5 10 200 B 4 8 2 64 C 9 2 1 18 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 SEVERITY O C C U R R A N C E B C Risk Priority Number (RPN) = S * O * D Which failure mode has the biggest impact? A 31
  32. 32. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org In the ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt course we teach the Potential Problem Analysis which is a developed version of the FMEA 32
  33. 33. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org PLAN/ ACTIONS/TA SKS PROBLEMS EFFECTS LIKELY CAUSES SEV OCC PREVENTIVE ACTIONS CONTINGENT ACTIONS TRIGGERS FOR CONTINGENT 33 Potential Problem Analysis (PPA)
  34. 34. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org PLAN/ ACTIONS/T ASKS PROBLEMS EFFECTS LIKELY CAUSES SEV OCC PREVENTIVE ACTIONS CONTINGENT ACTIONS TRIGGERS FOR CONTINGENT 34 Potential Problem Analysis (PPA) We are going to focus on this part now
  35. 35. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org An example of filling PPA 35 Plan / Action / Task Problem Effects likely causes Pulling the catapult arm Finger slips Ball does not fly as long as it could Wet finger Shaking hands
  36. 36. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org Time to work… 36
  37. 37. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org SPONSOR MESSAGE 37
  38. 38. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org Did you find problems linked to each other? 38
  39. 39. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org PLAN/ ACTIONS/T ASKS POTENTIAL PROBLEMS EFFECTS LIKELY CAUSES SEV OCC Potential Problem Analysis (PPA) 39
  40. 40. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org Risks are often categorized from 1-10 (10 highest) How would categorize (1-10) the risk: The catapult is instable 40
  41. 41. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org Don’t start by voting on the number values… 41 Define the scale Fill in the risk values Prioritize the risks
  42. 42. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org If possible, use data! 42
  43. 43. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org Example of the severity table 43
  44. 44. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org Example of an occurrence table 44
  45. 45. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org Matrix can be helpful to visualize the prioritizing process for risk Severity Occurrence 45
  46. 46. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org Excel is a good tool to create a PPA Potential problem Effect Likely causes Severity Occurance 46
  47. 47. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org Time to work… 47
  48. 48. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org SPONSOR MESSAGE 48
  49. 49. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org PLAN/ ACTIONS/T ASKS POTENTIAL PROBLEMS EFFECTS LIKELY CAUSES SEV OCC PREVENTIVE ACTIONS CONTINGENT ACTIONS TRIGGERS FOR CONTINGENT ACTIONS Potential Problem Analysis (PPA) 49
  50. 50. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org What is the difference between? 1) Preventive action 2) Contingent action 3) Trigger for contingent action 50
  51. 51. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org An example of the items in the case of a burning house 51 Preventive Trigger Contingent No open fire in house Hear fire alarm Fire extinguisher
  52. 52. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org Time to work… 52
  53. 53. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org SPONSOR MESSAGE 53
  54. 54. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org Question 1/2: Which other tools can link to the creation of a PPA? 54
  55. 55. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org Question 2/2: How should the risks be prioritised, and why is it important to follow that process? 55
  56. 56. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org PPA can be started in Measure but continues throughout Analyse, Improve & Control Measure Analyze Improve Potential Problem Likely Causes Effects SEVERITY OCCURANCEAction Trigger for contingent action Contingent Action Preventive Action Need for data! 56
  57. 57. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org Time for reflection and questions 57
  58. 58. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org It’s Feedback time! 58 Persons giving feedback Link to the feedback form (can be found on Schoology and WhatsApp) Instructor to give feedback toPersons giving feedback INSTRUCTOR 1 INSTRUCTOR 2
  59. 59. European Students of Industrial Engineering and Management www.estiem.org Usage license of the materials https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/legalcode Contact leansixsigma@estiem.org for commercial usage of the materials Materials of the trainings have been created based on the materials provided by ESTIEM Summer Academy Professor Gregory H. Watson

These slides are part of the ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt course which also includes 13hr of video by Gregory H. Watson. For more info about the ESTIEM Lean Six Sigma Green Belt course visit https://internal.estiem.org/leansixsigma

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