Epa (ccac november 2012)


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Epa (ccac november 2012)

  1. 1. Strategies for Controlling HFC Emissions: Domestic, Regional and E i i D ti R i l d International ApproachesNEAR-TERM CLIMATE PROTECTION AND CLEAN AIR FOR LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN 31 October – 2 November 2012 Bogota, Colombia Elisa Rim, Economist Stratospheric Protection Division U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  2. 2. Scope of Presentation• HFCs: Why Address Them Now?• Domestic & R i D ti Regional A l Approaches h• International Approaches• Overview of CCAC HFC Focal Area
  3. 3. HFCs: Used in Various SectorsSame sectors as ODS
  4. 4. Recent HFC Growth Dramatic and Increasing 4Source: UNEP 2011
  5. 5. D o m e s t i c / R e g i o n a l M e a s u r e sto Reduce Emissions• U.S. ODS programs address alternatives (HFCs) – Emissions Reduction Regulations • Prohibits intentional releases of ODS & substitutes (HFCs) • Service practices for motor vehicle a/c (e.g., HFC-134a) • Voluntary Partnerships go beyond regulations – End-of-life safe appliance disposal – foams & refrigerant – Sector-specific program to reduce emissions• Other approaches include: – Australian SSG – EU F G rule F-Gas l 5
  6. 6. Identifying Safer Alternatives U.S. EPA’s Significant New Alternatives Policy (SNAP) Program• Globally Unique: evaluates substitutes that reduce overall risk y q to human health & environment in industrial sectors – e.g., Refrigeration, A/C, Foams, Fire Suppression, Aerosols, etc.• Menu of Options: 400+ substitutes considered: – ODP, GWP, flammability, toxicity, local air quality, ecosystem effects, occupational & consumer health/safety• Alternatives include: – Alternative chemicals/blends – Alternative technologies (e.g., thermoelectric)• Next Generation Alternatives – Alternatives for ODS & high-GWP HFCs 6
  7. 7. Coupling Domestic & RegionalApproaches with International Action: Amending the Montreal Protocol
  8. 8. HFCs: Potential GrowthIf Unmitigated • HFC growth directly linked li k d to MMontreall Protocol’s ODS phaseout and expanding availability of refrigeration & air conditioning • HFC emissions could reach 19% of projected global CO2 emissions by y 2050 if left unchecked
  9. 9. Taking Action for Sound ODSPhaseout• HFC Growth is direct result of ODS p phaseout• Montreal Protocol experience and success on HFC-sectors• Montreal Protocol already heavily involved in addressing HFCs - As the phaseout of HCFCs is implemented, MP’s Multilateral Fund incentivizes transition to climate- friendly, Low-GWP alternatives - Up to 25% additional funding - Montreal Protocol’s Technical and Economic Assessment Panel (TEAP) provides global expertise - Science Assessment Panel (SAP) provides information on alternatives 9
  10. 10. 2012 North American Proposalto Amend Montreal Protocol• Establishes Baseline and Obligations for all countries – Developing Countries: later and with financial assistance p g• Phases down 21 HFCs, uses GWP-weighting • Recognizes MP institutions – expertise • Coordinates with HCFC Phaseout • Does not alter any UNFCCC obligations
  11. 11. Climate Benefits: 2012North American Proposal• Significant climate benefits: over 96 GtCO2eq• C b Co-benefits: energy efficiency b equipment fit ffi i by i t upgrades, better materials Near term actions are meaningful Cumulative HFC Reductions (MMTCO2eq)  2016 through 2050 Non‐Article 5  42,100  Article 5  42,900  Byproduct Controls (HFC‐23)  11,300  World Total  96,300  11
  12. 12. Momentum Growing• Declaration with 108 Parties favoring addressing HFCs under Montreal Protocol• 2nd Declaration (Bali) more forward-leaning, over 90 signatures to date – open until end of 2012 MOP g p• Numerous studies link HFCs to protecting the climate system and ozone layer• Many countries incorporating low GWP options in their transition plans• New alternatives entering the market• Ri 20 supports gradual HFC phasedown of Rio+20 t d l h d f production & consumption
  13. 13. HFC Focal Area:Since Focal Point Launch• The United States chairing, working closely with UNEP, Canada, UNDP, Italy, Mexico …• Near-term actions include: • Capacity building • July Bangkok Technology Conference • December Commercial Refrigeration Tech Forum • Inventories • 5 8 Countries – Start with production/imports build on sector 5-8 production/imports, expertise • Case Studies • Develop information by sector• More to come! • Demonstration projects • Commitments
  14. 14. SuccessfulTechnology Conference • Over 400 people from more than 60 countries • Popularity demonstrates need for information • Low GWP fluorinated and non-fluorinated alternatives for high GWP HFCs: refrigeration, air conditioning and foams • Speakers from: US, Europe, China, Japan, India, Australia, Brazil, Indonesia, etc. • Companies: DuPont, Honeywell, Whirlpool, Coca- Cola, Mayekawa, Gree, Carrier, Daikin, AHT, etc. • Exhibits with cutting edge technologies
  15. 15. Summary• Commercially manufactured HFCs are short-lived• Suite of known alternatives, technologies and better alternatives technologies, handling can significantly reduce HFC consumption in near and long term g• Considering ODS and HFCs together allows for focus on the sectors, rather than chemicals – Avoid need for multiple transitions• Substitutes for many sectors available or under development but there are barriers to their uptake• CCAC Taking action to overcome barriers! – Enable technologies, promote standard reform, capacity building
  16. 16. Questions and Comments• Thank You!• Elisa Rim, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency – rim.elisa@epa.gov• For More Information: Cindy Newberg, John Thompson, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency U.S. Department of State newberg.cindy@epa.gov ThompsonJE2@state.gov
  17. 17. Information on Alternatives 17