Esri News for Transportation - Summer 2012


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Esri News for Transportation keeps you informed with software news, events, and user stories showing how GIS brings the geographic advantage to transportation organizations worldwide.

Stories in this issue showcase how GIS helps DOTs manage construction, capital budgeting projects, and maintenance.

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Esri News for Transportation - Summer 2012

  1. 1. Esri Newsfor Transportation Summer 2012GIS Keeps Traffic Moving during Large-ScaleBridge Repair Project in State of OregonBy Matthew DeMeritt, Esri WriterWith 12 percent of US bridges declared as structurally deficient by the Oregon Transportation Investment ActFederal Highway Administration in 2006, bridge repair remains a top From 2001 to 2003, Oregon passed a series of funding packages calledpriority of most states. Three years before that, an extensive investi- the Oregon Transportation Investment Act (OTIA I, II, and III) to improvegation of Oregon’s bridges conducted by the Oregon Department its highway infrastructure. After an investigation that identified 365of Transportation (ODOT) found that 365 Oregonian bridges had bridges in critical need of repair in 2003, ODOT set aside a large portionstructural problems that necessitated a large-scale bridge repair plan.  of OTIA III funding to fix those bridges before Oregon’s freight networkImplementing that plan required the department to improve its GIS felt the effect of enforced closures. For the OTIA III State Bridge Deliveryinfrastructure and integrate a new traffic modeling application to ease Program, ODOT turned to engineering consultants Oregon Bridgecongestion at multiple construction zones along the state’s highway Delivery Partners (OBDP), a joint venture between HDR Engineeringsystem. and Fluor Corporation, to oversee the task of managing the program. One of the primary goals of the program was to reduce the impact on commuter and business traffic during large- scale construction on its road system. Many of the bridges designed during the early development of Oregon’s highway system used a reinforced concrete deck girder (RCDG) design specified in the regulations of that time. As specifications became more stringent in the 1960s, Oregon transitioned to prestressed and post-tensioned concrete bridges that improved structural integrity at a reduced cost. Despite this, many RCDG bridges remained in service past their expira- tion dates and predictably began to show signs of deterioration on deeper investigation. “In 2001, ODOT inspectors noticed that cracks identified in previous inspections had grown to the point of threatening structural stabil- ity,” said Jim Cox, assistant manager of major projects at ODOT. “We immediately placed load restrictions on these bridges and started discussion on how to plan repairs with the least impact on commercial and commuter traffic.” GIS and Geodesign The Oregon Department of Transportation’s OTIA III State Bridge Delivery Program is a 10-year, Established in 2004, ODOT’s GIS comprised$1.3 billion program to repair or replace hundreds of aging bridges on Oregon’s highway system. the department’s information sharing 
  2. 2. Contents Summer 2012Cover 1 GIS Keeps Traffic Moving during Large-Scale Bridge Repair Project in State of OregonEsri News 3 Uncover the Business Value of GIS at the Esri Esri News for Transportation is a publication of the International User Conference Transportation Group of Esri.3 Esri Aeronautical Solution—Airports GIS Package To contact the Esri Desktop Order Center, call 1-800-447-9778 Version 2 Improves Data Quality within the United States or 909-793-2853, ext. 1-1235, outside the United States.5 Esri on the Road Visit the Esri website at Study View Esri News for Transportation online at or scan the code below with your6 A Look at the Michigan Department of Transportation’s smartphone. Lane Mile Inventory Advertise with Us10 Bulgarian Railway Network Management Is Streamlined with GIS E-mail Florida Department of Transportation on the Map Submit Content14 Perth Airport Flies High with Geospatial Intelligence To submit articles for publication in Esri News for Transportation,16 Spanish Airports and Air Navigation Improves contact Terry Bills, industry solutions manager, at, Aeronautical Charting or Matthew DeMeritt, editor, at Reducing Roadway Fatalities and Increasing Public Manage Your Subscription Awareness through GIS To update your mailing address or subscribe or unsubscribe to Esri publications, visit International customers should contact an Esri distributor to manage their subscriptions. For a directory of distributors, visit Circulation Services For back issues, missed issues, and other circulation services, e-mail; call 909-793-2853, extension 2778; or fax 909-798-0560. Copyright © 2012 Esri. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. The information contained in this work is the exclusive property of Esri or its licensors. This work is protected under United States copyright law and other international copyright treaties and conventions. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and recording, or by any information storage or retrieval system, except as expressly permitted in writing by Esri. All requests should be sent to Attention: Contracts and Legal Services Manager, Esri, 380 New York Street, Redlands, CA 92373-8100  usa. The information contained in this work is subject to change without notice. The Geographic Advantage, Esri, the Esri globe logo, 3D Analyst, ArcAtlas, ArcCatalog, ArcData, ArcDoc, ArcEditor, ArcExplorer, ArcGIS, the ArcGIS logo, ArcGlobe, ArcIMS, ARC/INFO, ArcInfo, ArcLogistics, ArcMap, ArcNetwork, ArcNews, ArcObjects, ArcPad, ArcPress, ArcReader, ArcSDE, ArcSurvey, ArcToolbox, ArcTools, ArcUser, ArcView, ArcVoyager, ArcWatch, ArcWeb, ArcWorld, ArcXML, Business Analyst Online, BusinessMAP, CommunityInfo, EDN, Geography Network, GIS  Day, MapData, MapObjects, Maplex, MapStudio, ModelBuilder, MOLE, NetEngine, RouteMAP, SDE, Sourcebook•America, StreetMap, Tapestry,,,,,, and are trademarks, service marks, or registered marks of Esri in the United States, the European Community, or certain other jurisdictions. Other companies and products or services mentioned herein may be trademarks, service marks, or registered marks of their respective mark owners.2 Esri News for Transportation  Summer 2012
  3. 3. Esri NewsWelcome Uncover the Business Value of GIS at the Esri International User Conference Terry Bills Attend the Esri International User Conference Esri Industry Manager (Esri UC) to discover how GIS adds value Transportation and to transportation organizations. Learn best Logistics practices that will show you ways GIS can help locate success in the dynamic transportationI recently attended two events that left a strong market. Come to the Esri UC to improve yourimpression on me. The first was our Second Esri GIS, grow professionally, and be successful inEuropean Aviation GIS Summit, held at Brussels your work. Meet GIS experts, industry profes-International Airport (you can read a synopsis at sionals, and a community of users who can A majority of Europe’s major help you find the answers you need.airports professionals, along with a number • Explore the business value of GIS forof the European Civil Aviation staff, were in transportation.attendance, all presenting their latest develop- • Discover GIS product innovations that helpments with Esri technology. It was heartening you meet your goals. Learn more and register atto see the progress that these agencies have • See how others are using GIS to increase as more and more of the day-to-day production and efficiency.operations of these airports become integratedwith GIS. The first day’s presentations werefrom the airports themselves, while the second Esri International User Conferenceday was devoted to the European Civil Aviation July 23–27, 2012, San Diego, Californiaand the EUROCONTROL initiatives in supportof the next generation of air traffic controlsystem—SESAR—in Europe. Esri Aeronautical Solution— The Spanish airports, Amsterdam’s SchipholAirport, and Brussels and Manchester airportsare all well on their way to enterprise systems,with GIS supporting workflows across thevarious divisions at their respective airports. Airports GIS Package Version 2At the same time, many of these airports andcivil aviation administrations are being called Improves Data Qualityupon to deliver GIS-based data relating to theirairports, which will form part of the infrastruc-ture for the new GPS-based air traffic control The Aeronautical Solution—Airports GIS FAA-18B specification, enabling airports tosystems. As the composition of our summit Package version 2 is now available for down- improve their data quality and better complyillustrated, aviation air and land data require- load from the Aeronautical Solution Resource with FAA review.ments are certainly beginning to merge. Center. This updated offering expands the But by far, the major topic of discussion at number and types of preconfigured auto-GIS-T was the rapid movement of many agen- mated validation checks to include checks For more informationcies to the cloud. The Utah DOT’s enterprise used by the Federal Aviation Administration regarding Esri Aeronauticalportal sits on ArcGIS Online for organizations, (FAA) during data submission as well as criti-and a large number of DOTs are beginning cal and noncritical attributes. Solution—Airports GIS,to put their public-facing traveler information Esri Aeronautical Solution—Airports visit in the cloud for quick scalability and GIS Package is a software suite specificallygreater flexibility. You will see much more on developed to help US airports and the con-this in these pages in the coming months. sultant community meet the requirements of the FAA Airports Surveying—GIS program.Enjoy. Version 2 includes more than 300 preconfig- ured validation checks developed from the Summer 2012 3
  4. 4. GIS Keeps Traffic Moving during Large-Scale Bridge Repair Project in State of Oregon  continued from page 1 infrastructure to plan and manage roadway projects. To integrate into a spreadsheet. “Gradually, that process evolved to incorporatewith ODOT’s GIS, OBDP designed its system on the same ArcGIS plat- GIS processes,” Kirkman said. “Using macros and automation tools inform for flexibility and scalability throughout the project life cycle and ArcGIS, ODOT’s traffic group was able to automatically populate thebeyond. “We wanted easy adoption of tools and practices to smooth spreadsheets with information from the database.”transition during project closeout and ensure usefulness beyond that,” Although much leaner, the spreadsheet-only approach experiencedsaid Robb Kirkman, GIS services manager for HDR Engineering. “GIS crashes as the database grew ever larger. The traffic team worked withprovided the foundation to start linking program systems, automate OBDP on a more efficient GIS-based method for running traffic sce-tasks, and better mitigate environmental impacts.” narios—one that tightly wove ODOT’s geospatial data into a dedicated Before shovel hit dirt, ODOT collected comprehensive environmental web-based analysis tool. Using common protocols, the team workeddata on more than 400 of its bridge sites to identify nearby environ- on tying the department’s datasets together to give ODOT staff directmental resources. Standard ODOT practice involves consultation with access to the department’s databases from a single interface. Calledexperts such as biologists, wetland specialists, and archaeologists the Work Zone Traffic Analysis (WZTA) tool, the application allowedto get a better understanding of the effects of construction zones in traffic scenarios to be run and shared in a web browser.ecologically sensitive areas. “We took a different approach for the WZTA serves as a repository for information on traffic and road dataOTIA III bridge program by conducting environmental fieldwork before that can be accessed and queried in a browser. The system allowswe did any design,” said Cox. “In ArcGIS, we drew a box around a users to view ODOT data to determine the effects on mobility createdbridge site and identified all the resources inside the box. This allowed by lane closures related to construction and roadwork. Today, thethe engineers to develop designs that minimized impacts on the sur- department can run traffic scenarios in a matter of minutes, eliminatingrounding environment.” redundancy and enabling ODOT engineers to modify traffic plans on the fly.Work Zone Traffic Analysis Using a GIS-based interface also improved accuracy by allowing thePrior to its collaboration with OBDP, ODOT had been using spread- ODOT analysts to select the location and information for a specificsheets containing traffic counts and automatic traffic recorder informa- project site from the map itself rather than tabular lists. “Lookup tablestion from across the state to document and predict traffic impacts for using numbering systems aren’t intuitive to all users,” Kirkman said.its various road construction projects. That process could take up to “GIS enabled users to find exactly what they were looking for and verifyfour hours for each scenario because data had to be searched and the correct project information within a more appropriate map-basedcollected from multiple databases within the agency and then inserted user interface where spatial relationships are more obvious.”  WZTA and the team that developed it won a 2007 Team Excellence Pathfinder Award from the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials.4 Esri News for Transportation  Summer 2012
  5. 5. Esri News Esri on the Road Ñ The Oregon Department of Transportation repaired the Snake River Bridge on Interstate 84 as part ACI Europe 2012 of the OTIA III State Bridge Delivery June 20–22, 2012 Program, which will Madrid, Spain repair or replace hundreds of aging bridges across Oregon. Esri International User Conference July 23–27, 2012 Ñ As part of the San Diego, CA, USA OTIA III State Delivery Program, funds were dedicated to replace ACI NA/World Annual Conference and Exhibition 2012 the Interstate 5 Willamette River September 9–12, 2012 Bridge in Eugene, Calgary, Canada Oregon. Construction began in May 2009, and the project will be open to traffic in 2013. AREMA 2012 September 16–19, 2012 Chicago, IL, USA www.arema.orgEconomist Documents Return on InvestmentIn 2010, ODOT and OBDP documented their experience with the tools Post Expo 2012to evaluate the impact of ODOT’s investments and determine their September 18–20, 2012use after completion of the bridge program. With the assistance of Brussels, Belgiumeconomic consultant Mark Ford, they analyzed every piece of soft- www.postexpo.comware OBDP created for the OTIA III bridge program to determine theeconomic benefits and cost to the department. The study concludedthat ODOT experienced a combined benefit-cost ratio of 2:1 for all en- Innotrans 2012terprise IT investments related to management of the bridge program. September 18–21, 2012 “ODOT’s GIS infrastructure alone returned a [benefit-cost] ratio of Berlin, Germany3:1,” Ford said. “Integration of formats and standards proved to be in generating value from the investment.” In addition to these tangible benefits, ODOT experienced threetypes of intangible benefits that could not be measured. Migratingthe data from disparate sources into a unified system allowed OBDP toprogram consistent analysis methods and reduce the risk of calculationerrors. The centralized database also made it easier for ODOT to main-tain data integrity and reduce the potential of analysts from differentlocations working with outdated information. “Systems like ODOT’sGIS infrastructure generate accurate, consistent, and timely informa-tion for reporting and responding to inquiries,” Ford said. “WZTA andGIS in particular have resulted in improved coordination with otheragencies and interest groups, increasing the credibility of both ODOTand the bridge program in the eyes of the public and the legislature.” At the beginning of 2011, 351 of the 365 bridges in the OTIA IIIbridge program were free of construction zone delays. WZTA playeda primary role in expediting the construction process by allowing theteam to run lane closure traffic analyses in minutes as opposed tohours. The tool is now being used by ODOT on other roadway main-tenance and construction projects to quickly determine impacts fromlane closures across the state. Summer 2012 5
  6. 6. A Look at the Michigan Department ofTransportation’s Lane Mile InventoryCory Johnson and Kevin What is the history of the LMI? supports MDOT in delivering annual main- MDOT, like many other departments of trans- tenance and capital funds to MDOT regionsMcKnight, transportation portation, has struggled with the best method (each of which receives a certain amountplanners at Michigan to collect and maintain an LMI. In the past, of maintenance funds per lane mile that it MDOT Central Maintenance would ask each of manages).Department of MDOT’s seven regions to submit annual lane MDOT defines a lane mile as one mile ofTransportation (MDOT), mile totals based on ongoing projects and roadway that is designed as a driving lane. estimated future construction. But without a This straightforward definition was intendeddiscuss developing a system to accurately track these assets based to provide a concise starting point and a clearGIS-centric lane mile on ongoing operations, it did not take long methodology for completing field collection for numbers to stray from reality. Inaccuracies of inventory within one season. As the LMIinventory (LMI) to collect would force expensive system reviews, continues to mature, the definition will beand maintain MDOT’s which sometimes contained inconsistencies expanded to account for the complex nature themselves. Additionally, MDOT had multiple of maintaining roadway networks.lane mile assets. This lane mile inventories that met slightly differentinterview was originally business needs. Where is the data stored? In 2009, MDOT leadership decided to The foundation of the LMI is the Michiganpublished in the United search for a new solution that would function Geographic Framework [MGF] centerline GISStates Department of as the sole resource for lane miles paired with file. The centerline file and linear referencing a process to govern the inventory. MDOT’s system are maintained by the MichiganTransportation’s GIS in Asset Management Division was tasked Department of Technology, Management andTransportation newsletter. with developing a solution that would meet Budget’s Center for Shared Solutions [CSS], MDOT’s needs to responsibly manage its with funding and staff support provided from 9,652 miles of state highway. MDOT. MDOT’s Asset Management Division staff teamed up with CSS to develop routines What is the purpose of the LMI? to migrate the data forward to match ongoing The primary purpose of MDOT’s LMI is to LRS [linear reference system] updates as provide a critical centralized resource that needed. Syncing the LMI with the MGF allows PR Finder Application Showing the LMI6 Esri News for Transportation  Summer 2012
  7. 7. Case Studydata to be centrally stored via Esri’s ArcGIS for vehicle, a laptop, ArcGIS for Desktop, and aServer technology, thereby enabling broader “hockey puck” GPS receiver. Using this equip-accessibility. ment, the two-person crew was able to collect information on the entire lane mile system inHow was the inventory one summer season.completed?The initial LMI was developed by modifying How is the inventory maintained?a copy of the MGF state highway centerline After MDOT completed its initial investment infile, enabling it to host the required business collecting the entire system, the LMI entered “The LMI will continuedata for the LMI. This required data included an ongoing maintenance mode. During thisfields such as number of lanes, lane miles, phase, data [was] loaded into an ArcGIS for to serve as a model ofmaintenance responsibility, and a “field Server instance. In addition, an official contact how to develop a GIS-checked” date. Two staff members from the person was established within each MDOTAsset Management Division then verified the region. This contact is responsible for provid- centric solution to meetaccuracy of the GIS database in the field. ing Asset Management Division staff with the larger goals of an Once MDOT had established business logic information about any ongoing operationsfor what constituted a lane and how informa- that impact the total number of lane miles. organization.”tion would be collected, it only needed a state This information provides the specific  Cory Johnson, MDOT RouteSmart for RouteSmart for NEWSPAPER DISTRIBUTION POSTAL & PARCEL DELIVERY RouteSmart for RouteSmart for PUBLIC WORKS UTILITIES LoGIStics Solutions that Pick-up and Deliver. RouteSmart Technologies understands the middle name of logistics is GIS! Over the past two decades we’ve delivered scalable, sustainable GIS-based routing solutions that operate using the Esri® technology platform. RouteSmart software is specifically designed to meet the demanding route planning needs of the newspaper, postal & parcel delivery, public works and utilities industries. Powered by: | Esri trademarks provided under license from Esri. Summer 2012 7
  8. 8. A Look at the Michigan Department of Transportation’s Lane Mile Inventory  continued from page 7 location data necessary for Asset Manage- MDOT to better compare costs per lane mile of ArcGIS for Server technology and relatedment staff to field verify each location and across the department and between contract map services. MDOT is laying the groundworkupdate the LMI as needed. agencies, leading to effective, data-driven for implementing an enterprise asset This “honest broker” role that the Asset business decisions. management system; the LMI is one of overManagement Division played allows the LMI The LMI will continue to serve as a model of 60 databases already loaded into ArcGIS forto function as one consistent resource for how to develop a GIS-centric solution to meet Server. In 2012, MDOT expects to make someMDOT to use in its annual budgeting process. the larger goals of an organization. critical decisions regarding enterprise asset management software. This will help to chartHow does staff access the LMI? What were the critical success a solid and exciting course for the LMI andStaff members have several options for ac- factors? related asset inventories while ensuring thatcessing the LMI to support their daily duties. The most critical success factor was the fact the LMI remains as a critical resource in the Provided they are on the state network, that MDOT leadership mandated and sup- budgeting process.staff can access the LMI via any Esri desktop ported changes to a long-standing program. Leadership also helped encourage staff mem-GIS software. They can also view the inventoryvia the PR Finder web application, which is bers to adopt the new LMI solution. Another Get more information onavailable at essential factor was the fact that Michigan the LMI:Staff can view the inventory in spreadsheet had a robust GIS centerline file maintainedformat broken down by geographic and through CSS. Finally, it was critical to develop Cory Johnson (e-mail at partnerships between Asset Management,maintenance responsibility summaries. Central Maintenance, and regional staff. JohnsonC45@michigan.govHow has the use of the LMI or call 517-335-2931)benefited MDOT? What are future plans for the LMI?The new LMI has provided a reliable process The MDOT staff will continue to improve the Kevin McKnight (e-mail at LMI’s ability to account for difficult issuesfor updating MDOT’s inventory, a centralresource for information providing statewide such as parking, bike lanes, and highway Mcknightk@michigan.govconsistency, and a means for governing the shoulders. There are also ongoing efforts or call 517-241-4548)program. It has resulted in a better use of to create a work order-based web solutionresources and staff time. It has also enabled for the LMI that will take greater advantage LMI Displayed in ArcGIS for Desktop8 Esri News for Transportation  Summer 2012
  9. 9. The mandate is clear: Reduce costs and gain efficiency.Do more with Efficient ITWith government agencies being asked to do more with less, Dell’s highlyflexible solutions can help you consolidate data centers, increase cybersecurity and embrace cloud technology, saving potential energy, spaceand costs in the process.For more information visit ©Dell Inc. All rights reserved.
  10. 10. Bulgarian Railway Network Management IsStreamlined with GIS“By implementing ArcGIS, Located in the heart of the Balkan Peninsula, responsibilities of the Bulgarian National the Republic of Bulgaria plays a crucial stra- Railway Infrastructure Company (NRIC)—as NRIC has a modern tegic role for Europe because of its location. much of the railway’s infrastructure was built system that provides It is a transportation crossroads between in the middle of the twentieth century. western Europe, the Middle East, and the NRIC is one of the significant economic access to actual data Mediterranean, as well as an external border structures in Bulgaria, with assets worth about the railway network for the European Union (EU). In addition, four hundreds of millions of euros. Established by international land transport corridors pass the Bulgarian state government on January 1, and its ownership through its territory. All these factors make 2002, NRIC assumes the management of the throughout all levels of the development and maintenance of the entire railway network located in Bulgaria. As Bulgarian transportation network a critical the infrastructure manager of the Bulgarian the company.” priority, not only for Bulgaria but also for the railway, NRIC must comply with Bulgarian Balkan Peninsula and Europe as a whole. requirements for effective management, mod-Erol Mustafov, Bulgarian National The Bulgarian railway network consists of ernization, and development of the railwayRailway Infrastructure Company more than 4,000 kilometers of railway lines, a network, as well as with EU standards. It also significant number of which coincide with in- has the obligation to synchronize the informa- ternational transportation corridors. Because tion systems of the company with those in of the diverse nature and topography of the other EU countries—a step toward building a country, there are more than 180 spectacular common EU spatial infrastructure. railway tunnels, 970 railway bridges, and For these purposes, NRIC must collect all 840 grade crossings along the railway network. the descriptive and spatial information about To fulfill the needs of Bulgaria’s current the railway network and property and other market economy, as well as those of Europe relevant data and implement a centralized and the European Union, the Bulgarian integrated information system. For the estab- railway network is being modernized and lishment of a comprehensive GIS, NRIC began developed—a complex task within the a project called Design and Implementation
  11. 11. Case Study An orthophoto map with 10 cm resolution of the railwayinfrastructure of Veliko TarnovaCity (Image courtesy of NRIC)  An ArcGIS web application provides information about the railway infrastructure together with cadastral data.of Geographic Information System for NRIC’s used together. NRIC is planning to add other By implementing ArcGIS, NRIC has aNeeds. Esri Bulgaria Ltd., Esri’s distributor for subsystems in the future. modern system that provides access to actualthat country, was the selected contractor—a ArcGIS provides capabilities for monitoring, data about the railway network and its owner-company with more than 16 years of experi- evaluating, and analyzing sites and infrastruc- ship throughout all levels of the company. Inence in implementing most of the biggest ture facilities to integrate staff responsibilities addition, the ability to generate various typesnational GIS projects in Bulgaria. and address strategic and operational tasks. of reports results in improved planning and Activities on the Design and Implementation By improving the management of the railway management of the company.of Geographic Information System for NRIC’s infrastructure, significant economic perfor- The implementation of GIS in NRIC helpsNeeds project started in May 2009 and ended mance is achieved. improve the quality and efficiency of railwayin November 2010. NRIC’s GIS is based on The system improves the processes for structure management and creates condi-ArcGIS and is designed for collection, accumu- asset management (rail infrastructure and tions for economic growth. The system giveslation, storage, transmission, and analysis of property) and ensures attainment of rail NRIC an advantage in achieving long-termspatial and descriptive information about the transportation standards in the European objectives for sustainable development andrailway infrastructure, property, ownership, and Community by introducing modern geospatial modernization of the national transportationother relevant data and to provide conditions information technologies. Moreover, it gives infrastructure.for improving the operational, commercial, and the company the capability to manage cadas-financial management of the company. tral data and technical infrastructure using NRIC’s GIS provides access to a central- NRIC’s intranet. For more information,ized database with geospatial parameters of GIS supports operation, maintenance and contact Erol Mustafov, MS,the railway infrastructure with the ability to repair, inventory, inspection, investigationidentify its objects and establish their location and planning, analysis and reporting, decision head of the GIS Unit andin space, as well as perform geoanalysis and making, property management, and other project manager, NRICeffectively manage infrastructure operations. workflows.This is particularly important for the company, NRIC’s GIS offers many advantages, includ- (e-mail: erolmustafov@as it helps in providing services to railway ing quick access to integrated information, or Stefanoperators, emergency response, carrying out from different sources, effective managementplanned repairs, and modernization of railways. of information in real time, strong analytic Tchapkansky, technical The GIS includes two major subsystems: capabilities, prioritization of efforts in plan- marketing, Esri BulgariaRailway, and Cadastre and Property Register. ning and maintenance, multiple options forEach subsystem has both a desktop and web information display, and implementation of (e-mail: stefan@part. Furthermore, digital drawing archive and international standards and models. Being modules were developed. All able to rely on Esri Bulgaria’s expertise in GISthese components are closely integrated and design and implementation is another benefit. Summer 2012 11
  12. 12. Florida Department of Transportation on the MapDepartment’s District 4 Turns to ArcGIS for Better Project ManagementBy Karen Richardson, Esri WriterFlorida Department of Transportation (FDOT) is not normally collected for a project, such as API for Microsoft Silverlight/WPF. The mainis in charge of a vast network that includes sidewalk locations, bus stops, school zones, screen of ProjectSuite is divided into differenttrains, planes, automobiles, and boats. Almost and property ownership, is also difficult. panes—the top pane allows the project120,000 miles of state highways and local Assembling the data needed for just one manager to search for projects of interest, theroads, more than 700 aviation facilities, project can take hundreds of man-hours. left pane shows the project manager a list of all14 seaports, and five active launch facilities are “There is one element in common between the projects that have been assigned to him ormaintained by FDOT to keep the state bustling. these disparate systems—location,” said José her, and a project tree in the top center of the To effectively manage the transportation Theiler, program services administrator, FDOT screen allows the manager to set up specificsystem, ensuring people and goods can move District 4. “The only way to relate projects and options for each project and type in the pro-safely while preserving the lush environment of all the data that is needed is with location- ject number to see more detailed information.Florida, FDOT divides the workload between driven information managed with GIS.” Once a particular project is selected, allits central office, located in Tallahassee, FDOT has hundreds of layers of geographic the information available for that location isFlorida; seven districts that cover different re- information available to staff. Location infor- displayed. This information includes the road-gions of the state; and one turnpike enterprise, mation specific to projects is captured through way segment ID, project descriptions from thea business unit of FDOT that covers most toll a roadway identification number that is found mainframe, and financial information includingroads in the state. Each district creates and between every milepost on the freeway. In key performance indicators (KPIs) based onmaintains a five-year work program that details the case of bridges, the actual geographic the project budget and schedule.specific maintenance and upgrades to roads, coordinates of the structure are used. Staff After this displayed data, a list of modulesbridges, rail lines, and other capital invest- use ArcGIS to manage all the spatial informa- that gives the manager access to databasesments of the transportation system. tion from a pool of floating licenses. While that are relevant to each project is shown. One To get a better idea of the health of the most geographic information is stored in one of these modules is called Project Impacts,many projects open at any given time, FDOT’s geodatabase, staff also maintain separate which is how the GIS data is accessed. TheDistrict 4 developed a sleek, easy-to-use geodatabases of project-specific data. interface to this module is an interactive mapcomputerized dashboard connected to a To make this decentralized information that displays every active project as a pointcentral repository of georeferenced informa- easier to access by anyone at District 4 who on the map, along with the boundaries of alltion. Every capital project—and its associated needs it, such as managers of nearby or the projects. The map and data in this moduledata—is available to FDOT project managers adjacent projects and executive staff, Atkins come from District 4’s GIS portal that is builtwhenever they need it. From this application, Global was hired. Atkins is the UK’s largest on ArcGIS for Server.created using ArcGIS, project managers have engineering and design consultancy and the “This interface gives project manager[s]access to more than 100 transportation-rich world’s eleventh-largest design firm. The firm a frame of reference for where their projectgeoreferenced datasets including proposed worked with District 4 staff to create a project is,” said Manuel Alayon, software develop-designs, construction plans, as-built drawings, website based on ArcGIS called ProjectSuite. ment manager at Atkins. “We call this moduleand straight-line diagrams that are relevant to Now, approximately 200 District 4 staff mem- Project Impacts because it provides infor-their projects. bers, including project managers, find, store, mation about what is around their projects and analyze information for every project daily and allows them to see external factors thatLocation, the Common Ground using the website. may need to be considered for their projectAny given project has a vast array of informa- ProjectSuite essentially aggregates all completion.”tion, from scope and schedule to roadway the data located in disparate systems and Under the map is a section that shows othercharacteristics, asset inventory, as-built performs nightly data pulls, including from a information that is tied to certain locations—construction plans of the existing structure, mainframe located back in the central office either roads or bridges—so the project man-financial and contractual information, and pro- in Tallahassee. The most current information ager can access this easily. Documents suchject location, to name a few. Historically, there from these sources is updated in a single as straight-line diagrams are scanned andhas been no central system that maintains Microsoft SQL Server data warehouse at stored on a file server and tied to the roadwaythis information. Instead, project managers District 4 and accessed through ProjectSuite. segment. With a simple click on the segment,continually navigate between different project the diagram can be opened.databases for financial and contract data and ProjectSuite Provides arequest hard-copy as-builts and diagrams Destination to Access Information Driving Efficient Projectsfrom other departments as they are needed. ProjectSuite opens to an easy-to-use dash- ProjectSuite is used throughout the district forGathering information that can be helpful but board application built on .NET using ArcGIS many purposes, from denoting which manager12 Esri News for Transportation  Summer 2012
  13. 13. Case Study “ProjectSuite has become a fundamental tool in the everyday life of staff here at District 4,” said Theiler. “The GIS interface makes this a complete package for decision making by a project manager, executive, or anyone around the district.” Making Data Meaningful The success and functional richness of ProjectSuite prompted the FDOT central office to adopt District 4’s dashboard ap- proach for project management throughout the organization. This enterprise effort is the ProjectSuite Enterprise Edition. “The dials and easily customized interface make this applica- tion something that people can use easily,” said Alayon. “Some can get overwhelmed when they see all the information at once. With ProjectSuite and ProjectSuite Enterprise Edition, beginners can handle a small image and a table of information. More advanced users can move to the map, edit it, and gener- ate reports.” It is with the fluidity of the system that ProjectSuite caters to both audiences, allow- ing someone to see everything at once or dig ProjectSuite maps help engineers and executives avoid logistical conflicts. around. The important aspect is that users can choose how they view the data—either a portfolio thumbnail of all projects, a graphicoversees a particular project to understanding a point that roads get completely shut down, representation of certain items such as athe scope of the project and its development something that FDOT tries very hard to avoid. critical path diagram for a project’s schedule,progress. Instead of engineers sorting through Tracking location information is obviously or even analysis services for the entire datathousands of stored, hard-copy as-built plans, much easier using a map. For example, if warehouse. “We have a ton of information,”all plans from the 1940s to the present have water is not draining properly on a project, said Theiler. “Now we can take all that databeen digitized and are now easily accessed by instead of tracking information in a database and make it mean something, because it is alla click of the mouse. Like with as-built plans, by typing in the name of a project and making tied together by location.”engineers would spend hours sifting through the best guess of where that location actuallypaper maps that contained right-of-way is, it can now be viewed on a map and theinformation for each project. Today, access to issue noted. After resolution, the data in the For more information,all this information is quick. database can be updated, and this in turn contact José Theiler, PE, The Project Impacts module has proved to updates the map. A map showing where andbe particularly valuable. By alerting engineers when projects are planned also provides FDOT District 4 programto projects that are close to their own project, opportunities to save costs associated with re- services administrator, atissues can be discovered that may impact sources like fill dirt and heavy equipment thatconstruction. For example, it would not be could be more easily shared between nearby Jose.Theiler@dot.state.fl.uspractical for two projects next to each other jobsites. It is in this way that Project Impacts or build at the same time due to staging helps project managers and executives workand sequencing of construction and traffic together more easily to avoid conflicts andmaintenance. These activities may conflict to realize efficiencies during construction. Summer 2012 13
  14. 14. Perth Airport Flies High withGeospatial IntelligenceAustralian Airport Gains Enterprise-Wide Access to Location Intelligence Tools“Location intelligence Strategically located in relation to Southeast reporting a 7.5 percent increase in passenger Asia, Europe, and Africa, Perth Airport is numbers for the 2009–2010 financial year. is vital in planning the Australia’s fourth largest airport in terms More than 10.4 million passengers traveled airport infrastructure of passenger traffic. Under a 99-year lease through Perth Airport in 2009–2010, and total arrangement with the commonwealth govern- passenger movements per year are forecast to for the construction or ment, the airport is operated by Westralia more than double to 18.9 million by 2029. relocation of services Airports Corporation Pty Ltd (WAC). The Perth To meet this growth projection and prepare Airport estate encompasses more than 2,100 for the expansion of terminal facilities, WAC and the maintenance of hectares and is the premier international, sought to gather more data across the airport airport assets.” domestic, and regional gateway to the state of estate, taking multiple safety and security, Western Australia. operational, environmental, customer service,Fiona Lander, Westralia Airports Western Australia is home to a strong commercial, and service infrastructure factorsCorporation Pty Ltd. economy led by natural resources, and since into account. WAC wanted to be able to Perth is Australia’s most isolated capital city, integrate data from this range of complex Perth Airport is a critical infrastructure com- interrelated areas and understand how the ponent in the state. The airport has recently location of various factors was influencing experienced the highest passenger growth their use and constraints. rates of any Australian capital city airport, Enterprise Spatial Services for Transportation • Alternative impacts analysis Critigen offers a broad range of enterprise consulting, spatial and • Asset and work order management application development services enabling our clients to realize • Data development & translation • Web-based development and hosting value and minimize risk through the use of location intelligence and • Mobile data collection enterprise geo-integration. Critigen knows the planning, engineering • Master planning and management issues faced by transportation agencies and has • Infrastructure routing developed technology services and solutions to meet those challenges. • Regulatory compliance • Permitting • Public safety and security For more information contact: Ken Hill, Vice President, Consulting and Solutions 1.865.560.2937 Trademarks provided under license from Esri14 Esri News for Transportation  Summer 2012
  15. 15. Case Study  Westralia Airports Corporation effectively disseminates and manages its data throughout multiple departments, creating work force efficiencies through time-saving and near real-time information sharing processes. To achieve this, WAC required a solution work force efficiencies through time-saving informed and therefore empowered to makethat provided more enhanced spatial infor- and near real-time information sharing better business decisions.”mation management. During the research processes. Beyond the ability to create maps and visu-and investigation process, WAC contacted WAC is a significant service provider, alize where assets are, location intelligenceEsri Australia Pty. Ltd., Esri’s distributor in managing the power, gas, sewer, water, fuel, is playing a major role in the planning and de-Australia, which had developed a technology drainage, and communications needs of two velopment of the expanding airport precinct.that could help Perth Airport find a corporate- terminals and more than 200 tenants. It is also “Location intelligence is vital in planningwide location intelligence solution, and the effectively the landlord, retail hub, and con- the airport infrastructure for the constructiontwo companies decided to work together on servation authority within the Perth Airport or relocation of services and the maintenancethe project. estate. The corporate-wide solution enables of airport assets,” said Lander. “Through The team’s key goals were to create a solu- WAC staff throughout the entire organization effective use of location intelligence, we willtion using ArcGIS technology that would do to access essential location-related data to be able to move to a more proactive mainte-the following: support operation of the airport. nance schedule and more efficiently allocate• Provide a single authoritative source of “Before we implemented GIS, all spatial and plan resources, resulting in significant spatial information information requests were submitted to cost savings and a better-running suite of• Add value to the business and decision- the Design Office to generate the relevant assets.” making processes maps and data,” said Fiona Lander, general WAC has many more plans for using• Improve efficiencies in repetitive or com- manager, Corporate Services. “This meant location intelligence at Perth Airport to plex tasks that departments did not have real-time optimize workflows and better understand• Provide an intuitive way to locate informa- access to information, and the Design Office the dynamic nature of the site, for example, tion held in business systems could become bogged down fulfilling the further integration with the asset manage-• Ensure that adequate and reliable technol- myriad of simple requests rather than utilizing ment and maintenance processes, detailed ogy is deployed to support location-based [staff] skills for design and spatial information land-use reporting, enhanced utilization of systems and business activities management. location intelligence for operational activities, At the heart of WAC’s location intelligence “Through the implementation of GIS, we and mobile access to GIS.solution was Esri GIS and Dekho software, now provide all staff with access to self-servewhich was developed by Esri Australia. Based maps,” Lander continued. “These can helpon ArcGIS, Dekho helps WAC integrate with anything from planning the location of ainformation from databases that have a loca- new vending machine to scoping the environ-tion element, including property and asset mental impacts of building a new warehousemanagement. The software enables WAC to on the estate. With so many stakeholderseffectively disseminate and manage this data using location intelligence to get a greaterthroughout multiple departments, creating insight into their working area, staff are better Summer 2012 15
  16. 16. Spanish Airports and Air Navigation ImprovesAeronautical Charting“Producing some More than 190 million passengers pass and quality check operations. Sometimes through airports in the country of Spain each charts have to be delayed because of lack of aeronautical charts year. Air transport in the country is managed time and resources. for the four runways at by the Spanish Public Authority for Airports Because airspace charts change so frequent- and Aerial Navigation (AENA), headquartered ly, multiple charts are needed to cover each Madrid Barajas Airport in Madrid, Spain. AENA’s mission is to guar- area. Different views of the same data need took only one day antee safe, fluid, effective, and economic air to be provided to cover the needs of different travel. The Aeronautical Information Service end users. This creates editing tasks that are instead of the traditional (AIS) at AENA is in charge of disseminating the often highly repetitive and quality processes six it took before.” aeronautical information that is critical for this that are very time-consuming to maintain co- safe and efficient air navigation for 47 airports herence between all the products. These tasksJavier Fenoll Rejas, AENA across the country. This is accomplished by make keeping up with the current map produc- publishing several cartographic products. tion cycle among the biggest challenges AENA AENA maintains 1,000 maps that are faces. The organization is under constant updated every 28 days. These maps are used pressure to ensure all products are accurate for its AIS, which delivers air navigation and and up-to-date using the diverse information safety-related data to pilots flying in Spanish coming from various data originators. airspace. Typically more than 50 maps need to Due to international agreements, there be updated every working week. A considera- continues to be a need to produce and ble amount of effort is spent on chart cleanup distribute paper printed aeronautical charts.16 Esri News for Transportation  Summer 2012
  17. 17. Case Study Ñ AENA relies on ArcGIS and Esri Aeronautical Solution to create aeronautical charts.However, there is a growing demand for approach to a runway. Prescribed altitudes and processes and workflows. For example, per-access to digital products as well. AENA’s headings to be flown, as well as any obstacles, forming the obstacle analysis used to producelegacy systems required separate systems for terrain, and potentially conflicting airspace, some aeronautical charts for the four runwayscartography and digital transmission of data are depicted. Standard Instrument Departure at Madrid Barajas Airport took only one dayin the industry interchange standard for aero- charts can also be created and provide flight instead of the traditional six it took before.nautical information, Aeronautical Information crews with information to facilitate their de- ArcGIS geoprocessing tools and geodatabase-Exchange Model (AIXM) format. AENA lacked partures from airports. Enroute charts provide centric map production have automated tasksa true central database that could manage detailed information that is used for instrument and improved workflows, leading to reducedboth requirements and needed a system to flight and include information on navigational production hours and dramatically increas-produce high-quality charts both digitally and fixes such as waypoints, intersections, standard ing cost-effectiveness by improving overallon paper. The ability to post the charts on the airways, airport locations, and minimum data management and usage. Aeronauticalweb for publication was also a necessity. altitudes for flight. The system also supports Solution has allowed high-quality carto- After researching available solutions, the interoperable messaging using AIXM. graphic products to be generated using moreAeronautical Information Division at AENA se- Publishing the data in a geodatabase automation from the central geodatabase.lected Esri technology as part of the agency’s makes it possible for AENA to use the Open This improves the coherence betweenaeronautical information management system, Geospatial Consortium, Inc., standard tech- products and allows AENA to create morenamed INSIGNIA. The technology implement- nologies like the Web Feature Service (WFS) tailored products that meet the specific needsed includes ArcGIS for Server Enterprise and and provide maps and charts via the Internet of its clients. With the ArcGIS system, AENAEsri Aeronautical Solution. The technology without fear of users changing the data. This has gained the flexibility needed to generatesolutions provide AENA with the flexibility it opens the door for a completely new range new cartographic products and deliver spatialrequired to manage complex, critical aeronau- of products and services, allowing improved, services across the organization. It is able totical information in a spatial environment that more efficient, and safer use of aeronauti- do this with the same resources and is findingis centered on an aeronautical geodatabase. cal information. AENA is able to use this new commercial opportunities, creating a The system allows design, production, ability and transition from the productcentric healthy business model.and printing of high-quality charts to AENA services it provides today to the datacentricspecifications, conforming to International service of tomorrow.Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) standards. The transition to GIS for data management For more information,These charts include detailed instrument and cartography was a major cultural shift contact Javier Fenoll Rejasapproach procedures, which are documents for the organization. Despite this, AENA isto be followed by pilots for a particular type of already receiving benefits from its improved at Summer 2012 17
  18. 18. Reducing Roadway Fatalities and IncreasingPublic Awareness through GISBy Brian N. Hilton and Thomas A. HoranWith approximately 40,000 automobile fatalities a year, traffic safety the spatial density of traffic fatalities. Concurrent with the analysis andis a major public health issue. Unfortunately, alarming statistics like development of the national heat maps, the top 100 rural and urbanthat don’t always get the commensurate attention they deserve. While hot spots were identified. SafeRoadMaps version 3 was launched onresearching the role of information technology in making emergency July 1, 2010, and included data for all years that contain georeferenc-response systems more effective, Claremont Graduate University ing information and featured several new user-friendly interfaces for(CGU) professor Tom Horan noticed that geographic information about travelers, policy researchers, and analysts—My Travel, My Community,traffic fatalities wasn’t being used to its fullest potential. My State, and Analysis & Tools. Hot spot analysis was also extended “I’ve been working on a variety of research studies on health and across both spatial (rural/urban) and temporal (summer/nonsummer)transportation,” said Horan, speaking from CGU’s School of Information dimensions.Systems and Technology (SISAT). “I started to think about the public The SafeRoadMaps site is part of a multiyear collaboration with thehealth problem that these fatalities represent.” Automobile accidents University of Minnesota’s National Center for Excellence in Rural Safetyare the number-one killer of teenagers in this country. With the intent (CERS). Lee Munnich, the center’s director, noted that “SafeRoadMapsto increase understanding on this issue, Horan undertook a project to has provided an invaluable tool for communicating about the issue ofmake US traffic fatality statistics accessible from an easy-to-use website. traffic safety and raised national policy awareness to this public health SafeRoadMaps was developed by SISAT research faculty member problem.”Brian N. Hilton, who teaches classes in GIS solution development at While the site was created for public use, Horan has been ap-SISAT, along with several SISAT students. Working under the technical proached by a variety of organizations, such as driver’s educationdirection of Hilton, the team created the SafeRoadMaps website, which programs, about creating specialized SafeRoadMaps modules.offers a variety of features, including interactive maps that display for Additionally, throughout its development, Horan has briefed Jamesvisitors where vehicular fatalities have occurred in their community. L. Oberstar, former US representative (Minnesota’s 8th congressionalWhen visitors type an address or ZIP Code into SafeRoadMaps, the site district) and chairman of the House Transportation and Infrastructuredisplays information from state geodatabase records. SafeRoadMaps Committee (2007–2011), who has also championed its use. Thoughuses data from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) provided Horan’s research is novel and unique, he points out that it’s onby the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration for the years the continuum of the work that created the field of public health:2001–2010. “Epidemiology got its start when there was a cholera outbreak in “SafeRoadMaps displays the key data on automobile accidents,” London. An intrepid researcher named John Snow mapped the casessaid Horan. “Visitors can discover when the accident occurred, how and discovered it was originating from a specific public water pump.people were involved, whether the fatality was a driver or pedestrian, What we’re trying to do is bring that same sensibility—a map, a visualand whether alcohol or some other inebriate was involved.” The site tool that can help people understand the problem of public safety—also displays a photo of the location where the accident occurred. and improve upon it.”FARS contains data on all fatal traffic crashes within the United States The maps have helped millions understand road conditions andwhere each case has more than 100 coded data elements that charac- prevent fatal car accidents.terize the crash, the vehicles, and the people involved. Since its inception in 2008, the SafeRoadMaps website has loggedalmost 12 million hits. It serves a variety of user types and needs and For more information, contact Thomas A.houses an expanding spatial database. Horan, PhD, professor, or Brian N. Hilton, Horan observed, “ArcGIS for Server provides us with the ability tomore easily integrate our growing quantity and variety of data sources, PhD, clinical assistant professor, bothallows us to perform more complex spatial queries, provides advanced at the School of Information Systemsgeoprocessing functionality, and facilitates the creation of map tileson the fly. In addition, we’re using ArcGIS Viewer for Flex for rapid and Technology, Claremont Graduateuser interface development, something that was time-consuming and University, 130 East Ninth Street,unwieldy with the previous implementation.” SafeRoadMaps version 1 was publicly launched on July 28, 2008, and Claremont, California 91711 (phone: 909-integrated a range of spatial data regarding motor vehicle crashes, trans- 621-8209, fax: 909-621-8564, e-mail: portation policy legislation, and driver behavioral data presenting a visualrepresentation of traffic safety across the United States. SafeRoadMaps or brian.hilton@cguversion 2 was launched on July 1, 2009, and extended this functionality to .edu), or visit national heat maps as a visual means for communicating18 Esri News for Transportation  Summer 2012
  19. 19. Discover the Power of WhereTransportation professionals rely on NAVTEQ® Maps and Traffic to deliver high-value,comprehensive GIS-T solutions for managing, planning, and maintaining transportationsystems. • NAVTEQ Traffic™ delivers detailed information about road construction, traffic speeds and incidents such as accidents, allowing drivers to make better routing and re-routing decisions. • NAVTEQ Transport™ data offers detailed road attributes including physical restrictions, legal restrictions, HAZMAT and specific POIs like truck stops • Point Addressing is points adjusted to the road to provide a precise address location. Point Addressing enables more accurate to-the-door arrival as well as more reliable geocoding for transportation solutions.For more information, email
  20. 20. Presorted 380 New York Street Standard Redlands, California 92373-8100  usa US Postage Paid Esri 130293  DUAL13.7M7/12tkWhere ideas are bornArcGIS Online… cloud GIS… mobile GIS… They all SMadd up to one conclusion: this is not the year to miss theEsri International User Conference (Esri UC). This is whereyour ideas come together to shape the future of GIS.Join us in San Diego, California, to discover the nextgeneration of geospatial technology for your organization.Register online at International User ConferenceJuly 23–27, 2012 | San Diego Convention CenterGet in-depth, hands-on training at preconferenceseminars July 21–22. Copyright © 2012 Esri. All rights reserved.