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Esri News for Agriculture Spring 2013 issue


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Esri News for Agriculture Spring 2013 issue

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Esri News for Agriculture Spring 2013 issue

  1. 1. for Agriculture Spring 2013Esri Newscontinued on page 3Clearwater Seafoods Limited is a globalleader in the seafood industry and the largestharvester of wild shellfish in the AtlanticOcean off Canada. The award-winningcompany has built its business around aClearwater Seafoods Achieves SustainableOperations through GISCourtesy of Esri Canada Limitedcore commitment to long-term sustainabilityand responsible fishing. Always looking toimprove operations, Clearwater invests signifi-cantly in technologies that enable top-qualityseafood to be delivered from ocean to plate.A recent investment in GIS has resulted insignificant cost savings, minimized impact onocean ecosystems, and promoted a sustain-able approach to fishing. Footprint of Clam Harvest Distribution with Survey Positions
  2. 2. Spring 2013Esri News for Agriculture is a publication of theAgriculture Solutions Group of Esri.To contact the Esri Desktop Order Center, call 1-800-447-9778within the United States or 909-793-2853, ext. 1-1235, outsidethe United States.Visit the Esri website at Esri News for Agriculture online at orscan the code below with your smartphone.Advertise with UsE-mail ContentTo submit articles for publication in Esri News for Agriculture,contact Jim Baumann at Your SubscriptionTo update your mailing address or subscribe or unsubscribe toEsri publications, visit customers should contact an Esri distributor tomanage their subscriptions.For a directory of distributors, visit ServicesFor back issues, missed issues, and other circulation services,e-mail; call 909-793-2853, extension 2778; orfax 909-798-0560.2 Esri News for Agriculture  Spring 2013Contents1 Clearwater Seafoods Achieves Sustainable Operationsthrough GIS4 ACLEP Digs Deep to Create National Soil Database6 Will Breadfruit Solve the World Hunger Crisis?The information contained in this work is the exclusive property of Esri or its licensors. This work is protectedunder United States copyright law and other international copyright treaties and conventions. No part of thiswork may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, includingphotocopying and recording, or by any information storage or retrieval system, except as expresslypermitted in writing by Esri. All requests should be sent to Attention: Contracts and Legal Services Manager,Esri, 380 New York Street, Redlands, CA 92373-8100 USA.The information contained in this work is subject to change without notice.The Geographic Advantage, Esri, the Esri globe logo, 3D Analyst, ArcAtlas, ArcCatalog, ArcData, ArcDoc,ArcEditor, ArcExplorer, ArcGIS, the ArcGIS logo, ArcGlobe, ArcIMS, ARC/INFO, ArcInfo, ArcLogistics,ArcMap, ArcNetwork, ArcNews, ArcObjects, ArcPad, ArcPress, ArcReader, ArcSDE, ArcSurvey, ArcToolbox,ArcTools, ArcUser, ArcView, ArcVoyager, ArcWatch, ArcWeb, ArcWorld, ArcXML, Business Analyst Online,BusinessMAP, CommunityInfo, EDN, Geography Network, GIS Day, MapData, MapObjects, Maplex,MapStudio, ModelBuilder, MOLE, NetEngine, RouteMAP, SDE, Sourcebook•America, StreetMap, Tapestry,,,,,, and are trademarks,service marks, or registered marks of Esri in the United States, the European Community, or certain otherjurisdictions.Other companies and products or services mentioned herein may be trademarks, service marks, orregistered marks of their respective mark owners.Copyright © 2013 Esri.All rights reserved.Printed in the United States of America.
  3. 3. Based in Nova Scotia, Clearwater harvests,processes, markets, and sells premiumshellfish and seafood to a variety of marketsworldwide. The company must balance ahigh level of production with a commitmentto responsible fisheries management—apractice that draws on science to ensure sus-tainable exploitation. As a largely geographicundertaking, sustainable fisheries manage-ment requires the ability to intersect andanalyze many layers of data including speciesabundance and composition, feeding andreproduction, historical fishing efforts, andoceanographic/ecosystem conditions. Forecasting where and what type of harvestwill be available is also a key component ofresponsible fishing. This can be achievedthrough assessment models that predict theClearwater Seafoods Achieves Sustainable Operations through GIS  continued from coverlocation, stage of growth, and populations ofvarious biomasses. Access to this informationimproves fishing success rates and also helpsprotect the ocean’s diverse ecosystems byminimizing impact on nontarget species. “GIS serves as the ideal platform to analyze,model, and forecast outcomes so that we cansignificantly reduce the cost of harvesting,” saysJim Mosher, director of harvest/science man-agement, Clearwater Seafoods Limited. “Moreimportantly, it enables us to plan our activities ina much broader context so that we can fulfill ourcore commitment to long-term sustainability.” In addition to resource analysis, fisher-ies must strategically route ships to ensuresustainability and reduce fuel emissions.With a large and diverse fleet of oceangoingvessels along with rising fuel costs, Clearwaterdecided to invest in technology that couldserve as a platform to intersect and analyzediverse data. Clearwater selected Esri’s ArcGIS forDesktop and the Spatial Analyst extension tostudy fish resources and population dynam-ics. This technology enables the companyto overlay spatial and temporal fishing data,including bathymetry (the study of under-water depth and ocean floors), sedimenttypes, survey data, harvest areas, and benthichabitat, to quickly identify potential growthareas. Staff can also factor in weather influ-ences, species biology, lunar cycles, and otherrelevant data to determine the most effectivemethods of harvesting resources. Historic data depicts the spatial distribution of lobster catch per trap along the southern coast of Nova Scotia.continued on page 53Spring 2013
  4. 4. Australia’s 7.69 million square kilometers ofland are arguably its most valuable naturalasset, particularly when it comes to the na-tion’s food security. But this vast landscape’sgeographic diversity means that developingand maintaining detailed, accurate soil infor-mation—crucial to the effective managementof the agribusiness sector—is no easy feat. Traditionally, soil records have only beenavailable in hard copy, and since soil datawas managed differently by the states andterritories, the records were sometimes dif-ficult to locate. To ensure the nation’s soil datacould be properly maintained and accessed,the Australian Collaborative Land EvaluationProgram (ACLEP) identified the need for anationally consistent and publicly availableland and soil information system. ACLEP partnered with Esri’s distributor inAustralia, Esri Australia Pty. Ltd., to overhaulexisting disparate information systemsand develop an online portal for nationalsoil data management and delivery. UsingACLEP Digs Deep to CreateNational Soil DatabaseCourtesy of Esri Australia Pty. Ltd. Australian Soil Resource Information System (detail) Soil Sample: Red Kurosol  Soil Sample: Semiaquic Podosol4 Esri News for Agriculture  Spring 2013
  5. 5. ArcGIS Spatial Analyst is used to facilitateinterpolation techniques. Leveraging this tool,complex surfaces can be analyzed to revealpatterns that may not be readily apparentin raw data. The density, magnitude, andconcentration of underwater harvest speciescan be measured at strategically dispersedsample locations and then extrapolated to ac-curately predict values in other locations. Thismakes it significantly easier to uncover highconcentrations of harvest species and take amore targeted approach to operations. Through access to a geodatabase of histori-cal data, the company can identify trendsbased on what was accomplished in previousyears and plan fishing activities to maximizeoutput. Historical data can also be analyzed toensure that harvest species are not overfished,a critical objective of responsible fishingpractices. A more strategic approach to vessel routinghas enabled Clearwater to significantly reduceharvesting costs and take steps towardeffectively reducing its carbon footprint. Byequipping its fleet with sophisticated habitatimaging and vessel monitoring systems, thecompany has also been able to ensure thatonly targeted areas are fished. Access to a GIS-based database furthersupports targeted activities by enablinganalysts to review historic data. Overlayingthis historical information with survey datamakes it easy to readily identify areas thathave already been harvested, supporting thespatial management of resources. They canalso leverage patterns in the data to modeland predict where there is most likely to be anabundance of harvest species. As an environmental leader, Clearwaterrecognizes the importance of long-term sus-tainability and works toward ensuring that allharvesting activities promote a healthy oceanenvironment. GIS provides the company witha cost-effective tool to intersect diverse data-sets so that Clearwater can better understandtargeted resources and their connections tothe broader ecosystem. As a result, the com-pany is able to take an informed approach toharvesting that limits the impact of fishingactivities and promotes sustainability both atsea and on land.Clearwater Seafoods AchievesSustainable Operationsthrough GIScontinued from page 3cutting-edge ArcGIS technology to literallymap the geographic elements containedwithin the data, ACLEP developed theAustralian Soil Resource Information System(ASRIS), a publicly accessible interactive map-ping website. ASRIS is underpinned by Australia’s firstcomprehensive, nationally consistent soil data-base, which integrates land and soil data fromall state and territory databases. Soil is a vitalpart of the equation in any development oragricultural project, as it determines to a largeextent how the land may be used. For example,agricultural industries can use ASRIS to makeinformed management decisions by consider-ing soil-related issues such as water holdingcapacity, erodibility, or salinity. Developers canalso use ASRIS to identify soil types prior tobuilding commencement, potentially avoidingcostly problems associated with excavation,swelling clays, and unstable land. David Jacquier, land and water project man-ager for the Commonwealth Scientific andIndustrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), saysthat GIS technology provides the public andagribusiness stakeholders with instant accessto essential land and soil information. “By making all the country’s soil data avail-able through one mapping interface, ASRISpresents complex information in an accessibleformat that transcends a user’s education, lan-guage, and technical experience,” says Jacquier.“Users select the area they’re interested in learn-ing about, and with a click of their mouse, theycan see soil data and information that previouslymight have taken hours or days to locate.” ASRIS mapping tools benefit a multitude ofindustries and individuals, including gov-ernment departments, agricultural groups,researchers, developers, and the broadercommunity. “Streamlining the way thesestakeholders access soil data is an enormousstep toward our goal of better matching landuse with land suitability,” says Jacquier. ASRIS contains seven levels of soil andland data—which can be switched on andoff depending on the detail of informationrequired—and provides general descriptionsof soil types and landforms as well as moredetailed information on properties such assoil depth, texture, and acidity. By streamlin-ing access to soil information, ASRIS enhancesregional growth and sustainability by improv-ing the understanding of soils and ensuringsuitability for development. “Soil data is vital to our environmentalsustainability, and with GIS technology, thisinformation is now more readily available in auseful, consistent format,” concludes Jacquier.Agriculture researcher SusanaCrespo has joined Esri’s natural re-sources team as its new agriculturespecialist. Crespo was a researchanalyst for HarvestChoice, part ofthe International Food Policy Research Institute(IFPRI) before moving to Esri. She received hermaster’s degree in international developmentand social change from Clark University inWorcester, Massachusetts. “Susana is a welcome addition to our team,”says Geoff Wade, natural resources man-ager. “She brings a wealth of experience andpassion in applying Esri solutions to criticalchallenges in the agriculture industry.” At HarvestChoice, Crespo designed solu-tions for managing global agriculture spatialdatasets, which supported IFPRI’s effortsto collaborate and share spatial data acrossInternational Researcher to HelpGuide Esri’s Agriculture Initiativescenters to minimize duplication and maximizeaccess to that information. “I believe that a more fluid flow of informa-tion leads to increased food security, moreadaptive climate mitigation strategies, andbetter use of scarce financial and naturalresources worldwide,” says Crespo. “It is mypurpose to support these endeavors throughthe smart adoption and application of spatialtechnology, and being part of Esri’s naturalresources team will help me advance thesegoals while supporting the team’s mission.”E-mail Susana Crespo or followher on Twitter:@AgMapper.5Spring 2013
  6. 6. A map can be a powerful visual tool, but cana map help solve world hunger, rejuvenateagricultural soil, and prevent mosquito-borneinfections? Can a map help slow global warm-ing and spur sustainable economic develop-ment in tropical regions around the world?Perhaps a map alone can’t do these things,but a map can help display the real potentialof a very special tree, the breadfruit. Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis) is a tropicaltree originally from Papua New Guinea witha rich and storied history. This starchy staplecrop has been grown in the Pacific for closeto 3,000 years and was introduced to othertropical regions more than 200 years ago. Thetrees are easy to grow and thrive under a widerange of ecological conditions, producingabundant, nutritious food for decades withoutthe labor, fertilizer, and chemicals used togrow field crops. These multipurpose trees improve soilconditions and protect watersheds whileproviding food, timber, and animal feed. Allparts of the tree are used—even the maleflowers, which are dried and burned to repelmosquitoes. Because of its multiple usesand long, productive, low-maintenance life,Will Breadfruit Solve the World Hunger Crisis?New Developments in an Innovative Food CropBy Matthew P. Lucas and Diane Ragone, National Tropical Botanical Garden This map is based on the 2011 Global Hunger Index score displayed per country. Breadfruit is extremely productive, producing an average of 150–200 and up to as many as600 nutritious fruits per season.breadfruit was spread throughout the tropicalPacific by intrepid voyagers. Hawaii is oneof the many island chains where breadfruit,or ulu in Hawaiian, was cultivated as a majorstaple. It is fitting that now Hawaii is home tothe headquarters of an organization devotedto promoting the conservation and use ofbreadfruit for food and reforestation aroundthe world. The Breadfruit Institute, within the nonprofitNational Tropical Botanical Garden (NTBG),is a major center for the tree’s conservationand research of more than 120 varieties fromthroughout the Pacific, making it the world’slargest repository of breadfruit. As a result ofthis work, the institute has received requestsfrom numerous countries seeking qualitybreadfruit varieties for tree-planting projects.To address this need, the Breadfruit Institutehas developed innovative propagationmethods, making it possible to produce andship thousands, or even millions, of breadfruitplants anywhere in the world. These breadfruit tree-planting projects canhelp alleviate hunger and support sustainableagriculture, agroforestry, and income genera-tion. Most of the world’s one billion hungrypeople live in the tropics—the same regionwhere breadfruit can be grown. However, asDr. Diane Ragone, author and director of theBreadfruit Institute, has learned, stating thesefacts and illustrating them are two very differ-ent things. A strong realization is made when aperson sees the data from the United NationsFood and Agriculture Organization global mapon world hunger coupled with a map showingareas suitable for growing breadfruit. It was originally this type of powerful visualaid Ragone wanted when she began workingwith NTBG’s GIS coordinator and coauthorMatthew Lucas. To create such a map, Lucasbegan by constructing a model within ArcGISusing WorldClim 30-second resolutionglobal raster datasets of interpolated climate6 Esri News for Agriculture  Spring 2013
  7. 7.  Different varieties of breadfruit are conserved in the world’s largest collection of breadfruitat the Breadfruit Institute in Hawaii. (Photo credit: © Jim Wiseman, courtesy of the BreadfruitInstitute) Map showing zones of “best” and “suitable” growing conditions for breadfruit.conditions compiled from the past 50 years(Hijmans et al. 2005). With the GIS, monthlyrainfall and temperature data was condensedinto total annual rainfall, mean annual tem-perature, and minimum and maximum annualtemperature. Then, the annual climate datawas reclassified. “Suitable” and “best” ranges of rainfall andtemperature were identified after referringto the breadfruit profile written by Ragonefor Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands (Elevitch2006). The best ranges in mean temperatureand rainfall were given a value of 2, whereassuitable conditions were given a value of 1;conditions that were deemed too low or highwere given a value of -10. ArcGIS was used tocombine all the reclassified climate datasets.The final output resulted in a global datasetthat now displayed areas deemed unsuitablefor growing breadfruit as < 0, areas assumedsuitable with a value of < 4 and > 0, andbest areas with a value of 4. This data wasdisplayed in combination with 2011 GlobalHunger Index scores entered into a vectordataset of countries. The resultant map helpsthe viewer see the real potential breadfruitdevelopment has for tropical regions. With this new visual aid completed, Ragoneand Josh Schneider, cofounder of Cultivaris/Global Breadfruit, a horticultural partner thatpropagates breadfruit trees for global distribu-tion, attended the World Food Prize sympo-sium in October 2011. The breadfruit suitabilitymap was shared with Calestous Juma, professorof the practice of international developmentand director of the Science, Technology, andGlobalization Project at the Belfer Center forScience and International Affairs at the HarvardKennedy School. Juma has extensive experi-ence and contacts in Africa. The map was also shared with the formerpresident of Nigeria, Olusegun Obasanjo. Itwas at Obasanjo’s invitation that Schneider vis-ited Nigeria and met with government officialsand researchers to discuss breadfruit plantingprojects. Due to the relatively fine scale (1 km)of the original datasets, a more detailed mapof Nigeria showing areas suitable for growingbreadfruit, along with roads and cities, was aninvaluable tool during discussions. The World Food Prize meeting also inspiredthe creation of similar country-specific mapsthat have been shared with organizations andindividuals working in Haiti, Ghana, Jamaica,Central America, and China. The mapsprovide government officials, foundations,and potential donors with clear informationabout the potential of breadfruit in specificareas. The maps have spurred the question,What countries are best suited for growingbreadfruit? ArcGIS was used to combine thebreadfruit suitability data with a vector layer ofcountry borders. This not only resulted in a listof countries that could grow breadfruit but alsomade it easy to identify and rank the amount ofarea each country has that is suitable and bestfor growing breadfruit. It became clear that this map, the datawithin it, and the ArcGIS methodology usedto construct it provided not only a power-ful visual aid but also a useful research tool.Armed with such maps and the informationthey convey, Lucas and Ragone are continuingto pair what has been learned about bread-fruit cultivation with ArcGIS to help under-stand and display future breadfruit potential.They are currently working on a climatechange analysis that uses datasets of variousfuture climate models and scenarios in an at-tempt to quantify areas that have the highestlikelihood of sustainable breadfruit develop-ment. They are also working on publishingan online map displaying global breadfruitgrowing potential. Finally, it is the hope ofthe Breadfruit Institute and NTBG that futurebreadfruit development will be expandedand that ArcGIS will help guide potentialbreadfruit-growing countries in planning andimplementing planting projects of this veryspecial tree.7Spring 2013
  8. 8. PresortedStandardUS PostagePaidEsri380 New York StreetRedlands, California 92373-8100  usa133937  xxxx7.2M4/13spEsri International User ConferenceYou are GIS.You gain knowledge, share expertise, and help us understand our world.There’s a place where GIS goes beyond coordinates, breaks free of categories, and reaches pastanalysis. A place where products are launched, ideas are shared, and inspiration is set loose.Join us at the Esri UC. Register today at we map!Esri International User ConferenceJuly 8–12, 2013 | San Diego Convention Center