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Southwest Native Americans


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Southwest Native Americans

  1. 1. •Southwest•Maykayla Diez•Keisha Dionisio•Period 4
  2. 2. Tribes of the Southwest Apache, Hopi, Navajo, Yuma, Zuni, Pueblo This is the This is the Navajo Apache tribe. tribe.
  3. 3. Foods in the Southwest Indians from the Southwest are farmers. They grew corn, beans, squash, melons, and fruit. In the desert, they ate birds, rabbits, and wild turkeys. They dug ditches for irrigation.
  4. 4. Clothing of the Southwest Women in this region wore simple dresses made out of blankets sewn together, but they later wore long full skirts and velveteen blouses. Men wore shirts with sleeves and moccasins. When the weather got colder, cotton was worn.
  5. 5. Homes of the Southwest Adobe homes and Hogans are found in this region. Adobe is sun dried bricks made out of clay and straw. These homes could only be reached by ladders. Hogan’s are traditional Navajo houses that are eight sided and round. It is warm in winter and cool in summer. These are pueblo homes. This is a Hogan.
  6. 6. Native American Religions The people of the Southwest believe that in the universe there exists an Almighty. The Almighty belief is not pictured as a man in the sky, but is believed to be formless and exist in the universe. The sun is a sign and symbol for that. This picture is of the Almighty represented through the sun.
  7. 7. Tradition or Ceremony of theSouthwest Navajo Ceremonies are called ways. The most important is the Night way, a nine day healing ceremony in which friends and relatives of a sick person gather. Religious leaders, or singers attend ceremonies.
  8. 8. Arts/Crafts of the Southwest  The tribes from the Southwest were great weavers.  With the hot/dry land, clay was used to make pottery.  Rocks of many colors were also crushed to create sand paintings. This is a sand This is a weave. This is pottery. painting.
  9. 9. A Famous Apache One famous Native American from this region is Geronimo. He is famous because he was a remarkable leader of the Chiricahua Apache. He was a spiritual leader who defended his people when the U.S. invaded their land for over 25 years.
  10. 10. Interesting Facts from the Southwest Before Indians in the Southwest region got horses, they traveled by foot and dug holes in the sides of the mesas and cliffs (in order to climb.) In Southwestern tribes, spiders are connected to the culturally important art of weaving. According to tradition, Spider Woman instructed the women of Navajo how to build the first loam from exotic materials. The Apache took frequent baths to clean their bodies of both bad luck and evil spirits. The Navajo are the largest Indian tribe in the United States. A navajo walking before This picture is they rode of spider horses. woman.
  11. 11. Works CitedBial,Raymond. The Navajo, Tarrytown,NY:Marshall Carendish, 1998. "Bing." . N.p.. Web. 19 Oct 2012.< homes&view=detai>.. "Google." . N.p.. Web. 19 Oct 2012.< tribe&um>.“Navajo.” American History.ABC-CLIO,2012.web.16 oct.2012