I. China’s LandA. Many mountains like the Himalayas, KunlunShan, Tian Shan & AltayB. The Plateau of Tibet called the roof of the worldis covered with scrubs, grasslands and foreststhat house pandas, monkeys and other rareanimalsC. The Turpan Depression is below sea level and isthe hottest place in ChinaD. The Taklimakan desert has sandstorms that maylast days long.
I. China’s LandE. The Gobi desert is made of rocks & has hotsummers and cold wintersF. The Manchurian Plain houses 90% of china’spopulation and holds the most scenic places tovisitG. The Yangtze, Xi and Yellow Rivers providetransportation and rich soilA. The Yangtze river has many industrial centersB. The Yellow river has loess or yellow fertile soilH. Floods & earthquakes are frequent
II. China’s ClimateA. Like the U.S. - China has a varied climateB. Monsoons affect the type of climate that rangesfrom desert to tropical. They also bring intyphoons in the summer. These are likehurricanes in the Atlantic Ocean.
III. China’s EconomyA. Since 1949 China has been a Communist statewhere the government controls everything includingwhat is grown and pricesB. In order to catch up with the rest of the worldChina is moving to a free enterprise systemC. Foreign investors have begun to build factories inChinaD. The growth in industry has increased jobs and somewages but also has caused massive pollutionE. The Northern economic region is hot & dryer sothey grow Wheat, corn and soybeans. It is a worldleader is iron & coal production. Tungsten used inelectrical equipment is also mined. Factoriesproduce textiles, chemicals, electronics & airplanes
III. China’s EconomyF. The Southern economic region is humid andgrows rice & raise silkworms on terraced farms.Factories produce ships, machinery, textiles, &electrical equipment.G. The Western economic region has grasslands soherders can raise yaks & sheep. Farmers growcorn & wheat. The region is rich in PetroleumH. Hong Kong & Macau became independent in1997 & 1999 they act as a center for trade &business in China
IV. China’s HistoryA. China is 4,000 years old and was ruled by emperors indynasties who lived in the Imperial Palace in BeijingB. Over time the Great wall of China was built to protectChina from the north and still stands todayC. They were the first to use paper and created silk,clocks, the magnetic compass, book, gunpowder andfireworksD. Other countries used force to make China trade goodsE. After WWII the Nationalist Party under Chiang Kai-shek went to war with the Communist Party underMao Zedong. Zedong won and established China whilethe Nationalists fled to Taiwan
V. China’s Government & SocietyA. Communist ruled with an iron fist and killedanyone who opposed them like in Tiananmensquare and Euthanasia. China’s governmentalso took over Tibet and exiled the Dalai LamaB. 70% of people live in rural areas and still usehand tools. Villages grow food for the peoplethat live there and have community centersC. People are moving to cities to find work and arecrowded
VI. China’s ReligionA. People followed the teachings of Confucius thatsaid people need to be kind, honest, brave andwise. Children were to obey their parents andeveryone had respect for the elderly & rulersB. People also believed in Daoism that said peopleshould live simply and be one with natureC. Later Buddhism came in and taught people topray and do good deeds.D. Religion helped influence the way society wasorganized
VII. China’s CultureA. Chinese are known for their many art formsincluding architecture that include pagodas orBuddhist templesB. Silk screens, calligraphy and porcelain werestarted in ChinaC. Chinese Food is varied depending on the regionpeople live. A typical meal consists ofvegetables with bits of meat or seafood withrice or noodles. Many dishes are spicy and stirfry is common.