Tough Times as opportunity


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Tough Times as opportunity

  1. 1. Rethinking Resources for Student Success Tough Times as Opportunity December 2, 2011 The National Council of State Legislators
  2. 2. Education Resource Strategies 2 • Real spending doubled from $3,800 to $8,700 per pupil • 80% of increase went toward adding staff positions and increasing benefits while educator salaries remained flat in real dollars* • Spending on special education programs has gone from 4 to 21% of district budgets while regular education spending has dropped from 80% to 55%** Spending has increased but the basic structure of schooling has remained the same * Parthenon group analysis, 2008 **Richard Rothstein, Where has the money gone? 2009 From 1970 to 2005 :
  3. 3. Education Resource Strategies 3 Public education jobs have continued to grow through recessions and are only now starting to fall Source: Marguerite Roza
  4. 4. Education Resource Strategies 4 Budget gaps will continue due to a fundamental cost structure that continues to rise regardless of revenue Source: Marguerite Roza, November 2011
  5. 5. Education Resource Strategies 5 1. Restructure one-size fits all job structure and compensation to attract needed expertise, promote teamwork and link to greater results and contribution 2. Optimize existing time to meet student and teacher needs and extend where needed 3. Rethink standardized class size model to target individual attention by strategically raising class sizes and rethinking one-size-fits-all class size models for providing individual attention 4. Shift special education spending toward early intervention and targeted individual attention in general education settings where possible The biggest opportunities for restructuring include:
  6. 6. Education Resource Strategies 6 Compensation spending is not aligned with teaching quality 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 120% District with Senior Teacher Force 42% 7% 27% 24% <2% Benefits Responsibility & Results Longevity Education Base Source: ERS Analysis
  7. 7. Education Resource Strategies 7 Struggling students don’t have enough time to catch up TYPICAL DISTRICT PERCENT OF STUDENT TIME BY GRADE & SUBJECT 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% ES 7-9th 10-12th PE Foreign Language Electives Science Social Studies Math ELA Source: ERS Analysis
  8. 8. Education Resource Strategies 8 “One size fits all” classes mean that most students don’t get the attention they need vs. Larger Class Larger Class Larger Class
  9. 9. Education Resource Strategies 9 Special education placements and delivery models vary widely across states Note: A recent nation-wide estimate of education placement in urban settings put the national average and the urban average at 12%. 0.0 5.0 10.0 15.0 20.0 25.0 Special Education Placements (ages 3-21 as percent of public school enrollment)
  10. 10. Education Resource Strategies 10  TELL THE STORY ABOUT MISALIGNMENTS AND TRADE OFFS  REALLOCATE SCARCE STATE RESOURCES – Drive resources - talent, time and dollars - to the neediest systems and schools – Invest to build state and district capacity – Restructure pension and benefit spending  BREAK DOWN BARRIERS TO DISTRICT LEVEL OPTIMIZATION – Revise tenure, dismissal and other employment rules – Remove or loosen seat time and class size requirements – Combine categorical streams and/or move to dollar vs. staff based  ENCOURAGE DISTRICT INNOVATION – Help districts develop better teacher and student measurement systems – Provide opportunities to scale individual district efforts – Promote new approaches and designs – Support investment in early intervention services What can states do?
  11. 11. Education Resource Strategies 11 By taking on tough choices, schools can move toward transformed practice For the same cost a typical 25,000 student urban district can: ERS’ District Reallocation Modeler (DREAM) Reduce class sizes grades 4-12 by 2 Pay the top contributing 15% of teachers 10K more OR Give all teachers annual step increase Allow benefits spending to increase by 10% OR Provide half-day pre-K for 50% of Kindergarden students Add 60 minutes of school day in the 25% lowest performing schools OR