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2016
Expanding the Opportunities
through I4.0 for Integration,
Transformation and
Sustainability
ASEAN 2040: Economic and Energy Landscape
Source: ERIA, 2019: UN 2017; IMF, 2018
I ndust r y 4.0
T echnologies
Ener gy use
and shar ing
economy
R esour ce
management
and cir cul ar
economy
P r event ing
...
IT &CT Technologies are spreading rapidly
Mechanisms through which New Technologies
Promotes Inclusive and Sustainable Growth
Industry 4.0 Technologies
(ICT+AI+Big ...
How these Mechanisms Apply to
People, Governments and Business
Industry 4.0
Technologies
Inclusion Efficiency Innovation
P...
Without strong policy support
opportunities may turn into risks
I4.0 Technologies
Information without
accountability
Autom...
Factors Explaining Divergence
I1.0, 2.0 & 3.0
Economies I4.0 economy
3-5% of GDP
1-2% of jobs
15-20% of investment
Monopol...
Readiness of countries to Embrace I4.0
Emerging Transitioning Transforming
Policy Priorities for ASEAN
REGULATIONS
that promote
competition & entry
SKILLS
that leverage
I4.0 opportunities
INSTITUTI...
Availability of E-governance Services
11
0.85
0.57
0.57
0.55
0.44
0.36
0.43
0.38
0.24
0.29
0.29
0.88
0.61
0.58
0.55
0.52
0...
Supply Side Issues
• Public Private
Partnerships
• Competition Policy
• Effective
telecom/e-
regulations
ASEAN Centrality ...
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Expanding the Opportunities through I4.0 for Integration, Transformation, and Sustainability - Dr Venkatachalam Anbumozhi | ERIA

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Keynote presentation on the launch of ASEAN Vision 2040, ERIA’s project in support of the Government of Thailand who is ASEAN Chair in 2019. The event was held in Jakarta on 30 August 2019 with the theme ‘Integration, Transformation and ASEAN Centrality’.

The presentation was made and delivered by Dr Venkatachalam Anbumozhi, Senior Energy Economist of ERIA.

Dr Anbumozhi's profile can be found here: http://www.eria.org/experts/venkatachalam-anbumozhi/

Published in: Economy & Finance
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Expanding the Opportunities through I4.0 for Integration, Transformation, and Sustainability - Dr Venkatachalam Anbumozhi | ERIA

  1. 1. 2016 Expanding the Opportunities through I4.0 for Integration, Transformation and Sustainability
  2. 2. ASEAN 2040: Economic and Energy Landscape Source: ERIA, 2019: UN 2017; IMF, 2018
  3. 3. I ndust r y 4.0 T echnologies Ener gy use and shar ing economy R esour ce management and cir cul ar economy P r event ing P oll ut ion P r ot ect ing biodiver sit y R esil ience and cl imat e change adapt at ion 3D pr int ing A r t if icial I nt el l igence A dv anced mat er ial s A dv anced Sensor P l at f or ms Bio- t echnologies Bl ock chain Dr ones and aut o dr iv en v ehicles T he int er net of T hings R obot ics A ugment ed r eal it ies and new comput ing t echnologies I4.0 Technologies for meeting the Sustainability challenges
  4. 4. IT &CT Technologies are spreading rapidly
  5. 5. Mechanisms through which New Technologies Promotes Inclusive and Sustainable Growth Industry 4.0 Technologies (ICT+AI+Big Data) Search and Information Automation and Coordination Scale of Economies and platforms Inclusion Efficiency Innovation
  6. 6. How these Mechanisms Apply to People, Governments and Business Industry 4.0 Technologies Inclusion Efficiency Innovation People Job Opportunities Participation Trade Governments Businesses Labor Productivity capability Capital utilization Consumer welfare Competition Voice
  7. 7. Without strong policy support opportunities may turn into risks I4.0 Technologies Information without accountability Automation without skills Scale without competition Control Inequality Concertation
  8. 8. Factors Explaining Divergence I1.0, 2.0 & 3.0 Economies I4.0 economy 3-5% of GDP 1-2% of jobs 15-20% of investment Monopoly Regulatory uncertaintyCompetition among vested interests
  9. 9. Readiness of countries to Embrace I4.0 Emerging Transitioning Transforming
  10. 10. Policy Priorities for ASEAN REGULATIONS that promote competition & entry SKILLS that leverage I4.0 opportunities INSTITUTIONS that are capable & accountable EMERGING TRANSITIONING TRANSFORMING Remove barriers to adoption Competition Regulation and enforcement Platform competition Foundational skills and basic ICT literacy Mobile phone- based services & monitoring Prepare for careers instead of jobs E-governance and citizen engagement Facilitate lifelong learning Participatory policy making and digital collaboration
  11. 11. Availability of E-governance Services 11 0.85 0.57 0.57 0.55 0.44 0.36 0.43 0.38 0.24 0.29 0.29 0.88 0.61 0.58 0.55 0.52 0.51 0.49 0.44 0.31 0.25 0.24 S INGA P ORE MA LA Y S IA P H ILIP P INE S T H A ILA ND BRUE NI VIE T NA M W ORLD INDONE S IA LA O P DR C A MBODIA MY A NMA R 2005 2017 UN E Government Development Index EGDI is a weighted average of normalized scores on the three dimensions of e-government viz, scope and quality of online services, status of ICT infra and inherent human capital
  12. 12. Supply Side Issues • Public Private Partnerships • Competition Policy • Effective telecom/e- regulations ASEAN Centrality Agenda Making New Generation of Technology Affordable, Open and Safe Demand side issue • Multi-stakeholder governance model • Protecting personal privacy • Cybersecurity

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