FROM GENDER THEORY
TO

GENDER TRANSFORMATIVE
PHILANTHROPY
RIKI WILCHINS
EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR

2
OUR PRESENTATION
1. Terms & Definitions

2. Gender Analysis
3. Gender Norms
4. Common Objections

5. Research & Programs
6...
6 DEGREES OF GENDER
Biological Sex
Primary & secondary bodily characteristics (chromosomes, hormones, etc.)

Gender Identi...
6 DEGREES OF GENDER
Gender Equity
Ensuring equal access to resources, power, opportunity for females, males, children and
...
GENDER TRANSFORMATIVE

1. Terms & Definitions

Kimberle Crenshaw

6
GENDER ANALYSIS?

1. Terms & Definitions

7
WHY GENDER LENS?
Gender affects every issue funders
work on, but grantees are challenged
to do innovative work around gend...
GENDER NORMS ARE LEARNED
ESP DURING “GENDER INTENSIFICATION PERIOD”
Adolescence & Early Teens

Interest in traditional nor...
ARE HIGHLY REGULATED
FEMALE

2. Gender Norms

MALE

10
GENDER NORMS TAKE PRACTICE

2. Gender Norms

Courtesy of Boondocks

11
ENHANCED IN
LOW-INCOME ENVIRONMENTS
Codes may
be
especially
narrow

Penalties for
transgression
often
particularly
harsh.
...
MASCULINITY
“We’re in this box, and in order to be in that box, you
have to be STRONG, you have to be TOUGH, you have
to h...
MASCULINITY & BELIEF
Intimate relationships are adversarial
Women are responsible for conception

Pregnancy validates manh...
MASCULINITY & BEHAVIOR
Earlier sex
More sexual partners
Less intimate relationships, more infidelity

More unplanned pregn...
FEMININITY & BELIEF
Virginal & modest
But “hot” and attractive
Dependent, & deferential
Nurturing & maternal
Motherhood va...
FEMININITY & BEHAVIOR
Less likely to carry condoms

More likely to objectify their own bodies

More likely to defer to mal...
GATEWAY BELIEF SYSTEM
R&S/H

Health/Wellness

LGBTQ Bullying

Partner Abuse

Economic
Empowerment

Educational
Achievement...
COMMON OBJECTIONS
CAN’T WE DO WITHOUT GENDER LENS?
YES! MOSTLY WE ARE.
WE CAN ALSO DO W/O CLASS/RACE ANALYSIS
BUT IT IS EF...
JUST GENDER EQUITY?

4. Common Objections

20
WHAT ABOUT LGBTQ?
WORK BOTH SIDES OF THE STREET

GENDER NONCONFORMING

4. Common Objections

GENDER
CONFORMING

21
SO IT’S ALL GENDER?
Complex Intersectional Issues
Not saying: “It’s the only dog in the fight.”
Not saying: “It’s the bigg...
STRONG RESEARCH BASE

5. Research & Programs

23
STRONG PROGRAM BASE
Gender norms
are “central to
improving
both individual
and societal
R/H”

Gender norms “key to
effecti...
US: The Disconnect
“Gender roles & norms influence, if not
define,
behavior in the interpersonal relationships
in which
se...
US Disconnect: Guidelines

6. What’s Next

26
US Disconnect: Policy

6. What’s Next

27
RECONNECT!
TRANSFORMATIVE APPROACHES

6. What’s Next

28
Thank you!

www.truechild.org
29
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Gender Transformative Philanthropy

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Author and Executive Director of TrueChild, Riki Wilchins' presentation on Gender Theory and "Gender Transformative" Philanthropy

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  • Gender Transformative Philanthropy

    1. 1. FROM GENDER THEORY TO GENDER TRANSFORMATIVE PHILANTHROPY
    2. 2. RIKI WILCHINS EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR 2
    3. 3. OUR PRESENTATION 1. Terms & Definitions 2. Gender Analysis 3. Gender Norms 4. Common Objections 5. Research & Programs 6. What’s Next 3
    4. 4. 6 DEGREES OF GENDER Biological Sex Primary & secondary bodily characteristics (chromosomes, hormones, etc.) Gender Identity Inner sense of being female or male Gender Expression Expressing being masculine or feminine through clothing & behavior Sexual Orientation Attraction to members of one or more sexes 1. Terms & Definitions 4
    5. 5. 6 DEGREES OF GENDER Gender Equity Ensuring equal access to resources, power, opportunity for females, males, children and families, LGBTQ, etc. Gender Norms Socially-constructed ideals, scripts, expectations for manhood/womanhood; in sex and GBV determines who does what to whom, when,, and for what reason Gender Transformative Explicitly highlight, challenging and try to change rigid gender norms and inequities. 1. Terms & Definitions 5
    6. 6. GENDER TRANSFORMATIVE 1. Terms & Definitions Kimberle Crenshaw 6
    7. 7. GENDER ANALYSIS? 1. Terms & Definitions 7
    8. 8. WHY GENDER LENS? Gender affects every issue funders work on, but grantees are challenged to do innovative work around gender like they are on race and class. Grantees get race and class and they’re starting to get sex/or. But what happened to gender? 2. Gender Analysis 8
    9. 9. GENDER NORMS ARE LEARNED ESP DURING “GENDER INTENSIFICATION PERIOD” Adolescence & Early Teens Interest in traditional norms accelerates Belief in them solidifies. 2. Gender Norms 9
    10. 10. ARE HIGHLY REGULATED FEMALE 2. Gender Norms MALE 10
    11. 11. GENDER NORMS TAKE PRACTICE 2. Gender Norms Courtesy of Boondocks 11
    12. 12. ENHANCED IN LOW-INCOME ENVIRONMENTS Codes may be especially narrow Penalties for transgression often particularly harsh. 2. Gender Norms Strong peer pressure “on the street” 12
    13. 13. MASCULINITY “We’re in this box, and in order to be in that box, you have to be STRONG, you have to be TOUGH, you have to have lots of GIRLS, you gotta have MONEY, you have to be a PLAYER or a PIMP, you gotta to be in CONTROL, you have to DOMINATE other men, and if you are not any of those things, then people call you SOFT or WEAK or a P*SSY or a CHUMP or a F*GGOT and… NOBODY wants to be any of those things so… EVERYBODY STAYS INSIDE THE BOX.” 3 Gender Norms Byron Hurt www.bhurt.com 13
    14. 14. MASCULINITY & BELIEF Intimate relationships are adversarial Women are responsible for conception Pregnancy validates manhood Lots of girlfriends/sex proves masculinity Public control of women part of manhood Force sometimes nec. to control females. 3. Gender Norms 14
    15. 15. MASCULINITY & BEHAVIOR Earlier sex More sexual partners Less intimate relationships, more infidelity More unplanned pregnancy More (manly) sexual risk-taking More partner abuse and sexual coercion. 3. Gender Norms 15
    16. 16. FEMININITY & BELIEF Virginal & modest But “hot” and attractive Dependent, & deferential Nurturing & maternal Motherhood validates womanhood Having a man validates femininity Premium on older, stronger men. 3. Gender Norms 16
    17. 17. FEMININITY & BEHAVIOR Less likely to carry condoms More likely to objectify their own bodies More likely to defer to male sexual prerogatives More likely to date older, stronger males More likely to tolerate abuse or coercion More likely to have early/unwanted pregnancy. 3. Gender Norms 17
    18. 18. GATEWAY BELIEF SYSTEM R&S/H Health/Wellness LGBTQ Bullying Partner Abuse Economic Empowerment Educational Achievement 3. Masculinity & Femininity 18
    19. 19. COMMON OBJECTIONS CAN’T WE DO WITHOUT GENDER LENS? YES! MOSTLY WE ARE. WE CAN ALSO DO W/O CLASS/RACE ANALYSIS BUT IT IS EFFECTIVE? 4. Common Objections 19
    20. 20. JUST GENDER EQUITY? 4. Common Objections 20
    21. 21. WHAT ABOUT LGBTQ? WORK BOTH SIDES OF THE STREET GENDER NONCONFORMING 4. Common Objections GENDER CONFORMING 21
    22. 22. SO IT’S ALL GENDER? Complex Intersectional Issues Not saying: “It’s the only dog in the fight.” Not saying: “It’s the biggest dog in the fight.” “It’s the biggest dog NOT in the fight. 4. Common Objections 22
    23. 23. STRONG RESEARCH BASE 5. Research & Programs 23
    24. 24. STRONG PROGRAM BASE Gender norms are “central to improving both individual and societal R/H” Gender norms “key to effective HIV prevention for MSMs “Deconstructing masculinity with young men 13-19” to eliminate violence against women and girls 5. Research & Programs The powerful influence of gender norms is a foundation of gender inequality. 24
    25. 25. US: The Disconnect “Gender roles & norms influence, if not define, behavior in the interpersonal relationships in which sex [and partner violence] occurs.” “[We] are ignoring social & contextual factors central to understanding sexuality, HIV [and gender violence].” “Astounding as it may seem, the central role of gender has been largely ignored… …we are studying this in a gender vacuum.” 6. What’s Next “Love, sex, and power. Considering women's realities in HIV prevention.” H Amaro . Am Psychol. 1995 Jun;50(6):437-47, 1995 . 25
    26. 26. US Disconnect: Guidelines 6. What’s Next 26
    27. 27. US Disconnect: Policy 6. What’s Next 27
    28. 28. RECONNECT! TRANSFORMATIVE APPROACHES 6. What’s Next 28
    29. 29. Thank you! www.truechild.org 29

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