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Long Term Policy under the CLRTAP-a personal viewMartin WilliamsChair of the CLRTAP Executive Bodyand King’s College, Lond...
• Past successes• The Long Term Strategy for CLRTAP• A Future Vision – personal views2
CONVENTION ON LONG-RANGETRANSBOUNDARY AIR POLLUTION51 Parties in Europe, North America and Central Asia3
The Convention and its Protocols•CLRTAP 1979•‘First generation’ protocols:-1985 Sulphur Protocol, 1988 NOx Protocol, 1991 ...
CLRTAP has reducedemissions.........
.......and will continue to reducedepositions as the GothenburgProtocol improves on the early OsloProtocol0204060801974197...
Three Protocols revised• POPs 2009• ‘Gothenburg’ 2012• Heavy Metals 20127
Revised Gothenburg ProtocolEU 2020 % reductions on 2005 base010203040506070SO2 NOx VOCs NH3 PM2.58
Long Term StrategyPriorities of CLRTAP• Increased ratifications and participation(EECCA)• Better compliance• AQ & CC co-be...
10Increasing emission reductionsIncreasedparticipationUNECE Domain1st to 2nd gen.GP 2 ?GP3 ?Methane?BC?Outreach – Global G...
Increased Ratifications• Gothenburg Protocol has 25 ratifications• All EU apart from Norway, Switzerland and the USA• So e...
Air quality and climate change co-benefits• First steps taken in GP2• Parties to prioritise reductions of BC in achievingP...
13Source: CLRTAP TFHTAP
Air quality and climate change co-benefits• Aligning climate and air quality policies canlead to large reductions in the ‘...
15Outreach and global co-operation/governanceon air quality?CLRTAPEUUNEPCONVENTIONSIN ASIA, AFRICA,SOUTH AMERICAUS –CCAC
This will be discussed in theSaltsjobaden Workshop in Junealong with other strategic issuesThank You!16
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Long Term Policy under the CLRTAP: a personal view - Martin Williams

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Long Term Policy under the CLRTAP: a personal view - Martin Williams

  1. 1. Long Term Policy under the CLRTAP-a personal viewMartin WilliamsChair of the CLRTAP Executive Bodyand King’s College, LondonAir Science Policy ForumDublin 15 April 2013
  2. 2. • Past successes• The Long Term Strategy for CLRTAP• A Future Vision – personal views2
  3. 3. CONVENTION ON LONG-RANGETRANSBOUNDARY AIR POLLUTION51 Parties in Europe, North America and Central Asia3
  4. 4. The Convention and its Protocols•CLRTAP 1979•‘First generation’ protocols:-1985 Sulphur Protocol, 1988 NOx Protocol, 1991 VOCProtocol•‘Second generation’ protocols:-1994 Sulphur Protocol, 1999 Multi-pollutant Multi-effects‘Gothenburg’ Protocol•Protocols on Heavy Metals and POPs (both 1998)
  5. 5. CLRTAP has reducedemissions.........
  6. 6. .......and will continue to reducedepositions as the GothenburgProtocol improves on the early OsloProtocol0204060801974197619781980198219841986198819901992199419961998200020022004200620082010OsloOsloGothenburgGothenburgNitrogenSulphurData: NILUµeq/lAverage deposition for 7 stations in southern Norway
  7. 7. Three Protocols revised• POPs 2009• ‘Gothenburg’ 2012• Heavy Metals 20127
  8. 8. Revised Gothenburg ProtocolEU 2020 % reductions on 2005 base010203040506070SO2 NOx VOCs NH3 PM2.58
  9. 9. Long Term StrategyPriorities of CLRTAP• Increased ratifications and participation(EECCA)• Better compliance• AQ & CC co-benefits• Core strengths- ‘Gothenburg pollutants’- Science and policy close links- Realign work on POPs and HMs• Outreach to rest of world• Streamline structure• Resolve multiple Protocols• Resources (secretariat and other )9
  10. 10. 10Increasing emission reductionsIncreasedparticipationUNECE Domain1st to 2nd gen.GP 2 ?GP3 ?Methane?BC?Outreach – Global Governance?
  11. 11. Increased Ratifications• Gothenburg Protocol has 25 ratifications• All EU apart from Norway, Switzerland and the USA• So effort needed to encourage EECCA/SEE• Revised Protocol did this – watch this space forratifications!• Likewise Heavy Metals Protocol (33 ratifications,more non-EU)• The EU has already played a key role in the Protocolrevisions and can continue to encourage and supportEECCA/SEE countries efforts11
  12. 12. Air quality and climate change co-benefits• First steps taken in GP2• Parties to prioritise reductions of BC in achievingPM2.5 ceilings• But Intercontinental transport of Ozone is alreadyan issue and will increasingly be so• Even without considering climate effects of ozonethere is still a case for hemispheric-scalestrategies:– Health and crop damage at lower exposures– Diminishing returns from European and NorthAmerican emission reduction?• This means Methane – NECD 2? GP 3?12
  13. 13. 13Source: CLRTAP TFHTAP
  14. 14. Air quality and climate change co-benefits• Aligning climate and air quality policies canlead to large reductions in the ‘Gothenburg’pollutants• How best to translate this into policy/action?• Set indicative ceilings for 2030 and 2050• Set Budgets for SO2, NOx, VOCs, PM2.5, NH3 forinterim years to define a pathway to 205014
  15. 15. 15Outreach and global co-operation/governanceon air quality?CLRTAPEUUNEPCONVENTIONSIN ASIA, AFRICA,SOUTH AMERICAUS –CCAC
  16. 16. This will be discussed in theSaltsjobaden Workshop in Junealong with other strategic issuesThank You!16

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