Conclusions• Air quality in Dublin is not the problemsome commentators would have usbelieve.• The cost of the introduction of a smokelesszone policy could involve the expenditureof £180,000,000.• The scientific evidence about the effects ofsmokeless zones on Dublin’s air quality ismost uncertain as the basic research hasyet to be carried out - no Urban AirPollution Dispersion Model exists forDublin.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSIn compiling this casebook we wish to gratefully acknowledgethe contributions made by the followingpeople and organisationsGeoffrey J Bourke. M.D, F.R.C.P.I., Professor of Community Medicineand Epidemiology, University College Dublin.Frank J Convery. Heritage Trust, Professor of Environmental Studies,University College Dublin.W.J.R. Couchman. F.R.S.H., F.I.D.H.E., Couchman & Associates,Consulting Engineers Foxrock, Co. Dublin.John Kelly. B.E., Ph.D., Dean of faculty of engineering and Architecture,University College Dublin.Hugh Munro. B.E.C. Eng., F.I.E.I, F.C.I.B.S., Consulting Engineering, 56Tritonville Road, Dublin 4.Peter Strabaneck. Ph.D, Lecturer in Community Medicine, TrinityCollege Dublin.National Coal Board, London and Glasgow.
Effect of air-pollution control ondeath rates in Dublin, Ireland: anintervention study.• Clancy L, Goodman P, Sinclair H, Dockery DW.Lancet. 2002 Oct 19;360(9341):1210-4.
DublinBlack SmokePre-ban mean= 50 µg/m3Post-ban mean= 15 µg/m3- 71% change (p<0.0001)Clancy et al, Lancet 2002SO2Pre-ban mean = 33 µg/m3Post-ban mean = 22 µg/m3-34% change (p<0.0001
Result: Average PM2.5 Levels35.55.80.05.010.015.020.025.030.035.040.0Micrograms/m3Pre Ban Post BanTime of MonitoringAverage PM2.5 Levels (42 pubs)Pre Ban Range: 3.2 to 315.1 (gm-3)Post Ban Range:21.4 to 0.6 (gm-3)
Result: Benzene Levels18.753.7205101520Micrograms/m3Pre Ban Post BanTime of MonitoringBenzene Levels (26 pubs)Pre Ban Range: 9 to 78.7 (gm-3)Post Ban Range:0.88 to 7.54 (gm-3)
ReductionsinCardiovascular,Cerebrovascular,andRespiratoryMortalityFollowingtheNationalIrishSmokingBan:InterruptedTime-SeriesAnalysisSericea Stallings-Smith, MPH1 Ariana Zeka, ScD1 PatGoodman, PhD2,3 Zubair Kabir, MD4,Luke Clancy, MD31.Brunel University London, Kingston Lane, London, UK2.Dublin Institute of Technology, Kevin Street, Dublin 8, Ireland3.TobaccoFree Research Institute Ireland, The Digital Depot, Thomas Street, Dublin 8, Ireland4.Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Western Road, University College Cork,Irelandhttp://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062063
Motivations for Action• Professor Luke Clancy TFRI ,DG• The Irish Smog and Smokefree• Marie-Eve Héroux WHO Regional office for Europe• Recent developments in Air and Health• Professor Arden Pope Brigham Young University, USA• The US Perspective on addressing future air quality challenges• Dr. Daan Swart RIVM, head air qualitymonitoring network Netherlands• Innovation in Air Quality Monitoring – ISPEX Citizen-Science Event
• Dr. Frank Dentener JRC Europe and Co-Chair of HTAP• Hemispheric Ozone and Cooperation• Annika Markovic Swedish Ambassador for theEnvironment• Synergies, co-benefits and tensions of clean air policies• Dr. Mark Sutton Chair of TFRN• The Nitrogen Issue• Ton Manders Deputy Head of Climate, Air andEnergy at PBL Netherlands• The economics of air quality and associated policy responses