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Food Wise 2025 and Agricultural Emissions

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Presentation given by Mr John Muldowney at the 2015 Clean Air Conference, 28/09/15, Dublin

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Food Wise 2025 and Agricultural Emissions

  1. 1. JOHN MULDOWNEY AGRICULTURAL INSPECTOR DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, FOOD AND THE MARINE SEPTEMBER 2015 Food Wise 2025 and Agricultural Emissions
  2. 2. Presentation overview • Food Wise 2025 • Sustainability • Ammonia Emissions • Agricultural sources of ammonia • Air quality policy context • Ammonia abatement strategies • Research
  3. 3. Food Wise 2025  Strategic plan for the development of agri-food sector over the next decade • 85% increase in exports to €19bn • 65% increase in primary production value to €10bn • 70% increase in the sectors value addition to the economy to over €13bn • Creation of 23,000 additional jobs all along the supply chain  With over 350 enabling actions, both cross-cutting and at sectoral level  59 related to sustainability under 8 main recommendations
  4. 4. Food Wise 2025 and Sustainability  Environmental protection and economic competitiveness are equal and complementary  Continued development and adoption of sustainable processes and technologies all along the supply chain  SEA and AA parallel process
  5. 5. Intake of milk by Creameries and Pasteurisers 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Millionlitres Month 2014 2015 Source: CSO StatBank
  6. 6. Agriculture NH3 emissions – historic trend 90000 95000 100000 105000 110000 115000 120000 125000 NH3(kgs) Year Agriculture NH3 emissions Agriculture NH3 emissions IE GP & NEC emission ceiling = 116Kt NH3 (note agriculture accounts for virtually all of IE NH3 emissions
  7. 7. Ammonia emissions
  8. 8. Atmospheric ammonia (NH3)  Emissions in 2013 – 106.3kt NH3  Ireland’s national emission ceiling for NH3 under the NEC Directive is 116 Kt tonnes to be achieved by 2010 and in each year after 2010.  98.5% of national NH3 emissions attributed to agricultural practices  NH3 deposition associated with  Acidification and eutrophication of surface waters  negative impacts on sensitive ecosystems  formation of secondary particulate matter
  9. 9. Agricultural sources of ammonia by sector Source: Hyde, 2012
  10. 10. Agricultural sources of NH3 by activity
  11. 11. Air Quality Policy Context  GP reviewed in 2012 to include ‘national emission reduction commitments’ to be achieved in 2020 and beyond.  Proposed NH3 target of 0.5% reduction on 2005 levels to 2020  Equates to a value of 111Kt NH3  Proposed revision of the NEC Directive  Currently being reviewed as part of EU Clean Air Package  Establishes national ‘reduction commitments’ applicable from 2020 and 2030  For any year from 2020 to 2029 1% below 2005 levels  For any year from 2030 10% below 2005 levels
  12. 12. Ammonia abatement strategies 1. Spreading  Move to earlier spreading (summer to spring)  Transition from summer spreading to spring spreading  Cost effective  Not suitable for all soils due to trafficability difficulties in spring  Use of abatement technologies (Trailing shoe, trailing hose)  Reduces surface area of slurry exposed to air  ~40-60% reduction in ammonia emissions (summer application v. traditional splash plate application)  Reduces chemical N requirements  Equipment expensive to purchase  Biophysical constraints
  13. 13. Trailing shoe
  14. 14. Ammonia abatement strategies 2. Fertiliser usage  ~350,000 t N applied annually (mostly CAN)  Emissions greater from urea-based fertilisers v. Nitrate/ ammonium based  NH3 emissions dependent on fertiliser type, weather conditions and soil type 3. Use of inhibitors  Urea with urease inhibitors  Slows the NH3 NH4 transformation process resulting is lower NH3 losses
  15. 15. Ammonia abatement strategies 4. Animal housing and associated storage 5. Outdoor slurry storage 6. Yard emissions 7. Animal dietary changes
  16. 16. Rural Development Programme 2014 - 2020  Targeted Agricultural Modernisation Scheme II (TAMS II) to include:  Grant-aid support for the investment in mobile slurry tanks and umbilical systems with attached low emission spreading equipment such a trailing shoe, trailing hose.  Low-emissions slurry spreading (LESS) option under GLAS (agri environmental measure)  To improve the recycling of organic fertiliser and to contribute to reduced emissions including NH3.  Knowledge Transfer Programme  Topics include reducing GHG & NH3 emissions
  17. 17. Future abatement strategies  Housing and storage  Incorporation of air scrubbers in pig/ poultry units  External storage  Reinforced storage which would allow for the use of acidification of slurry  Chemical amendments to slurry and manure
  18. 18. Research
  19. 19. SHARP  Sustainable Healthy Agri Research Plan  Collective effort among stakeholders, research funders and research bases to identify and develop research and innovation for sustainable food production  Sustainable Management of Natural Resources  High level objective  Develop and support actions that contribute to meeting air quality targets under the NEC/ GP  Priority research  Integrated actions to reduce ammonia loss and improve N efficiency
  20. 20. Current ammonia abatement research  Measurement and abatement of ammonia emissions from agriculture (2013)  Feed evaluation for accurate nutrition (2012)  Sustainable nitrogen fertiliser use and disaggregated emissions of nitrogen (2011)
  21. 21. Conclusions  Focus on cost effective options  Focus on production efficiency & innovation  Improve knowledge & understanding of emissions  Integrate with other environmental challenges  Develop and support the sector in delivering on sustainability
  22. 22. Thank you

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