Transboundary Air Pollution - Research Gaps and Needs: a brief overview -Frank McGovern , EPA


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Presentation from EPA Transboundary Research Workshop, Galway, 8th and 9th September 2010.

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Transboundary Air Pollution - Research Gaps and Needs: a brief overview -Frank McGovern , EPA

  1. 1. Frank McGovern EPA Research gaps and needs a brief overview
  2. 2. Structure of CCRP High-level Group Co-ordination, communications and policy linkage GHG emissions sinks and mitigation Impacts and Adaptation Socio-economic analyses and Technologies Trans-boundary Air Pollution Data management systems Environmental observation systems Joint research areas Steering Groups
  3. 3. Trans-boundary air pollution <ul><li>Contents </li></ul><ul><li>Key trans-boundary pollutants </li></ul><ul><li>Emissions inventories: activities and emission factors (or functions) </li></ul><ul><li>Measurement/monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Modelling of pollutant transport </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Policy options: across regions </li></ul>
  4. 4. Key transboundary pollutants <ul><li>Historical issues </li></ul><ul><li>Acidification: SOx, NOx etc </li></ul><ul><li>Problematic areas </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy metals, POPs (a growing suite) </li></ul><ul><li>Ongoing issues </li></ul><ul><li>PM (size and composition) and ozone (precursors) </li></ul><ul><li>Emerging issues </li></ul><ul><li>Biogenic contributions and anthropogenic links </li></ul><ul><li>Shipping sources (and aviation an aerosol/climate issue?) </li></ul><ul><li>Missing species? Research community dialogue! </li></ul>
  5. 5. Emissions inventories: <ul><li>Primary report for assessment of policy and compliance </li></ul><ul><li>Updates with new science </li></ul><ul><li>Improved activity analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Use of Local Emissions Factors/Functions </li></ul><ul><li>Improve projections: requirement for sectoral and economic forecasting </li></ul><ul><li>Annual inventory report provides guidance for future work </li></ul><ul><li>Key gap: Requirement for high resolution temporal and spatially disaggregated </li></ul><ul><li> Dialogue on possible research contributions required </li></ul>
  6. 6. Measurement/monitoring <ul><li>Key data for assessment and validation </li></ul><ul><li>EMEP monitoring strategy </li></ul><ul><li>National network, well structured </li></ul><ul><li>Ongoing data provision, QA/QC assessment and reporting </li></ul><ul><li>Key issues: </li></ul><ul><li> Model validation and requirementx for real time data. </li></ul><ul><li> Vertical information and links with ground level data </li></ul><ul><li> OC component ( biogenic anthropogenic) and BC:OC ratio </li></ul><ul><li> Scattering/absorption and hygroscopic properties </li></ul><ul><li> Assessment at national levels + contribution to regional analysis </li></ul>
  7. 7. Modelling of pollutant transport <ul><li>Provide analyses of extent and quantity of trans-boundary air pollution </li></ul><ul><li>CLTRAP Modelling Groups MSC-E, MSC-W </li></ul><ul><li>EU modelling group under GMES- ECMWF </li></ul><ul><li>National modelling groups </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment, forecasting and emergency response </li></ul><ul><li>Key issues : Assessment of hemispheric contribution </li></ul><ul><li> Interlinks with GMES, ESA EOEP etc </li></ul><ul><li>Air pollution and climate links </li></ul><ul><li>Key vulnerability: Major disruption due to regional transport of atmospheric pollutants and/or hazardous material </li></ul>
  8. 8. Environmental objectives <ul><li>Assessment of achievement of environmental objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Ecosystem monitoring and modelling: critical loads </li></ul><ul><li>Forest impacts assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Health objectives and actual impacts </li></ul><ul><li>Others:- buildings, cultural heritage </li></ul><ul><li>Key issues: </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated assessment of environmental impacts </li></ul><ul><li>Link with EU wide work integrated assessment modelling </li></ul>
  9. 9. Policy options <ul><li>Pathways for of achievement of environmental objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated assessment modelling </li></ul><ul><li>Sectoral modelling: energy, transport, agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Technology development </li></ul><ul><li>Behaviour modification </li></ul><ul><li>Policy options </li></ul><ul><li>Key issues: </li></ul><ul><li>Coherence between science and policy. Policy synergies and trade-offs e.g., with climate change </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Useful and interesting meeting </li></ul><ul><li>Significant research activities across a wide spectrum of areas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inventory support being provided, further work is needed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good network of sites/observations and potential for development, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ongoing effects analyses, which should continue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Modelling capacity has been developed, an important development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Key policy support is being provided. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Need to increase dialogues between these areas: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve expert communication and communication to policy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Provision of assessment and analysis and to prove policy relevance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Perhaps a follow up meeting focused on a key issue: ??? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Targeted cross-over studies e.g. validation of analysis use in GAINS for Ireland </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Comments are welcome </li></ul>Conclusions