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Pam Berry, Senior Research Fellow,
Environmental Change Institute, U. of Oxford;
Rapporteur of the EU Horizon 2020 Expert ...
H2020 Expert group: Process and activities
Discussion of key opportunity areas
(addressing societal challenges)
Evidence b...
1. Understanding nature-based solutions
(NBS)
2. How NBS can contribute to re-naturing
cities
3. Research gaps
4. Challeng...
Nature-based solutions aim to help societies address
a variety of environmental, social and economic
challenges in sustain...
There is a spectrum of natural elements and
processes that have been considered part of NBS:
 maintain or enhance existin...
Understanding of NBS
• Inspired by, supported by or copied from nature
• Maintaining and enhancing natural capital as a
ba...
Understanding of NBS
• Inspired by, supported by or copied from nature
Understanding of NBS
• Can address a variety of societal challenges
Understanding of NBS
• Maintaining and enhancing natural capital as a
basis for NBS: managed realignment, Paull Holme
Stra...
E.g. benefits of green space in cities :
• Temperature reductions
• Air quality improvement
• Reduced surface runoff
• Bio...
Understanding of NBS
• Potential to contribute to green growth, future-
proofing society, fostering citizens well-being an...
Lead to greater benefits than
conventional methods and offer
synergies in reducing multiple risks
Sustainable urbanisation
 Cities: 73% of Europe’s population, 82% by 2050
 Risks and challenges: resource availability, ...
SU: Urban regeneration through NBS
 New uses for underused and unused land and
grey infrastructure (derelict and fringe a...
SU: Urban regeneration through NBS
(examples)
10/03/2015
New York Low Line (Underground park) Promenade Plantée in Paris
1...
NBS for improving well-being in urban areas
 Integrating NBS into urban design and planning
 Access to green spaces and ...
NBS for improving well-being in urban areas
10/03/2015
Mayesbrook Park (London)
Glasgow Green Renewal
EU as inspiration and world leader –
Key actions
 Enhance evidence base and rationale for NBS
implementation (at greater ...
• How to maximise the effectiveness of NBS
actions e.g. urban greenspace
• How to learn from nature and translate into
pra...
Some key gaps
Challenges for research and
innovation
- demonstrate how NBS can be embedded in local
level spatial planning and decision-...
• Need for co-design & co-creation through a
systemic approach involving very different
stakeholders;
• Need for social an...
NBS can offer:
• the opportunity to transform societal
challenges into innovation
opportunities
• sustainable and climate-...
QUESTIONS?
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Expert Group Report: Nature Based Solutions and Re-Naturing Cities – Pam Berry

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Presentation given by Pam Berry, NBS Expert Group, at the 2015 Horizon 2020 SC5 Information Day, 21/10/2015, Herbert Park Hotel, Dublin

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Expert Group Report: Nature Based Solutions and Re-Naturing Cities – Pam Berry

  1. 1. Pam Berry, Senior Research Fellow, Environmental Change Institute, U. of Oxford; Rapporteur of the EU Horizon 2020 Expert Group Expert Group Report Nature-Based Solutions and Re-Naturing Cities
  2. 2. H2020 Expert group: Process and activities Discussion of key opportunity areas (addressing societal challenges) Evidence base of benefits, knowledge gaps, EU added value and relevant actors Public e-consultation process (ca. 330 participants) -12.11.2014 Stakeholder workshop on 08.12.2014 in Brussels Development of research and innovation actions (roadmap) – March 2015 Meeting in Brussels Meeting in Brussels Meeting in Brussels Duration: July 14 – Feb ‘15 12 Experts + plus Chairperson and Rapporteur
  3. 3. 1. Understanding nature-based solutions (NBS) 2. How NBS can contribute to re-naturing cities 3. Research gaps 4. Challenges for research and innovation Outline
  4. 4. Nature-based solutions aim to help societies address a variety of environmental, social and economic challenges in sustainable ways. They are actions which are inspired by, supported by or copied from nature. EU Working Group definition
  5. 5. There is a spectrum of natural elements and processes that have been considered part of NBS:  maintain or enhance existing nature and its functioning (e.g. ecosystem-based adaptation, green infrastructure). This could be linked to maintaining or enhancing the ability of nature to provide certain services.  introduce or re-introduce nature (e.g. biocontrol of pests; re-introduction of species; ecosystem restoration for flood control),  alter the inherent make-up of nature (e.g. GMOs),  imitate (inspired by) nature (e.g. biomimicry). Elements and processes of NBS
  6. 6. Understanding of NBS • Inspired by, supported by or copied from nature • Maintaining and enhancing natural capital as a basis for NBS • Can address a variety of societal challenge • Potential to be cost-effective, resource and energy efficient and resilient to change • Potential to contribute to green growth, future- proofing society, fostering citizens well-being and human health, providing business opportunities
  7. 7. Understanding of NBS • Inspired by, supported by or copied from nature
  8. 8. Understanding of NBS • Can address a variety of societal challenges
  9. 9. Understanding of NBS • Maintaining and enhancing natural capital as a basis for NBS: managed realignment, Paull Holme Strays
  10. 10. E.g. benefits of green space in cities : • Temperature reductions • Air quality improvement • Reduced surface runoff • Biodiversity • Aesthetics………. • Potential to be cost-effective, resource and energy efficient and resilient to change Bowler et al., 2010 Landscape & Urban Plan. (above). Gill et al 2007 Built Environment (right) Understanding of NBS
  11. 11. Understanding of NBS • Potential to contribute to green growth, future- proofing society, fostering citizens well-being and human health, providing business opportunities Stratus Consulting (2009)
  12. 12. Lead to greater benefits than conventional methods and offer synergies in reducing multiple risks
  13. 13. Sustainable urbanisation  Cities: 73% of Europe’s population, 82% by 2050  Risks and challenges: resource availability, equitable economic growth, quality of urban environments, demands for new construction and infrastructure etc.  Decoupling economic growth from depletion of resources  Natural areas and features in/around cities delivering ES  Strategic opportunity areas for NBS – 3 main challenges: 1. Economic development (new business models, circular economy..) 2. Environmental impact (urban resilience, ..) 3. Social dimension (people’s happiness, diseases, obesity …)
  14. 14. SU: Urban regeneration through NBS  New uses for underused and unused land and grey infrastructure (derelict and fringe areas)  Provide openings for business  Innovation in business models driven by sustainability Cities as (living) laboratories for innovation, experimentation and testing cost-effectiveness Use of existing city networks to replicate projects and upscale
  15. 15. SU: Urban regeneration through NBS (examples) 10/03/2015 New York Low Line (Underground park) Promenade Plantée in Paris 10/03/2015 Community garden Parco Nord (Milan) Promenade Plantée (Paris)
  16. 16. NBS for improving well-being in urban areas  Integrating NBS into urban design and planning  Access to green spaces and good quality landscape, enhance neighborhood spaces  Effects: health, well being, social cohesion, crime and community support  Need for demonstration projects  Resonate with urban publics; citizen empower- ment and citizen-driven innovation are key  Explore new forms of stakeholder participation in urban design and planning
  17. 17. NBS for improving well-being in urban areas 10/03/2015 Mayesbrook Park (London) Glasgow Green Renewal
  18. 18. EU as inspiration and world leader – Key actions  Enhance evidence base and rationale for NBS implementation (at greater speed and scale  Develop, demonstrate and replicate innovative NBS  Set the scene for application across policies, sectors and actors  Need to explore new governance and institutional, business and finance models which leverage private and public funding
  19. 19. • How to maximise the effectiveness of NBS actions e.g. urban greenspace • How to learn from nature and translate into practice • When and where NBS are more effective than more traditional solutions e.g. hard vs soft coastal engineering • How and when local adaptation actions can be transferred to other contexts. Some key gaps
  20. 20. Some key gaps
  21. 21. Challenges for research and innovation - demonstrate how NBS can be embedded in local level spatial planning and decision-making (e.g. Living Labs in cities; green infrastructure) - develop and test how NBS can be turned into bankable opportunities, scaled up to leverage private capital flows e.g. the investments needed to sustain the insurance capacity of ecosystems - analyse the effectiveness of performance-based contracts, comparison of grey, green and blue infrastructure.
  22. 22. • Need for co-design & co-creation through a systemic approach involving very different stakeholders; • Need for social and governance innovation as much as technological and business innovation; transparency and open-access • Need for experimentation to overcome obstacles/barriers for the up-scaled use of NBS; • Need to foster multi- and trans-disciplinary approaches; • Need to focus not only on megacities but also on medium and small cities; • Need to raise awareness of existing initiatives / experiments
  23. 23. NBS can offer: • the opportunity to transform societal challenges into innovation opportunities • sustainable and climate-resilient solutions to the societal challenges • multiple benefits across the challenges • the potential to contribute to green growth.
  24. 24. QUESTIONS?

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