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Air Quality - The National Picture

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Presentation given by Mr Pat Kenny at the 2015 Clean Air Conference, 28/09/15, Dublin

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Air Quality - The National Picture

  1. 1. Air Quality – The National Picture Patrick Kenny National Ambient Air Quality Programme Office Of Environmental Assessment 28th September 2015
  2. 2. Overview o model Air quality - • Zones and monitoring network • Current trends in Ireland – 2014 report • AQ Health Index • Research • EMEP network  Radon  Current and future developments – • Air Incident Response Unit (AIRU) • Citizen science • Air quality monitoring programme • Air quality model - forecasts
  3. 3. Air Quality - Zones and Monitoring Network  CAFÉ Directive / 4th Daughter Directive  The EPA is the Competent Authority for implementation  Manages the national ambient monitoring network  National Reference Laboratory (NRL) for air quality  Pollutants monitored for;  NO2 / NOx, SO2, PM2.5 / PM10, Ozone,  Benzene, CO, PAH, Metals – As, Ni, Pb, Cd, Hg  Four zones A,B, C and D
  4. 4. Air Quality - Zones and Monitoring Network Air Quality monitoring zones in Ireland in 2014/15
  5. 5. Air Quality Zones and Monitoring Stations Air quality monitoring sites in Ireland in 2014
  6. 6. Air Quality – current trends in Ireland  2014 Air Quality Report published today  Ireland continues to have comparatively good air quality with no breaches of legal limit values recorded at any monitoring stations in 2014  Dioxin survey 2014  Levels are in line with previous surveys and below legislative limits  WHO have developed guideline standards which are stricter than EU values. Should these be adopted by the EU, it would present a significant challenge
  7. 7. Air Quality – current trends in Ireland  Particulate Matter levels are of concern –  Implementation and enforcement of bituminous coal ban  Households / businesses should strive to switch from solid fuel to cleaner alternatives if possible  NO2 in trafficked areas a concern  Smarter Travel – A Sustainable Transport Future  National Emission Reduction Target (NERT) for PM2.5  10% reduction by 2020
  8. 8. Black Smoke Concentrations in Major Urban Areas 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 85/86 86/87 87/88 88/89 89/90 90/91 91/92 92/93 93/94 94/95 95/96 96/97 97/98 98/99 99/00 00/01 01/02 02/03 03/04 04/05 05/06 06/07 07/08 08/09 09/10 10/11 11/12 µg/m3 Zone A Zone B Zone C revoked 98 percentile limit value
  9. 9. Air Quality – current trends in Ireland – NO2 Trend in NO2 concentrations for zones in Ireland 2004 ‐ 2014
  10. 10. Air Quality – current trends in Ireland – PM10 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 AnnualMeanµg/m3 Zone A traffic Zone A background Zone B traffic Zone C Zone D Annual limit value WHO air quality guideline Trend in PM10 concentrations for zones in Ireland 2004 - 2014
  11. 11. Air Quality – current trends in Ireland – Ozone 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 9000 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 AOT40(µg/m3).h Galway remote Monaghan remote Laois regional Kerry remote Mayo near town Long-term objective Trend in ozone concentrations in Ireland 2004 - 2014
  12. 12. Air Quality – current trends in Ireland – PM2.5 Trend in PM2.5 concentrations in Ireland 2004 - 2014 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 AnnualMeanµg/m3 Coleraine St. Rathmines Marino Cork Ennis Longford Claremorris Annual limit value WHO guideline
  13. 13. Air Quality – current trends in Ireland - PAH 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 AnnualMeanng/m3 Zone A background Zone A traffic Zone B Zone C Zone D background Trend in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) – 2009 -2014
  14. 14. Air Quality – current trends in Ireland – SO2 0 5 10 15 20 25 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 AnnualMeanµg/m3 Zone A (traffic) Zone A (background) Zone B Zone D Vegetation annual limit value Trend in SO2 concentrations for zones in Ireland 2004 - 2014
  15. 15. Air Quality – SO2 Holuhraun ice field in Iceland
  16. 16. Air Quality – NO2 Concentrations of NO2 in Ireland in 2012 with relation to other EU Member States (source: EEA)
  17. 17. Air Quality – PM10 Concentrations of PM10 in Ireland in 2012 in relation to other EU Member States (Source: EEA)
  18. 18. Air Quality – ozone Concentrations of ozone in Ireland in 2012 in relation to other EU Member States (Source: EEA)
  19. 19. Air Quality Index for Health – www.airquality.epa.ie
  20. 20. Air Quality Index for Health – www.airquality.epa.ie
  21. 21. Air Quality Index for Health – www.airquality.epa.ie
  22. 22. Additional Features of the Website
  23. 23. Summary of ongoing EPA funded air quality related projects Project Title Organisation 2013-EH-FS-7 Development of a spatially- and temporally-resolved emission inventory for Ireland University of Dublin, Trinity College (TCD) 2013-CCRP-FS.15 CRiMsON (Consolidation of IRelands Greenhouse Gas and Transboundary MOnitoring Network) National University of Ireland Galway (NUIG) 2013-EH-MS-14 Assessment of the impact of ammonia emissions from intensive agriculture installations on SACs and SPAs University College Dublin (UCD) 2013-EH-MS-15 Source Apportionment of Particulate Matter in Rural and Urban Residential Areas (SAPPHIRE) University College Cork (UCC) CCRP-09-FS-4-2 Research support for integrated atmospheric studies at Mace Head National University of Ireland Galway (NUIG) 2012-CCRP-MS.7 Critical Loads and Dynamic Soil-Vegetation Modelling Trent University
  24. 24. Summary of ongoing EPA funded air quality related projects 2012-CCRP-MS.8 Ammonia2—Baseline Ammonia Deposition Rates in Ireland and Local impacts of Point Source Emissions University College Dublin (UCD) CCRP-09-FS-4-3 Research Support for Mace Head: Instrumentation, Data Systems and Analysis National University of Ireland Galway (NUIG) CCRP08Proj-4.1A Development of critical loads for Ireland Trent University 2010-AQ-MS-1 Evaluation of the effect of domestic solid fuel burning on ambient air quality in Ireland Dublin Institute of Technology (DIT) 2012-EH-FS-6 Air quality modelling University of Dublin, Trinity College (TCD) 2013-CCRP-MS.14 Integrated Modelling Project - GAINS Ireland APEnvEcon 2014-CCRP-MS.19 On-Line BioAerosol Sampling (OLBAS) University College Cork (UCC) 2014-CCRP-FS.20 Research Fellowship on Air Science University of Dublin, Trinity College (TCD)
  25. 25. European Monitoring and Evaluation Programme (EMEP) Network
  26. 26. National Radiation Monitoring Network  EPA continuously assesses radioactivity in air at selected permanent monitoring stations in the NRMN  Levels low & consistent with global background levels  Emergency response role – rapid, nationwide assessment of airborne contamination  Trace levels from the Fukushima nuclear accident measured March- May 2011
  27. 27. Radon – The radon map of Ireland Ireland - 89 Bq/m3 UK - 21 Bq/m3 Worldwide - 39 Bq/m3
  28. 28. Recent and Future Developments  Air Incident Response Unit (AIRU)  Citizen science  Air quality webpages optimized for mobile devices such as phones and tablets Future Developments -  Air quality monitoring programme  Air quality model – forecasts  Improved dashboard
  29. 29. Thank You Thank You

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