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2. The road ahead - European water policy and developments - Dr Leanne Roche, EU Commission DG Environment

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This presentation was given on 17 July 2020 as part of the EPA's online Water Conference by Dr Leanne Roche, DG Environment, EU commission.

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2. The road ahead - European water policy and developments - Dr Leanne Roche, EU Commission DG Environment

  1. 1. Update on Water Policies in European Commission Leanne Roche Unit ENV C1, Clean Water, DG Environment EPA National Water Event – 17th June 2020
  2. 2. Presentation Overview • Water Policy in the EU • Current State of Play of EU water • Fitness check of the WFD • CAP post 2020 • European Green Deal • Biodiversity Strategy • Farm to Fork Strategy
  3. 3. Water Policy in the EU Water Framework Directive  To protect all surface and ground water bodies including transitional and coastal waters  Covering all pressures and impacts on waters Objectives  No deterioration of waters  Achievement of good ecological and chemical status by 2015  Exemptions in place until 2027
  4. 4. Current State of Play of EU surface waters Ecological status  Around 40% of surface water bodies in good or high ecological status (38% for chemical status)  Pressures:  Hydromorphological 40%  Diffuse source pollution 38%  Point source pollution 18% Chemical status
  5. 5. Current State of Play of EU ground water  74% of groundwater in good chemical status and 89% in good quantitative status  Pressures: Agriculture is the main pressure through pollution from nitrates and pesticides
  6. 6. Fitness check of the WFD  Is the WFD ‘fit for purpose’?  Goal is to assess:  Effectiveness – still performing as expected?  Efficiency – costs justified given the benefits?  Coherence – coherent with wider EU policy?  Relevance – Objectives still relevant?  EU added value – additional value from Directives?  Methodology  Literature Review  Ongoing/recent studies  Stakeholder consultation  Public consultation Efficiency Effectiveness RelevanceCoherence EU-added value
  7. 7. Fitness check of the WFD  Is the WFD ‘fit for purpose’?  Goal is to assess:  Effectiveness – still performing as expected?  Efficiency – costs justified given the benefits?  Coherence – coherent with wider EU policy?  Relevance – Objectives still relevant?  EU added value – additional value from Directives?  Methodology  Literature Review  Ongoing/recent studies  Stakeholder consultation  Public consultation Efficiency Effectiveness RelevanceCoherence EU-added value Overall Conclusion – The WFD is broadly fit for purpose (with scope for improvements)
  8. 8. Public consultation showed agriculture with highest rate of incoherent replies • Often a lack of cooperation between agricultural and water authorites • Integration of agricultural and water policy processes at MS level has often been unsuccessful Agriculture is one of the main pressures on water quality and quantity • Main legal interaction is with the CAP • WFD has helped facilitate integration of water issues in the CAP • Good level of consistency between RDPs and RBMPs is needed • Strategic Plans of CAP offer important tool for further integration No explicit reference to agriculture within Floods Directive • Agricultural practices can have a significant impact on flooding events • EAFRD for ‘Climate Change Adaptation and Risk Prevention’ ~€21 billion 2014-2020 • Such measures could also be beneficial for flood risk management if properly designed On Agriculture
  9. 9. Water Framework Directive – Fitness Check • Slower progress than expected (2027 just over 7 years away) • Long-standing problems: agriculture, hydromorphology, persistent chemicals • Uneven implementation, uneven monitoring • New problems: pharmaceuticals, micro-plastics, climate change • The price for water is still not ‘right’ • Legislation could be more efficient • Water deterioration halted • Only 40% of surface water bodies and 74% of groundwater bodies in good status • Significant progress in reducing pressures • Better monitoring, more transparent information • More integrated water management in place • Significant investments made
  10. 10. Common Agricultural Policy
  11. 11. CAP post 2020 • In 2018 legislative proposals on new CAP were presented • 9 specific objectives (three directly linked with climate and environment) • Contribute to climate change mitigation and adaptation, as well as sustainable energy • Foster sustainable development and efficient management of natural resources such as water, soil and air • Contribute to the protection of biodiversity, enhance ecosystem services and preserve habitats and landscapes • Improved system of conditions to be met by farmers • Set of voluntary tools to be offered to farmers
  12. 12. THE NEW GREEN ARCHITECTURE Voluntaryforfarmers Eco-schemes in Pillar I Climate/Env. Measures in Pillar II (AECM, Forestry measures, investment measures… ) Cross-compliance (on Climate/Env, 7 GAEC standards (water, soil, carbon stock, landscape) and requirements from Nitrates Directive and Natura 2000 Directives) Greening (3 detailed obligations on crop diversification, permanent grassland and EFA) Level of requirement Climate/Env. measures in Pillar II (AECM, Forestry measures, investment measures… ) New, enhanced conditionality (on Climate/Env, 14 practices built upon EU minima (climate change, water, soil, biodiversity and landscape) and requirements from Nitrates Directive, Water Framework Directive and Natura 2000 Directives) Current architecture New architecture Mandatoryfor farmers Mandatory forfarmers Voluntaryforfarmers Mandatoryfor farmers + Farm advisory services Knowledge transfer Innovation Cooperation
  13. 13. CAP Strategic Plan • MS required to develop a CAP strategic plan with both pillars which includes: • The current situation in terms of strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT) • Related needs in respect of the objectives (Needs assessment) • Set quantified targets on the basis of the needs assessment • Design measures for achieving them and achieving the specific objectives • Consultation with national stakeholders • CAP plans will be approved by the Commission
  14. 14. European Green Deal
  15. 15. The European Green Deal The European Green Deal Mobilising industry for a clean and circular economy Preserving and restoring ecosystems and biodiversity Leave no one behind (Just Transition) From ‘Farm to Fork’: a fair, healthy and environmentally friendly food system Building and renovating in an energy and resource efficient way Accelerating the shift to sustainable and smart mobility Increasing the EU’s Climate ambition for 2030 and 2050 Supplying clean, affordable and secure energy Financing the transition A zero pollution ambition for a toxic-free environment A European Climate Pact The EU as a global leader Mobilising research and fostering innovation Transforming the EU’s economy for a sustainable future And leave No one behind
  16. 16. EU Biodiversity Strategy 2030 – Bringing nature back into our lives • Restore Nature • Protect Nature • Enabling transformative change • EU for an ambitious global agenda Lets take better care of nature so it can take better care of us
  17. 17. Key targets related to water policy • 30% of EU land and sea protected, a third of which under ‘strict protection • Restoration of freshwater ecosystems: • Increased efforts to restore freshwater ecosystems and the natural functions of rivers • Restore at least 25,000km free flowing rivers • Member States review water abstraction and impoundment permits to restore and preserve ecological flows • Focus on implementation and enforcement of EU environmental legislation • Biodiverse landscape features >10% • Enabling actions to transformative change:  Inter alia – promotion of Nature-Based Solutions
  18. 18. Addresses challenge of sustainable food systems. New approach to ensure agriculture, fisheries and aquaculture contribute appropriately. GettyImages Farm to Fork Strategy for a fair, healthy and environmentally- friendly food system
  19. 19. Reduce the overall use & risk of chemical pesticides by 50% and the use of more hazardous pesticides by 50% by 2030 • Revision of the Sustainable Use of Pesticide Directive & enhance provisions for Integrated Pest Management • Facilitate the placing on the market of pesticides containing biological active substances • Propose changes to 2009 Regulation concerning statistics on pesticides Reduce nutrient losses by at least 50%, while ensuring no deterioration in soil fertility • Reduce use of fertilizers by 20% by 2050 • Develop with Member State an Integrated Nutrient Management Action Plan Reduce overall EU sales of antimicrobials for farm animals and aquaculture by 50% by 2030 Objective to have at least 25% of EU land under organic farming Key targets related to water policy
  20. 20. The transition must be supported by a CAP that focuses on the EGD • The capacity of Member States to ensure this must be carefully assessed in CAP Strategic Plans • Eco-schemes in CAP offer funding to boost sustainable practices • Commission supports introduction of minimum ring-fenced budget for eco-schemes Farm advisory services • Commission will promote effective Agricultural Knowledge and Innovation Systems (AKIS) involving all food chain actors • Member States will need to scale up support for effective Agricultural Knowledge and Innovation Systems (AKIS) and strengthen resources to develop appropriate advisory services for EGD Additional targets of relevance
  21. 21. Zero Pollution Action Plan for air, water and soil - scope Prevent and reduce pollution to waters and oceans and facilitate remediation Prevent and reduce air and noise pollution Prevent and reduce soil pollution and facilitate remediation
  22. 22. Leanne Roche Leanne.roche@ec.europa.eu European Commission DG ENV C.1 – Clean Water Thank you!

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