MDGs & Youth


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Dr. Raphael Oko from Nigeria, presented at our Global Internet Forum on Leveraging Technology for Human Rights and Peace and International Leadership for the MDGs. With permission, we share his presentation here to inspire!

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MDGs & Youth

  2. 2. BRIEF ON DR. RAPHAEL OGAR OKO Obtained a B.Ed degree in Curriculum Studies and Educational Technology/Mathematics and was awarded the 1990 Best Graduating Student Award and other further training An Ambassador for Peace of the Universal Peace Federation in Nigeria UNOY Peace building campaigner of the months in March and May 2006 Appointed as Africa Regional Coordinator for Teachers Without Borders in 2007 and initiated the Millennium Development Ambassadors program and has appointed thousands of local leaders in Africa and around the world who are making efforts toward the realization of the UN MDGs. In 2011, launched the Youth Millennium Development Ambassadors program in Sierra Leone Initiated several other programs including Voice of Teachers radio show In May 2009, Raphael’s “Wall-less Classroom” initiative was selected among the 100 “Projects for Peace” by the Davis Foundation. In August, 2009, Raphael was named the recipient of the Champions of Quality Education in Africa by the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation & Ashokas Changemakers competition for working to closing the education divide In 2010, Raphael bagged an honorary Doctorate degree in Public Administration for his leadership role. Raphael was selected to speak at the first TEDxWiserU conference at Peking University in Beijing on August 21, 2010. TEDxWiserU is a new TEDx event that focuses on innovation in education. Has been public speaker in several international and local forums on contemporary issues
  3. 3. MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND YOUTH:HOW CAN YOUTH MOVE THE MDG AGENDA FORWARD? BACK GROUND INFORMATION ON MDGs  MDGs: The Millennium Development Goals HISTORY OF THE MDGs  The desire for development is global  Everyone without exception is seeking for development  Despite the global desire for development, we are not living in a globally developed world  There is a global development divide  Several efforts have been made to bridge the divide and build a globally developed world  Efforts not realized as very few nations are developed and many are developing and others underdeveloped
  4. 4. 20TH CENTURY EFFORTS FOR DEVELOPMENT Last decade of 20th century witnessed several promises:  Education for all  Health for all  Housing for all  Food for all  Etc Promises not fulfilled by end of 20th century Global desire for development remained in the heart of all people and nations
  5. 5. UN MILLENNIUM SUMMIT IN 2000 ANDMILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS To bridge the global development divide, UN summit held in 2000 Outcome was Millennium Declaration Secretariat of UN formulated the MDGs 2015  Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger  Achieve universal primary education  Promote gender equality and empower women  Reduce child mortality  Improve maternal health  Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other diseases  Ensure environmental sustainability  Develop global partnership for development
  7. 7. PURPOSE OF THE GOALS AND CHALLENGES To bridge the global development divide However, by 2012, indications are clear that most nations may not be able to attain the MDG by 2015 for several reasons  Ignorance of the goals  Non involvement of core beneficiaries of the goals  Violence and conflicts around the world  Emphasis on inter-national development divide while ignoring intra-national divide  Leadership and good governance issues  Inability to enforce international development agreements  Global economic crisis and climate change, etc
  8. 8. RENEWING THE DEVELOPMENT DIVIDE BRIDGEAPPROACH Bridging the global development divide is NOT merely between nations Development divide within nations is a major issue To achieve global development, we need to bridge both development divide between nations and within nations In most nations, youth play very significant role in moving the nation either backward or forward (recent Arab and North African spring are examples)
  9. 9. THE YOUTH AND MDG In each nation, we need to bridge the development divide within the nation with the MDGs Youth have indispensable roles to play in advancing the realization of the goals Lack of awareness of the MDGs and ignorance of the core target groups  Uninspired about the global vision of development  Not empowered with professional tools and capacity to drive the agenda  Disconnect from information, each other and resources  Under utilization and abuse of resources for development  Inability to acknowledge and appreciate efforts toward sustainable development Lack of structures for effective implementation and monitoring/evaluation Lack of commitment by stakeholders Approach to bridging the divide with a focus on international divide
  10. 10. WHAT CAN YOUTH DO? As representatives of our common future and leaders of tomorrow, which starts today, youth can advance the realization of the MDGs in several ways  Taking ownership of the agenda as Youth Development Goals (understanding the process of the goals, the content of the goals, how to design programs to achieve the goals and implementation of programs and projects, etc)  Reaching out to others on acquired knowledge and skills to help them understand and implement the goals  Monitoring and evaluation of efforts toward the goals
  11. 11. WHAT YOUTH CAN DO Inspire the people with the global vision of development Empower people with professional tools and skills for implementing the goals Connecting people to information, each other and to resources Utilizing human and material resources for development Celebrating commitments, dedication and accomplishments for development
  12. 12. YOUTH AND LOCALIZATION OF MDG Become Youth Millennium Development Ambassadors (Youth Ambassadors for Development working in local communities to facilitate the realization of the MDGs) Learn the UN Model and replicate in local communities Guide local communities to implement the MDGs Key role of youth is to serve as facilitators and connectors of the policy makers with the people
  13. 13. THE UN MODEL FOR MDG FORMULATION The United Nations convened he Millennium Summit, which brought together world leaders from about 189 nations to the UN Headquarters During the summit, participants deliberated on the challenges facing the world and the need for an urgent collective response beyond individual aspirations and challenges of each member nation The outcome of the summit was the endorsement of the resolution called the Millennium Declaration The Secretariat of the United Nations translated the Millennium Declaration into achievable goals and targets and therefore formulated the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Member nations were mobilized to adopt and adapt the MDGs in their nations and to create platforms and networks to work toward the realization of the MDGs
  14. 14. UN MODEL CONT’D Partnership among and between member nations as well as with other NGOs and other stakeholders have been encouraged by the UN for all nations to realize the goals Programs and projects were designed, formulated and shared with members and partners to learn from and to implement in member nations Funding for proposed programs and projects were explored and new funding sources are being explored to ensure members and partners have the resources to achieve the goals Reporting mechanism is established through periodic UN meetings, assemblies, etc to receive reports and to reinforce ongoing efforts Member nations are expected to domesticate the goals and create in country visibility for all efforts toward the MDGs realization
  15. 15. YOUTH APPROACH TO LOCALIZING MDG The 10-point approach offers a model for localizing the MDGs by youth in their communities:  Convene the Millennium Summit of your focus area  Deliberate on the Challenges being faced and reflect on need for collective actions by the area  Issue the Millennium Declaration of the area  Formulate the Millennium Development Goals of the area  Identify core members of the area and mobilize them to adopt and adapt the goals  Build partnership among core stakeholders  Design programs and projects to facilitate realization of the goals  Raise funds and explore areas of other funding for programs and projects  Create a reporting/frequent meeting/assessment mechanism  Encourage stakeholders to further localize the MDGs until it gets to personal level realization of the goals
  16. 16. YOUTH AT THE CENTER OF MDG Youth are at the center of most of the goals  Youth and poverty/hunger:  Reduce extreme wealth and excess food (microcredit, etc)  Youth and education  Ensure that education for all campaign is promoted  Youth and gender equality/women empowerment  Providing equal opportunities to both male and female  Youth and child mortality  Youth and maternal health  Youth and HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases  Youth and the environment  Youth and partnership for development
  17. 17. CONCLUSION Youth can serve as Youth Millennium Development Ambassadors in their communities and inspire, empower, connect, utilize and celebrate people for sustainable development Since many people in local areas are ignorant of the MDGs, youth can bring the summit to local community levels and work with local communities to convene community summit, issue community development declaration, community development goals and development programs Since a significant percentage of the world are youth, a focus on youth involvement can facilitate the realization of the MDGs
  18. 18. THANK YOUI appreciate the opportunity to share with you briefly and hope that you can read more about our initiative involving youth and MDGs on our website Best wishes