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EOPS_2012_02_27.pdf

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Aerial image report of water quality and other observations of Puget Sound in Washington, from 2011 to 2023

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Eyes Over Puget Sound
Surface Conditions Report
February 27, 2012
Start here
Up-to-date observations of visible water quality conditions in Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca
Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
Contributing Guest:
Donovan Rafferty, Air Quality Program
Publication No. 12-03-071
LONG-TERM
MARINE
MONITORING
UNIT
Personal flight impression p. 3-4
We got a sunny day and are testing
an ozone sampler.
Weather conditions p. 7
Little sunshine, cold air temperatures,
and higher river flows in the second part of
February.
Aerial photography p. 8-27
Freshwater plumes extend far into the
waterways. First blooms begin in South Sound.
Ferry and satellite p. 28-29
Chilly surface temperatures and pulses of high
CDOM waters in Central Sound.
In-situ mooring data p. 30
A thinner freshwater layer at Mukilteo reflects
a low discharge of the Snohomish river.
Mya Keyzers
Laura Friedenberg
Skip Albertson
Dr. Christopher
Krembs
Dr. Brandon
Sackmann
David Mora
www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/eap/mar_wat/eops/
Previous Eyes Over Puget Sound reports:
Marine Conditions from Feb. 27, 2012 at a Glance
Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
Marine Flight 4 (South Sound)
The weather this month made getting our last flight out very
unpredictable. Luckily, there was a break in the weather on Monday and we
were able to get it done. It turned out to be a stellar day for sampling! It
was clear with some sun but cold with wind 10kts or below. Everything was
working great (including field crew) and we successfully worked our way
through all 10 stations. The Olympics looked particularly gorgeous with a
dusting of snow in the foothills.
We started a new collaboration this month with Donovan
Rafferty from Ecology’s Air Quality Program. We will be taking his ozone
analyzer along on flights to sample the air we pass through looking for
ozone plumes. Ozone in the lower atmosphere is a pollutant and also acts as
a greenhouse gas. It can cause eye and respiratory tract irritation, as well as
damage to plants by inhibiting photosynthesis and growth. Monitoring for
ozone can help us understand where it comes from and in what
concentrations.
Donovan has rigged up a special box to hold the ozone sensor, a
fan, a battery pack and a GPS unit. A GPS receiver is strung through to the
front window of the plane and tubing which connects to the analyzer is
threaded out of the cabin vent to “sniff” and gather data. We are in the
testing phase right now. We want to be ready to collect quality data this
summer when ozone plumes can be found in our more urban areas.
Collaborations like this provide more data for the public and managers
without additional costs. It also makes our time in the plane even more
valuable and expands the contextual envelope for our own data.
Personal flight impression 2-27-2012
Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
Olympic Mountains near Lilliwap
Mya and Laura ready to go!
A sharp clam shell gave us yet another flat tire!
Personal flight impression 2-27-2012
Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
Algal mats in Nisqually
Intake tubing for analyzer
Donovan (Air Quality Program, Ecology) and Joe (pilot, Kenmore Air) getting the ozone analyzer set up
GPS receiver
Instruments and intake tubing
Donovan assembles the portable ozone analyzer (A)
and installs GPS (B) and tubes for the air intake (C)
on board the float plane.
The instrument is turned on and continuously
records ozone concentrations, position, and altitude
during the routine marine flight. This saves resources
and time.
Donovan Rafferty, Air Quality Program
Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
Guest: Donovan Rafferty
•Air quality models forecast high concentrations
near the San Juan Islands.
•Placing a portable ozone analyzer on marine
flights can test and verify ozone model
predictions.
•We are currently testing the ozone monitoring
package on marine flights to prepare for summer
measurements over the Central Salish Sea.
Many thanks to the Marine Monitoring Unit and
Kenmore Air pilot Joe.
Seasonally, elevated ozone
concentrations occur in the
Puget Sound Basin. At the
ground they can affect public
and environmental health.
A
B
C
New sites
for 2012
New Flight and Stations for the year 2012
Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
Port Gamble (PGA001) - This site was last
visited in 2001. It was considered impaired
for DO and bacteria in previous water quality
assessments and has undergone sediment
remediation activities.
Port Madison (PMA001) - Sampled most
recently in 1995, this location has had
several improvements & shellfish harvest
has recently been restored in this bay.
Eagle Harbor (EAG001) - A super-fund site,
this location has been part of clean-up
efforts conducted by EPA and WSDOT
at a ferry maintenance site.
Flight and Station Maps 2012
Ad

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EOPS_2012_02_27.pdf

  • 1. Eyes Over Puget Sound Surface Conditions Report February 27, 2012 Start here Up-to-date observations of visible water quality conditions in Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Contributing Guest: Donovan Rafferty, Air Quality Program Publication No. 12-03-071
  • 2. LONG-TERM MARINE MONITORING UNIT Personal flight impression p. 3-4 We got a sunny day and are testing an ozone sampler. Weather conditions p. 7 Little sunshine, cold air temperatures, and higher river flows in the second part of February. Aerial photography p. 8-27 Freshwater plumes extend far into the waterways. First blooms begin in South Sound. Ferry and satellite p. 28-29 Chilly surface temperatures and pulses of high CDOM waters in Central Sound. In-situ mooring data p. 30 A thinner freshwater layer at Mukilteo reflects a low discharge of the Snohomish river. Mya Keyzers Laura Friedenberg Skip Albertson Dr. Christopher Krembs Dr. Brandon Sackmann David Mora www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/eap/mar_wat/eops/ Previous Eyes Over Puget Sound reports: Marine Conditions from Feb. 27, 2012 at a Glance Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
  • 3. Marine Flight 4 (South Sound) The weather this month made getting our last flight out very unpredictable. Luckily, there was a break in the weather on Monday and we were able to get it done. It turned out to be a stellar day for sampling! It was clear with some sun but cold with wind 10kts or below. Everything was working great (including field crew) and we successfully worked our way through all 10 stations. The Olympics looked particularly gorgeous with a dusting of snow in the foothills. We started a new collaboration this month with Donovan Rafferty from Ecology’s Air Quality Program. We will be taking his ozone analyzer along on flights to sample the air we pass through looking for ozone plumes. Ozone in the lower atmosphere is a pollutant and also acts as a greenhouse gas. It can cause eye and respiratory tract irritation, as well as damage to plants by inhibiting photosynthesis and growth. Monitoring for ozone can help us understand where it comes from and in what concentrations. Donovan has rigged up a special box to hold the ozone sensor, a fan, a battery pack and a GPS unit. A GPS receiver is strung through to the front window of the plane and tubing which connects to the analyzer is threaded out of the cabin vent to “sniff” and gather data. We are in the testing phase right now. We want to be ready to collect quality data this summer when ozone plumes can be found in our more urban areas. Collaborations like this provide more data for the public and managers without additional costs. It also makes our time in the plane even more valuable and expands the contextual envelope for our own data. Personal flight impression 2-27-2012 Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Olympic Mountains near Lilliwap Mya and Laura ready to go! A sharp clam shell gave us yet another flat tire!
  • 4. Personal flight impression 2-27-2012 Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Algal mats in Nisqually Intake tubing for analyzer Donovan (Air Quality Program, Ecology) and Joe (pilot, Kenmore Air) getting the ozone analyzer set up GPS receiver Instruments and intake tubing
  • 5. Donovan assembles the portable ozone analyzer (A) and installs GPS (B) and tubes for the air intake (C) on board the float plane. The instrument is turned on and continuously records ozone concentrations, position, and altitude during the routine marine flight. This saves resources and time. Donovan Rafferty, Air Quality Program Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Guest: Donovan Rafferty •Air quality models forecast high concentrations near the San Juan Islands. •Placing a portable ozone analyzer on marine flights can test and verify ozone model predictions. •We are currently testing the ozone monitoring package on marine flights to prepare for summer measurements over the Central Salish Sea. Many thanks to the Marine Monitoring Unit and Kenmore Air pilot Joe. Seasonally, elevated ozone concentrations occur in the Puget Sound Basin. At the ground they can affect public and environmental health. A B C
  • 6. New sites for 2012 New Flight and Stations for the year 2012 Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Port Gamble (PGA001) - This site was last visited in 2001. It was considered impaired for DO and bacteria in previous water quality assessments and has undergone sediment remediation activities. Port Madison (PMA001) - Sampled most recently in 1995, this location has had several improvements & shellfish harvest has recently been restored in this bay. Eagle Harbor (EAG001) - A super-fund site, this location has been part of clean-up efforts conducted by EPA and WSDOT at a ferry maintenance site. Flight and Station Maps 2012
  • 7. Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Meteorological conditions typically explain up to half of the variance in observed marine variables (Moore et al. 2008), particularly in shallower waters like those of South Puget Sound. I summarized the specific conditions prevalent during the past two weeks, from north to south. Source: http://www-k12.atmos.washington.edu/k12/grayskies/nw_weather.html Moore et al. 2008. Local and large-scale climate forcing of Puget Sound oceanographic properties on seasonal to interdecadal timescales. Limnol. Oceanogr., 53(5), 1746–1758 Weather of the last two weeks of Feb., 2012 Summary: Air temperatures during the past few days have been increasingly colder than expected. This follows a weak warm spell a week ago. Sunshine has been very low except on the day of the marine flight. Rivers have been running above normal for the past week. Winds have been predominantly from the SE in the north, to the SW in the south.
  • 8. Summary: Aerial Photography 2-27-2012 Mixing and Fronts: Commencement Bay, Blake Island, Central Basin Dana Passage Debris South Sound: West of Harstine Island, Dana Passage Central Basin: Off Shilshole Bay Visible blooms: South Budd Inlet and Henderson Inlet Suspended sediment: Extensive in Central Basin and Commencement Bay and near major river estuaries. River plumes extend largely into Central Basin. Some jellyfish aggregations persist in Budd Inlet. South Sound has first signs of algae blooms. Bloom Debris Front Plume Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Start here Collaborating with Air Quality, (Ecology) Eddy north of McNeil Island 4:20 PM 5 9 12 11 14 1 10 8 7 2 4 8 3 11 6 7 2 9 14 15 1 2 6 11 10 12
  • 9. Aerial photography image guide Observational maps (AM) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 11 12 10 14 Flight Information: Morning flight: Freezing temperature High visibility but de-icing Left residue on window Evening flight: High visibility, altitude 2500ft Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings 13 Observational maps (PM) 15
  • 10. Plume along shore. Location: Bremerton, Sinclair Inlet, 8:28 AM 1 Aerial photography Navigate Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
  • 11. Front, debris line and plume. Location: Harstine Island, Case Inlet 8:31 AM 2 Navigate Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Aerial photography Plume
  • 12. Debris near Harstine Island Bridge. Location: West of Harstine Island (South Sound) 8:40 AM 3 Navigate Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Aerial photography Debris
  • 13. Debris line. Location: West of Squaxin Island (South Sound) 8:41 AM 4 Navigate Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Aerial photography Debris
  • 14. Debris line. Location: Dana Passage (South Sound), 8:44 AM 5 Navigate Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Aerial photography
  • 15. Beginning bloom. Location: Near Swantown Marina, Budd Inlet (South Sound), 8:46 AM 6 Navigate Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Aerial photography Plume Bloom
  • 16. First signs of an algal bloom. Location: Henderson Inlet (South Sound), 4:10 PM 7 Navigate Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Aerial photography Bloom
  • 17. Algal bloom and weak front. Location: Henderson Inlet (South Sound), 4:15 PM 8 Navigate Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Aerial photography Front Bloom
  • 18. Eddy with suspended sediment. Location: McNeil Island (South Sound), 4:20 PM 9 Navigate Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Aerial photography Eddy
  • 19. Front north of Tacoma Narrows. Location: Gig Harbor (Central Sound), 4:21 PM Aerial photography 10 Navigate Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Front
  • 20. River plume west of Tacoma. Location: Vashon Island (Central Sound), 4:22 PM 11 Navigate Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Aerial photography Plume Plume
  • 21. Front and river plume. Location: Entrance to Quartermaster Harbor, Vashon Island (Central Sound), 4:23 PM 12 Navigate Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Aerial photography Front Plume Plume
  • 22. Beginning algal bloom. Location: Quartermaster Harbor 4:28 PM 13 Navigate Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Aerial photography Bloom
  • 23. Front . Location: Near Blake Island (Central Sound), 4:36 PM 14 Navigate Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Aerial photography mixing
  • 24. Front stretching in direction of Edmonds. Location: Off Carkeek Park (Seattle), 4:39 PM 15 Navigate Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Aerial photography
  • 25. Aerial photography observations in Central Sound Numbers on map refer to picture numbers for spatial reference Navigate Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Numbers on map refer to picture numbers for spatial reference Morning Evening Date: 2-27-2012 1 11 12 10 14 13 15
  • 26. Aerial photography Observations in South Sound: 2-27-2012 Numbers on map refer to picture numbers for spatial reference Navigate Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Morning Evening 7 8 9 2 3 4 5 6
  • 27. Legend to map annotations Comments: Maps are produced by observers during and after flights. They are intended to give an approximate reconstruction of the surface conditions on scales that connect to and overlap with satellite images in the section that follows. Navigate Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
  • 28. MERIS True Color image used for spatial context(19 February 2011). Image is not coincident with ferry data shown on right Contact: brandon.sackmann@ecy.wa.gov Daily ferry and satellite observations in Central Sound, 2-27-2012 Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Current Conditions: Localized areas of high colored dissolved organic material (associated with higher river flows); surface temperatures are 7-8 °C throughout Central Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca. --- Daily ‘Quick-Look’ Products Available --- (http://www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/eap/mar_wat/eops/clipper.ht ml) 26 Feb 26 Feb
  • 29. CDOM fluorescence as an indicator of freshwater influence in Central Sound A primary source of Colored Dissolved Organic Matter (CDOM) to Puget Sound is from rivers. Pulses of colored water have been seen making their way from Whidbey Basin into Central Puget Sound, associated with recent rainfall and high river flows. Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
  • 30. The mooring report is currently limited to describing the thickness of the freshwater layer between Whidbey Basin and Central Basin. Mooring observation and trends Go to our mooring site at: http://www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/eap/mar_wat/moorings.html Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Real-time data online (click) Summary: On February 19 the freshwater layer thickness was low reflecting the Snohomish discharge minimum (see previous page). We track the depth of the isohaline 28.55 (±0.05) and measure the thickness of the freshwater layer at our Mukilteo station. The sensor experiences tidal pressure variations of 11.8 to 15.6 dbar. Daily average depth of the 28.55 isohaline at Mukilteo
  • 31. Access mooring data: http://www.ecy.wa.gov/pr ograms/eap/mar_wat/mo orings.html Ferry and satellite : brandon.sackmann@ecy.w a.gov Get your data from Ecology’s Environmental Assessment Program Long – Term Monitoring Network Real – Time Sensor Network Access core monitoring data: http://www.ecy.wa.gov/a pps/eap/marinewq/mwda taset.asp Aerial survey: ftp://www.ecy.wa.gov/eap /Flight_Blog/ Ecology’s long-term marine monitoring stations Ferry track Morning flight Evening flight Freshwater Report: ftp://ecy.wa.gov/eap/Freshwater Report/Ambient_Monitoring- Monthly_Summary.html Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
  • 32. You may subscribe or unsubscribe to the Eyes Over Puget Sound email listserv by going to: http://listserv.wa.gov/cgi-bin/wa?A0=ECOLOGY-EYES-OVER-PUGET-SOUND Many thanks to our business partners: Clipper Navigation, Swantown Marina and Kenmore Air. We are looking for feedback to improve our products. Dr. Christopher Krembs ckre461@ecy.wa.gov Marine Monitoring Unit Environmental Assessment Program WA Department of Ecology Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings