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EOPS_2011_11_15.pdf

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Aerial image report of water quality and other observations of Puget Sound in Washington, from 2011 to 2023

EOPS_2011_11_15.pdf

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Eyes Over Puget Sound
Surface Conditions Report
November 15, 2011
Start here
Up-to-date observations of visible water quality conditions in Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca
Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
Publication No. 11-03-081
LONG-TERM
MARINE
MONITORING
UNIT
Personal flight impression p. 3-4
Good conditions to be in the field
Weather conditions p. 5
Less rain, average temperatures and
not much sun
Aerial photography p. 7-26
Jelly fish in Budd Inlet. Algae bloom in northern
Quartermaster Harbor
Ferry and satellite p. 27-29
Temperatures continue to cool and
blooms fade, well almost…
In-situ mooring data p. 30-31
Dissolved oxygen trends still vary
geographically.
Mya Keyzers
Laura Friedenberg
Skip Albertson
Dr. Christopher
Krembs
Dr. Brandon
Sackmann
David Mora
www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/eap/mar_wat/eops/
Previous Eyes Over Puget Sound reports:
Marine Conditions from Nov. 15, 2011 at a Glance
Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
Personal flight impression
Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
Marine Flight 2 (North Sound)
The weather during November 2010 was not so kind. This
November, however, we have had great flights back-to-back early
this month. The North Sound flight was no exception. There was a
chill in the air but the plane is well heated and we enjoyed direct
sun with patchy clouds from the comfort of the cabin.
One of the unique things about flying in fall is the color we see
from the air. The changing colors of the leaves, the golden rays of a
low lying sun and morning frost on the trees are very beautiful,
particularly from the air. We were able to see vibrant yellows and
reds and enjoyed the beauty of Puget Sound and its mountains.
We were lucky to see many Harbor Porpoises near our Strait of
Georgia station. Several seals came to check us out at all our
stations north of Port Townsend. The main obstacle on this flight
was the short daylight hours, and we were forced to skip our last
two stations because it was getting too dark to be out on the
floatplane.
Partly Cloudy Skies
Hood Canal Bridge
Laura uploading data
Personal flight impression 11-15-2011
Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
Clear Skies in the San Juans
Bush Point on Whidbey Island
Tide Line in southern Admiralty Inlet
2
1
3
4
1
2
3
4
5
1. ADM001
Southern Admiralty Inlet
2. PTH005
Port Townsend Harbor
3. ADM002
Northern Admiralty Inlet
4. RSR837
Rosario Strait
5. GRG002
Strait of Georgia
6. BLL009
Bellingham Bay
7. SKG003
Skagit Bay
8. SAR003
Saratoga Passage
9. PSS019
Possession Sound
1
2
3
4 4
An Early Sunset
Beautiful fall colors near Sakgit Bay
Weather of the last two weeks Nov. 1 -15, 2011
Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
Meteorological conditions typically explain up to half of the variance in observed marine variables (Moore et
al. 2008), particularly in shallower waters like those of South Puget Sound. I summarized the specific conditions
prevalent during the past two weeks, from north to south, below.
Summary:
Air temperatures during the
past few days have been
average, or cooler than
expected.
Solar radiation has been weak
and declining.
Rivers have been running
below normal in all locations.
Winds have been from
predominantly from the south
– more SE at Northern Puget
Sound stations, and more SW
at Southern Puget Sound sites.
Moore et al. 2008. Local and large-scale climate forcing of Puget Sound oceanographic properties on seasonal to interdecadal timescales. Limnol. Oceanogr., 53(5), 1746–1758
Water conditions of the previous month
Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
Section is currently in development:
We will present CTD measurements from our Marine Flight Program and discuss observations in the temporal context
of Ecology’s Long-Term Marine Monitoring data. The focus will rest on anomalies of physical and optical variables
throughout the water column.
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EOPS_2011_11_15.pdf

  • 1. Eyes Over Puget Sound Surface Conditions Report November 15, 2011 Start here Up-to-date observations of visible water quality conditions in Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Publication No. 11-03-081
  • 2. LONG-TERM MARINE MONITORING UNIT Personal flight impression p. 3-4 Good conditions to be in the field Weather conditions p. 5 Less rain, average temperatures and not much sun Aerial photography p. 7-26 Jelly fish in Budd Inlet. Algae bloom in northern Quartermaster Harbor Ferry and satellite p. 27-29 Temperatures continue to cool and blooms fade, well almost… In-situ mooring data p. 30-31 Dissolved oxygen trends still vary geographically. Mya Keyzers Laura Friedenberg Skip Albertson Dr. Christopher Krembs Dr. Brandon Sackmann David Mora www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/eap/mar_wat/eops/ Previous Eyes Over Puget Sound reports: Marine Conditions from Nov. 15, 2011 at a Glance Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
  • 3. Personal flight impression Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Marine Flight 2 (North Sound) The weather during November 2010 was not so kind. This November, however, we have had great flights back-to-back early this month. The North Sound flight was no exception. There was a chill in the air but the plane is well heated and we enjoyed direct sun with patchy clouds from the comfort of the cabin. One of the unique things about flying in fall is the color we see from the air. The changing colors of the leaves, the golden rays of a low lying sun and morning frost on the trees are very beautiful, particularly from the air. We were able to see vibrant yellows and reds and enjoyed the beauty of Puget Sound and its mountains. We were lucky to see many Harbor Porpoises near our Strait of Georgia station. Several seals came to check us out at all our stations north of Port Townsend. The main obstacle on this flight was the short daylight hours, and we were forced to skip our last two stations because it was getting too dark to be out on the floatplane. Partly Cloudy Skies Hood Canal Bridge Laura uploading data
  • 4. Personal flight impression 11-15-2011 Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Clear Skies in the San Juans Bush Point on Whidbey Island Tide Line in southern Admiralty Inlet 2 1 3 4 1 2 3 4 5 1. ADM001 Southern Admiralty Inlet 2. PTH005 Port Townsend Harbor 3. ADM002 Northern Admiralty Inlet 4. RSR837 Rosario Strait 5. GRG002 Strait of Georgia 6. BLL009 Bellingham Bay 7. SKG003 Skagit Bay 8. SAR003 Saratoga Passage 9. PSS019 Possession Sound 1 2 3 4 4 An Early Sunset Beautiful fall colors near Sakgit Bay
  • 5. Weather of the last two weeks Nov. 1 -15, 2011 Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Meteorological conditions typically explain up to half of the variance in observed marine variables (Moore et al. 2008), particularly in shallower waters like those of South Puget Sound. I summarized the specific conditions prevalent during the past two weeks, from north to south, below. Summary: Air temperatures during the past few days have been average, or cooler than expected. Solar radiation has been weak and declining. Rivers have been running below normal in all locations. Winds have been from predominantly from the south – more SE at Northern Puget Sound stations, and more SW at Southern Puget Sound sites. Moore et al. 2008. Local and large-scale climate forcing of Puget Sound oceanographic properties on seasonal to interdecadal timescales. Limnol. Oceanogr., 53(5), 1746–1758
  • 6. Water conditions of the previous month Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Section is currently in development: We will present CTD measurements from our Marine Flight Program and discuss observations in the temporal context of Ecology’s Long-Term Marine Monitoring data. The focus will rest on anomalies of physical and optical variables throughout the water column.
  • 7. Summary: Aerial Photography 11-15-2011 Mixing and Fronts: Budd Inlet, Dana Passage, Commencement Bay Debris South Sound: Some filaments in Carr Inlet, Budd Inlet. Central basin: Colvos Passage, East of Vashon Island Visible blooms: Green: Northern end of Quartermaster Harbor Suspended sediment: South of Discovery Park, Seattle Jelly fish aggregations persist in Budd Inlet. Green algae biomass visible in northern parts of Quartermaster Harbor (Vashon Island) Bloom Debris Front Plume Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Guest: Jeff Rice, writing a feature in the forthcoming Encyclopedia of Puget Sound at the Puget Sound Institute Jelly fish still abundant in Budd Inlet Start here 15 7 6 11 13 2 4 14 7
  • 8. Aerial Photography Image guide Observational maps Central Sound Observational maps South Sound 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 11 12 10 13 14 15 Flight Information: Morning flight: Low clouds, altitude 1000ft, no wind (visibility limited, dark) Evening flight: Cloud banks affected flight route Visibility limited, altitude 2500ft Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings 12 13
  • 9. Low clouds moving in. Location: Central Basin, Bainbridge Island, 8:40 AM 1 Aerial photography Navigate Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
  • 10. Surface debris. Location: Colvos Passage, 8:46 AM 2 Navigate Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Aerial photography
  • 11. Steaming water (= latent heat flux). Location: Head of Carr Inlet (South Sound), 8:50 AM 3 Navigate Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Aerial photography
  • 12. Debris line. Location: Northern Carr Inlet (South Sound), 8:52 AM 4 Navigate Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Aerial photography Debris
  • 13. More latent heat flux. Location: Carr Inlet (South Sound), 8:52 AM 5 Navigate Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Aerial photography
  • 14. Small front. Location: Boston Harbor (South Sound), 9:03 AM 6 Navigate Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Aerial photography Front
  • 15. Different surface water and debris line. Location: Budd Inlet (South Sound), 9:03 AM 7 Navigate Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Aerial photography Bloom Debris Front Plume
  • 16. Jelly fish-looks like Aurelia. Location: Budd Inlet (South Sound), 4:23 PM 8 Navigate Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Aerial photography jelly fish
  • 17. Jellyfish aggregations. Location: Budd Inlet (South Sound), 3:53 PM 9 Navigate Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Aerial photography jelly fish
  • 18. No algae bloom or debris, Location: Squaxin Passage (South Sound), 3:58 PM Aerial photography 10 Navigate Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
  • 19. Water masses meet. Location: Near Point Defiance, Tacoma (Central Sound), 4:09PM 11 Navigate Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Aerial photography Front Plume
  • 20. Quartermaster Harbor in south clear. Location: Vashon Island (Central Sound), 4:07 PM 12 Navigate Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Aerial photography
  • 21. Higher algal abundance. Location: Northern Quartermaster Harbor (Central Sound), 4:12 PM 13 Navigate Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Aerial photography Bloom
  • 22. Debris. Location: Tramp Harbor, Vashon Island (Central Sound), 4:13 PM 14 Navigate Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Aerial photography Debris
  • 23. Beach erosion or freshwater? Location: Discovery Park, Seattle (Central Sound), 4:22 PM 15 Navigate Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Aerial photography
  • 24. Aerial photography observations in Central Sound Numbers on map refer to picture numbers for spatial reference Morning Evening Date: 11-15-2011 Navigate Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings 1 2 11 12 13 14 15 10
  • 25. Aerial photography Observations in South Sound: 11-15-2011 Numbers on map refer to picture numbers for spatial reference Navigate Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
  • 26. Legend to map annotations Comments: Maps are produced by observers during and after flight and intended to give an approximate reconstruction of surface conditions on scales that connect to and overlap with satellite images in the following section. Navigate Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
  • 27. MERIS True Color image used for spatial context(19 February 2011). Image is not coincident with ferry data shown on right Current Conditions: Phytoplankton bloom can be seen in Central Sound (associated with increased river discharge); lowest fluorescence values in Strait of Juan de Fuca; surface temperatures in Central Sound range from 10-11 °C and 9-10 °C in Strait of Juan de Fuca. --- Daily ‘Quick-Look’ Products Available --- (http://www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/eap/mar_wat/eops/clipper.html) 15 Nov 15 Nov Contact: brandon.sackmann@ecy.wa.gov Daily ferry and satellite observations in Central Sound, 11-15-2011 Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
  • 28. Temperatures continue to cool and increased stratification near entrance to Whidbey Basin promotes brief phytoplankton bloom A relatively short-lived, but intense, phytoplankton bloom followed the latest pulse of freshwater entering Puget Sound from Whidbey Basin. Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
  • 29. CDOM fluorescence as an indicator of freshwater influence in Central Sound A primary source of Colored Dissolved Organic Matter (CDOM) to Puget Sound is from rivers. Recent rainfall events and increasing river discharge lead to highly colored pulses of water moving from Whidbey Basin (dashed black line) into Central Sound. Latest freshwater pulse likely lead to increased stratification that promoted a brief phytoplankton bloom. Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
  • 30. Mooring observation and trends from Nov. 2 - 16, 2011 Go to our mooring site at: http://www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/eap/mar_wat/moorings.html Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings Real-time data online (click) Mukilteo, Whidbey Basin near Everett: Lower DO coincident with higher salinity. Temperature and salinity decreased at depth (12-16m, NB). Mean values & trend over past 2 weeks: NB: DO: 5.9 mg/L Surface: Not reporting Temp: 11.0°C (0.6°C) Salinity: 29.7 PSU ( 0.7 PSU) Manchester, Central Sound: DO at depth (11 m, NB) increased while temperature decreased. Mean values & trend over past 2 weeks: NB: DO: 5.9 mg/L ( 0.2 mg/L) Surface: Not reporting Temp: 11.1°C ( 0.7°C) Salinity: 30.0 PSU Squaxin Passage (South Sound) near Olympia: Dissolved oxygen and temperature at depth (5 m) decreased. Mean values & trend over past 2 weeks: NB: DO: 7.4 mg/L ( 1.2 mg/L) Temp: 11.3°C ( 1.3°C) Salinity: 29.2 PSU ( 0.1 PSU) Summary: Over the past 2 weeks, waters have become colder, fresher in Whidbey Basin, colder in the Central Basin, colder and saltier in South Sound, accompanied by a decline in DO.
  • 31. Left Panel: Probability of finding a specific density over the past two-week period. High probability shown in warm colors. Right Panel: Dissolved oxygen concentration in relation to salinity. High probability shown in warm colors. Water Masses and DO from our Moorings: Nov. 2-16, 2011 -1.2 +0.2 variable Change in mg DO/L over 2 weeks Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
  • 32. Access mooring data: http://www.ecy.wa.gov/pr ograms/eap/mar_wat/mo orings.html Ferry and satellite : brandon.sackmann@ecy.w a.gov Get your data from Ecology’s Environmental Assessment Program Long – Term Monitoring Network Real – Time Sensor Network Access core monitoring data: http://www.ecy.wa.gov/a pps/eap/marinewq/mwda taset.asp Aerial survey: ftp://www.ecy.wa.gov/eap /Flight_Blog/ Ecology’s long-term marine monitoring stations Ferry track Morning flight Evening flight Freshwater Report: ftp://ecy.wa.gov/eap/Freshwater Report/Ambient_Monitoring- Monthly_Summary.html Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings
  • 33. You may subscribe or unsubscribe to the Eyes Over Puget Sound email listserv by going to: http://listserv.wa.gov/cgi-bin/wa?A0=ECOLOGY-EYES-OVER-PUGET-SOUND Many thanks to our business partners: Clipper Navigation, Swantown Marina and Kenmore Air. We are looking for feedback to improve our products. Dr. Christopher Krembs ckre461@ecy.wa.gov Marine Monitoring Unit Environmental Assessment Program WA Department of Ecology Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos Ferry and Satellite Moorings