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Eops 2017 6_5

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EOPS_June_5_2017, Cooler and wetter conditions early in 2017 have set the stage for a favorable supply of freshwater. River flows are all above normal due to melting of the abundant snowpack from warmer May air temperatures. This is creating significantly fresher conditions in Puget Sound surface waters. Algae blooms are limited to some yellow-green blooms growing in bays near the Kitsap Peninsula and blooms near estuaries of the Skagit, Stillaguamish, and Puyallup Rivers. Red blooms are present in rivers feeding into Willapa Bay. Also see what is “blooming” in the sediments of Puget Sound. Ecology Publication No. 17-03-070

Eops 2017 6_5

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Surface Conditions Report, June 5, 2017
Eyes Over Puget Sound
Field log Climate Water column Aerial photos - Streams
Publication No. 17-03-070
Up-to-date observations of water quality conditions in Puget Sound and coastal bays
Start here
Dr. Christopher
Krembs (Editor)
Personalimpressions p. 3
We have a new marine technician: AllisonBrownlee!
Climateinfluences p. 5
The spring has generally beenwet. River flows are all above
normal due to snow melt and warmer air temperatures.
Watercolumn p. 8
Recordwinter andspring rains have createdsignificantly fresher
conditions.
Aerialphotography p. 10
Yellow-greenbloomsinbays near the KitsapPeninsula. Blooms
in green, brown, andred brownnear estuaries of the Skagit,
Stillaguamish, and PuyallupRivers. Redblooms inrivers of
Willapa Bay.
Streams p. 34
Coldand wet conditions inthe first half of 2017 have set the
stage for a favorable supply of freshwater to the marine
environment.
LONG-TERMMARINEMONITORINGUNIT
Skip Albertson
Julia Bos
Editorial assistanceprovided by: Allison Brownlee, CarolMaloy
Marine conditionsfrom 6-5-2017 at a glance
Field log Climate Water column Aerial photos - Streams
Tyler Burks
Mya Keyzers
Allison Brownlee
pH
sensor
Niskin
bottle
Personal Field Impression
Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos - Streams
Personal Field Impression 6-5-2017
Field log Climate Water column Aerial photos - StreamsField log Weather Water column Aerial photos - StreamsField log Climate Water column Aerial photos - Streams
What types of data do we collect below the surface?
We have a new marine technician! AllisonBrownlee has come fromthe City of San
Diego where she collectedandanalyzedoceanographicdata for their expansive ocean
monitoringprogram. Allisonjoins Mya Keyzers inthe marine waters fieldcrew who
monitor Puget Sound and the coastal estuaries by bothsea plane and boat!
Surrounding the sensors arewater-sampling
Niskin bottles that we can programto
collect water samples at discrete depths.
We analyzefor:
• Nutrients
• Chlorophylla
• TN (Total nitrogen)
• TOC (Total organic carbon)
• POC (Particulate organic
carbon)
• PN (Particulate organic
nitrogen)
• Dissolved oxygen
• Salinity
We usea SeaBird CTD (Conductivity,
Temperature, Depth) profiler with
added sensors to measurea suite of
water column parameters:
• Temperature
• Salinity/Conductivity
• Dissolved oxygen
• PAR(Light)
• Transmissivity
• Fluorometry
• Turbidity
• pH
Critter of the Month – The Tube-Dwelling Anemone
Dany Burgess & Angela Eagleston
Marine Sediment Monitoring Team
Fun Facts!
• The only tube anemone
found in Puget Sound
• Secretes a thread-like
material to create its own
black, slimy tube
• Main predator is the giant
nudibranch (photo below)
• Can live up to 10 years
Learn moreabout the tube-dwelling anemone and other critters on Ecology’s EcoConnectblog here
Pachycerianthusfimbriatus
Puget Sound is blooming with
plankton right now, and this month’s
flower-like critter is a reminder that
the benthos has “blooms” of its
own!Meet the tube-dwelling
anemone, a delicate blossomat the
bottom of Puget Sound.
Photo courtesy of Mike Munroe Photo courtesy of John Yasaki
Personal Field ImpressionEyes Under Puget Sound 6-5-2017
Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos - StreamsField log Climate Water column Aerial photos - Streams
Climate Influences leading to 6-5-2017
Climate and naturalinfluences,includingweather,rivers,and the adjacent ocean,can
affect our marine waters. Graphics are basedonprovisional dataandare subject to
change. http://www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/eap/mar_wat/weather.html,page 26.
higher No datalowerexpected
*UpwellingAnomalies (PFEL)
PDO = PacificDecadal Oscillation
NPGO = North Pacific GyreOscillation
ENSO = El Niño Southern Oscillation
Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos - StreamsField log Climate Water column Aerial photos - Streams
Summary:
Air temperatures havebeen
slightly warmer after a cool
winter/spring.
Precipitationlevels havebeen
near normal, capping a wet
spring.
Sunshine levels havebeen
abovenormal except near the
coast(opposite of cloud
cover).
River flows areall above
normal due to snow melt and
warmer temperatures.
Downwelling has been strong,
though normalin May. ENSO
and PDO aretrending warmer.
We usea boatand
a chartered float plane
equipped with a CTD
packageto access our
monthly monitoring
stations.
We communicate data
and environmental
marine conditions using:
1. Marine Water
Condition Index
(MWCI)
2. Eyes OverPuget
Sound (EOPS)
3. Anomaliesand
sourcedata
Field log Climate Water column Aerial photos - Streams
Ourlong-termmarinemonitoringstationsinWashington
Starthere
Isl.
.
Station network of ambient
water quality monitoring stations
San Juan Isl.

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Eops 2017 6_5

  • 1. Surface Conditions Report, June 5, 2017 Eyes Over Puget Sound Field log Climate Water column Aerial photos - Streams Publication No. 17-03-070 Up-to-date observations of water quality conditions in Puget Sound and coastal bays Start here
  • 2. Dr. Christopher Krembs (Editor) Personalimpressions p. 3 We have a new marine technician: AllisonBrownlee! Climateinfluences p. 5 The spring has generally beenwet. River flows are all above normal due to snow melt and warmer air temperatures. Watercolumn p. 8 Recordwinter andspring rains have createdsignificantly fresher conditions. Aerialphotography p. 10 Yellow-greenbloomsinbays near the KitsapPeninsula. Blooms in green, brown, andred brownnear estuaries of the Skagit, Stillaguamish, and PuyallupRivers. Redblooms inrivers of Willapa Bay. Streams p. 34 Coldand wet conditions inthe first half of 2017 have set the stage for a favorable supply of freshwater to the marine environment. LONG-TERMMARINEMONITORINGUNIT Skip Albertson Julia Bos Editorial assistanceprovided by: Allison Brownlee, CarolMaloy Marine conditionsfrom 6-5-2017 at a glance Field log Climate Water column Aerial photos - Streams Tyler Burks Mya Keyzers Allison Brownlee
  • 3. pH sensor Niskin bottle Personal Field Impression Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos - Streams Personal Field Impression 6-5-2017 Field log Climate Water column Aerial photos - StreamsField log Weather Water column Aerial photos - StreamsField log Climate Water column Aerial photos - Streams What types of data do we collect below the surface? We have a new marine technician! AllisonBrownlee has come fromthe City of San Diego where she collectedandanalyzedoceanographicdata for their expansive ocean monitoringprogram. Allisonjoins Mya Keyzers inthe marine waters fieldcrew who monitor Puget Sound and the coastal estuaries by bothsea plane and boat! Surrounding the sensors arewater-sampling Niskin bottles that we can programto collect water samples at discrete depths. We analyzefor: • Nutrients • Chlorophylla • TN (Total nitrogen) • TOC (Total organic carbon) • POC (Particulate organic carbon) • PN (Particulate organic nitrogen) • Dissolved oxygen • Salinity We usea SeaBird CTD (Conductivity, Temperature, Depth) profiler with added sensors to measurea suite of water column parameters: • Temperature • Salinity/Conductivity • Dissolved oxygen • PAR(Light) • Transmissivity • Fluorometry • Turbidity • pH
  • 4. Critter of the Month – The Tube-Dwelling Anemone Dany Burgess & Angela Eagleston Marine Sediment Monitoring Team Fun Facts! • The only tube anemone found in Puget Sound • Secretes a thread-like material to create its own black, slimy tube • Main predator is the giant nudibranch (photo below) • Can live up to 10 years Learn moreabout the tube-dwelling anemone and other critters on Ecology’s EcoConnectblog here Pachycerianthusfimbriatus Puget Sound is blooming with plankton right now, and this month’s flower-like critter is a reminder that the benthos has “blooms” of its own!Meet the tube-dwelling anemone, a delicate blossomat the bottom of Puget Sound. Photo courtesy of Mike Munroe Photo courtesy of John Yasaki Personal Field ImpressionEyes Under Puget Sound 6-5-2017 Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos - StreamsField log Climate Water column Aerial photos - Streams
  • 5. Climate Influences leading to 6-5-2017 Climate and naturalinfluences,includingweather,rivers,and the adjacent ocean,can affect our marine waters. Graphics are basedonprovisional dataandare subject to change. http://www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/eap/mar_wat/weather.html,page 26. higher No datalowerexpected *UpwellingAnomalies (PFEL) PDO = PacificDecadal Oscillation NPGO = North Pacific GyreOscillation ENSO = El Niño Southern Oscillation Field log Weather Water column Aerial photos - StreamsField log Climate Water column Aerial photos - Streams Summary: Air temperatures havebeen slightly warmer after a cool winter/spring. Precipitationlevels havebeen near normal, capping a wet spring. Sunshine levels havebeen abovenormal except near the coast(opposite of cloud cover). River flows areall above normal due to snow melt and warmer temperatures. Downwelling has been strong, though normalin May. ENSO and PDO aretrending warmer.
  • 6. We usea boatand a chartered float plane equipped with a CTD packageto access our monthly monitoring stations. We communicate data and environmental marine conditions using: 1. Marine Water Condition Index (MWCI) 2. Eyes OverPuget Sound (EOPS) 3. Anomaliesand sourcedata Field log Climate Water column Aerial photos - Streams Ourlong-termmarinemonitoringstationsinWashington Starthere Isl. . Station network of ambient water quality monitoring stations San Juan Isl.
  • 7. Field log Climate Water column Aerial photos - Streams HowwellisPugetSoundexchangingitswater? Year 2016 had record-breaking globaltemperatures. The year 2017 is looking much better. Fraser River flows are normal or higher than normal in June and similar to the year 2014. This means that water renewalin Puget Sound has returned to normal conditions this early summer. Fraser River Flow 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 Dec-13 Jan-14 Feb-14 Mar-14 Apr-14 May-14 Jun-14 Jul-14 Aug-14 Sep-14 Oct-14 Nov-14 Dec-14 Jan-15 Feb-15 Mar-15 Apr-15 May-15 Jun-15 Jul-15 Aug-15 Sep-15 Oct-15 Nov-15 Dec-15 Jan-16 Feb-16 Mar-16 Apr-16 May-16 Jun-16 Jul-16 Aug-16 Sep-16 Oct-16 Nov-16 Dec-16 Jan-17 Feb-17 Mar-17 Apr-17 May-17 Discharge(m3s-1) Higher than normal Lower than normal Expected FraserRiver
  • 8. Physical conditionstracked in historicalcontext Field log Climate Water column Aerial photos - Streams With the onset of 2017,the remarkably high watertemperatures from2015 & 2016 disappearedexcept in SouthHoodCanal deepwater. Recordwinterand spring rains havecreatedsignificantly fresher conditions. Badweather fromJanuary throughApril causedus to miss quite a few stations. Inaddition,our rigorous QA/QC caught some sensor issues in oxygen,resulting in data gaps. Near Normal Temperature LowerSalinity Region 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 Whidbey Basin Hood Canal Central Sound South Sound Grays Harbor Willapa Bay North Sound San Juan 2015 20152016 2017 20172015 20162016 2017 DO Data Gaps
  • 9. a) PacificDecadalOscillationIndex(PDO,temperature) (explanation) b) UpwellingIndex(anomalies)(Upwelling,low oxygen) (explanation) c) NorthPacificGyreOscillationIndex(NPGO, productivity) (explanation) Field log Climate Water column Aerial photos - Streams Theoceanaffectswaterquality: OceanClimateIndices NPGO(x10) PDO/UpwellingIndex Three-year running average of PDO, Upwelling, and NPGO indices scores . Ocean boundaryconditions long-term variability: (a)water is still warm (PDO), (b) upwellingoflow oxygen and high nutrient ocean water are low (UpwellingIndex anomaly),and (c) surface productivity alongthe coast is near normal (NPGO). -25 -20 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 20 25 -1.5 -1 -0.5 0 0.5 1 1.5 1945 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
  • 10. Summary: Aerial photography6-5-2017 Jellyfishaggregations insome finger inlets of SouthSound. Unusual yellow-greenblooms inbays near the Kitsap Peninsula. Blooms ingreen, brownandred brownnear estuaries of the Skagit, Stillaguamishand Puyallup Rivers. Redblooms insome rivers of Willapa Bay at the coast. Field log Climate Water column Aerial photos - Streams Start here Mixing and Fronts: Tidal eddies near Hope Island, numerous internalwaves in Whidbey Basin. Debris: Macro-algaein Dyes Inlet, Colvos Passage, and Pickering Passage. Visible blooms: Red-brown blooms in Commencement and PortTownsend Bays. Yellow green blooms in Oyster Bay and parts of Liberty bay. Red bloom in rivers feeding Willapa Bay. Dark green water in Puget Sound suggesting high productivity. Jellyfish: Some patches in Budd, Eld, Totten, and Sinclair Inlets. BloomDebrisFront Suspendedsediment: Glacial flour near the Skagit and Puyallup rivers. Plume South Fork Palix River,BayCenter,WillapaBay Humpback Whale in Case Inlet click me to see me swim Courtesy of Graunke, Kyle,Ecology
  • 11. Strait of Juan de Fuca San Juan Islands Padilla Bay Main Basin Hood Canal South Sound Whidbey Basin Field log Climate Water column Aerial photos - Streams Sunny, then increasinglycloudyand hazytowards the end of the flight Flight Information: Aerial photography and navigation guide Flight route2 Tide data(Seattle): Time Height (ft) High/Low 02:35 AM 11.09 H 09:37 AM 0.69 L 4:29 PM 9.23 H 9:30 PM 5.40 L 6 11 4 1 Observation Maps: Central and NorthSound South Sound 12 7 5 1819 1617 14 3 9 8 10 13 15 20
  • 12. A. B. A. Jellyfish patches and small bloom. B. Aquaculture and effects on surface layer during incoming tide. Location: A. Eld Inlet,B. Totten Inlet (South Sound),1:02 PM. 1 Aerial photography 6-5-2017 Navigate Field log Climate Water column Aerial photos - Streams Bloom Debris jellyfish Bloom jellyfish mixing aquaculture Plume
  • 13. Bright yellow-greenbloom. Location: Oyster Bay/Dyes Inlet (Central Sound), 1:27 PM. 2 NavigateAerial photography 6-5-2017 Field log Climate Water column Aerial photos - Streams Bloom boat Debris
  • 14. 3 NavigateAerial photography 6-5-2017 Macro algae accumulating along tidal front. Location: Off WindyPoint/Dyes Inlet (Central Sound),1:29 PM. Field log Climate Water column Aerial photos - Streams boat Debris
  • 15. 4 Navigate Field log Climate Water column Aerial photos - Streams Aerial photography 6-5-2017 Bright yellow-greenbloom. Location: Off Keyport Saltwater Park,Liberty Bay (Central Sound), 1:32 PM. Bloom boat
  • 16. 5 NavigateAerial photography 6-5-2017 Field log Climate Water column Aerial photos - Streams Bloom and freshwater plume near Skunk Island. Location: Port Hadlock, Port Townsend Bay (Central Sound),1:46 PM. Skunk Island boat Bloom fire
  • 17. Bloom extending intoKilisut Harbor. Location: Port Townsend Bay(Central Sound),1:49 PM. 6 NavigateAerial photography 6-5-2017 Field log Climate Water column Aerial photos - Streams Rat Island marker Bloom Bloom Debris boat Bloom
  • 18. Skagit sediment plume extendinginto Penn Cove. Location: Penn Cove (WhidbeyBasin),1:54 PM. 7 NavigateAerial photography 6-5-2017 Field log Climate Water column Aerial photos - Streams Bloom boat
  • 19. A train of internal waves traveling towards Skagit Bay. Location: Entrance to Skagit Bay (WhidbeyBasin), 1:59 PM. 8 NavigateAerial photography 6-5-2017 Field log Climate Water column Aerial photos - Streams boat Polnell Point Camano Island Plume Internal waves
  • 20. Fed by meltwater in the mountains, the Skagit River is the largest freshwater contributor to Puget Sound. Location: North Fork Skagit River, Skagit Bay (WhidbeyBasin),2:01 PM. 9 NavigateAerial photography 6-5-2017 Field log Climate Water column Aerial photos - Streams Snow in the mountains Meltwater in rivers Glacial flour andfreshwater Estuary boat
  • 21. 10 NavigateAerial photography 6-5-2017 Patches of algae bloom in shallow, highly stratifiedwater of Skagit Bay. Location: Skagit Bay (WhidbeyBasin ),2:02 PM. Field log Climate Water column Aerial photos - Streams Wiley slough Mount Baker Skagit River Bloom Suspendedsediment
  • 22. NavigateAerial photography 6-5-2017 Bloom in shallow stratifiedwater of the Stillaguamish River Estuary. Location: Port Susan (WhidbeyBasin),2:06 PM. Field log Climate Water column Aerial photos - Streams 11 Stillaguamish River Bloom Suspendedsediment
  • 23. NavigateAerial photography 6-5-2017 Internal waves running northward and curving into shallow waters of Camano Island. Location: Port Susan (WhidbeyBasin),2:08 PM. Field log Climate Water column Aerial photos - Streams 12 Internal waves
  • 24. NavigateAerial photography 6-5-2017 Tidal front and macro-algae at the entrance and inside of Colvos Passage. Location:Point Vashon,Point Southworth,Colvos Passage (CentralSound),2:30 PM. Field log Climate Water column Aerial photos - Streams 13 Point Southworth Point Vashon, Debris Debris Debris Bloom
  • 25. NavigateAerial photography 6-5-2017 Internal waves in sediment-richwater of Puyallup River extendinginto Quartermaster Harbor. Location: Vashon Island (Central Sound),2:36 PM. Field log Climate Water column Aerial photos - Streams 14 Internal waves Plume Bloom
  • 26. NavigateAerial photography 6-5-2017 Puyallup River plume rich in glacial flour extendingfrom Commencement Bay into Puget Sound. Location: Commencement Bay(Central Sound),2:36 PM. Field log Climate Water column Aerial photos - Streams 15 Dash Point Mount Rainier Puyallup River Plume Bloom
  • 27. NavigateAerial photography 6-5-2017 Red-brown bloom in sediment-richfreshwater plume from the Puyallup River. Location: Point Defiance (Central Sound), 2:37 PM. Field log Climate Water column Aerial photos - Streams 16 Point Defiance Plume Bloom ferry boat boat
  • 28. NavigateAerial photography 6-5-2017 Sediment plume from the Puyallup River at the entrance to Colvos Passage. Location: Point Defiance (Central Sound),2:38 PM. Field log Climate Water column Aerial photos - Streams 17 Vashon Island Plume boat boat
  • 29. Field log Climate Water column Aerial photos - Streams NavigateAerial photography 6-5-2017 Sediment plume from the Puyallup River and red-brown bloom enteringthe Tacoma Narrows. Location: GigHarbor (Central Sound),2:38 PM. 18 Point Defiance Plume Bloom boat ferry
  • 30. NavigateAerial photography 6-5-2017 Schools of fish. Location: Raft Island,Carr Inlet (South Sound),2:41 PM. Field log Climate Water column Aerial photos - Streams 19 Raft Island fish fish fish fish fish
  • 31. NavigateAerial photography 6-5-2017 Bloom and organic material accumulating along tidal fronts. Location: Pitt Passage (South Sound),2:45 PM. Field log Climate Water column Aerial photos - Streams 20 boat Bloom Debris Debris boat
  • 32. North Sound Central Sound Numbers on map refer to picture numbers for spatial reference Date: 6-5-2017 Qualitative aerial observer map during transit Navigate Numbers on map refer to picture numbers for spatial reference Field log Climate Water column Aerial photos - Streams 17 16 15 14 13 n.a. 2 3 4 5 18 8 9 7 10 12 6 11 19
  • 33. Date: 6-5-2017 Qualitative aerial observer map during transit Numbers on map refer to picture numbers for spatial reference Navigate South Sound Field log Climate Water column Aerial photos - Streams 1 19 20
  • 34. Snowpack and stream flows are presently good Field log Climate Water column Aerial photos - Streams Tyler Burks, Ecology Cold and wet conditions in the firsthalf of 2017 haveset the stagefor a favorablesupply of freshwater to the marine environment. Key things to watch for in the coming months will be snowpack melt rates, and also how rain-dominated watersheds respond as we progress through thesummer. A. In late2016, conditions were favorable for a building snowpack and predominantly above normal streamflow conditions. Precipitation reached nearly 200% of normalin parts ofPuget Sound, while temperaturesrangedfrom normal to 2 ⁰F below normal. Presently, acoolspring has allowed thesnowpack to persistat an averageof160% forwatersheds draining to Puget Sound. In 2016, despite near normal snowpack conditions at higher elevations, a very warmspring led to early streamflow peaks and eventual deficits in Puget Sound. ByMay of last year (left) streamflow had already reachedlevels below the 10th percentile, while in other areas streamflowremained normal. In 2017 (right), due to a robust snowpack and mild spring temperatures, streamflowconditions have rangedfrom normal to much above normal for watersheds draining to Puget Sound. B. Comparison of May Monthly Streamflow, 2016 and 2017 Source: USGS
  • 35. Accesshistoric mooring data: http://www.ecy.wa.gov/pr ograms/eap/mar_wat/dat a.html - : Suzan.Pool@ecy.wa.gov Get data from Ecology’sMarine MonitoringPrograms Long–Term MonitoringNetwork Real–Time Sensor Network Accesscore monitoringdata: https://fortress.wa.gov/ec y/eap/marinewq/mwdata set.asp christopher.krembs@ecy.w a.gov Ecology’s long-termmarine monitoring stations Continuous track Field log Climate Water column Aerial photos - Streams Riverand Stream WaterQuality Monitoring http://www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/eap/fw_riv /rv_main.html Discontinued (fundingcuts)
  • 36. You may subscribe or unsubscribe to the Eyes Over Puget Sound email listservby going to: http://listserv.wa.gov/cgi-bin/wa?A0=ECOLOGY-EYES-OVER-PUGET-SOUND Many thanks to our business partners: Clipper Navigation,SwantownMarina,andKenmore Air. We are looking forfeedbackto improve ourproducts. Dr. ChristopherKrembs christopher.krembs@ecy.wa.gov Marine Monitoring Unit EnvironmentalAssessment Program WA Department of Ecology Field log Climate Water column Aerial photos - Streams