Agri09 day iii - session iii - sylvester oikeh - wema


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Agri09 day iii - session iii - sylvester oikeh - wema

  1. 1. Partnership for Developing Water Efficient Maize for Africa Sylvester O. Oikeh WEMA Project Manager AgriBusiness Forum 2009 14-17 June 2009, Cape Town, South Africa AATF: better tools, better harvests, better lives
  2. 2. Water Efficient Maize for Africa (WEMA Project)• A public-private partnership to develop and deploy royalty-free African drought-tolerant maize varieties• Increase yield stability, and protect and promote farmers’ investment in best management practices (BMP)
  3. 3. Relevance of Drought-Tolerance Technology to African Agriculture• Africa drought-prone• In 2003 WFP spent $0.57b on food emergency due to drought in AfricaYield stability is key to unlock the value of Recorded droughts between 1971 and 2000, and the number of people affected basic inputs
  4. 4. Risk of Drought Limits Investment in BMP 300 250 2005 Rainfall (mm) 200 2006 NERICA Variety N 150 100 Long term (1975-2004) 50 1.4 0 C T N N B L G R AY V P AR C JU SE DE FE JA JU NO AP AU O M M 1.2 MonthGrain yield (Mg ha -1) 1.0 NERICA1 0.8 NERICA2 0.6 NERICA4 WAB 56-104 0.4 0.2 0.0 Moderate to high N fertilizer 0 30 60 120 depressed yield by 13–60% Nitrogen (kg ha -1) over low-N due to drought Adapted: Oikeh et al. 2009. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science 55: 301-314
  5. 5. Importance of WEMABiotechnology + Breeding Maximize Gains Step-Changes in Yield Potential 300 (in bushels per acre) 250 Average Corn Yield 200 150 100 50 0 1970 1990 2010 2030 Historical Yield Projection 30-Year Trend, Based on Historical Yield Projection Molecular Breeding Benefit Biotechnology Yield Benefit = non conventional INNOVATIONS IN AG TECHNOLOGY THROUGHOUT THE VALUE CHAINCONTRIBUTE TO YIELD GAIN Source: Mungo et al. WEMA Review and Planning meeting 2009
  6. 6. Components of WEMA Early Prod. Devt. Product Devt. I Product Development I Product Devt. II Deploymentand Deployment Development Product Marker Assisted Efficacy testing Seed production Breeding Trait integration Seed Sales Elite event selection Variety development Field production Event introgression Agronomic trials Market access Agricultural Innovation Platform Regulatory Science and Management of Regulatory Affairs Functions Enabling Communication and Issue Management IP Management, Licensing and Technology Stewardship Project Coordination, Governance and Monitoring Activities
  7. 7. WEMA Project Expected Outputs• Under moderate drought, WEMA DT- maize expected to increase yields by 20–35% over current varieties• Translates into additional 2 million MT maize during drought years to feed about 21 million people
  8. 8. WEMA Partnership • World leader in MAB, gene discovery, trait development and • World leader trait licensing for breeding maize for African agro-ecological Monsanto zones WEMA • Unique African• Expertise in CIMMYT AATF institution mandated Field trials to access and deliver• Test DT maize NARS proprietary• Capacity technologies to building smallholders African opportunities farmers
  9. 9. WEMA Progress Major Achievements• Partnership built with NARS in 5 countries (Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, South Africa, Mozambique); CIMMYT; Monsanto; AATF Partners + Donor Source: WEMA Annual Review and Planning Meeting, 16–20 Feb2009; RSA
  10. 10. WEMA Progress Major Achievements• Three task-based teams (Communication, Regulatory, Product development) and operations committee formed & operational• Project sites identified in all 5 countries for irrigation- regulated drought testing trials• Sites are under development for confined field trial
  11. 11. WEMA Progress– Breeding• Nurseries for hybrids and inbred lines established• Inbred lines adapted to Africa from CIMMYT and Monsanto are undergoing trait integration• Available 106 breeding germplasm for use to generate conventional WEMA products by 2013, 2 yrs ahead of plan
  12. 12. WEMA Progress– Communication• WEMA communications strategy and action plans have been developed• Country-specific strategies & plans finalized in 2009• Publications: Monthly newsletters, Posters, Quarterly bulletins produced WEMA Poster
  13. 13. WEMA Progress– Regulatory• Regulatory Team participated in selecting project sites in partner countries• The Team examined the regulatory terrains & finalizing regulatory strategies• Team compiling regulatory dossier & application for permits to conduct CF Trials Dodoma, Tanzania Lutzville, RSA
  14. 14. Conclusion• WEMA project is on course• Public-private partnership for research fully established & functional• It is hoped that conventional WEMA products would be available in the next 3–4 years• Project partners have their institutional business process and defining a unique WEMA way of doing business acceptable to all partners is key to the success of WEMA
  15. 15. Thank you!