Agri09 Opening Session Agra Namanga Ngongi


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Agri09 Opening Session Agra Namanga Ngongi

  1. 1. Cereal productivity in China, S. Asia and SSA 6 China S.Asia SS Africa 5 Cereal Yields t/ha 4 3 2 1 0 1961 1966 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Source: FAOSTAT (2001) 4
  2. 2. Large farmers Medium farmerswith commercial ability Medium farmerswithout commercial ability Small farmers 2
  3. 3. Smallholder farmers (mostly women) Medium farmersLarge farmers 3
  4. 4. AGRA interventions can solve problems along the value chain Seeds Program ($150 m)Investments for the Green Market Access Policy & advocacy, M&E Soil Health ($180m)Revolution Agricultural Extension Water Resources l l l l l l l l 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
  5. 5. Program for Africa’s Seed Systems (PASS)The first and catalytic initiative of AGRA, PASS consists of 4 sub-programs:1. Education for African Crop Improvement2. Improvement and Adoption of African Crops3. Seed Production for Africa4. Agro-Dealer Development Program 5
  6. 6. • Seeds production (evaluation) in Mali 6
  7. 7. Soil Health Program• Technology development especially in the fertilizer sub-sector.• Integrated soil fertility management• Training and extension through large-scale demonstrations on farmers’ fields
  8. 8. Netherlands Vietnam Japan UK China France Brazil USA India South Africa Cuba Benin Malawi Fertilizer use per ha in Ethiopia Mali Sub-Sahara Africa isBurkina Faso Nigeria the lowest in the world TanzaniaMozambique Guinea Ghana Uganda 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 Kg/ha Source: FAOSTAT, July 2003; Norman 19 Borlaug, 2004
  9. 9. Market Access Program• Reducing transaction costs including post harvest losses, storage facilities and farmer groups• Increasing value addition through grading and processing• Increasing alternative uses to strengthen demand e.g., animal feed and industrial uses• Enabling environment to promote trade expansion and market access
  10. 10. Sitting on blocked capital: Poorly developedmarkets limit income growth from commercializationof technical changes in agriculture
  11. 11. Policy Support Program•Training of next generation of agriculturaleconomists•Working with governments to influenceinput/output support and trade policies•Work with governments to design appropriatefarmer support programs, including the use ofvouchers•Build partnerships with stakeholders forresource mobilization, operational collaborationand advocacy.
  12. 12. Innovative Financing•Leveraging credit guarantee partnershipswith governments and commercial banks;since 2008 mobilized $160 million•Promote public-private sectorpartnerships that mitigate risks forsmallholder farmers e.g., weather indexedcrop insurance.
  13. 13. Policies and Partnerships ProgramPolicies for rapid transformation of Africa’s agriculture• Accelerate investment in research and rural infrastructure• Smart subsidies for farm inputs (‘growth enhancement credits’) • Develop networks of agrodealers across rural areas • Secure national food supplies