Traffic Safety in Cities in the Developing World: Challenges and Opportunities

"
June 4, 2013, Stockholm, Sweden"
!   Clau...
Claudia Adriazola-Steil"
1.  Background!
2.  Holistic approach!
3.  Avoid – Shift – Improve Framework!
4.  Cities: what do...
14%	
  in	
  1900	
  
3%	
  in	
  1800	
  
30%	
  in	
  1950	
  
Over	
  50%	
  in	
  2007	
  
Meta-Trends affecting citie...
 
2011	
  
	
   	
   	
  1	
  billion	
  
	
  
10	
  years	
  later….	
  
	
  
	
   	
  1	
  billion	
  +1	
  billion	
  
	
  
	
  
CITIES FOR PEOPLE, NOT ONLY FOR CARS
1.3	
  million	
  people	
  	
  
Claudia Adriazola-Steil"
"
!   90% of traffic fatalities occur in low and middle-income
countries and involve 70% of vulner...
CITIES FOR PEOPLE, NOT ONLY FOR CARS
4.2	
  million	
  people	
  	
  
CITIES FOR PEOPLE, NOT ONLY FOR CARS2	
  million	
  people	
  	
  
Claudia Adriazola-Steil"
"
Holistic approach"
Decreas
e in
VKT/
VMT
(exposur
e)
Increase
in risk
manage
-ment
through
bett...
Claudia Adriazola-Steil"
"
Characteristics"
!   Compact, mixed use!
!   Proximate, high-quality
infrastructure for pedestr...
Claudia Adriazola-Steil"
"
Avoid, Shift, Improve"
Claudia Adriazola-Steil"
"
!   World Bank study (Kopits and Cropper, 2003):!
!   As countries develop, death rates among t...
Mexico	
  Walking	
  and	
  biking,	
  mass	
  transport	
  users	
  get	
  
more	
  PA	
  –	
  graph	
  from	
  NYC,	
  a...
Rapid suburbanization (Mexico)"
“Urban	
  sprawl…	
  
directly	
  	
  	
  related	
  to	
  
traffic	
  and	
  
pedestrian	
  
fataliRes.”	
  
	
  
	
  
Ewin...
For every 10 additional meters between signalized
intersections, there is a 3% increase in severe crashes
	
  
800	
  mete...
Naya – Raipur
Sector 27
800	
  meters	
  
Relationship between speed and fatal accidents"
•  90%	
  of	
  pedestrians	
  survive	
  
when	
  a	
  car	
  hits	
  at	
  35km/h	
  
•  75%	
  of	
  pedestrians	
  sur...
“Pedestrian-­‐scaled	
  
retail	
  configura<ons	
  
were	
  associated	
  with	
  
fewer	
  crashes	
  as	
  
opposed	
  t...
Claudia Adriazola-Steil"
"
Avoid, Shift, Improve"
SHIFT travel to sustainable and safer modes"
5000
3194
1 BRT lane
2 general traffic lanes
Passenger per hour per direction...
0.8
0.85
0.9
0.95
1
1.05
1.1
1.15
1.2
60
80
100
120
140
160
180
200
1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 20032004 2005 2006 2007 2008 ...
Claudia Adriazola-Steil"
"
Avoid, Shift, Improve"
IMPROVE	
  the	
  design	
  and	
  system	
  in	
  general	
  
• 	
  A	
  road	
  safety	
  audit	
  can	
  reduce	
  cras...
Design guidelines"
Cities: Traffic Safety, Public Health, Economic Growth and Quality of Life"
!
!   Structural changes:
land use and mobility...
Cities: Traffic Safety, Public Health, Economic Growth and Quality of Life"
!
!   Targets and measure!
!   Data collection!...
Cities: Traffic Safety, Public Health, Economic Growth and Quality of Life"
!
!   Capacity building!
!   Inspire interest
f...
EMBARQ
Wold Resources Institute
Want	
  to	
  learn	
  more?	
  
	
  
Contact:	
  
Claudia	
  Adriazola-­‐Steil	
  
cadria...
Traffic Safety in Cities in the Developing World: Challenges and Opportunities - Towards Zero Conference - Claudia Adriazo...
Traffic Safety in Cities in the Developing World: Challenges and Opportunities - Towards Zero Conference - Claudia Adriazo...
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Traffic Safety in Cities in the Developing World: Challenges and Opportunities - Towards Zero Conference - Claudia Adriazola-Steil - Health and Road Safety - EMBARQ - 04-Jun-2013

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Traffic Safety in Cities in the Developing World: Challenges and Opportunities - Towards Zero Conference - Claudia Adriazola-Steil - Health and Road Safety - EMBARQ - 04-Jun-2013

  1. 1. Traffic Safety in Cities in the Developing World: Challenges and Opportunities
 " June 4, 2013, Stockholm, Sweden" !   Claudia Adriazola-Steil! !   Director, Health & Road Safety Program! !   EMBARQ!
  2. 2. Claudia Adriazola-Steil" 1.  Background! 2.  Holistic approach! 3.  Avoid – Shift – Improve Framework! 4.  Cities: what do they need?! ! Overview"
  3. 3. 14%  in  1900   3%  in  1800   30%  in  1950   Over  50%  in  2007   Meta-Trends affecting cities The transition to an urban millennium The  Global  Popula<on  
  4. 4.   2011        1  billion    
  5. 5. 10  years  later….        1  billion  +1  billion      
  6. 6. CITIES FOR PEOPLE, NOT ONLY FOR CARS 1.3  million  people    
  7. 7. Claudia Adriazola-Steil" " !   90% of traffic fatalities occur in low and middle-income countries and involve 70% of vulnerable users of the road! Leading causes of premature death worldwide"     2004   1    Ischaemic  heart  disease   2    Cerebrovascular  disease   3    Lower  respiratory  infec<ons   4    Pulmonary  disease   5    Diarrhoeal  disease   6    HIV  /  AIDS   7    Tuberculosis   8    Lung  cancers   9    TRAFFIC  ACCIDENTS   10    Low  birth  weight       2030   1    Ischaemic  heart  disease   2    Cerebrovascular  disease   3    Pulmonary  disease   4    Lower  respiratory  infec<ons   5    TRAFFIC  ACCIDENTS   6    Lung  cancers   7    Diabetes   8    Hypertensive  heart  disease   9    Stomach  cancer   19    HIV  /  AIDS  
  8. 8. CITIES FOR PEOPLE, NOT ONLY FOR CARS 4.2  million  people    
  9. 9. CITIES FOR PEOPLE, NOT ONLY FOR CARS2  million  people    
  10. 10. Claudia Adriazola-Steil" " Holistic approach" Decreas e in VKT/ VMT (exposur e) Increase in risk manage -ment through better system design
  11. 11. Claudia Adriazola-Steil" " Characteristics" !   Compact, mixed use! !   Proximate, high-quality infrastructure for pedestrians, cyclists and transit! !   Nearby services, green spaces and recreational amenities! !   Traffic calming that keeps car speeds low or cars separated from vulnerable users! Sustainable urban transport & development" Outcomes" !   Reduction of vehicle traffic and crashes! !   Reduction of speeds, less serious and numerous crashes! !   Safer transit, biking and walking! !   Facilities prioritize concerns of vulnerable users! !   By-product of more safe walking and biking is more physically active residents, cleaner air and better quality of life!
  12. 12. Claudia Adriazola-Steil" " Avoid, Shift, Improve"
  13. 13. Claudia Adriazola-Steil" " !   World Bank study (Kopits and Cropper, 2003):! !   As countries develop, death rates among the population fall, especially for diseases that affect the young and result in substantial life-years lost! !   Traffic accidents are the exception – growth in motor vehicles brought about by economic development results in an increase in traffic deaths! Increased motorization leads to more traffic deaths" 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 Annualtrafficfatalities/100000population Daily VKT/ capita (urban roads)
  14. 14. Mexico  Walking  and  biking,  mass  transport  users  get   more  PA  –  graph  from  NYC,  and  from  Mexico  city   Urban   Development   Impacts  Traffic   Safety  
  15. 15. Rapid suburbanization (Mexico)"
  16. 16. “Urban  sprawl…   directly      related  to   traffic  and   pedestrian   fataliRes.”       Ewing  et  al  (2003)   Analysis  of  U.S.A.  counRes  
  17. 17. For every 10 additional meters between signalized intersections, there is a 3% increase in severe crashes   800  meters  
  18. 18. Naya – Raipur Sector 27 800  meters  
  19. 19. Relationship between speed and fatal accidents"
  20. 20. •  90%  of  pedestrians  survive   when  a  car  hits  at  35km/h   •  75%  of  pedestrians  survive   when  a  car  hits  at  45  km/h   •  80%  reduc<on  in  serious   injuries  aWer  40  km/h  speed   zone  in  the  northwest   neighbourhood    
  21. 21. “Pedestrian-­‐scaled   retail  configura<ons   were  associated  with   fewer  crashes  as   opposed  to  having   commercial  uses  such   as  big  box  stores  with   large  parking  lots   along  busy  urban   arterials.”   Dumbaugh  &  Rae  (2009)  
  22. 22. Claudia Adriazola-Steil" " Avoid, Shift, Improve"
  23. 23. SHIFT travel to sustainable and safer modes" 5000 3194 1 BRT lane 2 general traffic lanes Passenger per hour per direction (peak) 6 726 1 BRT lane 2 general traffic lanes Crashes per year
  24. 24. 0.8 0.85 0.9 0.95 1 1.05 1.1 1.15 1.2 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 20032004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Cycling volumes (million km) Cyclist injuries and fatalities per million km !   Copenhagen! !   New York! SHIFT travel to safer, and more active modes" 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Cycling commuting indicator Cycling risk indicator
  25. 25. Claudia Adriazola-Steil" " Avoid, Shift, Improve"
  26. 26. IMPROVE  the  design  and  system  in  general   •   A  road  safety  audit  can  reduce  crashes  on  a  proposed  project  by  up  to  40%   •   It  is  much  less  costly  to  implement  changes  in  the  planning  and  design  stages  than  to   retrofit  an  exis<ng  piece  of  infrastructure     30  –  40%  reduc<on  in  crashes  
  27. 27. Design guidelines"
  28. 28. Cities: Traffic Safety, Public Health, Economic Growth and Quality of Life" ! !   Structural changes: land use and mobility ! !   Benefits: impact on road safety + physical activity + air quality! !   Economic impact!
  29. 29. Cities: Traffic Safety, Public Health, Economic Growth and Quality of Life" ! !   Targets and measure! !   Data collection! !   Institutional capacity!
  30. 30. Cities: Traffic Safety, Public Health, Economic Growth and Quality of Life" ! !   Capacity building! !   Inspire interest from the young!
  31. 31. EMBARQ Wold Resources Institute Want  to  learn  more?     Contact:   Claudia  Adriazola-­‐Steil   cadriazola@wri.org   Visit:   EMBARQ.org   Twiaer.com/EMBARQnetwork  

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