Towards climate-proof urban transport systems

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By Urda Eichhorst. Presented on Day Two of Transforming Transportation. Washington, D.C. January 15, 2010. www.transformingtransportation2010.org

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Towards climate-proof urban transport systems

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  2. 2. Towards climate-proof urban transport systems <br />Transforming Transportation 2010<br />Washington, DC15 January 2010<br />Urda EichhorstWuppertal Institute - Energy, Transport and ClimatePolicy Research Group<br />
  3. 3. Why adapt urban transport to climate change?<br />Climate-proof urban transport systems . . .<br />Ensure reliable mobility<br />Secure public assets with large replacement value and avoid cascading effects<br />Protect health and safety of urban residents<br />Enable disaster risk management<br /><ul><li>Guarantee the economic well-being of cities</li></ul>15 January 2010<br />
  4. 4. Expectedclimatechangeimpacts<br />15 January 2010<br />Average global temperature increase…<br />temperature extremes<br />Intense rainfall<br />sea-level rise<br />drought<br />flooding<br />tropical storms<br />Photos: GTZ, NASA, prozac1 + dan/FreeDigitalPhotos.net, PhotoDisc<br />
  5. 5. Impacts on transport<br />Transport infrastructure<br />Threemaincategories:<br />Mobility behaviour<br />Vehicles and operations<br />15 January 2010<br />Sources: GTZ<br />
  6. 6. Who needs to act?<br /> Public authorities<br /><ul><li>Transport planners
  7. 7. Urban/spatial planners
  8. 8. Disaster risk managers
  9. 9. Environment agencies
  10. 10. Construction departments
  11. 11. Public procurement agencies
  12. 12. …</li></ul> Transport service providers<br /> Individuals<br /><ul><li>Cross-departmental decision-making!</li></ul>15 January 2010<br />Photos: GTZ<br />
  13. 13. Threebasicapproaches to adaptation<br />15 January 2010<br />
  14. 14. Overview of adaptation options<br />Four main areas of action:<br />Spatial/urban planning<br />Resilient design standards and materials<br />Regular maintenance<br />Contingency and emergency planning<br />15 January 2010<br />
  15. 15. Overview of adaptationoptions1. Spatial / urban planning (1)<br /><ul><li>Avoid high-risk areas
  16. 16. Create sufficient redundancy</li></ul>15 January 2010<br />Sources: ADB, itbm<br />
  17. 17. Overview of adaptationoptions1. Spatial / urban planning (2)<br /><ul><li>Compact urban planning
  18. 18. Green spaces for cooling / decreasing heat island effects
  19. 19. Improved drainage </li></ul>15 January 2010<br />Photos: GTZ<br />Seoul: before and afterredevelopment<br />
  20. 20. Overview of adaptationoptions2. Regular maintenance<br />e.g. London Underground<br /><ul><li>Monitoring programme (temperature/humidity)
  21. 21. Identification of additional ventilation and cooling needs
  22. 22. Purchase of new air-cooled trains</li></ul>15 January 2010<br />Photo: GTZ<br />
  23. 23. Overview of adaptationoptions3. Adapted (resilient) design standards and materials<br /><ul><li>Infrastructure
  24. 24. Vehicles</li></ul>15 January 2010<br />Photos: GTZ, ITDP<br />Cycle way shadings in Hangzhou, China<br />Air-conditioned bus in Changzhou, China <br />Source: The Hindu<br />
  25. 25. Overview of adaptationoptions4. Contingency and emergency planning, insurance<br /><ul><li>Integrate needs of public transport users into planning, e.g. emergency bus routes, hot weather contingency plans for subways
  26. 26. Provide public transportation for evacuation
  27. 27. Use (climate/weather) insurance to divert risk</li></ul>15 January 2010<br />Photos: Reuters, PhotoDisc<br />Impacts of Hurricane Katrina<br />
  28. 28. Integrate climate-proofing into transport planning and maintenance!<br />15 January 2010<br />
  29. 29. 15 January 2010<br />Module fordecision-makers in developingcitiesFinancedbygtz in itsSustainable Urban Transport Project<br />for details see ...<br />Free electronic copy at www.sutp.org<br />
  30. 30. SUTP – Sustainable Urban Transport Project<br />Implementing Projects<br /><ul><li> World Cup 2010: Bus Rapid Transit System Johannesburg
  31. 31. Climate oriented concept for sustainable mobility, Ukraine
  32. 32. Emission Reduction in urban transport, Indonesia
  33. 33. ASEAN Clean Air in Cities</li></ul>SharingExperiences and Best Practices<br />Developing and Dissemi-nating Resources<br /><ul><li>Development of sustaina- bility oriented projects
  34. 34. Increasing capacity of staff
  35. 35. Changes in transport policy</li></ul>15 January 2010<br />1/22/10<br />
  36. 36. Conclusion and outlook<br /><ul><li>Climate change will increase current problems in intensity and frequency
  37. 37. Ensure that transport systems are climate-proof and tackle existing deficiencies to avoid costly damages
  38. 38. Link adaptation and mitigation</li></ul>What needs to be done:<br /><ul><li>Raise awareness and build capacity
  39. 39. Integrate climate risk assessment into transport planning
  40. 40. Engage transport planning and disaster risk management
  41. 41. Allocate (raise) resources for adaptation planning and implementation
  42. 42. Start action early to avoid maladaptation!</li></ul>15 January 2010<br />
  43. 43. Thank you! <br />Download the module at: http://www.sutp.org<br />

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