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Status of the BRT Industry

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by Dario Hidalgo, EMBARQ's Director of Research & Practice

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Status of the BRT Industry

  1. 1. Status of the BRT Industry<br />Dario Hidalgo<br />Luis Gutierrez<br />Luis A. Lindau<br />EMBARQ, The WRI Center for Sustainable Transport<br />BRT-ALC Center of Excellence Meeting<br />Washington DC, January 25, 2010<br />
  2. 2. BRT in numbers 2010<br />120 cities with BRT Systems and Bus Corridors<br /> 280 corridors<br /> 4,335 km<br /> 6,683 stations<br />30,000 buses<br />26.8 million passengers per weekday <br /> 1% of the world´s urban population (2010)<br />1.4 times the combined population of New York and Newark (2010)<br />
  3. 3. Rapid growth of BRT Systems and Bus Corridors in 2010, specially in developing cities<br />16 cities started operations in 2010 (13% growth)<br />China (4), Indonesia (4), Colombia (2), India, Thailand, Mexico, Perú, UK, Canada<br />21 corridors; 396 km; 464 stations; 2,047 buses <br />1.4 million passengers per weekday (5% growth)<br /> 7 cities expanded corridors in 2010, 125 km<br />49 new cities with corridors under construction<br /> 16 cities expanding their corridors<br /> 31 new cities in planning stages<br />
  4. 4.
  5. 5. Iteresting developments 2010<br />Government Agencies – moving from corridors to integrated systems – e.g. Santiago, Sao Paulo, Bogota, León<br />Growing Public Private Partnerships PPP for systems operation<br />Increased support from the national level - programs in Mexico, Colombia, India, Indonesia, France, US<br />Interest of manufacturers in BRT, new buses from India, Indonesia and China - complement the high bus production of Brasil<br />Fare collection, control, user information systems technologies consolidated<br />
  6. 6. Salient issues<br />Poor understanding on what is BRT<br />Institutional and financialrisks– poorcontracting, institutional set ups and fareleveldefinitionmechanisms<br />“The bus industry needs a ‘wake-up’ call. The opportunities are extensive, but the industry is far too traditional (often complacent), often lacking lateral thinking and not pro-active enough.” Hensher D. “A bus-based transitway or light rail? Continuing the saga on choice versus blind commitment” Road & Transport Research, Vol 8 No 3 September 1999.<br />Strongpreferencebydecisionmakersforrailalternativeswithoutadequatealternativesanalyses<br />Hot debates in Curitiba, Bogotá, Quito, Lima, Sao Paulo, Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Washington DC, Sydney…<br />
  7. 7. Whatis a Bus Rapid TransitSystem?<br />“Is a flexible, rubber-tired form of rapid transit that combines stations, vehicles, services, running ways and ITS elements into an integrated system with strong identity”<br />TCRP Report 90 – Bus Rapid Transit – Volume 2: Implementation Guidelines 2003<br />“It is a high quality public transport system, oriented to the user that offers fast, comfortable and low cost urban mobility” <br />BRT Planning Guide – ITDP, 2007<br />Photo: Karl Fjelstrom - ITDP<br />
  8. 8. Whatis a Bus Rapid TransitSystem?<br />Thisor (and) this?<br />
  9. 9. Adapted fromTCRP Report 90 – Bus Rapid Transit – Volume 2: Implementation Guidelines 2003 <br />
  10. 10.
  11. 11. About 120 cities with BRT or busways26.8 million passengers per weekday <br />280 corridors<br />4,335 km<br />6,683 stations<br />30,000 buses<br />
  12. 12. New Cities with BRT/Bus Corridors 2010<br />
  13. 13. Guahazhou BRT, China<br /><ul><li>Opened February 10, 2010
  14. 14. 22.5 km dedicated busway
  15. 15. 26 stations (prepayment, level boarding – some buses, passing lane, up to six platforms)
  16. 16. Peak supply: 340 buses/hr/direction
  17. 17. 40 routes (in and out the system, no transfers)
  18. 18. Peak demand: 26,900 passengers/hr/direction
  19. 19. Daily demand: 800,000 pax/per weekday</li></ul>Photo by Benjamin<br />Source: http://www.chinabrt.org/en/cities/guangzhou.aspx#<br />
  20. 20. Hefei BRT, China<br /><ul><li>Operationsstarted 18 Jan 2010
  21. 21. 2 Corridors
  22. 22. 12.7 km busway (15 km total)
  23. 23. 14 stations
  24. 24. Peaksupply: 60 buses/hr
  25. 25. CommericalSpeed 16 km/h
  26. 26. Fleet: 65 buses (estimated, conventional buses 12 m)
  27. 27. Ridership: 65,250 pax/day (estimated)</li></ul>Photo: Karl Fjlestrom, ITDP<br />Source: http://www.chinabrt.org/en/cities/hefei.aspx#<br />
  28. 28. Mexibús, Estado México, México<br /><ul><li>InitialoperationNov 30, 2010
  29. 29. 16 km exclusive busway (Ciudad Azteca-Tecamac)
  30. 30. 21 stations
  31. 31. 3 terminals
  32. 32. 130,000 pax/day (expected)
  33. 33. Proyectedexpansions 2011
  34. 34. 21 km (Lechería-Las Américas)
  35. 35. 14 km (Chinalhucán-Pantitlán)</li></ul>Photo: http://transeunte.org/tag/mexibus/<br />Source: http://transporteinformativo.com/pasaje/inicia-operaciones-mexibus-con-63-autobuses-articulados-volvo<br />
  36. 36. Jaipur Bus, Jaipur, India<br /><ul><li> Operations started 31 July 2010
  37. 37. Route reorganization
  38. 38. 10 routes
  39. 39. 352 line-km
  40. 40. 497 bus stops
  41. 41. 200 buses
  42. 42. 150,000 pax/day
  43. 43. Busway
  44. 44. Length 7.1 km
  45. 45. 10 stations
  46. 46. 20 buses
  47. 47. 2,000 pax/day
  48. 48. Busways plan 42 km</li></ul>Photos: http://www.jaipurjda.org/page.aspx?pid=69<br />Info: EMBARQ India and http://www.jaipurbus.com/route_map.html<br />
  49. 49. Yancheng BRT, China<br /><ul><li>OperationsstartedMay 1, 2010
  50. 50. 1 corridor
  51. 51. 8 km dedicatedbusway (15 km total)
  52. 52. 21 stations
  53. 53. 20 BRT buses (12 m)
  54. 54. 30 feeder buses
  55. 55. Estimatedridership 20,000 pax/day</li></ul>Photos and Source: http://www.chinabrt.org/en/cities/yancheng.aspx#<br />
  56. 56. Zaozhuang BRT, China<br /><ul><li>StartedOperationsAugust 1, 2010 (CommercialoperationSeptember 1, 2010)
  57. 57. 1 Corridor, 33 km
  58. 58. 24 stations
  59. 59. 2 terminals
  60. 60. 20 buses (estimated)
  61. 61. 27 buses/hour
  62. 62. 700 pax/hour/direction
  63. 63. 20,000 pax/day
  64. 64. 30 km/h commercialspeed</li></ul>Source: http://www.chinabrt.org/en/cities/zaozhuang.aspx#<br />
  65. 65. Bangkok BRT, Thailand<br /><ul><li> Free operationsstartedMay 15, 2010
  66. 66. CommercialoperationsstartedSeptember 1, 2010
  67. 67. 15.9 km median busway (Sathorn-Ratchaphruek)
  68. 68. 12 stations
  69. 69. 20 buses, conventionalhighfloor, 1 widedoor
  70. 70. Peakridership 1,000 pax/hr
  71. 71. Peak buses 14/hour
  72. 72. Dailyridership 10,000 pax/day
  73. 73. Fare 10 baht (USD 0.33)</li></ul>Photo and information source: http://www.tour-bangkok-legacies.com/bangkok-brt.html<br />Additionalsource: http://www.chinabrt.org/en/cities/bangkok.aspx#<br />
  74. 74. East London Transit, UK<br />February 2010. Two Routes (EL1, EL2)<br />12 buses per hour<br />47 min trip time<br />Approximate 20 Km, 40 stops, About 18 buses, 9,000 pax/day <br />http://www.tfl.gov.uk/corporate/projectsandschemes/2123.aspx<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/East_London_Transit<br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/wirewiping/4382063978/sizes/m/in/photostream/<br />
  75. 75. Corredor de Ônibus de João Pessoa, Brasil<br /><ul><li>Startedoperations in 2010
  76. 76. 1 corridor
  77. 77. 2.5 km
  78. 78. 5 stations
  79. 79. 111 buses
  80. 80. 100,000 passengers per weekday</li></ul>http://www.afonteenoticia.com.br/pagina.php?pg=3&id_noticia=1278<br />
  81. 81. Transmetro, Barranquilla, Colombia<br /><ul><li>Opened 10 July 2010
  82. 82. 13.4 km dedicated busway
  83. 83. 15 Stations (prepayment, level boarding)
  84. 84. 1 intermediate station,
  85. 85. 1 terminal 32.7 km auxiliary corridors (62 km planned)
  86. 86. Buses:
  87. 87. 92 articulated (18m)
  88. 88. 85 large conventional (15m)
  89. 89. 107 conventional feeder (12m)
  90. 90. Daily demand
  91. 91. 32,000 pax (305,000 expected when fully implemented)</li></ul>Photo via transmetro.gov.co<br />Sources: http://transmetro.gov.co/web2010/<br />Ministry of Transport, Mass Transit Group, Oct 2010<br />
  92. 92. Metrolínea, Bucaramanga, Colombia<br /><ul><li>Opened 21 December 2009
  93. 93. Commercialoperation 22 January 2010
  94. 94. 8.9 km trunkcorridor
  95. 95. 7.7 auxiliarycorridors (25.2 km plan.)
  96. 96. 24 stations (levelboarding, prepayment)
  97. 97. 80.1 km feederlines
  98. 98. Buses
  99. 99. 15 Articulated
  100. 100. 47 Large Conventional 15m (203 plan.)
  101. 101. 69 Conventional feeder (150 plan.)
  102. 102. Ridership: 75,000 pax/day</li></ul>Photo: http://www.metrolinea.gov.co/ <br />Source: Ministry of Transport, Mass Transit Group, Oct 2010<br />
  103. 103. Metropolitano, Lima, Peru<br /><ul><li>Initial Operation, May 2010
  104. 104. 27 km busways, 80% with overtaking at stations
  105. 105. 35 stations, one large central underground station, two terminals
  106. 106. 308 articulated buses
  107. 107. 319 feeder buses
  108. 108. 82,000 pax/day south section (854,000 pax/day expected)
  109. 109. 21 km/hour commercial speed </li></ul>Photo: Protransporte, Lima, May 2010<br />Source: Menckhoff, G., Ochoa, C., Ardila, A. “El Metropolitano de Lima: Implementación y Primeros Resultados de un Nuevo Sistema BRT” CLATPU, Octubre 2010<br />
  110. 110. Züm, Brampton, Ontario, Canada<br /><ul><li>OperationsStartedSeptember 20, 2010
  111. 111. 28.5 km busway
  112. 112. 17 stations
  113. 113. 25 buses, lowfloor, 25 m
  114. 114. Twoadditionalcorridorsplannedfor 2011-2012</li></ul>Photo: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Brampton_Zum_1074b.JPG<br />Sources: http://www.brampton.ca/en/residents/transit/zum/Pages/welcome.aspx http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Z%C3%BCm<br />
  115. 115. Systemsexpansions 2010<br />125 km 3% increase over existing km in 2009 <br />
  116. 116.
  117. 117.
  118. 118.
  119. 119. Latin American Association Agencies in control of BRT and Integrated Bus Systems – ALASIBRT<br />
  120. 120. http://www.embarq.org/en/modernizing-public-transportation<br />
  121. 121. Filename/RPS Number<br />What Went Wrong<br />Common problems<br /><ul><li>Rushed implementation – several components incomplete
  122. 122. Very tight financial planning – non technical user fares, some systems at risk
  123. 123. Very high occupancy levels (160 pax/bus standard for articulated buses is not accepted by the users)
  124. 124. Early deterioriation of infrastructure (lack of road surface reinforcement or problems in design/construction)
  125. 125. Implementation of fare collection systems requires longer time tables and very tight supervision
  126. 126. Insufficient user education</li></li></ul><li>Informationneedsonthe BRT Industry<br />Stakeholdermaps<br />Government Agencies<br />Operators<br /> Bus providers<br />Technologyproviders<br />Userassociations<br />NGOs<br /> Academia<br />Marketsize and projections<br /> BRT and bus corridor atlas (cities, km, stations, buses, types of interventions, farerevenues, subsidies, capital and operation, issues)<br />Comparativeanalysis, projections<br />
  127. 127. Outstandingissues<br />Whatis BRT ortypes of BRT<br />Comparissonwithalternatives<br />Case studies – technical, institutional, financial, regulatory<br />Collaborations – agencies, providers, NGOs, academicinstitutions<br />
  128. 128. ¡Muchas Gracias!<br />

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