Status of the BRT Industry

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by Dario Hidalgo, EMBARQ's Director of Research & Practice

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  • China 4, India 1, Indonesia 3, Thailand 1
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  • EMBARQ is in position toextendthe indepthworktothe 14 citiesmembers of ALABRT
  • Status of the BRT Industry

    1. 1. Status of the BRT Industry<br />Dario Hidalgo<br />Luis Gutierrez<br />Luis A. Lindau<br />EMBARQ, The WRI Center for Sustainable Transport<br />BRT-ALC Center of Excellence Meeting<br />Washington DC, January 25, 2010<br />
    2. 2. BRT in numbers 2010<br />120 cities with BRT Systems and Bus Corridors<br /> 280 corridors<br /> 4,335 km<br /> 6,683 stations<br />30,000 buses<br />26.8 million passengers per weekday <br /> 1% of the world´s urban population (2010)<br />1.4 times the combined population of New York and Newark (2010)<br />
    3. 3. Rapid growth of BRT Systems and Bus Corridors in 2010, specially in developing cities<br />16 cities started operations in 2010 (13% growth)<br />China (4), Indonesia (4), Colombia (2), India, Thailand, Mexico, Perú, UK, Canada<br />21 corridors; 396 km; 464 stations; 2,047 buses <br />1.4 million passengers per weekday (5% growth)<br /> 7 cities expanded corridors in 2010, 125 km<br />49 new cities with corridors under construction<br /> 16 cities expanding their corridors<br /> 31 new cities in planning stages<br />
    4. 4.
    5. 5. Iteresting developments 2010<br />Government Agencies – moving from corridors to integrated systems – e.g. Santiago, Sao Paulo, Bogota, León<br />Growing Public Private Partnerships PPP for systems operation<br />Increased support from the national level - programs in Mexico, Colombia, India, Indonesia, France, US<br />Interest of manufacturers in BRT, new buses from India, Indonesia and China - complement the high bus production of Brasil<br />Fare collection, control, user information systems technologies consolidated<br />
    6. 6. Salient issues<br />Poor understanding on what is BRT<br />Institutional and financialrisks– poorcontracting, institutional set ups and fareleveldefinitionmechanisms<br />“The bus industry needs a ‘wake-up’ call. The opportunities are extensive, but the industry is far too traditional (often complacent), often lacking lateral thinking and not pro-active enough.” Hensher D. “A bus-based transitway or light rail? Continuing the saga on choice versus blind commitment” Road & Transport Research, Vol 8 No 3 September 1999.<br />Strongpreferencebydecisionmakersforrailalternativeswithoutadequatealternativesanalyses<br />Hot debates in Curitiba, Bogotá, Quito, Lima, Sao Paulo, Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Washington DC, Sydney…<br />
    7. 7. Whatis a Bus Rapid TransitSystem?<br />“Is a flexible, rubber-tired form of rapid transit that combines stations, vehicles, services, running ways and ITS elements into an integrated system with strong identity”<br />TCRP Report 90 – Bus Rapid Transit – Volume 2: Implementation Guidelines 2003<br />“It is a high quality public transport system, oriented to the user that offers fast, comfortable and low cost urban mobility” <br />BRT Planning Guide – ITDP, 2007<br />Photo: Karl Fjelstrom - ITDP<br />
    8. 8. Whatis a Bus Rapid TransitSystem?<br />Thisor (and) this?<br />
    9. 9. Adapted fromTCRP Report 90 – Bus Rapid Transit – Volume 2: Implementation Guidelines 2003 <br />
    10. 10.
    11. 11. About 120 cities with BRT or busways26.8 million passengers per weekday <br />280 corridors<br />4,335 km<br />6,683 stations<br />30,000 buses<br />
    12. 12. New Cities with BRT/Bus Corridors 2010<br />
    13. 13. Guahazhou BRT, China<br /><ul><li>Opened February 10, 2010
    14. 14. 22.5 km dedicated busway
    15. 15. 26 stations (prepayment, level boarding – some buses, passing lane, up to six platforms)
    16. 16. Peak supply: 340 buses/hr/direction
    17. 17. 40 routes (in and out the system, no transfers)
    18. 18. Peak demand: 26,900 passengers/hr/direction
    19. 19. Daily demand: 800,000 pax/per weekday</li></ul>Photo by Benjamin<br />Source: http://www.chinabrt.org/en/cities/guangzhou.aspx#<br />
    20. 20. Hefei BRT, China<br /><ul><li>Operationsstarted 18 Jan 2010
    21. 21. 2 Corridors
    22. 22. 12.7 km busway (15 km total)
    23. 23. 14 stations
    24. 24. Peaksupply: 60 buses/hr
    25. 25. CommericalSpeed 16 km/h
    26. 26. Fleet: 65 buses (estimated, conventional buses 12 m)
    27. 27. Ridership: 65,250 pax/day (estimated)</li></ul>Photo: Karl Fjlestrom, ITDP<br />Source: http://www.chinabrt.org/en/cities/hefei.aspx#<br />
    28. 28. Mexibús, Estado México, México<br /><ul><li>InitialoperationNov 30, 2010
    29. 29. 16 km exclusive busway (Ciudad Azteca-Tecamac)
    30. 30. 21 stations
    31. 31. 3 terminals
    32. 32. 130,000 pax/day (expected)
    33. 33. Proyectedexpansions 2011
    34. 34. 21 km (Lechería-Las Américas)
    35. 35. 14 km (Chinalhucán-Pantitlán)</li></ul>Photo: http://transeunte.org/tag/mexibus/<br />Source: http://transporteinformativo.com/pasaje/inicia-operaciones-mexibus-con-63-autobuses-articulados-volvo<br />
    36. 36. Jaipur Bus, Jaipur, India<br /><ul><li> Operations started 31 July 2010
    37. 37. Route reorganization
    38. 38. 10 routes
    39. 39. 352 line-km
    40. 40. 497 bus stops
    41. 41. 200 buses
    42. 42. 150,000 pax/day
    43. 43. Busway
    44. 44. Length 7.1 km
    45. 45. 10 stations
    46. 46. 20 buses
    47. 47. 2,000 pax/day
    48. 48. Busways plan 42 km</li></ul>Photos: http://www.jaipurjda.org/page.aspx?pid=69<br />Info: EMBARQ India and http://www.jaipurbus.com/route_map.html<br />
    49. 49. Yancheng BRT, China<br /><ul><li>OperationsstartedMay 1, 2010
    50. 50. 1 corridor
    51. 51. 8 km dedicatedbusway (15 km total)
    52. 52. 21 stations
    53. 53. 20 BRT buses (12 m)
    54. 54. 30 feeder buses
    55. 55. Estimatedridership 20,000 pax/day</li></ul>Photos and Source: http://www.chinabrt.org/en/cities/yancheng.aspx#<br />
    56. 56. Zaozhuang BRT, China<br /><ul><li>StartedOperationsAugust 1, 2010 (CommercialoperationSeptember 1, 2010)
    57. 57. 1 Corridor, 33 km
    58. 58. 24 stations
    59. 59. 2 terminals
    60. 60. 20 buses (estimated)
    61. 61. 27 buses/hour
    62. 62. 700 pax/hour/direction
    63. 63. 20,000 pax/day
    64. 64. 30 km/h commercialspeed</li></ul>Source: http://www.chinabrt.org/en/cities/zaozhuang.aspx#<br />
    65. 65. Bangkok BRT, Thailand<br /><ul><li> Free operationsstartedMay 15, 2010
    66. 66. CommercialoperationsstartedSeptember 1, 2010
    67. 67. 15.9 km median busway (Sathorn-Ratchaphruek)
    68. 68. 12 stations
    69. 69. 20 buses, conventionalhighfloor, 1 widedoor
    70. 70. Peakridership 1,000 pax/hr
    71. 71. Peak buses 14/hour
    72. 72. Dailyridership 10,000 pax/day
    73. 73. Fare 10 baht (USD 0.33)</li></ul>Photo and information source: http://www.tour-bangkok-legacies.com/bangkok-brt.html<br />Additionalsource: http://www.chinabrt.org/en/cities/bangkok.aspx#<br />
    74. 74. East London Transit, UK<br />February 2010. Two Routes (EL1, EL2)<br />12 buses per hour<br />47 min trip time<br />Approximate 20 Km, 40 stops, About 18 buses, 9,000 pax/day <br />http://www.tfl.gov.uk/corporate/projectsandschemes/2123.aspx<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/East_London_Transit<br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/wirewiping/4382063978/sizes/m/in/photostream/<br />
    75. 75. Corredor de Ônibus de João Pessoa, Brasil<br /><ul><li>Startedoperations in 2010
    76. 76. 1 corridor
    77. 77. 2.5 km
    78. 78. 5 stations
    79. 79. 111 buses
    80. 80. 100,000 passengers per weekday</li></ul>http://www.afonteenoticia.com.br/pagina.php?pg=3&id_noticia=1278<br />
    81. 81. Transmetro, Barranquilla, Colombia<br /><ul><li>Opened 10 July 2010
    82. 82. 13.4 km dedicated busway
    83. 83. 15 Stations (prepayment, level boarding)
    84. 84. 1 intermediate station,
    85. 85. 1 terminal 32.7 km auxiliary corridors (62 km planned)
    86. 86. Buses:
    87. 87. 92 articulated (18m)
    88. 88. 85 large conventional (15m)
    89. 89. 107 conventional feeder (12m)
    90. 90. Daily demand
    91. 91. 32,000 pax (305,000 expected when fully implemented)</li></ul>Photo via transmetro.gov.co<br />Sources: http://transmetro.gov.co/web2010/<br />Ministry of Transport, Mass Transit Group, Oct 2010<br />
    92. 92. Metrolínea, Bucaramanga, Colombia<br /><ul><li>Opened 21 December 2009
    93. 93. Commercialoperation 22 January 2010
    94. 94. 8.9 km trunkcorridor
    95. 95. 7.7 auxiliarycorridors (25.2 km plan.)
    96. 96. 24 stations (levelboarding, prepayment)
    97. 97. 80.1 km feederlines
    98. 98. Buses
    99. 99. 15 Articulated
    100. 100. 47 Large Conventional 15m (203 plan.)
    101. 101. 69 Conventional feeder (150 plan.)
    102. 102. Ridership: 75,000 pax/day</li></ul>Photo: http://www.metrolinea.gov.co/ <br />Source: Ministry of Transport, Mass Transit Group, Oct 2010<br />
    103. 103. Metropolitano, Lima, Peru<br /><ul><li>Initial Operation, May 2010
    104. 104. 27 km busways, 80% with overtaking at stations
    105. 105. 35 stations, one large central underground station, two terminals
    106. 106. 308 articulated buses
    107. 107. 319 feeder buses
    108. 108. 82,000 pax/day south section (854,000 pax/day expected)
    109. 109. 21 km/hour commercial speed </li></ul>Photo: Protransporte, Lima, May 2010<br />Source: Menckhoff, G., Ochoa, C., Ardila, A. “El Metropolitano de Lima: Implementación y Primeros Resultados de un Nuevo Sistema BRT” CLATPU, Octubre 2010<br />
    110. 110. Züm, Brampton, Ontario, Canada<br /><ul><li>OperationsStartedSeptember 20, 2010
    111. 111. 28.5 km busway
    112. 112. 17 stations
    113. 113. 25 buses, lowfloor, 25 m
    114. 114. Twoadditionalcorridorsplannedfor 2011-2012</li></ul>Photo: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Brampton_Zum_1074b.JPG<br />Sources: http://www.brampton.ca/en/residents/transit/zum/Pages/welcome.aspx http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Z%C3%BCm<br />
    115. 115. Systemsexpansions 2010<br />125 km 3% increase over existing km in 2009 <br />
    116. 116.
    117. 117.
    118. 118.
    119. 119. Latin American Association Agencies in control of BRT and Integrated Bus Systems – ALASIBRT<br />
    120. 120. http://www.embarq.org/en/modernizing-public-transportation<br />
    121. 121. Filename/RPS Number<br />What Went Wrong<br />Common problems<br /><ul><li>Rushed implementation – several components incomplete
    122. 122. Very tight financial planning – non technical user fares, some systems at risk
    123. 123. Very high occupancy levels (160 pax/bus standard for articulated buses is not accepted by the users)
    124. 124. Early deterioriation of infrastructure (lack of road surface reinforcement or problems in design/construction)
    125. 125. Implementation of fare collection systems requires longer time tables and very tight supervision
    126. 126. Insufficient user education</li></li></ul><li>Informationneedsonthe BRT Industry<br />Stakeholdermaps<br />Government Agencies<br />Operators<br /> Bus providers<br />Technologyproviders<br />Userassociations<br />NGOs<br /> Academia<br />Marketsize and projections<br /> BRT and bus corridor atlas (cities, km, stations, buses, types of interventions, farerevenues, subsidies, capital and operation, issues)<br />Comparativeanalysis, projections<br />
    127. 127. Outstandingissues<br />Whatis BRT ortypes of BRT<br />Comparissonwithalternatives<br />Case studies – technical, institutional, financial, regulatory<br />Collaborations – agencies, providers, NGOs, academicinstitutions<br />
    128. 128. ¡Muchas Gracias!<br />

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