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Better Growth Better Climate
Madhav Pai
connectkaro.org
connectkaro.org
The Global New Climate Economy Partnership
Global Commission
Chaired by Felipe Calderón
and Nicholas Stern
Comprising 24 m...
Members of the Global Commission
Jean Pascal Tricoire
CEO, Schneider
Electric
Felipe Calderón (Chair)
Former President,
Me...
Key drivers of growth and climate performance
RESOURCE
EFFICIENCY
INNOVATION
INFRASTRUCTURE
INVESTMENT
HIGH QUALITY, RESIL...
CITIES: Rapidly growing urban areas are key drivers of
economic growth and emissions
Sources: Population split from 2011, ...
3C’s: New Model of Urban Development
1. Compact urban growth
2. Connected infrastructure
3. Coordinated governance
Managed...
A different model of urban development is possible:
Atlanta and Barcelona have similar populations and wealth levels but
v...
A range of smart transport systems have taken
off in numerous cities worldwide since 2000
Source: Embarq 2013
There are affordable mass transit solutions:
BRT can be delivered at 15% of the cost of a metro
Number of cities (Source: ...
1995 201020001990 20142005
USD/MWh
Current fossil fuel
range, indicative
Solar PV, historical
Best utility-scale
project, ...
ENERGY: Wind turbines have evolved to have 100 times
more power generation capabilities than 30 years ago
Sources: Cityfix...
Energy in Cities1. Building Sector:
• Improved design
• Insulation
• Lighting and heating/cooling
• Small scale renewables...
INNOVATION: Google is becoming one of the
biggest “clean tech” companies on the planet
Source: Google, Greentech Media
Savings in global infrastructure spending
to 2030 from more compact, connected
urban development
Source: New Climate Econo...
Recommendations of Global Commission
• Make better planned urban development
a central element of national economic
develo...
Recommendations of Global Commission
• Redirect existing infrastructure funding
towards more compact, connected and
coordi...
connectkaro.org
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Session 6 - Better Growth Better Climate

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Speaker | Madhav Pai - EMBARQ India

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Session 6 - Better Growth Better Climate

  1. 1. Better Growth Better Climate Madhav Pai connectkaro.org
  2. 2. connectkaro.org
  3. 3. The Global New Climate Economy Partnership Global Commission Chaired by Felipe Calderón and Nicholas Stern Comprising 24 members including: • former heads of government • finance ministers • leaders in business, finance and economics Economic Advisory Panel 14 world leading economists, chaired by Professor Lord Nicholas Stern Includes: Two Nobel prize winners: Daniel Kahneman and Michael Spence 7 Commissioning Countries Colombia Ethiopia Indonesia Norway Sweden South Korea United Kingdom 8 Partner Research Institutes Climate Policy Initiative (USA) Ethiopian Development and Research Institute Indian Centre for Research on Economic Relations (ICRIER) Global Green Growth Institute (South Korea) London School of Economics (UK) Stockholm Environment Institute (Sweden) Tsinghua University (China) World Resources Institute (USA)
  4. 4. Members of the Global Commission Jean Pascal Tricoire CEO, Schneider Electric Felipe Calderón (Chair) Former President, Mexico Ingrid Bonde CFO and Deputy CEO, Vattenfall Sharan Burrow General Secretary, International Trade Union Confederation Chen Yuan Former Chairman, Chinese Development Bank Helen Clark Administrator, UNDP Luísa Diogo Former Prime Minister, Mozambique Dan Doctoroff Former CEO, Bloomberg S. (Kris) Gopalakrishnan Co-founder, Infosys Angel Gurría Secretary General, OECD Chad Holliday Chairman-designate, Shell Sri Mulyani Indrawati Managing Director and COO, World Bank Caio Koch Weser Vice Chairman, Deutsche Bank Ricardo Lagos Former President, Chile Michel Liès CEO, Swiss Re Trevor Manuel Former Finance Minister, South Africa Takehiko Nakao President, Asian Development Bank Eduardo Paes Mayor, Rio de Janeiro Annise Parker Mayor, Houston Paul Polman CEO, Unilever Nicholas Stern (Vice-Chair) IG Patel Professor at the London School of Economics and Political Science Zhu Levin Former CEO, China International Capital Corporation Jens Stoltenberg Former Prime Minister, Norway Maria van der Hoeven Executive Director, International Energy Agency Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala Minister of Finance, Nigeria Naina Lal Kidwai Chairman, HSBC India Suma Chakrabarti President, EBRD Kristin Skogen Lund Director General, Confederation of Norwegian Enterprise
  5. 5. Key drivers of growth and climate performance RESOURCE EFFICIENCY INNOVATION INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT HIGH QUALITY, RESILIENT, INCLUSIVE = BETTER GROWTH ENERG Y LAND USE CITIES WIDER ECONOMY
  6. 6. CITIES: Rapidly growing urban areas are key drivers of economic growth and emissions Sources: Population split from 2011, GDP split estimate from Grubler et al 2007 cited in GEA 2012, Energy use split from GEA 2005, Emissions from World Energy Outlook 2006 60% of population 80% of GDP70% of energy consumption
  7. 7. 3C’s: New Model of Urban Development 1. Compact urban growth 2. Connected infrastructure 3. Coordinated governance Managed expansion, mixed-use urban form, good quality urban design Smarter transport systems, smarter utilities, smart grids Integrated land use and transport authorities, integrated planning, PPPs
  8. 8. A different model of urban development is possible: Atlanta and Barcelona have similar populations and wealth levels but very different carbon productivities Atlanta’s built-up area Barcelona’s built-up area Population: 5.26 million Total area: 16,605 km2 Urban area: 7692 km2 Transport carbon emissions: 6.9 tonnes CO2 p.c. Population: 5 million Total area: 3263 km2 Urban area: 648 km2 Transport carbon emissions: 1.2 tonnes CO2 p.c. ATLANTA BARCELONA Source: LSE research, drawing on data from Atlanta Regional Commission (2014), Autoritat del Transport Metropolita (Area de Barcelona) (2013), GenCat (2013), UCSB (2014), D’Onofrio (2014), based on latest data.
  9. 9. A range of smart transport systems have taken off in numerous cities worldwide since 2000 Source: Embarq 2013
  10. 10. There are affordable mass transit solutions: BRT can be delivered at 15% of the cost of a metro Number of cities (Source: Wright 2007) Implementing smart transport infrastructures such as Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) has transformative effects Cities
  11. 11. 1995 201020001990 20142005 USD/MWh Current fossil fuel range, indicative Solar PV, historical Best utility-scale project, 2014 Sources: Citi Research 2012; G. F Nemet, “Beyond the learning curve”, Energy Policy 34, 3218-3232 (2006) ENERGY: The cost of solar PV is dropping fast
  12. 12. ENERGY: Wind turbines have evolved to have 100 times more power generation capabilities than 30 years ago Sources: Cityfix.com, NY Times, LSE and NCE Cities – Paper 03 Accessibility in Cities: Transport and Urban Form, p 10-11
  13. 13. Energy in Cities1. Building Sector: • Improved design • Insulation • Lighting and heating/cooling • Small scale renewables Leeds, UK • Payback < 3 years • Domestic sector emission reductions of 16% 2. Transport Sector: • Efficient vehicles • Cleaner fuels • Public Transport 3. Waste Management: • Recylcing • Landfill gas capture • Composting of waste Lima-Callao, Peru • Payback 2.6 years • Transport related emission reductions of 26% by 2025 Kolkata, India: • Payback 11.8 years • Waste related emission reductions of 41% by 2025
  14. 14. INNOVATION: Google is becoming one of the biggest “clean tech” companies on the planet Source: Google, Greentech Media
  15. 15. Savings in global infrastructure spending to 2030 from more compact, connected urban development Source: New Climate Economy analysis. $3 trillion
  16. 16. Recommendations of Global Commission • Make better planned urban development a central element of national economic development strategies 1. BETTER URBANISATION • Consider greater fiscal autonomy for cities to unleash investment in smarter urban infrastructure 2. FISCAL AUTONOMY • Eliminate fuel subsidies, congestion charging, land and development taxes, density bonuses 3. TAX REFORM • Minimum density standards, maximum parking requirements, growth boundaries 4. REGULATORY REFORM
  17. 17. Recommendations of Global Commission • Redirect existing infrastructure funding towards more compact, connected and coordinated urban infrastructure, including MDB financing 5. REDIRECT INVESTMENT • Strengthen role of strategic planning at national, regional, and city levels including setting up integrated land use and transport authorities 6. PLANNING AND GOVERNANCE • Land Value Capture, enhancing own source revenue to boost creditworthiness, ‘city bonds’ 7. FINANCING MODELS
  18. 18. connectkaro.org

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