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Informal Public Transport: Good or Bad? Introduction!! Presented at Transforming Transportation 2013!! Multiple speakers!! This presentation is an introduction to the debate on Information Transport!Transforming Transportation 2013!
“Service” Lebanon, Jordan, “Cars Rapide” Israel, Pales?ne Senegal “Micro” Peru “TroTro” “Danfo” Ghana Nigeria Informal Public Transport Good or Bad?? “Combi” South Africa “Jeepney” the Philippines “Dolmus” Turkey “Tempo” India “Bemo” Indonesia
Informal Public Transport • A mode of transport prevalent in developing countries where private sector entrepreneurs operate small passenger vehicles on a route with no schedules and no formal stops; • The services – operate when the entrepreneurs choose – begin their runs at terminals which they generally leave when they are either full or close – stop to pick up and drop oﬀ passengers anywhere along the way to a terminal at the other end of the route – may divert oﬀ the given route; • Regula=on – Entry? – Fare? – Safety?
Formal Public Transport • A mode of public transport that u=lizes rela=vely larger vehicles that operate on a ﬁxed route, with a ﬁxed schedule serving only designated stops and terminals • Formal public transport is strongly regulated with respect to operator entry, bus standards, fares, span of service and schedules, stops and terminals and labor prac=ces • Services may either be provided by a state owned enterprise or by the private sector on the basis of compe==vely procured contracts or concession agreements
The Debate 1. Informal public transport should be leI alone, with minimal regula=on -‐-‐ the number of vehicles plying, vehicle safety and condi=on and driver skills; Or 2. Informal public transport should be eliminated in favor of more highly regulated, formal public transport.
Transforming Transportation 2013!! Co-organized by EMBARQ and The World Bank!! More information at:!! EMBARQ.org!! worldbank.org/transport!! Questions? Comments? Contact us at email@example.com!! Follow us on Twitter: @EMBARQnetwork!Transforming Transportation 2013!