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Advancing integrated transport in Latin America cities!!   Presented at Transforming Transportation 2013!! Pilar Rodriguez...
Advancing	  integrated	  transport	  in	  La1n	                      America	  ci1es	   Transforming	  Transporta1on	  –	 ...
Inertial Future (everybody already knows…)     fewer passengers on Public Transport…Modal Split Trend in Brazil (%) – simi...
congestion, productivity loss, mobility reduction, and…
A             impacts on Public Health!                    ca                                                          pr ...
Urban Public Transport NEEDS   Urgent Improvements
ü  8	  countries	  –	  19	  La1n	  American	  ci1es	                                                 ü  20	  million	  p...
64% of the world demand for BRT/Exclusive Bus Corridors are concentrated in 50 Latin American cities                      ...
Rio de Janeiro:Primer BRT 2012                Transoeste: 40 km                                   New	  in	  2012!	  Foto:...
BOGOTA: Transmilenio Third Phase                     Portal El Dorado                                                     ...
MEXICO DF: Metrobus Line 4                 New	  in	  2012!	                      Photo:	  CTS	  EMBARQ	  Mexico
Since improvements are urgent,    HOW CAN WE IMPROVE QUALITY?HOW CAN WE ACCELERATE MODERNIZATION?
SIBRT – EMBARQ – BRT CoEGeneral Secretariat                                                 PUC	  -­‐	  Chile	            ...
High Quality Urban Transit for All!    SIBRT	  is	  a	  Benchmarking	  Associa1on	  	  !    Public	  Transit	  Agencies	  ...
SIBRT DataSupport the GLOBAL BRT Data: www.brtdata.org   Produced by SIBRT Datasheets:                            !   Basi...
Benchmarking IndicatorsIntroduce the Performance Indicators                                      Benchmarking             ...
Benchmarking and Innovation                             Main Topics!   Quality of Service and User Satisfaction!   Road Sa...
Conferences, Workshops, Share Knowledge                        I Workshop SIBRT on                        Quality of Servi...
SIBRT is working for a broad alliance of main           urban transit stakeholders                              Government...
Transmilenio’s Model                          (Mexico, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru,…)                                         ...
Santiago’s Model        (Brasil, Chile)                                           !   Replace with Citywide               ...
Target: Integration y Optimization  !   Modal,	  fare,	  ins1tu1onal,	  and	  management	        integra1on	  in	  Metropo...
Citywide	  Integrated	  Mass	  Transport	  System	  in	  Cali,	         Colombia	                       	  MIO	   Washingt...
Outline	  •  Context	  •  Project	  descrip1on	  and	  progress	  	  •  Challenges	  and	  lessons	  learned	  
Context	  -­‐	  Cali	                                                           •  3rd	  largest	  city	  in	             ...
Context	  -­‐	  Transporta1on	  in	  Cali	  Mode Distribution in Cali                             •  Conven1onal	  third	 ...
Context	  -­‐	  Transporta1on	  in	  Cali	  •  Up	  to	  now	       –  Started	  to	  implement	  a	  modern,	  integrated...
Project	  Descrip1on	  –	  Integrated	  System	  	  •  Objec1ve:	  replace	  conven1onal	  old	  bus	  system	  with	  new...
Project	  Descrip1on	  -­‐	  Corridors	  Map	  Trunk CorridorsPre-trunk CorridorsFeeder RoutesTransfer Stations
Project	  Descrip1on	  -­‐	  Opera1ons	  Item	                                                Planned	      Done	  New	  T...
Project	  Descrip1on	  -­‐	  Infrastructure	  Item	                              Planned	         Done	  Trunk	  corridors...
Project	  Descrip1on	  -­‐	  Infrastructure	  Trunk CorridorsFuture Trunk CorridorsBuilt Transfer StationsFuture Tra nsfer...
Challenges	  and	  Lessons	  Learned	  •  Replacing	  old	  system	  –	  balancing	  act	  	      –  Implementa1on	  sched...
Challenges	  and	  Lessons	  Learned	  •  Integrated	  Network	  Design	      –  Usually,	  the	  conven1onal	  system	  i...
Challenges	  and	  Lessons	  learned	  •  Cultural	  change	      –  Fare	  collec1on	  system	           •  Learn	  to	  ...
Challenges	  and	  Lessons	  learned	  •  Fare	  Collec1on	  System	     –  Contact-­‐less	  rechargeable	        card	   ...
Challenges	  and	  Lessons	  learned	  •  Economic	  Model	      –  It	  was	  designed	  to	  cover	  all	  opera1onal	  ...
THANK	  YOU	         Pilar	  Rodriguez	  prodriguez@metrocali.gov.co	  
III SIBRT Conference on Best Practices                    June	  4-­‐7	  of	  2013	                                       ...
Spa1al	  Coverage	  
Trunk	  Corridors	  –	  5th	  Street	  
Trunk	  Corridor	  –	  Downtown	  
Trunk	  Corridor	  and	  Sta1ons	  
Andres	  Sanin	  Transfer	  Sta1on	  
Menga	  Transfer	  Sta1on	  
Aguablanca	  Transfer	  Sta1on	  
Garages	  
Aerial	  Cable	  System	  	  
Green	  Corridor	  
Transforming Transportation 2013!!     Co-organized by EMBARQ and The World Bank!!     More information at:!!     EMBARQ.o...
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Advancing Integrated Transport in Latin American Cities - Pilar Rodriguez - SIBRT Metrocali - Transforming Transportation 2013 - EMBARQ and The World Bank

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Advancing Integrated Transport in Latin American Cities - Pilar Rodriguez - SIBRT Metrocali - Transforming Transportation 2013 - EMBARQ and The World Bank

  1. 1. Advancing integrated transport in Latin America cities!!   Presented at Transforming Transportation 2013!! Pilar Rodriguez!!   Vice-President, SIBRT!!   President, Metrocali!Transforming Transportation 2013!
  2. 2. Advancing  integrated  transport  in  La1n   America  ci1es   Transforming  Transporta1on  –  Washington  DC  –  January  18,  2013   Citywide  Integrated  High  Quality  Transit   Transit  System  in   in  La1n  America   Cali,  Colombia   Pilar  Rodriguez   Vice-­‐President  SIBRT  /  President  Metrocali  
  3. 3. Inertial Future (everybody already knows…) fewer passengers on Public Transport…Modal Split Trend in Brazil (%) – similar to others ↑  Income,  ↓  Prices   ↑  Conges1on   ↑  Fare   ↓  Speed   Source: ANTP
  4. 4. congestion, productivity loss, mobility reduction, and…
  5. 5. A impacts on Public Health! ca pr   Q pr m qu 1.3 million deaths 1.2 million deaths Noise: stress, cardiovascular diseases, analytical capacity problems3.2 millions of deaths
  6. 6. Urban Public Transport NEEDS Urgent Improvements
  7. 7. ü  8  countries  –  19  La1n  American  ci1es   ü  20  million  passengers  daily   ü  700  km  of  exclusive  lanes   ü  30.000  transport  units  The  La1n-­‐American  Associa1on  of  Integrated  Systems  and  BRT  (SIBRT)  works  for  the  development  and  quality  improvement  of  urban  transit.  
  8. 8. 64% of the world demand for BRT/Exclusive Bus Corridors are concentrated in 50 Latin American cities Asia!USA and Canada! 24 cities!20 cities! 25 corridors!27 corridors! 5.78 M pax/day!0.85 M pax/day! Europe! 43 cities! 51 corridors! 1.67 M pax/day! Africa! 3 cities! 3 corridors! 0.24 M pax/day! Latin America and Oceania! the Caribbean! 7 cities! 50 cities! 7 corridors! 145 corridors! 0.33 M pax/day! 16.07 M pax/day! source: BRTdata.org, January, 2013!
  9. 9. Rio de Janeiro:Primer BRT 2012 Transoeste: 40 km New  in  2012!  Foto: Mariana Gil/ EMBARQ Brasil
  10. 10. BOGOTA: Transmilenio Third Phase Portal El Dorado New  in  2012!  http://www.metroenbogota.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/transmilenio-hasta-el-aeropuerto-el-doraro.jpg
  11. 11. MEXICO DF: Metrobus Line 4 New  in  2012!   Photo:  CTS  EMBARQ  Mexico
  12. 12. Since improvements are urgent, HOW CAN WE IMPROVE QUALITY?HOW CAN WE ACCELERATE MODERNIZATION?
  13. 13. SIBRT – EMBARQ – BRT CoEGeneral Secretariat PUC  -­‐  Chile   MassachuseTs   Ins1tute  of   Technology   Technical  University   of  Linbon  
  14. 14. High Quality Urban Transit for All!  SIBRT  is  a  Benchmarking  Associa1on    !  Public  Transit  Agencies  commied  with  improvement  !  A  capacity  building  process  based  on  collabora1on  !  Learning  from  other’s  experiences  and  mistakes  
  15. 15. SIBRT DataSupport the GLOBAL BRT Data: www.brtdata.org Produced by SIBRT Datasheets: !   Basic Informationwww.sibrtonline.org 55+ data from each associated system, with complementary information and links. !   Photos 800+ photos with descriptions, showing the characteristics of each system. !   Maps Maps of corridors and routes of each system.
  16. 16. Benchmarking IndicatorsIntroduce the Performance Indicators Benchmarking Indicators Systemand Complementary Informationmonitored to Identify Best Practices and Performancethe aspects that we can be improved comparing Indicatorsto other agencies. Complementary Information Example of* The indicators are Improved Future Performance Performancedivided by topics and aremonitored online by the Performance +associates, respecting the Current Performanceconfidentialityagreement. Outliers Cost / Other attribute +
  17. 17. Benchmarking and Innovation Main Topics!   Quality of Service and User Satisfaction!   Road Safety for urban buses!   Financing of Integrated Transport SystemsCurrent Road Map: Terms of Technical Benchmarking Conferences Studies + Reference Indicators and Guides of Datasheets studies System Workshops best practices contracting In cooperation with: Center of Excellence
  18. 18. Conferences, Workshops, Share Knowledge I Workshop SIBRT on Quality of Service and User Satisfaction
  19. 19. SIBRT is working for a broad alliance of main urban transit stakeholders Government Academia and Operators Research Associations andCenter of Excelence BRT, CompaniesUniversities, Consulting (NTU, AMTM…) Public agencies   Banks Industry Private, MultilateralVehicles, services and and Development technology USERS Press / Media
  20. 20. Transmilenio’s Model (Mexico, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru,…) !   Build BRT Corridors/Network (trunk-feeded high capacity system in parallel to conventional buses)   !   Need to eliminate competition with conventional buses and extend better quality to the whole city !   Create an Integrated Transport System   In  process,  difficult…  Foto: Luis Antonio Lindau/ EMBARQ Brasil
  21. 21. Santiago’s Model (Brasil, Chile) !   Replace with Citywide Transport System (some BRT, most bus corridors) Low Investments, Insuficient Transit Priority,   ↑Congestion, ↓Speed, ↓  Passengers !   Optimize with BRT corridors,   Increase  speed,  reliability   and  efficiency  (in  process…)  Foto: Luis Antonio Lindau/ EMBARQ Brasil
  22. 22. Target: Integration y Optimization !   Modal,  fare,  ins1tu1onal,  and  management   integra1on  in  Metropolitan  Areas      
  23. 23. Citywide  Integrated  Mass  Transport  System  in  Cali,   Colombia    MIO   Washington,  D.C.  -­‐  January  14,  2013  
  24. 24. Outline  •  Context  •  Project  descrip1on  and  progress    •  Challenges  and  lessons  learned  
  25. 25. Context  -­‐  Cali   •  3rd  largest  city  in   Caribbean  Sea   Colombia   •  2.3  million  people  in  the   PANAMA   VENEZUELA   urban  area   Bogotá   •  2.9  million  in  the   Cali   metropolitan  area   COLOMBIA  Pacific  Ocean   ECUADOR   BRASIL  
  26. 26. Context  -­‐  Transporta1on  in  Cali  Mode Distribution in Cali •  Conven1onal  third  world  transit   3.179.283 trips/day system   Jeeps 1% –  Privately  owned  buses   Taxi 7% –  Public  agency  providing  route   Walk permits  but  lacking  service  control     Public 35%   24% Bike Transp 11% 40% Moto 7% Auto 10% Source:  O-­‐D  Matrix  –  Bikeways   Master  Plan  2005  
  27. 27. Context  -­‐  Transporta1on  in  Cali  •  Up  to  now   –  Started  to  implement  a  modern,  integrated  transit  system  •  We  s1ll  had  to   –  Create  a  sustainable  mul1modal  mobility  plan:  recognizes   all  modes  of  transport  but  focuses  on  maintaining    mode   share  for  transit,  bike,  and  walk  trips   •  Invest  in  infrastructure  for  walk  and  bike  trips   •  Integrate  bike,  walk,  and  taxi  trips  to  transit  effec1vely   •  Integrate  regional  transit  to  the  city’s  MIO  system   •  Improve  quality  of  service  in  MIO  system   •  Discourage  use  of  private  cars  and  motorcycles   •  Create  educa1onal  programs  to    reduce  accident  rate  in   motorcycles  
  28. 28. Project  Descrip1on  –  Integrated  System    •  Objec1ve:  replace  conven1onal  old  bus  system  with  new   modern  integrated  transit  system   –  Create  new  Transit  Authority   –  Concession  out  opera1ons  to   few  companies  and  buy  out   old  buses   –  Create  new  card-­‐based   payment  system  
  29. 29. Project  Descrip1on  -­‐  Corridors  Map  Trunk CorridorsPre-trunk CorridorsFeeder RoutesTransfer Stations
  30. 30. Project  Descrip1on  -­‐  Opera1ons  Item   Planned   Done  New  Transit  Authority  -­‐  Metrocali   1   1  Fare  Collec1on  System   1   1  AVL  System   1   1  Bike  Sharing/Ren1ng  System   1   0  Transit  Demand  Coverage   100%   53%  Daily  Trips   960.000   510.000  Spa1al  Coverage  (300  mt  buffer)   100%   90%  Routes   100   90  New  Buses  in  Opera1on   911   858  Old  Buses  out  of  Opera1on   4931   3228  
  31. 31. Project  Descrip1on  -­‐  Infrastructure  Item   Planned   Done  Trunk  corridors     38  km   36  km  Terminal  Sta1ons   5   2  Medium  Transfer  Sta1ons   4   1  Sta1ons   56   56  Aerial  Cable  Line   1   0  Bikeways   50  km   19.6  km  Bus  Garages   4   2  
  32. 32. Project  Descrip1on  -­‐  Infrastructure  Trunk CorridorsFuture Trunk CorridorsBuilt Transfer StationsFuture Tra nsferStationsCable System
  33. 33. Challenges  and  Lessons  Learned  •  Replacing  old  system  –  balancing  act     –  Implementa1on  schedule   •  Too  fast  (San1ago,  Chile)  –  chaos   •  Too  slow  (Bogota,  Colombia)  –  process  may  never  finish   –  Who  buys  out  old  operators  and  bus  owners?   •  Government   •  New  operators   •  No  one   –  Poli1cal  will  is  absolutely  necessary  to  enforce  all   necessary  measures  to  replace  old  system  while   having  a  fair  process   •  Difficult  social  process  –  impact  on  bus  owners,  drivers,   other  informal  workers  in  the  industry  
  34. 34. Challenges  and  Lessons  Learned  •  Integrated  Network  Design   –  Usually,  the  conven1onal  system  in  developing   countries  is  a  privately  operated  over-­‐supplied   system,  which  results  in  good  level  of  service  for  users   regarding  access  and  wai1ng  1me,  and  no  transfers   –  Generally,  Integrated  Network  Systems  introduce   transfers  to  trips,  which  is  perceived  as  poor  level  of   service  •  A  ra1onalized  Integrated  Network  System  may  be   efficient  from  a  supply  point  of  view  but  it  may   deteriorate  the  Level  of  Service  perceived  by   users   –  Number  of  buses  and  route  design  is  crucial  
  35. 35. Challenges  and  Lessons  learned  •  Cultural  change   –  Fare  collec1on  system   •  Learn  to  use  and  trust  a  fare-­‐card  system  instead  of  cash  is   difficult  for  typical  lower-­‐income  user  of  transit  in   developing  countries   –  Understanding  maps  and  way-­‐finding  signs   –  Vehicles  stop  only  at  designated  stops  •  Ins1tu1onal  and  Organiza1onal  Capabili1es   –  Implemen1ng  an  organized  system  requires  many   trained  professionals  –  Authority,  operators,   designers   –  Being  part  of  SIBRT  has  helped    to  train  Metrocali’s   staff  
  36. 36. Challenges  and  Lessons  learned  •  Fare  Collec1on  System   –  Contact-­‐less  rechargeable   card   –  Enough  points  of  sales  and   recharge   –  Has  become  No.  1   deterrent  for  people  to  use   the  MIO  system  
  37. 37. Challenges  and  Lessons  learned  •  Economic  Model   –  It  was  designed  to  cover  all  opera1onal  costs   –  The  MIO  system  is  not  there  yet   –  Operators  are  s1ll  injec1ng  money  every  month   into  their  opera1ons   –  Demand  has  to  increase  to  reach  breaking  point  •  In  a  citywide  integrated  system,  there  will  be   low-­‐performing  routes,  that  are  a  social   service   –  Can  it  be  sustained  without  opera1onal  subsidies?  
  38. 38. THANK  YOU   Pilar  Rodriguez  prodriguez@metrocali.gov.co  
  39. 39. III SIBRT Conference on Best Practices June  4-­‐7  of  2013   Organized  by  
  40. 40. Spa1al  Coverage  
  41. 41. Trunk  Corridors  –  5th  Street  
  42. 42. Trunk  Corridor  –  Downtown  
  43. 43. Trunk  Corridor  and  Sta1ons  
  44. 44. Andres  Sanin  Transfer  Sta1on  
  45. 45. Menga  Transfer  Sta1on  
  46. 46. Aguablanca  Transfer  Sta1on  
  47. 47. Garages  
  48. 48. Aerial  Cable  System    
  49. 49. Green  Corridor  
  50. 50. Transforming Transportation 2013!!   Co-organized by EMBARQ and The World Bank!!   More information at:!! EMBARQ.org!! worldbank.org/transport!!   Questions? Comments? Contact us at embarq@wri.org!!   Follow us on Twitter: @EMBARQnetwork!Transforming Transportation 2013!

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