Saving Lives with Sustainable Transport!
!   Nicolae Duduta, Associate Transport Planner, EMBARQ,
World Resources Institut...
Main questions!
What are the safety impacts of reducing
car traffic and promoting transit, walking,
and cycling?!

How do w...
Agenda!
!   Different approaches to traffic safety!
!   Motivation for the report!
•  Example: Rio de Janeiro — The place o...
Approaches to traffic safety!
!   Pre-crash | Crash | Post-crash!
!   The three E’s: !
•  Engineering!
•  Enforcement!
•  E...
Approaches to traffic safety!
!   Traffic Safety and Sustainable Transport!
!   Road Safety Community à WHO, UNRSC!
•  Deca...
The place of safety in transport planning


!   300 ft (100m) wide! ! !
!   50mph (80km) speed limit!
!   1,800ft (600m) b...
Sidewalk provision is at the
discretion of property
owners along the street.
Streets often lack sidewalks.
From the time of pressing the button,
until finishing the crossing:

8 min, 14 s
Pedestrians almost always
cross on red
Report Overview!
Safety impact:!
!   Reductions in traffic (congestion charging)!
!   Improvements to cycling and pedestria...
Vehicle kilometers traveled (VKT)!
!   There is a strong correlation between VKT and safety!
!   Policies that reduce VKT ...
Traffic volumes and traffic safety!
U.S. states

Traffic fatalities per 100,000 people
(urban roads)

35
30
25

R² = 0.69

2...
VKT and fatality trends over time!
450
400
350
300
250

Fatalities indicator

200
150
100

VKT indicator
50
0

VKT indicat...
Congestion Charging!
!   London introduced a charge
for driving a car inside a
specific area within the
downtown!

!  15% r...
Cycling and safety!
!   In several cities around the
world, increases in cycling were
associated with reductions in
the cy...
Cycling and safety!
9000	
  

400	
  

8000	
  

Bicycle	
  crashes	
  

7000	
  

350	
  
300	
  
250	
  

5000	
  
200	
...
Mass transport and traffic safety!
!   In the developed world, mass transport is the safest urban
transport mode!
!   In th...
Mass transport!

! 

Calz. Independencia, Guadalajara, Mexico - 2007!
Mass transport!
Reduction in the number of
lanes
Shorter
Central
pedestrian
median
crossings

! 

Calz. Independencia, Gua...
Conclusions!
Evidence of safety impact from: !
!   Reductions in car traffic (e.g. congestion charging)!
!   Improvements i...
Counterflow – Mexico City!

! 

Eje 3 Oriente, Mexico City, July 2011!
Counterflow – Mexico City!
!   Road safety audits: three between 2010-2013
recommended removal of counterflow!
!   Safety im...
Counterflow – Mexico City!

! 

Eje 3 Oriente, Mexico City, July 2011 - October 2013!
Thank you!
!   Nicolae Duduta, Associate Transport Planner, EMBARQ,
World Resources Institute!
!   nduduta@wri.org!
This p...
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Nicolae Duduta: Saving Lives with Sustainable Transport

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Nicolae Duduta, Associate Transport Planner with EMBARQ, shares information on how biking, walking, and mass transport can reduce traffic accidents and save lives. For more information, view the EMBARQ issue brief on the topic, <a>"Saving Lives with Sustainable Transport"</a>.

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Nicolae Duduta: Saving Lives with Sustainable Transport

  1. 1. Saving Lives with Sustainable Transport! !   Nicolae Duduta, Associate Transport Planner, EMBARQ, World Resources Institute! !   December 5, 2013 — Washington, DC! Calz. Independencia, Guadalajara, Mexico - 2009
  2. 2. Main questions! What are the safety impacts of reducing car traffic and promoting transit, walking, and cycling?! How do we better integrate safety into transportation planning?!
  3. 3. Agenda! !   Different approaches to traffic safety! !   Motivation for the report! •  Example: Rio de Janeiro — The place of safety in transport planning! !   Report findings! •  Evidence of the safety impact of sustainable transport! !   Outcomes! •  Example: Mexico City — integrating safety into transport planning!
  4. 4. Approaches to traffic safety! !   Pre-crash | Crash | Post-crash! !   The three E’s: ! •  Engineering! •  Enforcement! •  Education! !   EMBARQ: Safety should be an integral part of all stages of urban transportation planning!
  5. 5. Approaches to traffic safety! !   Traffic Safety and Sustainable Transport! !   Road Safety Community à WHO, UNRSC! •  Decade of Action on Road Safety! •  Global Status Report on Road Safety! !   Transport planning! •  Planning and engineering professionals! •  Local decision makers!
  6. 6. The place of safety in transport planning
 !   300 ft (100m) wide! ! ! !   50mph (80km) speed limit! !   1,800ft (600m) blocks ! ! ! !! Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Photo by EMBARQ. !!
  7. 7. Sidewalk provision is at the discretion of property owners along the street. Streets often lack sidewalks.
  8. 8. From the time of pressing the button, until finishing the crossing: 8 min, 14 s
  9. 9. Pedestrians almost always cross on red
  10. 10. Report Overview! Safety impact:! !   Reductions in traffic (congestion charging)! !   Improvements to cycling and pedestrian infrastructure! !   Investment in high quality mass transport!
  11. 11. Vehicle kilometers traveled (VKT)! !   There is a strong correlation between VKT and safety! !   Policies that reduce VKT have been shown to also have a positive safety impact!
  12. 12. Traffic volumes and traffic safety! U.S. states Traffic fatalities per 100,000 people (urban roads) 35 30 25 R² = 0.69 20 15 10 5 10 20 30 Daily VMT per person (urban roads) 40 50 Source:  FHWA  Highway  Sta4s4cs,  2008  
  13. 13. VKT and fatality trends over time! 450 400 350 300 250 Fatalities indicator 200 150 100 VKT indicator 50 0 VKT indicator Fatalities indicator Relationship between VKT and traffic fatalities in Denmark, 1950-2010.
  14. 14. Congestion Charging! !   London introduced a charge for driving a car inside a specific area within the downtown! !  15% reduction in injury accidents compared to citywide trends in London ! Source: Transport for London (TfL)!
  15. 15. Cycling and safety! !   In several cities around the world, increases in cycling were associated with reductions in the cycling injury rate! !   Examples from Copenhagen, New York, Minneapolis!
  16. 16. Cycling and safety! 9000   400   8000   Bicycle  crashes   7000   350   300   250   5000   200   4000   Bicycle  commuters   150   3000   100   2000   50   1000   0   0   1993   1994   1995   1996   1997   1998   1999   2000   2001   2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008   2009   2010   !   Bicycle commuters and bicycle crashes, Minneapolis! Bicycle  crashes   Biicycle  commuters   6000  
  17. 17. Mass transport and traffic safety! !   In the developed world, mass transport is the safest urban transport mode! !   In the developing world, well designed, high-quality mass transport systems have had significant safety benefits!
  18. 18. Mass transport! !  Calz. Independencia, Guadalajara, Mexico - 2007!
  19. 19. Mass transport! Reduction in the number of lanes Shorter Central pedestrian median crossings !  Calz. Independencia, Guadalajara, Mexico - 2009! Existing buses and minibuses replaced with a single operating agency
  20. 20. Conclusions! Evidence of safety impact from: ! !   Reductions in car traffic (e.g. congestion charging)! !   Improvements in cycling infrastructure and increases in cycling volumes! !   High quality mass transport systems (including evidence from the developing world)! !   Reductions in exposure, improvements in infrastructure!
  21. 21. Counterflow – Mexico City! !  Eje 3 Oriente, Mexico City, July 2011!
  22. 22. Counterflow – Mexico City! !   Road safety audits: three between 2010-2013 recommended removal of counterflow! !   Safety impact of counterflow: +75% all crashes, +125% injury crashes! !   Design recommendations, workshops with city and transit agency!
  23. 23. Counterflow – Mexico City! !  Eje 3 Oriente, Mexico City, July 2011 - October 2013!
  24. 24. Thank you! !   Nicolae Duduta, Associate Transport Planner, EMBARQ, World Resources Institute! !   nduduta@wri.org! This presentation will be made available on Slideshare at slideshare.net/EMBARQNetwork! Connect with EMBARQ! Twitter: @EMBARQNetwork! Facebook: EMBARQNetwork!

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