Policy Guidance Approach!! Strategic: not inputs (money -projects) but outputs (impacts: economic, social, environment)!! Integrated: land use and multimodal transport!! Effective: maximize impact, ensure deliverability, manage risks!www.embarq.org!
Continued Funding - National! Source: International Fuel Prices 2010/2011, 7th Edition, GIZ http://www.giz.de/Themen/en/ dokumente/giz-en-IFP2010.pdfwww.embarq.org!
Continued Funding - Local! • Property taxes! Land • Value capture! Development! • Transit Oriented Development ! • Registration/licence User and (property)! Property • Taxes to inputs (fuels)! Taxes! • Parking managment! • Urban tolls!www.embarq.org!
Land Development (along public transport)!www.embarq.org! http://www.tramz.com/co/bg/t/ts.html
Hong KongDesarrollo Inmobiliario! HK$4 billion (US$506 million) in land sales of properties above MRT stations, 32% of the MRT revenues in 2010 (http://www.bloomberg.com/news/ 2011-03-03/mtr-s-full-year-underlying-profit-advanced-19-on-home-sales-fare-revenue.html)www.embarq.org! Photo: Oren Tatcher
Vehicle Registration Fees (Quotas)! ! Singapore (1990)! ! Auction: USD 67,000 per vehicle! ! Quota 1% increase in ﬂeet per year! ! ~ 6,000 new cars, ~US 400+ million per year (for SUT)! ! Shanghai (1994)! ! Auction: USD 9,000 por auto! ! ~ 96,000 new vehicles per year! ! ~US 900+ million per year (for SUT)! ! Gunagzhou (2012)! ! 120,000 new vehicles per year (12,000 clean vehciles lottery, 60,000 rest lottery, 48,000 auciton)!www.embarq.org!
Parking ManagementAdminsitración de Estacionamiento!www.embarq.org! http://www.baycitizen.org/transportation/story/clog-streets-pay-premium/
Parking income in San Francisco US $187 million per year (for SUT) ! US $87,263,867 Parking violation fines US $47,119,999 Parking-meters US $43,354,632 Garages US $9,747,900 Residential permits 29,058 spaces with parking meters 79,000 residential permits 263 enforcement officials Source: SFMTA, 2011www.embarq.org!
Impact based - monitoring!! Economic efﬁciency – travel times, travel costs, capital and operational costs, jobs (CBA)!! Enviromental protection – water/air/protected land, GHG emissions!! Social development/externalities! ! Health: road safety, air pollution, physical activity! ! Equity: distibutional impacts, accessiblity! ! Good quality access for all!!www.embarq.org!
Impact based - monitoring! Benjamin Owen Aileen Carrigan Dario Hidalgo 2012http://www.embarq.org/en/evaluate-enable-engage-principles-support-effective-decision-making-mass-transit-investment-programs www.embarq.org!
General Recommendations! ! Clear Guidance and Capacity Building! ! Guidance shall focus on helping project sponsor in preparing information for decision making! ! Alternatives analysis rather than justifying blind commitment!www.embarq.org!
Prospects for National-Level Programmes and Funds for Sustainable Urban Transport in China Expert Workshop in Mutianyu, 1-3 November 2012 Summary of Workshop Results www.embarq.org!
Transforming Transportation 2013!! Co-organized by EMBARQ and The World Bank!! More information at:!! EMBARQ.org!! worldbank.org/transport!! Questions? Comments? Contact us at email@example.com!! Follow us on Twitter: @EMBARQnetwork!Transforming Transportation 2013!