From Past to Present: Sustainable Transportation Practices in Graz

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Gudrun Uranitsch'in 7 Nisan 2011 günü Sürdürülebilir Ulaşım 2011 Kocaeli'de yaptığı sunum.
Presentation done by Gudrun Uranitsch on 7 April 2011 during Sustainable Transport 2011 Kocaeli, Turkey

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From Past to Present: Sustainable Transportation Practices in Graz

  1. 1. From Past to Present:Sustainable Transportation Practices in GrazGudrun Uranitsch, City of Graz SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  2. 2. Graz - focal point at the heart of Europe Izmit Kocaeli SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  3. 3. Graz - Some Awards we are proud…• European Sustainable City Award 1996• UNESCO World Heritage 1999 + 2010• Cultural Capital City of Europe 2003• O mo e Award Toulouse 2006 Osmose A d To lo e• CIVITAS City of the Year 2008• Austria‘s 1. Fair Trade City SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  4. 4. Graz - Historical Heart SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  5. 5. Graz - From Middle Age… SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  6. 6. … to Renaissance… SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  7. 7. …over Barock SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  8. 8. … to Modern Architecture SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  9. 9. “Friendly Alien“ – Museum of Modern Art SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  10. 10. „Mur Island“ as an Attraction in Public Space SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  11. 11. Graz is a Green City SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  12. 12. Graz is a City for Cyclists SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  13. 13. Graz is a City for Students –4 Universities with 40.000 Young People SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  14. 14. Graz – Some Facts• 258 000 i h bit t - A growing city! 258.000 inhabitants i it !• 183.000 employees• 10.692 companies• 136.000 daily commuters• 3.7 trips per inhabitant & day• 23,5 km on average spending 79 minutes in traffic• 1.11 million trips are made every day in Graz SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  15. 15. More Mobility FactsRoad network ~ 1 051 km 1.051Commuters 170.000 (25.000 go out)Motorways ~ 55 kmPriority streets (50 km/h) ~ 194 kmNon priority streets (30 km/h) o p o y / ) ~ 80 802 kmPublic Transport ~ 298 kmTram (6 Lines) ~ 49 kmBus (37 Lines) ~ 343 kmBicycle Network ~ 118 kmSurface 127 km²Pedestrian Zones ~ 6% of the central district SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  16. 16. Public transport• 101 mio. passengers ( tram 52,2 mio) per year• 277.000 passengers per day• 3,2 mio. km tram-mileage• 8,2 mio. km bus-mileage• 8 tramlines und 37 buslines• 70 trams und 134 buses• linelength of tramnetwork 49 km• linelength of busnetwork 343 km SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  17. 17. Modal Split – Modal choice (in trips): Eco-friendly trips are g y p growing g18,1 17,6 17,9 18,2 18 2 19,3 19 3 19,9 19 9 PT ÖV 8,8 8,2 8,7 8,7 9,1 Car MIV-MitfahrerIn 9,5 passengers33,8 37,2 37,3 37,5 Car drivers 38,2 35,7 MIV-LenkerIn 8,3 11,7 12,5 14,2 14,1 16,1 Cycling Fahrrad .31,0 25,3 23,6 21,3 19,3 18,8 Walking Zu Fuß1982 1988 1991 1998 2004 2008 SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  18. 18. Historic Mobility Specials:Why did Graz change to Gentle Mobility? y g y1. Problem of Smog because of the weather condition: Inversion2. First2 Fi t ecologial t l i l trends – f d from car orientation i t ti to a city for people3. A vice mayor‘s visions and power of persuasion→ 1997: Graz introduces Tempo 30 which changed the system and the perspective! y p p→ Tempo 30 in ALL residential areas all over the city→ Space for people – Implementation and extension of pedestrian areas in the historic city centre SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  19. 19. Gentle Mobility becomes a Philosophy –Mobility Strategies are p y g part of City Development y p SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  20. 20. Mobility Strategies• Mobility Policy Guidelines 2020 coordinated with Regional Mobility Concept including goals reducing car traffic• Sustainability & Priority for Gentle Mobility y y y• Graz is a short-trip-city: POI are reachable with soft modes of transport• Participation in transparent planing processes• M bilit management & contracts with big „traffic generators“ Mobility t t t ith bi t ffi t “ SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  21. 21. Important Gentle Mobility Projects:Better Public Transport pLow floor buses (100%) and tramsPast Present SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  22. 22. Important Gentle Mobility Projects: Better Public Transport pBus tangential linesEcological buses / Biodiesel Better interchange facilities (B & R) SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  23. 23. Better Public Transport: Extension of 3 tramlinesNumber 4, 5 and 6 SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  24. 24. Better Public Transport: PT passenger information SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  25. 25. Online „Door-to-door“Information:In the whole Province of Styria y• With www.busbahnbim.at you enter at home!• Put in your start and final destination address y• Additionaly description of the detailed trip including walking trip• In the whole Province of Styria (1,2 Mio inhabitants) SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  26. 26. 1st Mobility Centre in Austria: Mobil ZentralPersonal & phone call information, sales & services around PT,cycling and walking since 1997 SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  27. 27. Parking Management• Since 1997: „Blue Parking Zones“: Chargeable short term parking zones• 2009: Extention of blue parking zones: From 8500 to 14.300 cars• Green Zone Parking: 7 500 cars 7.500• Private Controlling since 1991/2008•Since 2010: Executed by the city Si 2010 E db h i SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  28. 28. Eco Parking• Since April 2004 „ p „Eco-Parking“ g• New regulation will be developed in April 2011:- Minimum Euro V- 110 g CO2 per km as a limit of pollutant emission is intended (expertise together with the Technical University is in progress) SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  29. 29. P & R Places combined with Combi Tickets for PTButB t new strategy is to build them at the source of traffic! t t i t b ild th t th f t ffi ! SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  30. 30. CarSharing in public space280 cars on 100 places in Austria10 places with 13 cars in the city centre SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  31. 31. Cycling Strategies on 3 columns:Infrastructure – Information - Training gSince 1988: 116 km bicycle lanes, brigdes & facilities SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  32. 32. 13 Main cycling routes give orientationand symbolise the importance of cycling for the city! gFoto: ARGUS SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  33. 33. 200 new cycling facilities per yearAlso instead of car parking places SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  34. 34. 1st Austrian Bicycle Station275 places including bicycle rental system SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  35. 35. Bicycle T i iBi l Training for all Generations! f ll G ti ! SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  36. 36. Bicycle & Mobility Events &Tests for Motivation & Fun!One brand: „Graz changes!“ SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  37. 37. Promotional Programs for Schools & Enterprises SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  38. 38. Tip 1: Cultural Capital Year 2003 helped usinvesting in Gentle Mobility! g y SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  39. 39. Tip 2: Public InvolvementAdvantage: Citizens feel respected, informed &can create actively their living environment!Disadvantage: You never reach all &you have to make compromises! SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  40. 40. Tip 3: Involvement of TradersReitschulgasse inthe PAST:A shopping street Reitschulgasse NOW: More space for pedestrians,full of parking cars some trees & more quality of stay on seets (not obliged to purchase anything!) SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  41. 41. Tip 4: Innovative Planning Philosophies -Shared Space pBetter spatial design for public space –Less traffic regulations by signs SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  42. 42. Tip 4: Innovative Planning Philosophies –Living Streets gInvolving Citizens & especially children & elderly people! SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  43. 43. Tip 5: Investments in Gentle Mobility Campaignsbring Motivation, Discussion & Change of behaviour! g , g A “declaration of love” to Gentle Mobility You don‘t walk I want to ride You‘re my next stop! alone! with you! SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  44. 44. Thank you for Cycling! SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  45. 45. From a car oriented city…also in the inner centre… SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  46. 46. From a car oriented city…also in the inner centre… SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  47. 47. …step by step to a Citizen oriented City SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  48. 48. Space for People SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  49. 49. Space for People- Reduction ofParking Places in Public Space SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI
  50. 50. Platz für Menschen for your attention Thank you and Welcome in GRAZ! Gudrun Uranitsch City of Graz Mobility Officer in the office of Lisa Rücker, Vice Mayor for Mobility,Transport and Environment T ++43 316 872 2023 Email : gudrun.uranitsch@stadt.graz.at SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION 2011 6th to 8th April KOCAELI

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