Development of a Network of Freight Logistics Observatories in Latin America and the Caribbean<br />Rodolfo Huici<br />Jan...
http://www.iadb.org<br />The Inter-American Development Bank Discussion Papers and Presentations are documents prepared by...
Presentation Contents<br />Why freight logistics observatories<br />Lessons from other transport observatories<br />Propos...
Freight transport needs of data, information and analysis<br />Freight transport is relevant in the public agenda due to …...
Freight transport observatories<br />International experience regarding freight transport observatories shows that their a...
Observatories functions and options<br />OBSERVATORIES COMMON FUNCTIONS:<br /><ul><li>Data gathering and dissemination
Inter-institutional cooperation and private-public connection
Attraction and development of expert knowledge
Key performance indicators definition, harmonization and estimation; benchmarking
Basic studies, contribution to the sector knowledge
Support markets performance</li></ul>OBSERVATORY OPTIONS<br /><ul><li>Spatial scope: national versus regional (or pluri-na...
Modal scope: unimodal versus multimodal
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Development of a Network of Freight Logistics Observatories in Latin America and the Caribbean

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By Rudolfo Huici, Inter-American Development Bank. Transforming Transportation 2011. Washington, D.C. January 27, 2011.

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Development of a Network of Freight Logistics Observatories in Latin America and the Caribbean

  1. 1. Development of a Network of Freight Logistics Observatories in Latin America and the Caribbean<br />Rodolfo Huici<br />January 27th, 2011<br />Washington, DC<br />
  2. 2. http://www.iadb.org<br />The Inter-American Development Bank Discussion Papers and Presentations are documents prepared by both Bank and non-Bank personnel as supporting materials for events and are often produced on an expedited publication schedule without formal editing or review. The information and opinions presented in these publications are entirely those of the author(s), and no endorsement by the Inter-American Development Bank, its Board of Executive Directors, or the countries they represent is expressed or implied.<br />This presentation may be freely reproduced.<br />
  3. 3. Presentation Contents<br />Why freight logistics observatories<br />Lessons from other transport observatories<br />Proposed actions: a Regional Observatory and a network of local observatories<br />
  4. 4. Freight transport needs of data, information and analysis<br />Freight transport is relevant in the public agenda due to …<br />… its positive impacts: it facilitates trade and is a key factor in the economic competitiveness<br />… its negative impacts (local and global) and resources consumption (energy, space)<br />There is a growing need for information on this sector, for public policy purpose and for strategic and operational decisions made by privateactors<br />The major problem is road transportation - with multiple operators, partially informal – who carries about two thirds of domestic freight flows in the Region<br />The observatory - usually viewed as an institution aimed at generating data, information and knowledge - seems to be an appropriate response to help reduce the gap<br />
  5. 5. Freight transport observatories<br />International experience regarding freight transport observatories shows that their action is centered in data generation and analytical work<br />Examples are scarce: it is a relatively new type of institution<br />There is a growing trend to combine freight transport with logistics and supply chain management<br />In some cases observatories are traditional government offices, redesigned and named as observatories<br />In Spain, i.e., even some public agencies are named observatories<br />Transport observatories are usually organized by mode or by region<br />
  6. 6. Observatories functions and options<br />OBSERVATORIES COMMON FUNCTIONS:<br /><ul><li>Data gathering and dissemination
  7. 7. Inter-institutional cooperation and private-public connection
  8. 8. Attraction and development of expert knowledge
  9. 9. Key performance indicators definition, harmonization and estimation; benchmarking
  10. 10. Basic studies, contribution to the sector knowledge
  11. 11. Support markets performance</li></ul>OBSERVATORY OPTIONS<br /><ul><li>Spatial scope: national versus regional (or pluri-national)
  12. 12. Modal scope: unimodal versus multimodal
  13. 13. Audience at which it is directed: statistics and analysis, versus real time data (portals)
  14. 14. Accessibility: open access versus restricted access</li></li></ul><li>Lessons from two recent IDB meetings <br />A meeting was carried on with diverse successful transport observatories (Canada, CAF, France, USA, Spain). Some lessons:<br />A legal mandate requesting reports on the sector performance may be a useful tool to stimulate observatories: it enforces data gathering and the organization of information systems, and oblige private actors to submit information<br />NAFTA and Eurostat are example of transport statistics harmonization processes; they generated common glossaries<br />The participation of the private sector is very relevant; confidentiality is the key to involve private actors<br />There is a great potential to promote analytical work financing universities´ specialized research centers <br />Freight observatories may be very useful to estimate the sub-sector energy efficiency and carbon footprint<br />Another meeting was carried on with several countries from the LAC Region:<br />Recognition of a substantial need of data, information and knowledge on freight transport and logistics<br />Excellent receptivity of the potential development of freight observatories in the Region <br />
  15. 15. The proposed observatories network<br /><ul><li>The IDB proposal is the setting of a network of freight-logistics observatories, with a Regional Observatory (Reg. Obs.) linked to several National Observatories (Nat. Obs.) </li></ul>Regional<br />Observatory<br />National<br />Observatory<br /># 2<br />…<br />National<br />Observatory<br /># 1<br />National<br />Observatory<br /># n<br /><ul><li>Multi-country in some cases, like the Caribbean or Central America
  16. 16. The Reg. Obs. and Nat. Obs. functions will complement one each other</li></li></ul><li>Reg. Obs.and Nat. Obs. functions<br />
  17. 17. Implementation strategy<br />The Regional Observatory will be created and managed by the IDB<br />It will involve the Bank areas with responsibility in the matter: transport and infrastructure, integration, trade facilitation, private sector development<br />The National Observatories will be implemented gradually<br />They will be promoted through agreements between the Reg. Obs. and the country; the creation might be supported by Bank technical assistance and lending operations<br />The implementation in each country deserves a detailed analysis on its institutional location, organization type, etc.<br />Several countries in the Region have already shown interest and are preparing the Nat. Obs. implementation<br />

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