Formulation of a National EST Strategy for the Philippines

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By Anneli Lontoc, Department of Transportation and Communications, Philippines. Presented on Day Two of Transforming Transportation. Washington, D.C. January 15, 2010.

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Formulation of a National EST Strategy for the Philippines

  1. 1. Formulation of a National EST Strategy for the Philippines - A national and local sustainable, low carbon transport strategies Undersecretary ANNELI R. LONTOC Department of Transportation and Communications Philippines Transforming Transportation 2010 Next Steps The formulation of the Philippines’ EST Strategy is supported by: After Copenhagen: Opportunities and Challenges in the Transport Sector 15 January 2010 Inter-American Development Bank
  2. 2. Formulation of a National EST Strategy for the Philippines Outline • Context  Transport Situation  Challenges  Co-Benefits in transport  AO 254 – Formulation of National EST Strategy  Overall goal • Participatory approach  Framework  Workshops  Consultations • Strategies, indicators and action plans • Resources • Updates • Next Steps • EST Web Portal 3
  3. 3. Formulation of a National EST Strategy for the Philippines Philippines Transport Situation • 5.9 million registered vehicles in 2008 • Motorization is increasing at 6% per year, with motorcycles/ tricycles driving growth with 11.6% • Road subsector dominates both passenger (98%) and freight traffic (58%) in 2006 4
  4. 4. Formulation of a National EST Strategy for the Philippines Metro Manila Transport Situation • Covers 636 km2 including 16 cities and 1 municipality • About 30% of all vehicles are registered in Metro Manila • Served by 3 light-rail and 1 heavy rail (commuter) with a combined ridership reaching about a million riders per day • Dominated by several public transport modes, including buses, jeepneys, megataxis, and tricycles, which are not integrated 5
  5. 5. Formulation of a National EST Strategy for the Philippines Urban Transport Challenges  Cities are growing (size and population)  Motorization rapidly increasing  Congestion increasing  Local pollution worsening  GHG emissions  Safety worsening  Oil dependence  Policies failing to keep up  Quality of life deteriorating 6
  6. 6. Formulation of a National EST Strategy for the Philippines Impacts of unsustainable transport Traffic Congestion Environment Road Safety 7
  7. 7. Formulation of a National EST Strategy for the Philippines Impacts of unsustainable transport 2007 NATIONAL EMISSION INVENTORY ACCORDING TO AIR POLLUTANTS (Department of Environment and Natural Resources) PM CO NOX SOX VOC Total Share STATIONARY 14.13% 10.26% 30.82% 97.35% 6.48% 20.87% MOBILE 31.44% 85.03% 38.26% 2.33% 87.42% 65.13% AREA 54.42% 4.71% 30.92% 0.32% 6.10% 14.01% 8
  8. 8. Formulation of a National EST Strategy for the Philippines Impacts of unsustainable transport Traffic Accidents 9
  9. 9. Formulation of a National EST Strategy for the Philippines 2008 Energy Demand by Sector 2006 Energy Demand by Sector 2006 Transport Energy Consumption 10
  10. 10. Formulation of a National EST Strategy for the Philippines What are co-benefits? Realisation of multiple objectives within a Environmental single strategy Benefits Co- Benefits Economic Social Benefits Benefits 11
  11. 11. Formulation of a National EST Strategy for the Philippines Presidential Administrative Order No. 254 -Formulation of a National Environmentally Sustainable Transport Strategy for the Philippines - 12
  12. 12. Formulation of a National EST Strategy for the Philippines Overall Goal of the National Strategy:  Reduction of the annual growth rate of energy consumption and air pollution and associated GHG emissions from the transport sector in urban areas of the country  Mainstream environmentally sustainable transport (EST), which involves, among others, the promotion of transportation systems of low carbon intensity and shift towards the use of more sustainable transport modes 13
  13. 13. Formulation of a National EST Strategy for the Philippines Framework
  14. 14. Formulation of a National EST Strategy for the Philippines Proposed Timetable 2008 2009 May Sep Nov Dec Aug Nov Feb Mar Jan Jun Oct Apr Jul Inception Meeting W2 Formulation of National W4 Launch project in Clean Air Month (November) Committees First Draft W4 Process of localizing/ mainstreaming the National stakeholders process/EST should be initiated and cities W1 where EST will be piloted identified and consultation engaged during the project. Second Draft W4 Expert Level Meeting W2 Present at Forum to be held in Korea Third Draft W4 Regional Consultation W2&3 Peer Review (Optional) Final Draft - Includes formulation of policy recommendations, draft W2 legislation, and other pertinent documents in support of the Official Endorsement/ Donors National EST Strategy Consultation/ Printing and W2 Dissemination NESTP endorsed to NEDA Board by November 2009
  15. 15. Formulation of a National EST Strategy for the Philippines Series of participatory process/ consultations Inception Meeting – September 12, 2008 Partnership Meetings/Workshops – October 24, 2008 and December 12, 2008 Cebu BRT Conference – May 9, 2009 Action Planning Workshop – August 7, 2009 Focused Group Discussions Planning Horizons: Immediate: until 2010 Medium Term: 2016 Short Term: until 2013 Long Term: Beyond 2016 16
  16. 16. Formulation of a National EST Strategy for the Philippines Regional Consultations • Iloilo City – May 15, 2009 in cooperation with LTO Region VI and the Metro Iloilo – Guimaras Economic Development Council (MIGEDC) • Davao City – May 22, 2009 in cooperation with the LTO Region XI, City Government of Davao, and the Energy and Clean Air Project (ECAP) of USAID • Baguio City – June 11, 2009 in cooperation with the LTO-CAR, City Government of Baguio, and the Energy and Clean Air Project (ECAP) of USAID Objectives: a) To present the draft National EST Strategy; b) To present good practices of EST; and c) To identify appropriate EST applications as well as hindrances at the local level 17
  17. 17. Formulation of a National EST Strategy for the Philippines EST Thematic Areas (Aichi Statement, 2005) 1. Public Health 2. Land-Use Planning 3. Environment and People Friendly Infrastructure Development 4. Public Transport Planning and Travel Demand Management (TDM) 5. Non-Motorized Transport (NMT) 6. Social Equity and Gender Perspectives 7. Road Safety and Maintenance 8. Strengthening Roadside Air Quality Monitoring and Assessment 9. Traffic Noise Management 10. Cleaner Fuels 11. Vehicle Emission Control, Standards, and Inspection and Maintenance 12. Knowledge Base, Awareness and Public Participation 18
  18. 18. Formulation of a National EST Strategy for the Philippines 1. Public Health Strategies Indicators Action Plan 1] Formulation and • Action and communications • Creation/ formulation of action and promulgation of plan; communication plan; Department (DOH) • Guidelines and policies • Prepare and formulate guidelines Administrative developed and circulated; • Prepare and formulate IRR Orders on public • Implementing rules and • Prepare/ formulate and mainstream road map and time line health regulation; and • Road map 2] Establishment of • Inter-agency links; Working • Creation/ establishment of steering partnerships among group(s); committee and TWG concerned agencies • MOAs among concerned • Create working groups/committee or groups including agencies or groups; • Issue/sign MOA information and • Incentives scheme; and • Establish/set incentives scheme • Enter into MOA with media fit communication • Media support dissemination on public health hazards 3] Full implementation • Community based • Establish tie ups with NGO's and of EST program on organizations/ NGO's community based org public health involved; • Capacity assessment and training of • LGU's capacitated and identified LGU's. involved; and • Conceptualize and incorporate medical package in the national health program • Medical package in the • Strengthen and capacities community National Health Program based health facilities 19
  19. 19. Formulation of a National EST Strategy for the Philippines 2. Social Equity and Gender Perspective Strategies Indicators Action Plan 1] Monitoring and • Level of compliance of • Convene concerned agencies to reinforcement of existing concerned agencies, evaluate compliance laws, rules, and LGUs, and regulations on gender, age, and PWD concerns • transport infrastructure and service providers 2] Installation of traffic and • No. of traffic and • Determine areas for installation and transport assistive devices transport assistive manpower requirements including manpower devices installed, and • Installation of needed devices and components assignment of personnel in these • Manpower component areas assigned in key areas 20
  20. 20. Formulation of a National EST Strategy for the Philippines 3. Land Use Planning Strategies Indicators Action Plan 1] Promote mixed use • Urban density (no. of • Conduct of transport surveys; development (compact, persons/area); • Advocacy activities of responsible shorter trip distances) agencies; • Diversity of land uses in a • Recognition of local best practices given space; in compact, mixed use development • Trip lengths (unit distance) 2] Capability building on • Case studies on EST and • Detailed case study on the integration of land use develop toolkits Marikina Bikeways in 2009 and and transport policies • Number of trainings/ seminars search for EST leading practices of on land use and transport HUCs integration conducted • Development of EST training program and modules • Number of CLUPs/CDPs • Develop and conduct advocacy integrating EST activities for LGUs • Recognition of good practices • Develop and implement of LGUs on EST recognition mechanics 21
  21. 21. Formulation of a National EST Strategy for the Philippines 4. Environment and People Friendly Infrastructure Development Strategies Indicators Action Plan 1] Incorporate green • No. of cities adopting or implementing • Develop local indices by architecture environmentally sustainable transport 2010 principles in the infrastructure including green designs • Prepare plans by 2011, design of • Increase in number/length of pedestrian implementation by 2013 transportation walkways and other people friendly facilities infrastructure 2] Incorporate • % Reduction in accidents involving elderly, • Strict implementation of “inclusive children, women and persons with provisions for PWD, transport” disabilities senior citizens, pregnant principles in • % Increase in the number of public transport women, etc. transportation vehicles incorporating “inclusive” design infrastructure and • Number of cities adopting or implementing vehicle design environmentally sustainable transport infrastructure including green designs • Increase in number/length of pedestrian walkways and other people friendly facilities 3] Provide seamless • Number of intermodal terminals; • Develop indices and secure • Reduced number of incidents • Conduct diagnostic transport systems assessment • Prepare intermodal terminal plans 22
  22. 22. Formulation of a National EST Strategy for the Philippines 5. Public Transport Planning and Travel Demand Management Strategies Indicators Action Plan 1] Public transport • Inclusion in national plan • Integrate EST in NTPP2, network integration • No. of LGUs having PT planning • DOTC to endorse NTPP2 to integrated in local plans NEDA • No. of LGUs with intermodal • Development of HLURB policy stations guidelines to integrate PT plan to LGU plan - mandatory to HUCs • Presence of integrated ticketing • Develop policy guidelines system for Metro Manila's rail system 2] Develop and enhance • No. of development studies e.g., • Push studies for rationalized appropriate freight logistics improvement plan truck routes transport policies 3] Develop and • Travel time reduction for public • Conduct studies to assess travel implement and private transport users speeds along critical appropriate TSM/TDM corridors/sections measures • No. of rationalized truck routes • Assessment of truck routes in Mega Manila 23
  23. 23. Formulation of a National EST Strategy for the Philippines 5. Public Transport Planning and Travel Demand Management (Cont.) Strategies Indicators Action Plan 4] Develop mass transit • No. of cities with appropriate • Assessment of existing public systems especially mass transport transport system BRT • No. of mass transport lines • Push studies for mass transport including BRT and rail 5] Rationalize public • Public transport mode and • Assessment of existing public transport according to supply suitable to major corridor transport system in Philippine transport and road based on network demand cities network hierarchies estimates (to replace current • Push studies for mass transport Route Measured Capacity including BRT and rail for highly method) urbanized cities 24
  24. 24. Formulation of a National EST Strategy for the Philippines 6. Non-Motorized Transport Strategies Indicators Action Plan 1] Develop policies and • No. of NMT-friendly cities • Develop local indices guidelines for • Number/length of bike lanes • Push for plan implementation pedestrian- and constructed by 2012 cycling-inclusive land • Number/length of pedestrian use planning walkways constructed • % or amount of budget provision or incentives on the use of NMTs (national and local government) 2] Provision of NMT • No. of NMT-friendly cities • Develop local indices facilities • Number/length of bike lanes • Push for plan implementation constructed by 2012 • Number/length of pedestrian walkways constructed • % or amount of budget provision or incentives on the use of NMTs (national and local government) 25
  25. 25. Formulation of a National EST Strategy for the Philippines 7. Strengthening Road Side Air Quality Monitoring and Assessment Strategies Indicators Action Plan 1] Monitor reduction of • Reduction in • Establish baseline data for other criteria concentration of TSP and concentration of pollutants; determine contribution of other criteria pollutants criteria pollutants transport to emissions (inventory)-- emission factor development and AAQ modeling; source apportionment/ speciation 2] Purchase/Installation of • No. of operational • Identify potential hotspots and prioritize PM10, PM2.5, HC, CO, roadside air quality establishment of stations NO2, SO2 (road side) monitoring stations equipment 3] Capacitate local • No. of trained LGU • Identify potential staff to be trained in government units and personnel in basic air the HUCs; other sectors on quality management • Conduct trainings (e.g. use DENR monitoring and mobile AQ monitoring van); conduct of assessment • No. of LGU AQM plans action planning workshops on AQM developed and implemented 26
  26. 26. Formulation of a National EST Strategy for the Philippines 8. Vehicle Emission Control, Standards, and Inspection and Maintenance Strategies Indicators Action Plan 1] Establish motor vehicle • % compliance of MVs to • Develop fuel efficiency standards standards on fuel emission standards for PT vehicles/fuel efficiency economy and • Developed fuel efficiency ratings for private modes (for PT, roadworthiness (in-use) standards for public to aid in LTFRB fare setting); transport • Develop vehicle scrap page program • Developed vehicle roadworthiness standards for all vehicles 2] Strengthen road side • % compliance of MVs • Encourage enactment of local apprehension on polluting ordinances to impose fees and set and non-roadworthy • No. of operational LGU Anti aside collection as a local clean air vehicles {Intensify Smoke Belching Units; fund; organization of Anti Smoke • Encourage creation of LGU ASBUs with training; Belching Units under • Facilitate deputation of LGU CENRO office} personnel by LTO 3] Mandatory twice per year • % compliance • Issuance of policy directive inspection of PUV requiring of mandatory twice a year inspection of PUVs 27
  27. 27. Formulation of a National EST Strategy for the Philippines 9. Traffic Noise Management Strategies Indicators Action Plan 1] Amendment/updating • Revised noise • Update of baseline roadside noise level data by of noise standards and standards 2010; compliance • Set up Inter Agency TWG 2] Strict enforcement of • Roadside noise • Purchase of noise level meters; motor vehicle noise level • Training on use of equipment and procedure of regulations LTO and LGU personnel; • Issuance of Memo/Admin Order on noise regulations for inspection of in-use MVs; • Roadside apprehension procedures for LGUs 3] Enhancement of LGU • Enacted • Dissemination of template of ordinance capability/ enact local ordinances on (samples, ex. QC) ordinances on noise noise [including ambient and source] 28
  28. 28. Formulation of a National EST Strategy for the Philippines 10. Cleaner Fuels Strategies Indicators Action Plan 1] Increase use of • % of vehicles using • Provision of fiscal and non-fiscal incentives cleaner fuels for all alternative fuels for producers and users of cleaner fuels; vehicles (reduction of • Incentives for assemblers of cleaner fuel use of conventional • No. of distribution vehicles; incentives for clean fuel fuels) stations for alternative conversion/retrofit companies); fuels • Negotiate for sources of natural gas supply (e.g. Malampaya or imported); • Develop standards for LPG conversion of tricycles 2] Adoption of • Euro 4 adoption • Harmonization of biofuel blends with Euro 4 harmonized fuel standards; quality standards • Study on appropriate fuels for motorcycles/ (Euro regulations) tricycles (e.g. conversion of 2-stroke to LPG); • Suitability of E10 to carbureted vehicles; 3] Improve distribution • Number of daughter • Conduct of FS for additional CNG refueling system for CNG stations stations; • Encourage investors for LNG terminals and pipeline distribution system 29
  29. 29. Formulation of a National EST Strategy for the Philippines 11. Road Safety and Maintenance Strategies Indicators Action Plan 1] Road safety audit • Number of road projects • Road safety audit training audited for road safety • Development or RSA training module • Percent of road-kms • iRAP: International Road audited Assessment Programme • Number of certified Road Safety auditors 2] Valuation of accident • Itemized accident cost • Research on accident costs costs components 3] Establish road traffic • Number of road traffic • Identification of criteria for selecting safety zones safety zones candidate areas/corridors TSZ • Traffic management studies • Legal support like issuance of LGU ordinances, or aids of legislation 30
  30. 30. Formulation of a National EST Strategy for the Philippines 12. Knowledge Base, Awareness and Public Participation Strategies Indicators Action Plan 1] Establish Center for • Established research • Establish research center and Research in EST (CREST) center at University of allocate resources for multi- the Philippines disciplinary studies 2] Information build up on • Number of IEC materials • Conduct research on alcohol, and public health relative to produced and drug related accidents; transport disseminated; • Enter into MOA with media • Number/name of tri- media tapped for information campaign 3] Reporting of air quality • Air Quality Indices - TSP, • Development of web portal for indices to the public HC, CO, NO2, SO2, reporting of air quality indices (website) PM10, PM2.5 4] Public awareness on • No. of advocacy • Develop IEC materials hazards of noise materials used in quad- media 31
  31. 31. Formulation of a National EST Strategy for the Philippines 12. Knowledge Base, Awareness and Public Participation (cont.) Strategies Indicators Action Plan 5] Intensify promotion of • Number of advocacy • Develop IEC materials alternative fuels and materials used in vehicles quad-media 6] Development of an • Number of • Develop RADSys, integrated road computerized database • Establish about 30 computerized accident accident database systems database system for tertiary hospitals system interconnected • Enhance existing TARAS to include accident data on local roads 7] Establish road safety • Established research • Proposal for a road safety research center research center center • Conduct road safety research • Number of researches • Dissemination activities like annual conducted / conferences, annual reports, and disseminated publications 8] Capability building on • Number of training • Development of Road Safety training road safety at the local programs conducted modules level • Number of Local • Trainors' training in Mega Manila Government Unit • Regional Road Safety training personnel trained program/seminar 32
  32. 32. Formulation of a National EST Strategy for the Philippines 33
  33. 33. Formulation of a National EST Strategy for the Philippines Resources Example of SVPCF Projects: • VEHICLE INSPECTION and MAINTENANCE • Planning Support Capacity Building for DOTC and LTO on the Implementation of a Phil Nationwide Motor Vehicle Inspection and Maintenance Program (NMVIMP) – $ 320K • Development of CLRV Standards : $ 65K • LOW POLLUTION AND LOW CARBON TRANSPORT SYSTEM • Public Transport Network Development Plan for Mega Manila and Other Key Cities Development of Mega Manila Public Transportation Planning Support System (MMPTPSS) : $ 575K Development of Public Transportation Strategic Plan for Metro Cebu : $ 745K • Capacity Building of Personnel Including Institutional Strengthening for EST (CBEST) : $ 65K • Center for Research in EST (CREST) : $ 320K 34
  34. 34. Formulation of a National EST Strategy for the Philippines Resources Challenge: How do we support the plans and programs? Use the Special Vehicle Pollution Control Fund (SVPCF) • Derived from the Motor Vehicle User’s Charge • One of 4 trust funds. Others are:  Special Road Support Fund  Special Local Road Fund  Special Road Safety Fund can be used for RS • The 3 other funds are under the DPWH while SVPCF is under DOTC 35
  35. 35. Formulation of a National EST Strategy for the Philippines Some updates… • Institutionalization of the EST Strategy in the country’s planning process – Submitted to the National Economic Development Authority for the required approval process by the Cabinet – Eventual integration in the following policy and planning documents: • National Transport Policy Framework • National Transport Plan • Medium Term Development Plan 2011-2016, • Medium Term Investment Development Plan 2011-2016 • Climate Change Framework Plan. • Advocacy Program – GREEN TRANSPORT STRATEGY – Forum on Greening the Transport Sector – EST Forum with the Development Partners and Civil Society Organizations – BEST Awards – Building on EST at the LGU level – Forum on Non-Motorized Transport • Sourcing out of additional Funding: – Clean Technology Fund for BRT in Cebu and Manila – ADB’s Asian Transport Technical Assistance – GTZ’ Clean Air for Smaller Cities • Pilot Testing in Cebu and Davao and other highly urbanized areas
  36. 36. Formulation of a National EST Strategy for the Philippines Gearing Up… C Capacity building for institutions and people at all levels and sectors H Harmonizing existing programs and projects for synergy A Awareness and information campaign N Incentives for stakeholders G Government and private sector partnership E Exchange of best practices regionally and internationally
  37. 37. Formulation of a National EST Strategy for the Philippines National EST Strategy Web Portal http://www.ncts.upd.edu.ph/est 38
  38. 38. Formulation of a National EST Strategy for the Philippines End of presentation Thank you for your attention. 39
  39. 39. Formulation of a National EST Strategy for the Philippines EST Thematic Areas (Aichi Statement, 2005) 1. Social and cultural development 1. Public Health 2. Social Equity and Gender Perspectives 2. Transport Planning and Demand Management 1. Land-Use Planning 2. Environment and People Friendly Infrastructure Development 3. Public Transport Planning and Travel Demand Management (TDM) 4. Non-Motorized Transport (NMT) 3. Vehicle Inspection and Maintenance 1. Strengthening Roadside Air Quality Monitoring and Assessment 2. Vehicle Emission Control, Standards, and Inspection and Maintenance 3. Traffic Noise Management 4. Cleaner Fuels 5. Road Safety and Maintenance 6. Knowledge Base, Awareness and Public Participation 40

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