EMBARQ India - Talking Transit - Support Infrastructure for Public Transport - Amit Bhatt

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Talking Transit, Bangalore, 16th February, 2012

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EMBARQ India - Talking Transit - Support Infrastructure for Public Transport - Amit Bhatt

  1. 1. Workshop on public transport terminals and support facilities Thinking Infrastructure for Public Transport Bangalore Feb 16, 2012 Amit Bhatt Strategy Head - Urban Transport
  2. 2. A successful urban transport system involves… Low travel times and travel costs for people and goods Equal access to urban life opportunities (social services, education, health, recreation) Adequate support to desired form, size and density of the London, England city-region Limited impact on the environment: air/noise pollution; CO2 emissions Reduced impact on public health: fatalities and injuries from traffic accidents London, England
  3. 3. Slides developed originally by Dario Hidalgo City population increases… This implies a huge challenge as Source: United Nations Population Division, World Urbanization Prospects, The 2005 Revision
  4. 4. Urban population in India is expected to double in a 30 year period 900 820 800 Projected 700 700Population (Millions) 583 600 473 500 372 400 285 300 217 159 200 109 62.4 78.9 100 0 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011 2021 2031 2041 2051 Source: O.P. Agarwal and S. Zimmerman “Towards Sustainable Mobility in Urban India”, Presented in the Annual TRB Meeting, Washington D.C. January 2008
  5. 5. and also… Number of vehicles increases faster than population following economic developmentSlides developed originally by Dario Hidalgo Source: Lee Schipper, University of California at Berkeley, 2009
  6. 6. The number of motor vehicles is growing twice as fast as the population in India – mainly two wheelers (71%) 80 Thousands 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2004 Total M2W Cars Buses Goods Source: O.P. Agarwal and S. Zimmerman “Towards Sustainable Mobility in Urban India”, Presented in the Annual TRB Meeting, Washington D.C. January 2008
  7. 7. However, Financial, institutional, physical resources are constrained
  8. 8. ¿What to do?Alternative 1:Capital intensive solutions Give greater capacity to the road network to relieve congestion Build massive rail transport systems (light rail- metro)Alternative 2:Change paradigms Give priority to non motorised transport and bus-based public transport Restrict indiscriminate automobile use
  9. 9. Capital & Landintensive solutions: highways
  10. 10. Infrastructure solutions lead to greater automobile dependence Automobile dependence and Regional Economy Regional GDP per person US Cities (USD 1990) Automobile Use (Km/year per person) Source: INDICATORS OF TRANSPORT EFFICIENCY IN 37 GLOBAL CITIES, Jeff Kenworthy, Felix Laube, Peter Newman and Paul Barter, World Bank, 1997
  11. 11. Automobile dependent cities have more accidentsCities of United States have 66% more deaths in traffic accidents per person than peer cities in Europe and Asia, and 123% more than Toronto Road Safety Accidentalidad 25.0 Muertes en Accidente de Australia Accidents per 100,000 Tránsito por 100, 000 20.0 population (1990) Fatalities in Road US Cities EEUU R2 = 0.5748 Habitantes 15.0 Toronto Europa 10.0 Asia 5.0 Tendencia 0.0 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 12,000 14,000 Uso de Automóvil (Km(Km/year per person) Automobile Use por año por Persona) Source: INDICATORS OF TRANSPORT EFFICIENCY IN 37 GLOBAL CITIES, Jeff Kenworthy, Felix Laube, Peter Newman and Paul Barter, World Bank, 1997
  12. 12. Automobile dependent cities have low densities (occupy large extensions) 250 América Latina R2 = 0.4278Persons/Hectare (1995)Personas/Hectárea (1995) 200 China Asia Alto Ingreso 150 Medio Oriente 100 Asia Ingreso Bajo Africa 50 Europa Or. Europa Occ. USA Canadá AU-NZ 0 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 AutomobileCarro/Persona/Año (1995) Km Use (Km/year per person 1995)Source: J. Kenworthy "Transport and Energy Use: A Study of 84 GlobalCities", 2003
  13. 13. Alternative Solutionsfor Sustainable Urban Transport Pedestrian and Bicycles Public Transportation Disincentives to Car Use Cleaner and Cooler Fuels and Vehicles Transit Oriented Development http://www.nyc.gov/html/dot/images/sidewalks/ps_rendering01.JPG
  14. 14. Public Transport - Bus SystemsHigh qualityUser orientedFastReliableLow cost Leeds, UK Curitiba Sao Paulo
  15. 15. Bus Karo Bus Karo – Guidebook on bus operations and planning Technical workshops for 50+ cities Direct Mentoring | Pilot Projects for 10+ cities Support to Ministry of Urban Development for 2nd round of bus procurement
  16. 16. Bus Karo Plus Outcome By 2016, 20+ Indian Cities have more than 40% of motorized travel in public transport Bus Karo Plus Talking Transit Mentoring Learning Transit • Capacity Building Transit • Bus Karo Workshop • Helping - pilot • Case • Study Tours Initiatives studies, Databases • Technical support • Best practices
  17. 17. Travel Source: Oren Tatcher
  18. 18. Support Infrastructure for PublicTransport Depots Stops Pickup Points Terminals Interchanges
  19. 19. EMBARQ’s mission is to catalyze and help implementenvironmentally and financially sustainable transport solutionsto improve quality of life in cities
  20. 20. Thank you! Global Strategic Partners Bloomberg Philanthropies FedExThe British High Commission email: abhatt@embarqindia.org web: EMBARQ.ORG blog: THECITYFIX.COM

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