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CONNECTKaro 2015 - 4B - Women's Safety in Public Transport

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MODERATOR
Ms. Tahira Thekaekara, EMBARQ India

PANELISTS
Ms. Ranjana Deswal, Transport Dept. Delhi
Mr. Chandramauli Shukla, Add. Commissioner, BMC
Ms. Kalpana Vishwanath, Safetipin, Gurgaon
Ms. Ranjana Menon, EMBARQ India

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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CONNECTKaro 2015 - 4B - Women's Safety in Public Transport

  1. 1. Women’s Safety in Public Transport Ranjana Menon connectkaro.org
  2. 2. Indian Scenario Population: Work force: 48.5% women 30% women Women Work force Participation Rate: 2011-122004-05 29% Sources: Census, 2011 World Economic Forum, 2013 NSSO
  3. 3. Indian Scenario Global Women’s Work Force Participation: 120th Out of 131 Urban Rural Divide: High Urbanization: 2030 40% 26.5%14.6% Sources: International Labour Organization’s Global Employment Trends 2013 NSSO,2011
  4. 4. Indian Scenario Source Missing Violence against women in Public spaces Restricts a woman’s freedom of movement Impacts a woman’s access to economic and social activities • Cases of violence and harassment against women increasing • Need to provide safer environment for women- including access to safe public transport Women’s safety in Public Transport is important
  5. 5. Indian Scenario connectkaro.org #CK2015 http://www.tehelka.com http://www.iamin.in http://himachalwatcher.com CCTV Camera Ladies Buses GPS Tracking Safety Apps http://mylifemari8.blogspot.in Reserved Seats http://himachalwatcher.com How are these chosen?
  6. 6. Approach/ Framework connectkaro.org #CK2015 Designing Solutions Analysis of Issues
  7. 7. Approach- Issue Analysis connectkaro.org #CK2015 1. Women’s Travel patterns are different from that of men
  8. 8. Case Study: Bhopal* *Source: EMBARQ Pilot Project funded by DFID (UK Aid) Trip Purpose: women spend less than men/month on transport expenses. Transport Expenditure: 70% Travel with Dependent: < 16% >30% 60% 33% 20% 35%
  9. 9. Case Study: Bhopal connectkaro.org #CK2015 Choice Parameter Trip Chaining < 40% 50% 35% 21% 49% 50%
  10. 10. connectkaro.org #CK2015 2. Public transport includes both formal and informal modes of transport Approach- Issue Analysis
  11. 11. Case Study: Bhopal Informal ModeFormal Mode 100,000 passengers/day 120,000 passengers/day 95,000 passengers/day Mini bus Tata MagicRegular Bus Source: Bus Karo 2.0, 2015 CMP of Bhopal, 2012 Informal Mode
  12. 12. connectkaro.org #CK2015 3. A public transport trip has multiple segments Approach- Issue Analysis
  13. 13. connectkaro.org #CK2015 Public Transport Journey Approach- Issue Analysis
  14. 14. Case Study: Bhopal connectkaro.org #CK2015 Name: Lata Age : 30 Years Profession : Domestic help and cook Mode : Minibus
  15. 15. Case Study: Bhopal connectkaro.org #CK2015 No street light & Footpath Encroached Footpaths Unsheltered Bus Stop Conductors blocking the doorway Overcrowding No Reserved seats and emergency numbers display Unsheltered Stop Access Trip Waiting at the Stop Boarding & Alighting Aboard/on the busEgress Trip Boarding & Alighting
  16. 16. Approach- Designing Solutions connectkaro.org #CK2015 1. Technological Solutions to be complemented by Human Centric Solutions
  17. 17. Women been harassed while using public transport88% Women face harassment on a regular basis40% Level Of Harassment in Public Transport Case Study: Bhopal
  18. 18. Perception of Drivers & Conductors Drivers and Conductors interviewed were of the opinion that women harassment was not a prevalent issue in Bhopal Drivers & conductors believe that women were equally responsible for harassment committed against them. 100% 30% Case Study: Bhopal
  19. 19. connectkaro.org #CK2015 2. Holistic Solutions Approach- Designing Solutions
  20. 20. Holistic Solutions Source: Adapted from Bus Karo 2.0, 2015 Service Planning & Operations Enforcement/ Grievance system Infrastructure & Vehicles Institutional Capacity
  21. 21. Case Study: Bhopal Source: Adopted from Bus Karo 2.0, 2015 Missing Street Lights Lack of bus shelters No access to Security Lack of gender sensitization training Design of bus stops Lack of Information
  22. 22. connectkaro.org #CK2015 3. Adaptive Solutions Approach- Designing Solutions
  23. 23. • Adapt to changing Scenarios • Feedback Mechanism- built in connectkaro.org Adaptive Solutions
  24. 24. Case Study: Solutions for Bhopal connectkaro.org #CK2015 Service Planning & Operations Enforcement/ Grievance system Infrastructure & Vehicles Institutional Capacity • Footpath Design standards • Street Light standards • Protocols for bus stop placement • Provision of bus shelter • Women Friendly bus stop design • Manager security & Vigilance • BCLL Women safety Committee • Safe City Standing Committee • Women Safety & gender sensitivity training • Women Safety Campaign • Protocols for Bus operations • Operations training • ITS Solutions • Special Bus Pass for Women • Stop on Request • Women employees • More Nirbhaya Vans • Provision of Help Lines • Common database of bus personnel
  25. 25. connectkaro.org #CK2015 Thank you rmenon@embarqindia.org

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