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Climate Change, Health and Transportation by Enrique Jacoby

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Climate Change, Health and Transportation by Enrique Jacoby

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Climate Change, Health and Transportation by Enrique Jacoby

  1. 1. CLIMATE CHANGE <ul><li>Regional </li></ul><ul><li>weather </li></ul><ul><li>changes </li></ul><ul><li>Heatwaves </li></ul><ul><li>Extreme </li></ul><ul><li>weather </li></ul><ul><li>Temperature </li></ul><ul><li>- Precipitation </li></ul>
  2. 2. CLIMATE CHANGE <ul><li>Regional </li></ul><ul><li>weather </li></ul><ul><li>changes </li></ul><ul><li>Heatwaves </li></ul><ul><li>Extreme </li></ul><ul><li>weather </li></ul><ul><li>Temperature </li></ul><ul><li>- Precipitation </li></ul>Microbial contamination Transmission dynamics Ecosystems hydrology Socioeconomics demographics
  3. 3. CLIMATE CHANGE <ul><li>Regional </li></ul><ul><li>weather </li></ul><ul><li>changes </li></ul><ul><li>Heatwaves </li></ul><ul><li>Extreme </li></ul><ul><li>weather </li></ul><ul><li>Temperature </li></ul><ul><li>- Precipitation </li></ul><ul><li>Health effects </li></ul><ul><li>Temperature </li></ul><ul><li>illness </li></ul><ul><li>Air-pollution </li></ul><ul><li>Water & Food </li></ul><ul><li>borne diseases </li></ul><ul><li>- Vector-borne d </li></ul><ul><li>Mental & nut </li></ul><ul><li>conditions </li></ul>Microbial contamination Transmission dynamics Ecosystems hydrology Socioeconomics demographics
  4. 4. CLIMATE CHANGE <ul><li>Regional </li></ul><ul><li>weather </li></ul><ul><li>changes </li></ul><ul><li>Heatwaves </li></ul><ul><li>Extreme </li></ul><ul><li>weather </li></ul><ul><li>Temperature </li></ul><ul><li>- Precipitation </li></ul><ul><li>Health effects </li></ul><ul><li>Temperature </li></ul><ul><li>illness </li></ul><ul><li>Air-pollution </li></ul><ul><li>Water & Food </li></ul><ul><li>borne diseases </li></ul><ul><li>- Vector-borne d </li></ul><ul><li>Mental & nut </li></ul><ul><li>conditions </li></ul>Microbial contamination Transmission dynamics Ecosystems hydrology Socioeconomics demographics Health-specific Adaptation measures
  5. 5. <ul><li>Diarrhea episodes </li></ul><ul><li>Malaria </li></ul><ul><li>Fatal unintentional injuries </li></ul><ul><li>Malnutrition </li></ul><ul><li>Air pollution </li></ul><ul><li>Other infectious diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Food production via plant diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Drought and famine </li></ul><ul><li>Population displacement </li></ul><ul><li>Destruction of health infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict over natural resources </li></ul><ul><li>Direct impact of heat and cold </li></ul>WHO, World Health Report 2002
  6. 6. <ul><li>Diarrhea episodes </li></ul><ul><li>Malaria </li></ul><ul><li>Fatal unintentional injuries </li></ul><ul><li>Malnutrition </li></ul><ul><li>Air pollution </li></ul><ul><li>Other infectious diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Food production via plant diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Drought and famine </li></ul><ul><li>Population displacement </li></ul><ul><li>Destruction of health infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict over natural resources </li></ul><ul><li>Direct impact of heat and cold </li></ul>WHO, World Health Report 2002
  7. 7. Attributable disease burden in year 2000 2000: 2.4% diarrhea and 6% Malaria 2030: Up10% diarrhea and Malaria 5,517 WORLD 8 Developed Countries 169 Western Pacific 2,572 South-East Asia 92 Latin America & Caribbean 768 Eastern Mediterranean 1,894 Africa DALY (1000) Region
  8. 8. WHO 2005 70% of the burden of disease and 60% of deaths are caused by Non-communicable Diseases
  9. 9. CLIMATE CHANGE <ul><li>Regional </li></ul><ul><li>weather </li></ul><ul><li>changes </li></ul><ul><li>Heatwaves </li></ul><ul><li>Extreme </li></ul><ul><li>weather </li></ul><ul><li>Temperature </li></ul><ul><li>- Precipitation </li></ul>Driving Forces Population Dynamics Unsustainable development Natural causes GHG emissions
  10. 10. CLIMATE CHANGE <ul><li>Regional </li></ul><ul><li>weather </li></ul><ul><li>changes </li></ul><ul><li>Heatwaves </li></ul><ul><li>Extreme </li></ul><ul><li>weather </li></ul><ul><li>Temperature </li></ul><ul><li>- Precipitation </li></ul>Driving Forces Population Dynamics Unsustainable development Natural causes GHG emissions Adaptive capacity Mitigation measures
  11. 11. CLIMATE CHANGE <ul><li>Regional </li></ul><ul><li>weather </li></ul><ul><li>changes </li></ul><ul><li>Heatwaves </li></ul><ul><li>Extreme </li></ul><ul><li>weather </li></ul><ul><li>Temperature </li></ul><ul><li>- Precipitation </li></ul>Driving Forces Population Dynamics Unsustainable development Natural causes GHG emissions Adaptive capacity Mitigation Measures:
  12. 12. Immediate coincidental Benefits of Mitigation <ul><li>Massive public transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable urban planning </li></ul><ul><li>Green energy alternatives </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiversity preservation </li></ul><ul><li>Surge of local agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Air quality: RD + CVD </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction of road injuries </li></ul><ul><li>Increase physical activity </li></ul><ul><li>Food diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Mental Health </li></ul>
  13. 13. WHO 2005
  14. 14. Caos Unsafety Noise Car dependency Diminished Quality of Life Congestion Pollution Economic losses Crime Physical Inactivity Obesity Stress Stress Respiratory & CV Diseases Insecurity Death

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