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Climate and Transport challenges and opportunity in Latina America

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By Adriana Lobo. Presented on Day Two of Transforming Transportation. Washington, D.C. January 15, 2010.

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Climate and Transport challenges and opportunity in Latina America

  1. 2. Transforming Transportation Climate and Transport challenges and opportunity in Latina America Adriana Lobo Centro de Transporte Sustentable de México January 15, 2010
  2. 3. Global antropogenic GHG emissions Source: IPCC, 2008
  3. 4. World Carbon Emissions: Transport
  4. 5. World Carbon Emissions: Transport CO2 Emissions for World in 2006 (total 4.3 tonnes/capita) CO2 Emissions for LAC in 2006 (total 2.5 tonnes/capita)
  5. 6. Motor Vehicle Ownership Historical Trend and Projected Growth for Selected Countries Source: Vehicle Ownership and Income Growth, World Wide, 1960-2030, Dargay, et al, 2007
  6. 7. Mexico 2008: 24 million vehicles Mexico 2030: 70 million vehicle Source: MEDEC study, CTS Mexico 2008
  7. 8. Mexico projection of total emission per mode (2009- 2030) Source: MEDEC study, CTS 2008
  8. 9. The Future for Transport and Emissions <ul><ul><li>Avoid- Shift- Improve approach: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Avoiding or reducing the need to travel through improved access to daily needs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shifting travel to, or keeping the modal share of the most efficient mode </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Improving existing forms of motorized transport through technological improvements </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 11. Sustainable strategy = Less trips and less distance Higher accecibility to services Higher social equity in mobility Less congestion Reduction of C02 from Transport
  10. 12. TRANSPORT EXPENDITURE DENSE CITIES 5-7 % GDP DIFFUSE CITIES 15-25 % GDP LOCAL POLLUTANTS PER INHABITANT DENSE CITIES 118 Kg. DIFFUSE CITIES 31 Kg. ¿How to achieve sustainable mobility?
  11. 13. Mix land use and km travel per capita
  12. 15. Emission of CO2eq per passenger-km Source: Transport in Developing Countries, International Energy Agency, PEW Center for Global Climate Change
  13. 16. People Mobility Technology
  14. 17. Opportunities <ul><li>The Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action Instruments offers an opportunity to levy institutional barriers to support non-regrets policies. </li></ul><ul><li>In its structure it must consider enough flexibility as to open the possibility to finance transport policies (modal change, TDM, etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Possibility to expand PROTRAM and increase national economic competition by promoting mobility policies. </li></ul>
  15. 18. THANK YOU Centro de Transporte Sustentable Felipe Carrillo Puerto 54 P.B., Col. Villa Coyoacán México, D.F.   C.P. 04000, tel. (5255) 3096-5742 al 45 [email_address] http://www.ctsmexico.org

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