Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable, Low Carbon Transport Strategies in Latin America<br />Sergio Sanchez<br />Th...
The Bellagio Declaration<br />    Principle 1. Effective Climate Action is incomplete without addressing the overall syste...
Understanding of Full Costs of Transport Externalities Need to be Improved and Disseminated<br />Health, agriculture and b...
Pricing carbon, air quality and congestion<br />Marginal cost for cars (US Cents / mile, price adjusted 2005)<br />
Health Costs of Environmental Deterioration in Latin America and the Caribbean (% GDP) <br />
Cost of Environmental Deteriorationin Mexico by Category (2004)<br />Costs of environmental deterioration in Mexico reache...
Source: Cifuentes (2005)<br />
Non profit organization, based in Washington DC, created by the members of the Clean Air Initiative for Latin American Cit...
The GEF STAQ Program:Integrated effort throughout  four linked projects<br />Argentina Project<br />PTUBA<br />Rosario <br...
Objectives<br />High Level<br />Reduce <br />rate of growth of<br />GHG from transport <br />in Latin America<br />The STA...
Major Barriers<br />Institutional<br />Fragmented visions & decision making mechanisms<br />Deficient regulation, enforcem...
Approach and Project Windowsin Mexico, Brazil and Argentina<br />STAQ Windows<br /><ul><li>Public Transport Improvement
Non Motorized Transport
Land Use and Transport Planning
Travel demand management
Freight Management
Clean Fuels and Vehicles
Approach to reduce emissions
Avoid or rationalize the future need to travel
Shifting travel to more efficient modes,
Improve existing forms of transport through technological improvements to make engines and fuels less carbon intensive. </...
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Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable, Low Carbon Transport Strategies in Latin America

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By Sergio Sanchez, Clean Air Institute. Presented on Day Two of Transforming Transportation. Washington, D.C. January 15, 2010.

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Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable, Low Carbon Transport Strategies in Latin America

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  2. 2. Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable, Low Carbon Transport Strategies in Latin America<br />Sergio Sanchez<br />The Clean Air Institute<br />Washington DC, January 15th 2010<br />
  3. 3. The Bellagio Declaration<br /> Principle 1. Effective Climate Action is incomplete without addressing the overall system performance of the Transport Sector. <br />Principle 2. Climate action in the transport sector should recognize co-benefits <br />Principle 3. More effective carbon finance mechanisms and associated procedures should catalyze sustainable transport policies, programs and projects <br /><ul><li> </li></li></ul><li>Transport sector in Latin America is one of the largest and fastest growing GHG sector<br />Sources: International Energy Agency (2001) and National Communications of Brazil, Mexico, Colombia, Peru and Argentina<br />
  4. 4. Understanding of Full Costs of Transport Externalities Need to be Improved and Disseminated<br />Health, agriculture and biodiversity damages of air pollution<br />traffic congestion <br />accidents <br />noise <br />productivity losses<br />diminished competitiveness <br />
  5. 5. Pricing carbon, air quality and congestion<br />Marginal cost for cars (US Cents / mile, price adjusted 2005)<br />
  6. 6. Health Costs of Environmental Deterioration in Latin America and the Caribbean (% GDP) <br />
  7. 7. Cost of Environmental Deteriorationin Mexico by Category (2004)<br />Costs of environmental deterioration in Mexico reaches 9% of GDP. <br />More than 85% of these costs are associated to outdoor and indoor air pollution.<br />
  8. 8. Source: Cifuentes (2005)<br />
  9. 9. Non profit organization, based in Washington DC, created by the members of the Clean Air Initiative for Latin American Cities (CAI-LAC).<br />CAI-LAC launched on 7 large cities of Latin America in 1998.<br />Mission: Improve air quality and mitigate climate change through partnerships, dialogue, knowledge dissemination and institutional strengthening of key players in the region<br />The Clean Air Institute<br />
  10. 10. The GEF STAQ Program:Integrated effort throughout four linked projects<br />Argentina Project<br />PTUBA<br />Rosario <br />Cordoba<br />Tucuman<br />Posadas<br />Brazil Project<br />ANTP<br />Belho Horizonte<br />Curitiba<br />Sao Paulo<br />Regional <br />Project<br />Clean Air <br />Institute<br />Mexico Project<br />SEDESOL<br />Ciudad Juarez<br />Puebla<br />Leon<br />Monterrey<br />
  11. 11. Objectives<br />High Level<br />Reduce <br />rate of growth of<br />GHG from transport <br />in Latin America<br />The STAQ Program addresses the most common barriers that exist at the city and national level to implementing sustainable transport practices in Latin America <br />Development<br />Country specific<br />Reduce growth of GHG<br /> by less energy transport<br />Create policy guidelines <br />and address barriers <br />Development <br />Regional<br />Create network of key stakeholders<br />Help cities to develop <br />SUT strategies<br />Strengthen city’s capacity <br />to measure impacts of <br />transport policies <br />
  12. 12. Major Barriers<br />Institutional<br />Fragmented visions & decision making mechanisms<br />Deficient regulation, enforcement and compliance<br />Technical<br />Deficient understanding of options, benefits & costs<br />Preference for known BAU solutions<br />Social <br />Deficient key stakeholders involvement<br />Dominant social and individual beliefs and aspirations favouring private cars.<br />Financial<br />Wrong economic incentives <br />Inadequate capacity to access finance<br />Limited private sector involvement<br />
  13. 13. Approach and Project Windowsin Mexico, Brazil and Argentina<br />STAQ Windows<br /><ul><li>Public Transport Improvement
  14. 14. Non Motorized Transport
  15. 15. Land Use and Transport Planning
  16. 16. Travel demand management
  17. 17. Freight Management
  18. 18. Clean Fuels and Vehicles
  19. 19. Approach to reduce emissions
  20. 20. Avoid or rationalize the future need to travel
  21. 21. Shifting travel to more efficient modes,
  22. 22. Improve existing forms of transport through technological improvements to make engines and fuels less carbon intensive. </li></li></ul><li>Summary<br />An effective Regional Sustainable Low Carbon Transport Strategy should address institutional, technical, financial and social barriers by:<br />Enhancing and mainstreaming local and national policies with applicable international agreements (environment, transport, etc.)<br />Broadening involvement of key stakeholders<br />Strengthening institutional capacity<br />Taking advantage of lessons learned and best practices<br />Developing integrated assessments of option’s costs and benefits<br />Highlighting the difference transport interventions can made for citizens<br />Establishing innovative financial mechanisms suitable for the transport sector<br />
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  30. 30. Contact information<br />Sergio Sanchez<br />Executive Director<br />Clean Air Institute<br />ssanchez@cleanairinstitute.org<br />+1 (202) 785 4222 x 13<br />

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