BRT and BHLS Evolution
Worldwide
Dario Hidalgo, PhD
Director Research and Practice
EMBARQ
www.embarq.org
Contents
Introduction
BRT and BHLS Evolution Worldwide
BRT and BHLS in Different Markets
Discussion
BRT
“flexible, rubber-tired
form of rapid transit
that combines stations,
vehicles, services,
running ways and
information...
Key BRT Components
Segregated
Busways
Stations with
prepayment and
level boarding
Large buses with
multiple doors
Distinct...
BHLS
“is an urban transport system
integrating a bus, but within
new conditions providing an
increase in performance
thank...
Key BHLS Components (for better performance)
The Busway – Nantes
Running
ways
Stations
Vehicles
Intelligent Transportation...
BRT, BHLS and busways around the world
# of cities and length (km) per country
2 km
320 km
80 km
1
116
6
31
3
1
6
1
17
2
7...
BRT and busway systems in the world
daily demand per region (M pax/day)
Latin America and
the Caribbean
53 cities
159 corr...
evolution of the # of cities and km per decade
Total length
Before 1990 (16 cities)
1991 - 2000 (19 cities)
2001 - 2010 (1...
0
25
50
75
100
125
150
175
0
5
10
15
20
25
1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010
CumulativeNumberofCities
NewCities...
Contents
Introduction
BRT and BHLS Evolution Worldwide
BRT and BHLS in Different Markets
Discussion
Curitiba, RIT, 72 km median busways
1.2 million passengers per day
Initial Bus Corridor 1972
Full BRT in 1982
1. Making buses run like surface metro –
Curitiba 1982
median bus-ways longitudinally
segregated
tube stations with fare
p...
2010
Evolution of the Integrated Network
Source: Prefeitura de Curitiba, Parana
“Linha Verde” Curitiba
Corredor de 18 Km
2009
Fotos: Prefeitura de Curitiba, Parana
Capacity Expansion
“Corredor Boqueirao”
2010
Foto:PrefeituradeCuritiba,Parana
2. Implementing buses of high level of service,
The Trans Val de Marne TVM – Paris 1993
Implementing buses of high level of service,
The Trans Val de Marne TVM – Paris 1993
Is the most used BHLS
1993 (13 km) an...
Implementing buses of high level of service,
The Trans Val de Marne TVM – Paris 1993
Information systems
23 km/h
17 km/h m...
3. Expanding capacity with advanced operations
Bogotá, 2000
Very high capacity
48,000 pphpd
Bogotá, TransMilenio, 104 Km busways
2,0 million pax/day
Express Way Lanes
TransMilenio, Bogota
New Fleet of Bi-articulated Buses Euro V
Downtown Transit Mall (Eje Ambiental)
Fuente:EncuestaAnual“Bogotá¿CómoVamos?”www.eltiempo.com;
Normal
buses
Public
Transmilenio
Private
Walking-Biking
Photo:G.Kash,Jully2011
Very high occupancy has become a concern
4. Integrating transit services across
modes and services – Santiago 2007
Single process
(¿big bang?)
Fare integration
Route optimization
Formalization of
providers
Elimination of
“competition on ...
The planning and implementation team was too
optimistic – implementation had troubles
Despite the initial difficulties, Santiago has
risen to a higher level of performance
The current system is
better than th...
High commercial
speed
35 km/h
5. Introducing high speed buses on
expressways – Istanbul 2008
52 Km central bus ways on
expressway (100% segregated)
Long station platforms -90m,
separated 1.1 km on average
Non-grade ...
35,800 pax/day/km
6. Reducing transfers with direct services –
Guangzhou 2010
22.5 km corridor
Long stations –from
55m to 260m, with
overtaking lanes
Combines multiple
direct services on the
same infr...
Contents
Introduction
BRT and BHLS Evolution Worldwide
BRT and BHLS in Different Markets
Discussion
237,000
Pax/día
497,000
Pax/día
552,000
Pax/día
814,000
Pax/día
1,114,000
Pax/día
2003 2005 2008 2009 2011
Optibus
Leon,
G...
BRT system METROBUS:
95 Km in 7 years
Mexico City – Metrobus
Metrobus in Numbers
CRECIMIENTO DE METROBÚS
Line 1 Insurgentes
Indios Verdes – Dr. Gálvez
1
2005 - 2006
20 KM.
345 mil pax / day
Line 1 (2005)
Line 1
Insurgentes Sur
Dr. Gálvez - El Caminero
1
2008
10 KM.
70 mil pax / day
Line 1 (2008)
Line 2 Eje 4 Sur
Tacubaya - Tepalcates
1
2008
20 KM.
160 mil pax / day
Line 2 (2008)
Line 3 Eje 1
Poniente
Etiopía - Tenayuca
1
2011
17 KM.
135 mil pax / day
Line 3 (2011)
Line 4
Buenavista – San Lázaro
Airport
2012
28 KM.
50 mil pax / day
Line 4 (2012)
Metrobus – Centro
Histórico (Line 4)
http://www.metrobus.df.gob.mx/mapa_L4.html
Photo:CTS EMBARQ Mexico
Photo: CTS EMBARQ Mexico
Photo:CTS EMBARQ Mexico
Photo:CTS EMBARQ Mexico
Photo:CTSEMBARQMexico
Photo:CTS EMBARQ Mexico
Photo:CTS EMBARQ Mexico
Photo:CTS EMBARQ Mexico
BRT Chihuahua
BRT Mexicali
BRT Ecovía Monterrey
BRT Chimalhuacán
BRT Tampico
BRT Acapulco
BRT Lechería
BRT Tijuana
BRT Pue...
31 Cities in Brazil with BRT and Bus Corridors
Belo Horizonte, Blumenau, Brasília,
Campinas, Campo Grande,
Caxias do Sul, ...
Rio de Janeiro
150 km planned 2012-2016
Photo: EMBARQ Brasil
TransOeste Ligerão
Currently in operation
June 2012
44.5 km of which 36.5 km
segregated median busways
42 stations, 2 term...
Photo: EMBARQ Brasil
Photo: EMBARQ Brasil
Photo: EMBARQ Brasil
Photo: EMBARQ Brasil
Photo: EMBARQ Brasil
Photo: EMBARQ Brasil
Plans in Brazil
PAC Big Cites, Copa 2014, Olimpics…
Projects/Corridors 108
Cities 32
Km More than 1000
Funding 26,392 mill...
Status of BRT cities in India
New
Delhi
Operational (7)
Jaipur
AhmedabadRajkot
Pune
Expected to be operational in a year (...
Ahmedabad, Janmarg (People´s Way), BRT System
Photo: EMBARQ
Indore, iBus, BRT System
Photo: EMBARQ
Indore, iBus, BRT System
Photo: EMBARQ
Indore, iBus, BRT System
Photo: EMBARQ
The Newest Kid in the Block:
Bhopal Mybus -Trial run July 2013
Photo: EMBARQ
The Newest Kid in the Block:
Bhopal Mybus -Trial run July 2013
Photo: EMBARQ
15 cities with BRT/Bus Corridors in China, 2 opened in 2012
BRT in Hangzhou. Bus and mixed traffic congestion. Buses in and out the BRT corridor
ITDP China
Largest Station in Guanghzou: 8,500 passenger boardings in a single hour during the morning peak. Station
access is via a ...
BHLS in Europe
Country Cities with BHLS
England Cambridge, Crawley, Dartford, Leeds
France Lille, Lorient, Lyon, Nantes, P...
Nantes – Station and Running Way
Brendan Finn
ETTS Ltd., Ireland
Nantes – BusWay vehicles
Brendan Finn
ETTS Ltd., Ireland
Zuidtangent at Schiphol Airport
Source : Stadsregio Amsterdam
Brendan Finn
ETTS Ltd., Ireland
Running way - Amsterdam
Brendan Finn
ETTS Ltd., Ireland
Running way - Amsterdam
Brendan Finn
ETTS Ltd., Ireland
Amsterdam: Hard shoulder reserved for bus
Source : COST TU0603 action
Brendan Finn
ETTS Ltd., Ireland
In-street operation – Amsterdam
Brendan Finn
ETTS Ltd., Ireland
Station - Amsterdam
Brendan Finn
ETTS Ltd., Ireland
Bicycle facilities - Amsterdam
 Bike’n’Ride
 Extensive bike parking
 Amsterdam, Almere
 Bike on bus is rare
O. HEDDEBA...
Cambridge : Busway
Source : Cambridgeshire County Council
Brendan Finn
ETTS Ltd., Ireland
Cambridge : Vehicle
Source : Cambridgeshire County Council
Brendan Finn
ETTS Ltd., Ireland
Cambridge : Busway
Source : Cambridgeshire County Council
Brendan Finn
ETTS Ltd., Ireland
Cambridge : Guide wheel for Busway
Source : Cambridgeshire County Council
Brendan Finn
ETTS Ltd., Ireland
Cambridge : Guide wheel and kerb
Source : Cambridgeshire County Council
Guide Kerb
Guide wheel
Brendan Finn
ETTS Ltd., Ire...
Cambridge : Park’n’Ride
Source : Cambridgeshire County Council
Brendan Finn
ETTS Ltd., Ireland
Customer comfort - Cambridge
 WiFi on bus
 Socket for PC, phone
 Leather seats
 CCTV for security
O. HEDDEBAUT
O. HEDD...
Madrid : Bus/VAO tidal lane
Brendan Finn
ETTS Ltd., Ireland
Hamburg: Line 5 in reserved lane
Source : Hamburger Hochbahn AG
Brendan Finn
ETTS Ltd., Ireland
Hamburg: “XXL” bus
Source : Hamburger Hochbahn AG
Brendan Finn
ETTS Ltd., Ireland
Oberhausen: Bus and tram on common lane
Brendan Finn
ETTS Ltd., Ireland
Contents
Introduction
BRT and BHLS Evolution Worldwide
BRT and BHLS in Different Markets
Discussion
BRT Current Status:
159 worldwide applications; concentration in Latin
America, Europe (BHLS), high growth in Asia and the...
Discussion
Perceived as “low quality”; poor systems for
poor cities – planners, decision makers, public
Not an industry – ...
¡Muchas Gracias!
BRT Workshop - BRT and BHLS Evolution Worldwide
BRT Workshop - BRT and BHLS Evolution Worldwide
BRT Workshop - BRT and BHLS Evolution Worldwide
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BRT Workshop - BRT and BHLS Evolution Worldwide

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O Centro de Excelência em BRT Across Latitudes and Cultures (ALC-BRT CoE) promoveu o Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) Workshop: Experiences and Challenges (Workshop BRT: Experiências e Desafios) dia 12/07/2013, no Rio de Janeiro. O curso foi organizado pela EMBARQ Brasil, com patrocínio da Fetranspor e da VREF (Volvo Research and Education Foundations).

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  • Finn et. al (2011) reviewed 35 cities applying BHLS concepts and list Paris (TVM), Nantes (Line 4, Busway), Amsterdam (Zuidtangent), Almere (10 lines trunk network), Kent (Fastrack A and B) and Jonkping (Citybussarna) as the most complete or full BHLS
  • Schematic Map of Line 4, crisscrossing the historic downtown and connecting to the international airport.
  • Buenavista Terminal, Connects with Metrobus Line 1 (Insurgentes), Metro Station Buenavista, and Suburban Rail on the eastern edge of downtown.
  • Interior of Metrobus Line 4 Terminal at Buenavita: wide, well lt and signilized
  • The bus fleet includes 8 hybrid (Diesel Electric) and 46 Diesel Euro V low floor buses with air conditioning, advanced vehicle location system and closed circuit TV. It is the most advanced fleet in Latin America.
  • Downtown streets were totally rebuilt to provide safe transit to the new buses and help recover the urban environment
  • CTSEmbarq Mexico helped with the design of icons and signs to provide adequate information to the users. This totem is located at Plaza de la República, whichwastotallyrebuiltcreatinganextraordinarypublicspace in downtownMexico.
  • New shelters and raisedplatformsprovideaccesstothelowfloor buses.
  • Narrowstreetshaveraisedsidewalwalks.
  • Symbol of the BRT systems in China to date? Low demand BRT lane, worse conditions for mixed traffic, and worse conditions for the large majority of bus users in the corridor.
  • BRT Workshop - BRT and BHLS Evolution Worldwide

    1. 1. BRT and BHLS Evolution Worldwide Dario Hidalgo, PhD Director Research and Practice EMBARQ
    2. 2. www.embarq.org
    3. 3. Contents Introduction BRT and BHLS Evolution Worldwide BRT and BHLS in Different Markets Discussion
    4. 4. BRT “flexible, rubber-tired form of rapid transit that combines stations, vehicles, services, running ways and information technologies into an integrated system with strong identity” (Levinson et. al, 2003b)
    5. 5. Key BRT Components Segregated Busways Stations with prepayment and level boarding Large buses with multiple doors Distinctive Image Centralized Control Macrobús – Guadalajara
    6. 6. BHLS “is an urban transport system integrating a bus, but within new conditions providing an increase in performance thanks to a triple optimization of: The internal characteristics of the technical and commercial offer. The integration of this offer into the whole public transport network. The integration of this network into the urban area” (Finn et. al, 2011) Cambridge, UK
    7. 7. Key BHLS Components (for better performance) The Busway – Nantes Running ways Stations Vehicles Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS), operation management tools Identity of the BHLS scheme BHLS COST
    8. 8. BRT, BHLS and busways around the world # of cities and length (km) per country 2 km 320 km 80 km 1 116 6 31 3 1 6 1 17 2 71 13 2 2 2 1 6 1 1 2 1 1 114 2 1 5 1 11 1 3 1 1 159 cities = 278 corridors = 4,077 km 700 km 1 source: BRTdata.org, June 2013 1
    9. 9. BRT and busway systems in the world daily demand per region (M pax/day) Latin America and the Caribbean 53 cities 159 corridors 16.54 M pax/day Europe 43 cities 52 corridors 1.68 M pax/day Asia 33 cities 37 corridors 6.28 M pax/day USA and Canada 20 cities 27 corridors 0.85 M pax/day Africa 3 cities 3 corridors 0.24 M pax/day Oceania 7 cities 7 corridors 0.33 M pax/day source: BRTdata.org, June 2013
    10. 10. evolution of the # of cities and km per decade Total length Before 1990 (16 cities) 1991 - 2000 (19 cities) 2001 - 2010 (103 cities)507 km 1025 km 3707 km BRT and busway systems in the world Since 2011 (21 cities) 4077 km source: BRTdata.org, June 2013
    11. 11. 0 25 50 75 100 125 150 175 0 5 10 15 20 25 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 CumulativeNumberofCities NewCities Evolution of the number of cities per year BRT and busway systems in the world 2010: Guangzhou, Hefei, Yancheng, Zaozhuang – China; Jaipur - India; Bangkok - Thailand; East London Transit – UK; Barranquilla, Bucaramanga – Colombia; Ecatepec- Mexico; Lima - Peru; Brampton – Canada; … 2000: Bogotá (TransMilenio), Colombia 1974: Curitiba source: BRTdata.org, June 2013
    12. 12. Contents Introduction BRT and BHLS Evolution Worldwide BRT and BHLS in Different Markets Discussion
    13. 13. Curitiba, RIT, 72 km median busways 1.2 million passengers per day Initial Bus Corridor 1972 Full BRT in 1982
    14. 14. 1. Making buses run like surface metro – Curitiba 1982 median bus-ways longitudinally segregated tube stations with fare prepayment and level access physical and fare integration dispatch control at terminal stations. differentiated services: Expresso, Ligerao, Ligeirinho, Interbairros, Alimentador Special services downtown, hospitals, touristic bus, schools
    15. 15. 2010 Evolution of the Integrated Network Source: Prefeitura de Curitiba, Parana
    16. 16. “Linha Verde” Curitiba Corredor de 18 Km 2009 Fotos: Prefeitura de Curitiba, Parana
    17. 17. Capacity Expansion “Corredor Boqueirao” 2010 Foto:PrefeituradeCuritiba,Parana
    18. 18. 2. Implementing buses of high level of service, The Trans Val de Marne TVM – Paris 1993
    19. 19. Implementing buses of high level of service, The Trans Val de Marne TVM – Paris 1993 Is the most used BHLS 1993 (13 km) and 2007 (7 km) 20 km bus lanes, 95% dedicated, mostly central segregated 29 stations (@ 700m) 39 articulated buses, specially designed and branded for the system
    20. 20. Implementing buses of high level of service, The Trans Val de Marne TVM – Paris 1993 Information systems 23 km/h 17 km/h minimum peak 3.5 min headway (peak) Interval plus 3 minutes for 96% of the pax 66,000 trips/day, growing 7% per year Good integration with pedestrians and rail (4 RER and 1 subway) New vehicle Créalis for the BHLS routes
    21. 21. 3. Expanding capacity with advanced operations Bogotá, 2000 Very high capacity 48,000 pphpd
    22. 22. Bogotá, TransMilenio, 104 Km busways 2,0 million pax/day
    23. 23. Express Way Lanes TransMilenio, Bogota
    24. 24. New Fleet of Bi-articulated Buses Euro V Downtown Transit Mall (Eje Ambiental)
    25. 25. Fuente:EncuestaAnual“Bogotá¿CómoVamos?”www.eltiempo.com; Normal buses Public Transmilenio Private Walking-Biking
    26. 26. Photo:G.Kash,Jully2011 Very high occupancy has become a concern
    27. 27. 4. Integrating transit services across modes and services – Santiago 2007
    28. 28. Single process (¿big bang?) Fare integration Route optimization Formalization of providers Elimination of “competition on the street”
    29. 29. The planning and implementation team was too optimistic – implementation had troubles
    30. 30. Despite the initial difficulties, Santiago has risen to a higher level of performance The current system is better than the one it replaced Travel times have reduced Large decreases in emissions Substantial reductions in fatalities and injuries Still a lot to improve Traffic Fatalities in Santiago Source: CONACET 6366 4951 3406 3291 3047 2937 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
    31. 31. High commercial speed 35 km/h 5. Introducing high speed buses on expressways – Istanbul 2008
    32. 32. 52 Km central bus ways on expressway (100% segregated) Long station platforms -90m, separated 1.1 km on average Non-grade queue jumpers to access the Bosphorus Bridge, (mixed traffic) Low floor buses (articulated and bi-articulated) 23,000 passengers/ hour/ direction, 15 sec interval 800,000 passengers/day
    33. 33. 35,800 pax/day/km 6. Reducing transfers with direct services – Guangzhou 2010
    34. 34. 22.5 km corridor Long stations –from 55m to 260m, with overtaking lanes Combines multiple direct services on the same infrastructure. 27,000 pphpd 350 buses phpd 800,000 passengers per day
    35. 35. Contents Introduction BRT and BHLS Evolution Worldwide BRT and BHLS in Different Markets Discussion
    36. 36. 237,000 Pax/día 497,000 Pax/día 552,000 Pax/día 814,000 Pax/día 1,114,000 Pax/día 2003 2005 2008 2009 2011 Optibus Leon, Guanajuatio Length: 26 km Fleet: 61 +Metobus Insurgentes Mexico DF Length: 46 km Fleet: 156 + Metrobus Insurgentes Sur Length: 55 km Fleet: 216 +Macrobus Guadalajara Length: 92 km Fleet: 330 +Mexibus Mexico State Length: 128 km Fleet: 472 1,164,000 Pax/día 2012 + Metrbus Line 4 Length: 156 km Fleet: 526
    37. 37. BRT system METROBUS: 95 Km in 7 years
    38. 38. Mexico City – Metrobus
    39. 39. Metrobus in Numbers
    40. 40. CRECIMIENTO DE METROBÚS Line 1 Insurgentes Indios Verdes – Dr. Gálvez 1 2005 - 2006 20 KM. 345 mil pax / day Line 1 (2005)
    41. 41. Line 1 Insurgentes Sur Dr. Gálvez - El Caminero 1 2008 10 KM. 70 mil pax / day Line 1 (2008)
    42. 42. Line 2 Eje 4 Sur Tacubaya - Tepalcates 1 2008 20 KM. 160 mil pax / day Line 2 (2008)
    43. 43. Line 3 Eje 1 Poniente Etiopía - Tenayuca 1 2011 17 KM. 135 mil pax / day Line 3 (2011)
    44. 44. Line 4 Buenavista – San Lázaro Airport 2012 28 KM. 50 mil pax / day Line 4 (2012)
    45. 45. Metrobus – Centro Histórico (Line 4)
    46. 46. http://www.metrobus.df.gob.mx/mapa_L4.html
    47. 47. Photo:CTS EMBARQ Mexico
    48. 48. Photo: CTS EMBARQ Mexico
    49. 49. Photo:CTS EMBARQ Mexico
    50. 50. Photo:CTS EMBARQ Mexico
    51. 51. Photo:CTSEMBARQMexico
    52. 52. Photo:CTS EMBARQ Mexico
    53. 53. Photo:CTS EMBARQ Mexico
    54. 54. Photo:CTS EMBARQ Mexico
    55. 55. BRT Chihuahua BRT Mexicali BRT Ecovía Monterrey BRT Chimalhuacán BRT Tampico BRT Acapulco BRT Lechería BRT Tijuana BRT Puebla Metrobus Line 5 BRT Monterrey BRT Villahermosa BRT Cd. Azteca - Tecámac BRT Toluca Authorized Under review Tren Sub 1 Cuautitlán BRT Oaxaca BT Puebla 2 Tren LRT Guadalajara BRT Pachuca BRT Cd Juarez BRT León Under construction BRT systems in Mexico  35 BRT systems:  5 under construction  30 under review / identification
    56. 56. 31 Cities in Brazil with BRT and Bus Corridors Belo Horizonte, Blumenau, Brasília, Campinas, Campo Grande, Caxias do Sul, Criciúma, Curitiba, Diadema - São Paulo, Feira de Santana, Fortaleza, Goiania, Jaboatão dos Guararapes, Joinville, João Pessoa, Juiz de Fora, Londrina, Maceió, Mauá – Diadema, Natal, Niteroi, Olinda, Porto Alegre, Recife, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, Santos, Sorocaba, Sumaré, São Paulo, Uberlândia
    57. 57. Rio de Janeiro 150 km planned 2012-2016
    58. 58. Photo: EMBARQ Brasil
    59. 59. TransOeste Ligerão Currently in operation June 2012 44.5 km of which 36.5 km segregated median busways 42 stations, 2 terminals 91 articulated buses + 16 padron 120,000 pax/day R$ 2.75 (USD 1.36) per trip Project 63 km of which 55 km segregated median busways 57 stations, 3 terminals 220,000 pax/day when connected to Metro in 2016 31 feeder routes, 147 feeder buses Capital investment R$ 1.6 bilion (USD 800 million)
    60. 60. Photo: EMBARQ Brasil
    61. 61. Photo: EMBARQ Brasil
    62. 62. Photo: EMBARQ Brasil
    63. 63. Photo: EMBARQ Brasil
    64. 64. Photo: EMBARQ Brasil
    65. 65. Photo: EMBARQ Brasil
    66. 66. Plans in Brazil PAC Big Cites, Copa 2014, Olimpics… Projects/Corridors 108 Cities 32 Km More than 1000 Funding 26,392 million Real 13,196 million USD Demand ~10.0 million people per day Required Buses 16,000 vehicles Source: EMBARQ Brasil
    67. 67. Status of BRT cities in India New Delhi Operational (7) Jaipur AhmedabadRajkot Pune Expected to be operational in a year (2) Bhopal Indore Surat Pimpri- Chinchwad Others under construction / DPR approved (5) Kolkata Vishakhapatnam Vijaywada Naya Raipur Hubli-Dharwad DPR / DFR under preparation (5) GuwahatiLucknow Vadodara Bangalore Chennai Prof. H. M. Shivanand
    68. 68. Ahmedabad, Janmarg (People´s Way), BRT System Photo: EMBARQ
    69. 69. Indore, iBus, BRT System Photo: EMBARQ
    70. 70. Indore, iBus, BRT System Photo: EMBARQ
    71. 71. Indore, iBus, BRT System Photo: EMBARQ
    72. 72. The Newest Kid in the Block: Bhopal Mybus -Trial run July 2013 Photo: EMBARQ
    73. 73. The Newest Kid in the Block: Bhopal Mybus -Trial run July 2013 Photo: EMBARQ
    74. 74. 15 cities with BRT/Bus Corridors in China, 2 opened in 2012
    75. 75. BRT in Hangzhou. Bus and mixed traffic congestion. Buses in and out the BRT corridor ITDP China
    76. 76. Largest Station in Guanghzou: 8,500 passenger boardings in a single hour during the morning peak. Station access is via a bridge with escalators, and a pedestrian crossing with refuge islands ITDP China
    77. 77. BHLS in Europe Country Cities with BHLS England Cambridge, Crawley, Dartford, Leeds France Lille, Lorient, Lyon, Nantes, Paris, Rennes, Rouen, Toulouse Germany Essen, Hamburg, Oberhausen Ireland Dublin Italy Brescia*, Pisa, Prato Netherlands Alkmaar, Almere, Amsterdam, Eindhoven, Twente, Utrecht Spain Barcelona*, Castellón, Madrid Sweden Gothenburg, Jönköping, Lund, Stockholm Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd., Ireland
    78. 78. Nantes – Station and Running Way Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd., Ireland
    79. 79. Nantes – BusWay vehicles Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd., Ireland
    80. 80. Zuidtangent at Schiphol Airport Source : Stadsregio Amsterdam Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd., Ireland
    81. 81. Running way - Amsterdam Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd., Ireland
    82. 82. Running way - Amsterdam Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd., Ireland
    83. 83. Amsterdam: Hard shoulder reserved for bus Source : COST TU0603 action Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd., Ireland
    84. 84. In-street operation – Amsterdam Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd., Ireland
    85. 85. Station - Amsterdam Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd., Ireland
    86. 86. Bicycle facilities - Amsterdam  Bike’n’Ride  Extensive bike parking  Amsterdam, Almere  Bike on bus is rare O. HEDDEBAUT Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd., Ireland
    87. 87. Cambridge : Busway Source : Cambridgeshire County Council Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd., Ireland
    88. 88. Cambridge : Vehicle Source : Cambridgeshire County Council Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd., Ireland
    89. 89. Cambridge : Busway Source : Cambridgeshire County Council Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd., Ireland
    90. 90. Cambridge : Guide wheel for Busway Source : Cambridgeshire County Council Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd., Ireland
    91. 91. Cambridge : Guide wheel and kerb Source : Cambridgeshire County Council Guide Kerb Guide wheel Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd., Ireland
    92. 92. Cambridge : Park’n’Ride Source : Cambridgeshire County Council Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd., Ireland
    93. 93. Customer comfort - Cambridge  WiFi on bus  Socket for PC, phone  Leather seats  CCTV for security O. HEDDEBAUT O. HEDDEBAUT O. HEDDEBAUT Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd., Ireland
    94. 94. Madrid : Bus/VAO tidal lane Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd., Ireland
    95. 95. Hamburg: Line 5 in reserved lane Source : Hamburger Hochbahn AG Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd., Ireland
    96. 96. Hamburg: “XXL” bus Source : Hamburger Hochbahn AG Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd., Ireland
    97. 97. Oberhausen: Bus and tram on common lane Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd., Ireland
    98. 98. Contents Introduction BRT and BHLS Evolution Worldwide BRT and BHLS in Different Markets Discussion
    99. 99. BRT Current Status: 159 worldwide applications; concentration in Latin America, Europe (BHLS), high growth in Asia and the Pacific Innovation continues: adapted to local conditions and needs; new technologies (vehicles and ITS) High performance, low cost, rapid implementation Trend: from corridors to citywide integrated systems Some issues outstanding: reliability, occupancy
    100. 100. Discussion Perceived as “low quality”; poor systems for poor cities – planners, decision makers, public Not an industry – disaggregated provision of components Implementation barriers: Reducing the space for cars Lack of knowledge/familiarity by decision makers and transport planners Environmental considerations – air pollution and GHGs User fares and self-sustainability
    101. 101. ¡Muchas Gracias!

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