BRT Around the WorldUpdate 2012 and Future Evolution                  Dario Hidalgo, PhD       Director Research and Pract...
www.embarq.org
Aileen Carrigan           Heshuang Zeng             Erin CooperMarco PriegoJorge Macías                    Umang Jain     ...
www.sibrtonline.org   www.brt.cl
SIBRT: 19 Public Agencies from 8 Countries www.sibrtonline.org
www.brtdata.org
BRT and busway systems in the world         # of cities and length (km) per country                                       ...
BRT and busway systems in the world          # of cities and daily demand per country (M pax/day)                         ...
BRT and busway systems in the world        daily demand per region (M pax/day)                                            ...
BRT and busway systems in the world               evolution of the # of cities and km per decade         3781 km          ...
BRT and busway systems in the world                     Evolution of the number of cities per year             25         ...
BRT and busway systems in the world                                 Evolution of total length of systems                  ...
BRT and busway systems in the worldIn operation(147 cities)In expansion(21 cities)Planned / inconstruction(84 cities)     ...
Top Performers 2012
Jakarta, Indonesia                                                    134 kmPhoto: http://www.unep.org/unite/30ways/story....
São Paulo, Brasil2,109,000 pax/day
Istanbul, Turkey    42 km/h
Bogota, Colombia                             48,000 pphpdPhoto: TRANSMILENIO S.A.
Guangzhou, China                                            35,800 pax/day/kmGuangzhou BRTs Gangding Station. Photo by Ben...
Guadalajara, Mexico                            3,100 pax/day/busPhoto: CTS EMBARQ México
Guayaquil, Ecuador 13.2 pax/bus-km                     Photos by D. Hidalgo
The new kids (LAC):Photo: CTS EMBARQ Mexico                       México City    Rio de Janeiro   Bogotá                  ...
México City         Metrobús      6 years, 95 km     755,000 pax/day    +105 km 2013-2018http://www.metrobus.df.gob.mx/map...
http://www.metrobus.df.gob.mx/mapa_L4.html
Metrobús Line 4April 201228 km (2 roads bidirectional)32 stops2 terminals2 airport stops54 Euro V 12m buses (8 hybrid dies...
Photo: CTS EMBARQ Mexico
Photo: CTS EMBARQ Mexico
Photo: CTS EMBARQ Mexico
Photo: CTS EMBARQ Mexico
Photo: CTS EMBARQ Mexico
Photo: CTS EMBARQ Mexico
Photo: CTS EMBARQ Mexico
Photo: CTS EMBARQ Mexico
Photo: CTS EMBARQ Mexico
Photo: CTS EMBARQ Mexico
Things done well          Required improvements Adaptive design to         User information historic district conditions  ...
Rio de Janeiro150 km planned 2012-2016
Photo: EMBARQ Brasil
Transoeste LigerãoCurrently in operation          Project  Since May 2012                  56 km of which 48 km           ...
Photo: EMBARQ Brasil
Photo: EMBARQ Brasil
Photo: EMBARQ Brasil
Photo: EMBARQ Brasil
Photo: EMBARQ Brasil
Photo: EMBARQ Brasil
Transoeste Ligerão Work in progress (71%) Very good user ratings (90%, InstitutoMapear, http://oglobo.globo.com/rio/pesqui...
TransMilenio, Bogotá        104 km, 2 million pax/day (Dec 2012) http://www.surumbo.com/paginas_php3/loadinfo.php3?InaNuId...
Fase III TransMilenio, Bogotá               20 km, 520,000 pax/day (Dec 2012)http://www.surumbo.com/paginas_php3/loadinfo....
Fase III TransMilenio, Bogotá               20 km, 520,000 pax/day (Mid 2013)     Eldorado Trunkway                       ...
http://www.caracol.com.co/images/1706569_n_vir1                                                                           ...
Photo: Luis Lizarazo, El TiempoPortal Eldorado Troncal Calle 26            Terminal
http://www.elespectador.com/files/img_ipad/fcd890eff2aed371be7a0ec1cee68d5a.jpg                                 Troncal Ca...
Central StationUrban Renewal Project (under construction)
Portal del 20 de Julio                                                                                 Terminal Stationhtt...
Instituto de Desarrollo Urbano               Troncal Carrera 10aCalle 6 Intersection and Intermediate Terminal            ...
New Flleet of Biarticulated Buses Euro V Downton Transit Mall (Eje Ambiental)
Phase III TransMilenio, BogotáWork in progress (60%, expected completion by Feb2013)A component of the integrated mass tra...
BRT Current Status:147 worldwide applications; concentration in LatinAmerica, high growth in Asia and the PacificInnovatio...
Future of BRT TechnolgiesRunning way guidanceVehicle propulsion technologiesInformation technologies  Fare collection  Pla...
Running way guidance/docking   Mechanical               Optical                 MagneticEssen (1980)        Rouen, France ...
Vehicle propulsion technologiesDiesel - reduction of the fuel´s sulfur content,engine improvements and filters and catalys...
Pollutant Emissions From Buse                   http://www.embarq.org/en/pro                   ject/sustainable-urban-    ...
Source: Cooper et. al 2012
CO      THC         NOx         PM          CO2LNG                            High      Very High   Medium      Very LowE9...
ITS – Fare CollectionAdvanced contactless smart cards arethe most common media; flexible,secure, convenientTechnologies:  ...
ITS – Planning and Operations Advanced route design –heuristics Advanced bus and crewscheduling Advanced operationalcontro...
New Methodology and Results   on Tackling Bus Bunching   Friday, December 14th at 1300 CLST (UTC-3)Presented by Juan Carlo...
¡Muchas Gracias!      Volvo Research and Educational      Foundations
Further Reading (2012 ALC-BRT publications)Hidalgo, D., Gutierrez, L. (2012), BRT and BHLS around the world: Explosive gro...
O-Bahn, Adelaide, Australia                        Opened in 198612 Km, guided, $98 MM Aus (including buses), up to 18,000...
Running way guidance costs              Km               Type of        Capital Cost   Cost/Km              (Pax/Day)     ...
Examples of Costs of Different Vehicle Technologies inEurope (Thousand €)Propulsion                     Standard          ...
Reference costs for Euro 5 Vehicles in Mexico (Thousand USD)                                                    Double-   ...
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  • Schematic Map of Line 4, crisscrossing the historic downtown and connecting to the international airport.
  • Buenavista Terminal, Connects with Metrobus Line 1 (Insurgentes), Metro Station Buenavista, and Suburban Rail on the eastern edge of downtown.
  • Interior of Metrobus Line 4 Terminal at Buenavita: wide, well lt and signilized
  • The bus fleet includes 8 hybrid (Diesel Electric) and 46 Diesel Euro V low floor buses with air conditioning, advanced vehicle location system and closed circuit TV. It is the most advanced fleet in Latin America.
  • Downtown streets were totally rebuilt to provide safe transit to the new buses and help recover the urban environment
  • CTSEmbarq Mexico helped with the design of icons and signs to provide adequate information to the users. This totem is located at Plaza de la República, whichwastotallyrebuiltcreatinganextraordinarypublicspace in downtownMexico.
  • Totem of the BellasArtes Station, showing three Mexico City icons together: the amazing Fine Arts Theater, the Latin American Tower, and Metrobus
  • New shelters and raisedplatformsprovideaccesstothelowfloor buses.
  • Narrowstreetshaveraisedsidewalwalks.
  • Wide, well delineated and signilized crosswalks in historic downtown to facilitate safe crossings in the new Metrobus Line 4
  • Presentation BRT Around the World Update 2012

    1. 1. BRT Around the WorldUpdate 2012 and Future Evolution Dario Hidalgo, PhD Director Research and Practice, EMBARQ Bus Rapid Transit Across Latitudes and Cultures Centre of Excellence Webinar Series, November 29, 2012
    2. 2. www.embarq.org
    3. 3. Aileen Carrigan Heshuang Zeng Erin CooperMarco PriegoJorge Macías Umang Jain Daniela Fachinni Cristina Albuquerque Guillermo Petzhold Magdala Arioli Mariana Gil
    4. 4. www.sibrtonline.org www.brt.cl
    5. 5. SIBRT: 19 Public Agencies from 8 Countries www.sibrtonline.org
    6. 6. www.brtdata.org
    7. 7. BRT and busway systems in the world # of cities and length (km) per country 11 3 6 1 3 5 1 1 13 1 114 1 2 1 13 2 15 1 4 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 6 640 km 1 31 6 2 320 km 1 1 80 km 147 cities = 259 corridors = 3,781 km 1 2 km source: BRTdata.org, November, 2012
    8. 8. BRT and busway systems in the world # of cities and daily demand per country (M pax/day) 11 3 6 1 3 5 14 1 1 1 13 1 2 1 1 2 1 13 5 4 1 1 6 1 1 1 1 1 2 10.5 M pax/day 31 2.5 M 1 6 1 2 1.5 M 1 0.5 M 147 cities = 24,853,863 pax/day 10.05 M source: BRTdata.org, November, 2012
    9. 9. BRT and busway systems in the world daily demand per region (M pax/day) AsiaUSA and Canada 25 cities20 cities 25 corridors27 corridors 6.44 M pax/day0.85 M pax/day Europe 42 cities 51 corridors 0.94 M pax/day Africa 3 cities 3 corridors 0.24 M pax/day Latin America and Oceania the Caribbean 7 cities 50 cities 7 corridors 146 corridors 0.32 M pax/day 16.06 M pax/day source: BRTdata.org, November, 2012
    10. 10. BRT and busway systems in the world evolution of the # of cities and km per decade 3781 km 905 km Before 1990 (14 cities) 493 km 1990 s (19 cities)Total length Since 2000 (114 cities) source: BRTdata.org, November, 2012
    11. 11. BRT and busway systems in the world Evolution of the number of cities per year 25 150 2010: Guangzhou, Hefei, Yancheng, Zaozhuang – China; Jaipur - India; Bangkok - Thailand; East London Transit – UK; Barranquilla, Bucaramanga – Colombia; 125 20 Cumulative Number of Cities Ecatepec- Mexico; Lima - Peru; Brampton – Canada; … 100 15New Cities 75 2000: Bogotá 10 (TransMilenio), Colombia 50 5 1974: Curitiba 25 0 0 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 source: BRTdata.org, November, 2012
    12. 12. BRT and busway systems in the world Evolution of total length of systems 2000 4000 3500 1500 3000Constructed length (km) Cumulative length (km) 2500 1000 2000 1500 500 1000 500 0 0 source: BRTdata.org, November, 2012
    13. 13. BRT and busway systems in the worldIn operation(147 cities)In expansion(21 cities)Planned / inconstruction(84 cities) source: EMBARQ, 2011
    14. 14. Top Performers 2012
    15. 15. Jakarta, Indonesia 134 kmPhoto: http://www.unep.org/unite/30ways/story.aspx?storyID=45
    16. 16. São Paulo, Brasil2,109,000 pax/day
    17. 17. Istanbul, Turkey 42 km/h
    18. 18. Bogota, Colombia 48,000 pphpdPhoto: TRANSMILENIO S.A.
    19. 19. Guangzhou, China 35,800 pax/day/kmGuangzhou BRTs Gangding Station. Photo by Benjamin.
    20. 20. Guadalajara, Mexico 3,100 pax/day/busPhoto: CTS EMBARQ México
    21. 21. Guayaquil, Ecuador 13.2 pax/bus-km Photos by D. Hidalgo
    22. 22. The new kids (LAC):Photo: CTS EMBARQ Mexico México City Rio de Janeiro Bogotá Line 4 TransOeste Phase III
    23. 23. México City Metrobús 6 years, 95 km 755,000 pax/day +105 km 2013-2018http://www.metrobus.df.gob.mx/mapa.html
    24. 24. http://www.metrobus.df.gob.mx/mapa_L4.html
    25. 25. Metrobús Line 4April 201228 km (2 roads bidirectional)32 stops2 terminals2 airport stops54 Euro V 12m buses (8 hybrid diesel-electic)Integrated electronic fare collection (on board)
    26. 26. Photo: CTS EMBARQ Mexico
    27. 27. Photo: CTS EMBARQ Mexico
    28. 28. Photo: CTS EMBARQ Mexico
    29. 29. Photo: CTS EMBARQ Mexico
    30. 30. Photo: CTS EMBARQ Mexico
    31. 31. Photo: CTS EMBARQ Mexico
    32. 32. Photo: CTS EMBARQ Mexico
    33. 33. Photo: CTS EMBARQ Mexico
    34. 34. Photo: CTS EMBARQ Mexico
    35. 35. Photo: CTS EMBARQ Mexico
    36. 36. Things done well Required improvements Adaptive design to User information historic district conditions Speed Advanced vehicles Reliability New connections - Pedestrian safety mass transit corridors (BRT, Metro) and the airport
    37. 37. Rio de Janeiro150 km planned 2012-2016
    38. 38. Photo: EMBARQ Brasil
    39. 39. Transoeste LigerãoCurrently in operation Project Since May 2012 56 km of which 48 km segregated median busways 40 km of which 32 km segregated median busways 55 stations, 3 terminals 91 articulated buses 29 stations, 2 terminals 110,000 pax/day by the end 65 articulated buses of 2012 55,000 pax/day 220.000 pax/day when connected to Metro in 2016 R$ 2,75 (USD 1,36) per trip 31 feeder routes, 147 feeder buses Capital investment R$ 1,6 bilion (USD 800 million)
    40. 40. Photo: EMBARQ Brasil
    41. 41. Photo: EMBARQ Brasil
    42. 42. Photo: EMBARQ Brasil
    43. 43. Photo: EMBARQ Brasil
    44. 44. Photo: EMBARQ Brasil
    45. 45. Photo: EMBARQ Brasil
    46. 46. Transoeste Ligerão Work in progress (71%) Very good user ratings (90%, InstitutoMapear, http://oglobo.globo.com/rio/pesquisa-sobre-brt-revela-aprovacao-de-90-dos-passageiros-5698633) 20 min time savings High occupancy Jaywaking – Run overs
    47. 47. TransMilenio, Bogotá 104 km, 2 million pax/day (Dec 2012) http://www.surumbo.com/paginas_php3/loadinfo.php3?InaNuIdMn=311&IngNuEleE=2& nav=1http://www.surumbo.com/paginas_php3/loadinfo.php3?InaNuIdMn=311&IngNuEleE=2&nav=1
    48. 48. Fase III TransMilenio, Bogotá 20 km, 520,000 pax/day (Dec 2012)http://www.surumbo.com/paginas_php3/loadinfo.php3?InaNuIdMn=311&IngNuEleE=2& nav=1http://www.transmilenio.gov.co/AdmContenidoUpload/administrador.contenido/Files/Fase3/Generalidades%20F3.pdf
    49. 49. Fase III TransMilenio, Bogotá 20 km, 520,000 pax/day (Mid 2013) Eldorado Trunkway Carrera 10ª Trunkway 12.2 km 7.7 km 1 Terminal Station 1 Terminal Station 1 Integration Station 2 Integration Stations 12 intermediate 8 Intermediate Stations Stations 1 depot 1 depot 2 pedestrian tunnels Pedestrian overpass At grade pedestrian access, 1 pedestrian access tunnelshttp://www.surumbo.com/paginas_php3/loadinfo.php3?InaNuIdMn=311&IngNuEleE=2& nav=1http://www.transmilenio.gov.co/AdmContenidoUpload/administrador.contenido/Files/Fase3/Generalidades%20F3.pdf
    50. 50. http://www.caracol.com.co/images/1706569_n_vir1 .jpg?u=150637http://interpolitico.com/inicio/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/transmilenio12-571x350.jpg http://www.caracol.com.co/images/1654864_n_vir1.jpg? u=151257http://www.eltiempo.com/colombia/bogota/IMAGEN/IMAGEN-12046587-2.png
    51. 51. Photo: Luis Lizarazo, El TiempoPortal Eldorado Troncal Calle 26 Terminal
    52. 52. http://www.elespectador.com/files/img_ipad/fcd890eff2aed371be7a0ec1cee68d5a.jpg Troncal Calle 26 - Station
    53. 53. Central StationUrban Renewal Project (under construction)
    54. 54. Portal del 20 de Julio Terminal Stationhttp://www.elespectador.com/files/images/201105/7604fe3c744b9c4347f087bdc4a04dd6.jpg http://www.eltiempo.com/colombia/bogota/IMAGEN/IMAGEN -8939936-2.jpg
    55. 55. Instituto de Desarrollo Urbano Troncal Carrera 10aCalle 6 Intersection and Intermediate Terminal (under construction)
    56. 56. New Flleet of Biarticulated Buses Euro V Downton Transit Mall (Eje Ambiental)
    57. 57. Phase III TransMilenio, BogotáWork in progress (60%, expected completion by Feb2013)A component of the integrated mass transit system(SITP), being rolled outBelated, 6 yearsHigh occupancy in Phases I and II43 km BRT expansion planned 2013-2015 (+Metro+Light Rail Transit + Cables)
    58. 58. BRT Current Status:147 worldwide applications; concentration in LatinAmerica, high growth in Asia and the PacificInnovation continues: adapted to local conditionsand needs; new technologies (vehicles and ITS)High performance, low cost, rapid implementationTrend: from corridors to citywide integrated systemsSome issues outstanding: reliability, occupancy
    59. 59. Future of BRT TechnolgiesRunning way guidanceVehicle propulsion technologiesInformation technologies Fare collection Planning and controlling operations
    60. 60. Running way guidance/docking Mechanical Optical MagneticEssen (1980) Rouen, France Eindhoven (2004)Adelaide (1986) (2001), Castellón de laLeeds (1995) Plana, SpainCambridge (2011) (2008), Nimes, FranceCleveland (2011 ) (2010) and Bologna, Italy (2010).Tested in Las
    61. 61. Vehicle propulsion technologiesDiesel - reduction of the fuel´s sulfur content,engine improvements and filters and catalysts Compressed natural gas CNG Liquefied natural gas LNG Electric (trolleybuses), since 1911, in 315 cities Hybrid-electric drives Hydraulic Hybrids Battery Electric Hydrogen powered buses
    62. 62. Pollutant Emissions From Buse http://www.embarq.org/en/pro ject/sustainable-urban- transport-fuels-and-vehicles- program Authors: Erin Cooper, Aileen Carrigan EMBARQ Magdala Arioli, EMBARQ Brasil Umang Jain, EMBARQ India Contributors: Jorge Macias, Cynthia Menendez, Georg Schmid, CTS-EMBARQ Mexico Funding:
    63. 63. Source: Cooper et. al 2012
    64. 64. CO THC NOx PM CO2LNG High Very High Medium Very LowE95 Very High Very High Very High Very HighE93 Very High Very High Medium Very HighD50+DPF Low Very Low High Medium HighD50 Medium Very Low High Very High MediumD15+SCR High Very Low Medium Medium LowD15+OC Very Low Very Low Medium Medium MediumD15+Hybrid Very Low Very Low Variable Low VariableD15+EGR Very Low Very Low Medium Medium Very HighD15+DPF Very Low Very Low High Low Very HighD15 Low Very Low High Very High Very HighD≥150+OC Low Low High Very High LowD≥150 Medium Low Very High Very High MediumCNG+OC Very Low Very High High Very Low MediumCNG+3WC Very Low Low Very Low Very Low MediumCNG Very High Very High Very High Very Low HighB20 Low Low High Medium HighB100+SCR Medium Very Low Low Low Very LowB100+EGR Very Low Very Low Medium Medium Low Source: Cooper et. al 2012
    65. 65. ITS – Fare CollectionAdvanced contactless smart cards arethe most common media; flexible,secure, convenientTechnologies: MIFARE, introduced in 1994, market share of more than 70% Octopus, in Honk Kong since 1997: applications in the Netherlands, Dubai and New Zealand Cubic, in 40 markets around the world Visa/MastercardNew: NFC and EMV; for use withcellular phones; under developmentin 80 countries
    66. 66. ITS – Planning and Operations Advanced route design –heuristics Advanced bus and crewscheduling Advanced operationalcontrol AVL/CADTraffic Signal Priority TSPControl: holding, earlydoors closing, TSP
    67. 67. New Methodology and Results on Tackling Bus Bunching Friday, December 14th at 1300 CLST (UTC-3)Presented by Juan Carlos Munoz, ALC-BRT Director
    68. 68. ¡Muchas Gracias! Volvo Research and Educational Foundations
    69. 69. Further Reading (2012 ALC-BRT publications)Hidalgo, D., Gutierrez, L. (2012), BRT and BHLS around the world: Explosive growth, large positive impacts andmany issues outstanding, Research In Transportation Economics, Volume 39, Issue 1, March 2013, Pages 8-13Hidalgo, D., Huizenga, C. (2012), Implementation of sustainable urban transport in Latin America, Research InTransportation Economics (In Press, Corrected Proof).Hidalgo, D., Muñoz, J.C. (2012), A review of technological improvements in BRT and BHLS12th Conference On Advanced Systems For Public Transport. Santiago, Chile, 23-27 July, 2012.Hidalgo, D., Pereira, L. Estupiñán, N. and Jiménez, P. L. (2012), TransMilenio BRT system in Bogota, high performanceand positive impact – Main results of an ex-post evaluation, Research In Transportation Economics, , Volume 39, Issue1, March 2013, Pages 133-138Jiang, Y., Zegras, C. and Mehndiratta, S. (2012), Walk the line: station context, corridor type and bus rapid transitwalk access in Jinan, China, Journal Of Transport Geography 20, 1 - 14.Kash, G., Hidalgo, H. (2012), The promise and challenges of integrating public transportation in Bogotá, Colombia,12th Conference On Advanced Systems For Public Transport. Santiago, Chile, 23-27 July, 2012.Kash, G., Hidalgo, D. (2012), User perception of Bogotá’s integrated public transport system: trends andimplications for program implementation, Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting. Washington, USA, 22-26January, 2012.Martinez, L.M., Dai, D., Viegas, J.M. (2012), Evaluation of the traffic control system of open Bus Rapid Transitcorridors: An application to the city of Guangzhou, 12th Conference On Advanced Systems For Public Transport.Santiago, Chile, 23-27 July, 2012.Navarrete, F. and Ortúzar, J. de D. (2012), Subjective valuation of the transit transfer experience: the case ofSantiago de Chile, Transportation Research A (Accepted)
    70. 70. O-Bahn, Adelaide, Australia Opened in 198612 Km, guided, $98 MM Aus (including buses), up to 18,000 pax/hour
    71. 71. Running way guidance costs Km Type of Capital Cost Cost/Km (Pax/Day) Guidance (M€) (M€)Teor – Rouen, 30 Optical Infra 165 Infra 5.5France (49,000) Buses 28 Buses 0.9 Total 193 Total 6.4Spurbus 16 [4] Kerb Guided Infra N.A. N.A.Essen, (17,000) Buses 0.35/Germany unitTVRCAS 2 Optical Infras 22 Infra 11.0Castellon, (3,200) (trolleybus) Buses 8 Buses 3.8Spain Total 30 Total 13.8Cambridge, 25 Kerb Guided Infra 85 Infra 3.4UK (20,000) Buses N.A.Source: Finn et al, 2011
    72. 72. Examples of Costs of Different Vehicle Technologies inEurope (Thousand €)Propulsion Standard Articulated Double- articulatedDiesel 200 300 600CNG 250 350 650Hybrid 300 500 850Trolley 400 650 1,000Fuel Cell* > 1,000 - -Source: Finn et. al (2011) * Not yet in commercial operation
    73. 73. Reference costs for Euro 5 Vehicles in Mexico (Thousand USD) Double- Standard Articulated Articulated Diesel 12 m 18 m 25 mHigh Floor with 90-150 NA NA stairs High Floor 130-160 330-365 490-500 without stairs Low entry 150-180 NA NA Low floor 280-310 430-460 630-650 CNG + 20-30% Hybrid +40-60%Air Conditioned +15 +35Source: Suarez, 2011

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