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This project is funded by the European Union.
The views expressed on this document can in no way be taken
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Urban LEDS: Project Background
• Project title: Promoting Urban Low Emission Development
Strategies in Emerging Economy Co...
I.
Analyze
Commit
& mobilize
1.1 Secure initial
commitment
1.2 Set up institutional
structures
1.3 Identify & engage
stake...
HEAT+
• Harmonized Emission Analysis Tool Plus
• Developed by ICLEI
• Incorporates the latest technical findings
(IPCC, 20...
Registered User Login
Guest User
Request
HEAT+ Functionalities
• Build inventories – Inventory records are built with respect to modules,
sectors, subsectors, emis...
HEAT+ Scope Definitions
Community Scope Definitions
Scope 1 emissions – All direct emission sources located within the geo...
HEAT+ and GPC
Sectors Sub-Sectors Sectors Sub-Sectors
HEAT+
Residential Single Family; Multi Family; Others
GPC
Stationary...
carbonn climate Registry
Building GHG emission inventory
Community
• Residential Buildings
• Commercial/Institutional
• Industrial Energy Use
• Agr...
Particulars Concerned Department/Organization
Electricity State Electricity Board/DISCOM/Electricity Distribution utility/...
Residential
38.4%
Commercial
9.4%
Industrial
14.8%
Transportation,
37.4%
Sector-wise Energy Consumption, 2012-13
Electrici...
41%
11%
20%
26%
2%
Rajkot Sectoral GHG Emission, 2012-13
Residential
Commercial
Industrial
Transportation
Waste
Sector
GHG...
• RMC consumed a total of 52.2 million kWh in its municipal facilities and
buildings in 2012-13.
• The water works facilit...
• The overall GHG emission from municipal facilities & operations in Rajkot
was 42,949 t CO2e in 2012-13.
• Public water s...
LEDS Development Process
Baseline Assessment
•Service Provision
•Resource Availability
•Energy Use
•GHG emission
Developme...
Statistical Analysis to forecast energy demand & future service
level demand
Identify & predict influencing parameters (e....
1.57
Million
GJ
152.51
thousand
tonnes CO2e
3.15
Million
GJ
305
thousand
tonnes CO2e
3.05
Million
tonnes
CO2e
31.47
Millio...
RAJKOT - Low Emissions
Development Strategy
(LEDS) Actions
• Energy efficient star rated appliance retrofits
• Solar water heating systems
• Solar PV systems
• Green building design...
Solutions for Rajkot city - Residential
Equipment
Electricity
Consumption (MU)
Energy Efficiency measures - star rated
app...
Solutions for Rajkot city - Residential
Solar Water Heating Systems
• Energy saving per rooftop solar water heating system...
Solutions for Rajkot city – Commercial/Institutional
Equipment Consumption (MU)
EE measures - star rated appliances
Energy...
Furnace
Operation
Specific fuel consumption per
tonne of product
Energy use (GJ) Avg.
Energy
saving (%)Forging Heat treatm...
Solutions for Rajkot city - Industrial
Foundry Industry
• Fuel used: Coal, Coke, Electricity
• Energy consumption of 1000-...
Per Capita Supply
(lpcd) Coverage (%) Supply (MLD) NRW (%)
110.5 94 230* 35.60
Water Supply
Baseline Situation (2013-14)
*...
Water Supply
Scenarios
BAU (2019-
2020)
Scenario 1 (2019-
2020)
Scenario 2 (2019-
2020)
Scenario 3 (2019-
2020)
Parameters...
Name/Location
Discharge (lps)
Electricity Consumption
(kWh) (2012-13)
SEC (thousands
kWh / Discharge)
Nyari-1 190 49,25,43...
Sewerage
• Proposed Treatment Plant Capacity: 170.5 MLD
Madhapar STP – 44.5 MLD (ASP technology)
Gauridad STP – 70 MLD (SB...
Sewerage
Scenarios BAU (2019-2020) Scenario 1 (2019-2020)
Situations
100% coverage with 110
lpcd
100% coverage with
135 lp...
Sewerage
Ward No. Area (Sq.Km) Total Slums Total Slum Population
Sewage
Generation (MLD)
1 10.76 5 11629 0.8
2 4.83 4 2924...
Solid Waste
Baseline Situation (2013-14)
400 TPD – 146000 TPA
Solid Waste Generation in 2012-13 (TPA)
Biodegrada
ble
Sand ...
Bio-methanation Potential
Amount of Food Waste 10 TPD*
Water Added 13000 Litres/Day
Area Required 1200 Sqm
Biogas Generate...
Public Transport
• The public transport mainly through the provision of buses by RMC
and GSTC
• Use of auto rickshaws and ...
Cycle Sharing and
provision of tracks
Approx.
Area/
populati
on
No. of
cycle
stations.
No. of
cycles
Cost Timeframe
Phase ...
Affordable/Slum Housing
• Under different schemes, 11200 dwelling units are proposed by
2015-16
• For a slum free city, 61...
Street lighting
Type of Light
Wattage
(W)
Total
(no. of
lights)
Annual
Hours
kW Annual kWh
Tube lights 40 35907 4,015 1436...
Street lighting
Scenario 1 Type of Light Tube lights
Initial Wattage (W) 40
Total (no. of lights) 35907
Annual Hours 4015
...
Street lighting
Scenario 2 Type of Light High Pressure Sodium Vapour (HPSV) Total
Initial Wattage (W) 70 150 250
Total (no...
Street lighting
Scenario 3 Type of Light
Tube lights with Electronic
Ballast
Initial Wattage (W) 40
Total (no. of lights) ...
Pilot Projects:
1. Revival of Renewable Energy Park
2. SPV installation at Sarojini Naidu School
3. Replacement of HPSV to...
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CONNECTKaro 2015 - Session 7A - GPC - Development for Rajkot using GPC for GHG Emissions Baseline
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CONNECTKaro 2015 - Session 7A - GPC - Development for Rajkot using GPC for GHG Emissions Baseline

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Speaker - Ms. Soumya Chaturvedula, Manager, ICLEI

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CONNECTKaro 2015 - Session 7A - GPC - Development for Rajkot using GPC for GHG Emissions Baseline

  1. 1. This project is funded by the European Union. The views expressed on this document can in no way be taken to reflect the official opinion of the European Union. Low Emission Strategy Development for Rajkot using GPC for GHG Emissions Baseline Soumya Chaturvedula Programme Coordinator (Energy & Climate) ICLEI South Asia 16th April 2015
  2. 2. ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability - A global network of cities for sustainability 1000+ members in mega-cities, super-cities, urban regions, large cities, medium-and small cities & towns in 88 countries, representing more than 660 million (i.e. ~ 20% of world´s urban population)
  3. 3. The Asian cities network 182 cities Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Chinese Taipei, India, Indonesia, Japan, Maldives, Mongolia, Nepal, Philippines, Republic of Korea, Sri Lanka, Thailand 211 million inhabitants 36% of the population represented by ICLEI cities worldwide 2013: 7 offices Japan, Korea, South Asia, Southeast Asia, East asia, Indonesia, Kaoshiung 2014: 2 offices + China, Chinese Taipei
  4. 4. What does ICLEI do? We support a network of local governments and cities on the local, national and international levels. We forge partnerships or alliances, engage thinks and academics, join forces with the business sector, work jointly on pilot projects. Accelerating action Gateway to solutions We provide technical consulting, information services and training to build capacity, share knowledge and support local governments.
  5. 5. www.iclei.org Connecting leaders – accelerating actions – gateway to solutions since 1990 Resilient cities Sustainable citiesResource-efficient cities Biodiverse cities Low-carbon cities Smart infrastructure Green urban economy Healthy and happy communities
  6. 6. This project is funded by the European Union. The views expressed on this document can in no way be taken to reflect the official opinion of the European Union. GPC Compliant Rajkot GHG Emissions Inventory
  7. 7. Urban LEDS: Project Background • Project title: Promoting Urban Low Emission Development Strategies in Emerging Economy Countries (Urban LEDS) • Start Date: 01/03/2012 • Duration: 42 months (2012 to 2015) • Funding Agency: European Union • Consortium: UN-HABITAT, ICLEI World Secretariat and 5 ICLEI regional offices in Europe, Brazil, Indonesia, India and South Africa. Main objective: Enhance the transition to low-emission urban development in cities in emerging economy countries
  8. 8. I. Analyze Commit & mobilize 1.1 Secure initial commitment 1.2 Set up institutional structures 1.3 Identify & engage stakeholder group(s) Assess frameworks 2.1 Review relevant contexts 2.2 Conduct community assessment 2.3 Record and forecast greenhouse gas emissions Identify priorities 3.1 Re-orient urban development priorities 3.2 Draft low emission development strategic vision 3.3 Consult stakeholders and inform council Develop action plan 4.1 Identify potential solutions & assess multi-impact feasibility 4.2 Discuss and define appropriate LED solutions 4.3 Set targets and key performance indicators Prepare & approve 5.1 Detail identified LED solutions 5.2 Select financing model 5.3 Develop and approve final version of Urban- LED action plan 6.1 Develop institutional arrangements and capacity 6.2 Form alliances and partnerships 6.3 Mobilize financial resources III. Accelerate II. Act Monitor 7.1 Develop a process monitoring & evaluation system 7.2 Develop a project Measuring, Reporting & Verification process 7.3 Implement MRV process Evaluate & report 8.1 Evaluate progress 8.2 Remove barriers and institutionalize 8.3 Report achievements regularly Enhance 9.1 Optimize GHG inventory 9.2 Identify/review LED priority areas 9.3 Re-define & scale- up Urban-LED strategy 1 2 3 4 5 6 78 9 Implement policies & actions GCC Steps
  9. 9. HEAT+ • Harmonized Emission Analysis Tool Plus • Developed by ICLEI • Incorporates the latest technical findings (IPCC, 2006) • Residential, Commercial, Industrial, Transport, Agriculture & Waste
  10. 10. Registered User Login Guest User Request
  11. 11. HEAT+ Functionalities • Build inventories – Inventory records are built with respect to modules, sectors, subsectors, emission source categories and calculators. • Forecast – Emissions are forecasted for respective sector and desired year with estimated growth rate. • Targets – Set according to sector and base year to desired target year and % of reduction • Measures – Mitigation measures built for various sectors • Reports – multiple reports for both modules, for all sectors, measures and for action plans. • Create base year emissions inventory 1 • Define emissions reduction target for a specified year 2 • Forecast emissions for the target year 3 • Define measures to meet the target 4 • Generate Action plan report 5
  12. 12. HEAT+ Scope Definitions Community Scope Definitions Scope 1 emissions – All direct emission sources located within the geopolitical boundary of the local government. Scope 2 emissions – Indirect emissions that result as a consequence of activity within the jurisdiction’s geopolitical boundary limited to electricity, district heating, steam and cooling consumption. Scope 3 emissions – All other indirect and embodied emissions that occur as a result of activity within the geopolitical boundary. Government Scope Definitions Scope 1 emissions – Direct emission sources owned or operated by the local government Scope 2 emissions – Indirect emission sources limited to electricity, district heating, steam and cooling consumption Scope 3 emissions – All other indirect and embodied emissions over which the local government exerts significant control or influence
  13. 13. HEAT+ and GPC Sectors Sub-Sectors Sectors Sub-Sectors HEAT+ Residential Single Family; Multi Family; Others GPC Stationary Units Residential Buildings; Commercial/Institutional Facilities; Energy Generation; Industrial Energy Use + Agricultural Energy Use; Fugitive Emissions Commercial/ Institutional Hotels; Educational Institutions; Terminals and Ports; Offices; Shops; Public Buildings; Local Government Buildings; Others Energy generation Electricity generation for public power grid; Combined heat and power generation for public grids; Heat generation for district heating grid; Cold generation for district cooling grid; Power grid consumption in own facility; Transmission and Distribution Losses Industrial and agricultural energy use Captive power plants; Captive combined heat and power generation; Electricity consumption from the public power grid; Heat consumption from the district grid; Cold consumption from the district grid Transportation Road; Off-Road; Rail; Marine Mobile On-Road Transportation; Railways; Water-borne Navigation; Aviation; Off-Road Waste Solid Waste Disposal; Biological Treatment of Waste; Waste Water Treatment and Discharge; Incineration and Open Burning Waste Solid Waste Disposal; Biological Treatment of Waste; Incineration and Open Burning; Wastewater Treatment and Discharge; Industrial Processes & Product Use (IPPU) Direct Emissions from industrial processes; F-Gases from all sources Industrial Processes & Product Use (IPPU) Agriculture, Forestry, and Land Use (AFOLU) Agriculture; Forestry; Other land uses Agriculture, Forestry, and Land Use (AFOLU) Fugitive emissions Solid fuels; Oil and natural gas; Others Other Indirect EmissionsOther Other Indirect Emissions Buildings Residential, Non-Residential Facilities Waste, Water and Sewage; Street Lights and Traffic Lights; Power
  14. 14. carbonn climate Registry
  15. 15. Building GHG emission inventory Community • Residential Buildings • Commercial/Institutional • Industrial Energy Use • Agriculture • Transportation • Waste • Others Local Government • Buildings • Facilities • Waste • Transportation (municipal vehicle fleet) • Others City
  16. 16. Particulars Concerned Department/Organization Electricity State Electricity Board/DISCOM/Electricity Distribution utility/Agencies/Power Departments LPG Individual agencies [Indian Oil Corporation Limited(IOCL), Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL), Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL) Petrol (MS)/ Diesel (HSD) Individual agencies [Indian Oil Corporation Limited(IOCL), Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL), Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL) Kerosene City distributor/ civil supply departments, and Individual agencies [Indian Oil Corporation Limited(IOCL), Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL), Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL) Coal Individual agencies/distributor Fuel Wood Individual agencies or any other fuel distributor, secondary source: public govt. reports, research papers Compressed Natural Gas(CNG) Regional Transport Office (RTO), suppliers Solid Waste Generation City Health Officer, Municipal Corporation and Urban Development departments Public water Supply and sewage/ Public lighting Municipal corporation /Utility/ Jal Board/Public Water Works Department Buildings and facilities Municipal Corporation/Public Works Departments Energy Data Sources
  17. 17. Residential 38.4% Commercial 9.4% Industrial 14.8% Transportation, 37.4% Sector-wise Energy Consumption, 2012-13 Electricity 20.5% Diesel 20.2% Petrol 9.7% CNG 7.5% PNG 11.4% LPG 22.2% Kerosene 8.5% Fuel-wise Consumption, 2012-13 Residential 50% Commercial 16% Industrial 34% Sector-wise Electricity Consumption, 2012-13 Rajkot City Baseline Energy Use
  18. 18. 41% 11% 20% 26% 2% Rajkot Sectoral GHG Emission, 2012-13 Residential Commercial Industrial Transportation Waste Sector GHG Emission (Tonnes of CO2e) Residential 7,10,551.32 Commercial 1,85,710 Industrial 3,45,054 Transportation 4,32,030 Waste 29,565 Total 17,02,912 Particular Unit Number Total Energy Consumption GJ 16,332,841 Per Capita Energy Consumption GJ 11.72 Total GHG Emission Million Tonnes of CO2e 1.7 Per Capita GHG Emission Tonnes of CO2e 1.22 Rajkot City Baseline GHG Emission
  19. 19. • RMC consumed a total of 52.2 million kWh in its municipal facilities and buildings in 2012-13. • The water works facilities are the largest end user of electricity accounting for two-third of the municipal electricity consumption. • This is followed by street lighting, sewerage treatment plants and municipal building, which consume 24%, 6% and 2% respectively. Rajkot GHG Inventory – Electricity Consumption of Municipal Operations & Facilities 1.18 12.51 35.55 2.96 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Municipal Buildings Street Lights Water Works Sewerage Treatment Plants ElectricityConsumptionbyEnd-use (MillionkWh) (2012-13) 2.26 23.97 68.10 5.67 Shareof ElectricityConsumption (%) Municipal Buildings StreetLights WaterWorks Sewerage TreatmentPlants
  20. 20. • The overall GHG emission from municipal facilities & operations in Rajkot was 42,949 t CO2e in 2012-13. • Public water supply is the largest contributor, emitting 29,250 t CO2e. • Street lighting and Sewerage treatment plants emit 10,293 t CO2e and 2,435 t CO2e respectively. • Lastly the contribution of Municipal offices stands at 971 t CO2e. Rajkot GHG Inventory – GHG Emissions from Municipal Operations & Facilities 971 10,293 29,250 2,435 0 5,000 10,000 15,000 20,000 25,000 30,000 35,000 Municipal Buildings StreetLights Water Works Sewerage Treatment Plants GHGEmissionsfromRMCFacilities (tCO2e)(2012-13) 2.26 23.97 68.10 5.67 ShareofGHGEmissions(%) Municipal Buildings Street Lights Water Works Sewerage Treatment Plants
  21. 21. LEDS Development Process Baseline Assessment •Service Provision •Resource Availability •Energy Use •GHG emission Development Process •CDP, CMP •Solar Master Plan •SFCP •Municipal Budget Sectoral Service Demand Forecasting •Local Government Operations •Community Sectoral Energy Demand and GHG Forecasting LEDS Visioning & Goal Setting LEDS Strategy & Action Plan •Implementation Plan •Financial Plan Integration with current planning framework in Local Authority LEDS Development Process
  22. 22. Statistical Analysis to forecast energy demand & future service level demand Identify & predict influencing parameters (e.g.: PNG consumption: Cost of PNG, No. of Connections) Time Series Data of Sectoral Energy Consumption, Demography, Land Use & Existing Service Levels Energy Demand & Service Provision Forecast
  23. 23. 1.57 Million GJ 152.51 thousand tonnes CO2e 3.15 Million GJ 305 thousand tonnes CO2e 3.05 Million tonnes CO2e 31.47 Million GJ
  24. 24. RAJKOT - Low Emissions Development Strategy (LEDS) Actions
  25. 25. • Energy efficient star rated appliance retrofits • Solar water heating systems • Solar PV systems • Green building design • Energy efficient boilers and furnaces • DEWATS • LED Street lighting • NRW reduction • Energy efficient pumping • Bicycle Sharing System with Bicycle Tracks • Bio-methanation of Solid Waste LED Solutions
  26. 26. Solutions for Rajkot city - Residential Equipment Electricity Consumption (MU) Energy Efficiency measures - star rated appliances Energy saving (%) Potential Energy saving (MU) Fans 237 33 78 Lighting 195 50 98 Refrigeration 91 50 45 Air Conditioning 49 20 9.8 TV 27 40 11 Residential sector electricity consumption (2019-2020)=699.53 Million Units Star rated appliance retrofits in 50,000 HHs by 2020: 27.5 MU saving/yr Star rated appliance retrofits in 100,000 HHs by 2020: 55 MU saving/yr
  27. 27. Solutions for Rajkot city - Residential Solar Water Heating Systems • Energy saving per rooftop solar water heating system (SWHS)= 1250-1500 kWh/year • Cost of 100 lpcd ETC type SWHS= Rs. 15,000 • Rooftop area required per 100 lpcd system= 1.5 sq m SWHS in 50,000 HHs by 2020: 75 MU saving/yr SWHS in 100,000 HHs by 2020: 150 MU saving/yr Solar PV systems • Energy generation per kWp of SPV = 1400-1600 kWh/year • Cost of 10 kWp system= Rs. 10,00,000 1000 kWp of rooftop & centralised SPV systems by 2020: 1.5 MU/yr @ cost of Rs. 10 Crore 2000 kWp of rooftop & centralised SPV systems by 2020: 3 MU/yr @ cost of Rs. 20 Crore
  28. 28. Solutions for Rajkot city – Commercial/Institutional Equipment Consumption (MU) EE measures - star rated appliances Energy saving (%) Potential Energy saving (MU) HVAC 63 33 20 Lighting 118 50 59 Commercial/Institutional sector electricity consumption (2019-2020)=197 Million Units Establishment type Nos. Hot water requirement Total Hot water requirement (liters) Rooftop Solar water heater area (sq. m) Potential energy saving (MU) Hospitals 134 100 liters per bed 7,10,000 14,200 9.2 Hotels and hostels 70 100 liters per room 2,10,000 4,200 2.7 Star rated appliance retrofits in 10% commercial floor space by 2020: 8 MU/yr Star rated appliance retrofits in 20% commercial floor space by 2020: 16 MU/yr Solar Water Heating Systems
  29. 29. Furnace Operation Specific fuel consumption per tonne of product Energy use (GJ) Avg. Energy saving (%)Forging Heat treatment Forging Heat treatment Oil furnace 100-150 liters 50-80 liters 4.82 2.51 - Gas furnace 100-150 scm 50-80 scm 4.2 2.18 13% Electrical Induction furnace 450-500 kWh N.A. 1.71 N.A. 55% Solutions for Rajkot city - Industrial Rajkot has 400 forging and foundry units Potential saving from Energy Efficiency Measures • Replacing conventional oil fired furnace with efficient electrical induction furnace: 30-70% • Replacing conventional oil fired furnace with gas fired furnace: 10-20% • Using controls for oil/gas fired furnaces (burners, blowers, temperature controllers): 5-10% • Use of energy efficient motors and pumps: 5-15% • Use of energy efficient lighting like CFL, T5, LED: 5-10% Forging Industry
  30. 30. Solutions for Rajkot city - Industrial Foundry Industry • Fuel used: Coal, Coke, Electricity • Energy consumption of 1000-1200 kWh/tonne of casting • Replacing conventional cupola furnace with efficient divided blast cupola furnace: 20-30% saving in coke/coal consumption • This technology successfully adopted in 40 foundries in Rajkot Case Study 21-inch divided blast cupola furnace at Steelcon Metal Cast in Rajkot was designed, fabricated and commissioned by a local fabricator, Mr Chandubhai Mistry • Cost of DBC furnace: Rs 6.6 lakh • Cost of cupola furnace: Rs. 4 lakh • Savings achieved due to reduced fuel coke@ 35% : Rs. 850/tonne • Payback period: 6 months
  31. 31. Per Capita Supply (lpcd) Coverage (%) Supply (MLD) NRW (%) 110.5 94 230* 35.60 Water Supply Baseline Situation (2013-14) * Total water supply figure is of 2014-15 Records
  32. 32. Water Supply Scenarios BAU (2019- 2020) Scenario 1 (2019- 2020) Scenario 2 (2019- 2020) Scenario 3 (2019- 2020) Parameters 100% coverage with 110 lpcd and 35% NRW 100% coverage with 135 lpcd and 35% NRW 100% coverage with 110 lpcd and 20% NRW 100% coverage with 135 lpcd and 20% NRW Coverage 100% 100% 100% 100% LPCD 110 135 110 135 Consumption (MLD) 202 248 202 248 Total Supply (MLD) 273 335 243 298 NRW 35% 35% 20% 20% Electricity consumption (MU) 43 53 38 47 Monetary Expenditure on electricity (Lakh Rs.) 2,069 2,539 1,839 2,257 GHG Emissions (tCO2) 35,942 44,110 31,948 39,209
  33. 33. Name/Location Discharge (lps) Electricity Consumption (kWh) (2012-13) SEC (thousands kWh / Discharge) Nyari-1 190 49,25,436 25.92 Mavdi 218 11,14,632 5.11 150ft Ring Road 117 3,66,000 3.13 Bajarangvadi 190 2,27,568 1.20 Sojitranagar 139 2,23,080 1.61 Ghanteshwar (Nyari-2) 190 1,11,888 0.59 Chandreshnagar 103 4,19,616 4.07 Rangpara NA 1,44,780 Aji 208 14,52,254 6.98 Dudhsagar 125 3,03,950 2.43 Marketing Yard 18 1,296 0.07 Kothariya (hudco) 100 1,34,364 1.34 Vinodnagar 262 3,27,642 1.25 Greenland 155 5,55,881 3.59 Randarda 94 3,840 0.04 Lalpari 94 2,364 0.03 Gurukul 138.8 13,14,048 9.47 Jubilee 138.8 13,33,620 9.61 Railnagar 135 1,37,664 1.02 Lalbahadur 250 2,37,792 0.95 Bhadar 147 70,48,800 47.95 Gondal 161 78,56,280 48.80 Bhichrinaka 60 96,144 1.60 Sinduriya 2,292 •Among 28 water pumping stations, top three pumping stations with highest specific energy consumption are: ⁻ Gondal ⁻ Bhadar ⁻ Nyari - 1 Energy audits Efficient pump replacement can reduce 30-50% energy use
  34. 34. Sewerage • Proposed Treatment Plant Capacity: 170.5 MLD Madhapar STP – 44.5 MLD (ASP technology) Gauridad STP – 70 MLD (SBR technology) Raiyadhar STP – 56 MLD (SBR technology) Baseline Situation (2013-14) Sewage Generation (MLD) Coverage (%) Total no. of HHs HHs served 180 59.3 3,22,407 185,852
  35. 35. Sewerage Scenarios BAU (2019-2020) Scenario 1 (2019-2020) Situations 100% coverage with 110 lpcd 100% coverage with 135 lpcd Total Water Supply (MLD) 273 335 Sewage Generation (MLD)* 232 285 Treatment capacity needed (MLD) 278 342 Electricity consumption (MU) 8.6 10.6 Monetary Expenditure (Lakh Rs.) 414 508 GHG Emissions (tCO2) 7,198 8,833 *not adjusted for NRW
  36. 36. Sewerage Ward No. Area (Sq.Km) Total Slums Total Slum Population Sewage Generation (MLD) 1 10.76 5 11629 0.8 2 4.83 4 2924 0.2 3 8.13 10 6947 0.5 4 2.55 2 5730 0.4 5 11.45 14 22031 1.5 6 5.75 10 15402 1.1 16 3.69 20 30796 2.1 17 5.81 19 34294 2.4 Total 52.97 84 129753 9 Cost to install 9 MLD DEWATs: Rs 35.70 Crore Potential for DEWATS: Slums areas with low network connectivity
  37. 37. Solid Waste Baseline Situation (2013-14) 400 TPD – 146000 TPA Solid Waste Generation in 2012-13 (TPA) Biodegrada ble Sand Stones Paper & cardboard Plastics Rags Rubber and Leather Glass Metals 45% 20% 10% 5% 5% 5% 4% 4% 2% 32403 14401 7201 3600 3600 3600 2880 2880 1440
  38. 38. Bio-methanation Potential Amount of Food Waste 10 TPD* Water Added 13000 Litres/Day Area Required 1200 Sqm Biogas Generated 800 Cum/Day Equivalent to 760 Cylinders/month Methane gas produced 520 Cum/Day Equivalent electricity 832 kWh *Vegetables, fruit, flower market and slaughter house waste Segregated food waste from government canteens, hotels, institutions
  39. 39. Public Transport • The public transport mainly through the provision of buses by RMC and GSTC • Use of auto rickshaws and taxis prominent S.N. Vehicle Types Fuel Type Number 1 Auto Rickshaws Petrol and Diesel 22771 2 Taxis Petrol and Diesel 2127 3 Buses (RMC and GSTC) Diesel 3133 Total 28031 Baseline Situation
  40. 40. Cycle Sharing and provision of tracks Approx. Area/ populati on No. of cycle stations. No. of cycles Cost Timeframe Phase 1 West Zone 528251 132 1760 Approx 19.81 Cr 1 Year Phase 2 Central Zone 316819 79 1055 Approx 11.88 Cr 1 Year Phase 3 East Zone 396403 99 1320 Approx 14.86 Cr 1 Year Cost and Timeline for implementation of Cycle Sharing System in Rajkot
  41. 41. Affordable/Slum Housing • Under different schemes, 11200 dwelling units are proposed by 2015-16 • For a slum free city, 61000 dwelling units proposed by 2031 • Additional dwelling units to be built by 2020: 17,000 • Low carbon solutions to be integrated in the proposed projects: ⁻ Decentralized waste water treatment plants (DEWATS) ⁻ Solar Water Heaters ⁻ Rain Water Harvesting ⁻ Solar Street lighting ⁻ Energy efficient appliances ⁻ Low Carbon/Green Building material ⁻ Green building design principles
  42. 42. Street lighting Type of Light Wattage (W) Total (no. of lights) Annual Hours kW Annual kWh Tube lights 40 35907 4,015 1436.28 5766664 High Pressure Sodium Vapour (HPSV) 70 3100 4,015 217 871255 150 6797 4,015 1019.55 4093493 250 1159 4,015 289.75 1163346 Mercury Vapour 200 480 4,015 96 385440 LED 60 298 4,015 17.88 71788 CFL 22 113 4,015 2.486 9981 Metal Halide 150 67 4,015 10.05 40359 High Mast 250 5 4,015 1.25 5019 Flood Lights 150 134 4,015 20.1 80702 48060 12488039 Existing Baseline Situation
  43. 43. Street lighting Scenario 1 Type of Light Tube lights Initial Wattage (W) 40 Total (no. of lights) 35907 Annual Hours 4015 kW 1436.28 Annual kWh 5766664 Replacement Replacement LED Wattage (W) 14 Total (no. of lights) 35907 Annual Hours 4015 kW 503 (-60%) Annual kWh 2018332 (-35%) Savings kW Saved 933.582 Annual kWh saved 3748332 Emissions reduced (tCO2e) 3118.61 Energy Efficient Street Lighting
  44. 44. Street lighting Scenario 2 Type of Light High Pressure Sodium Vapour (HPSV) Total Initial Wattage (W) 70 150 250 Total (no. of lights) 3100 6797 1159 11056 Annual Hours 4015 4015 4015 kW 217 1019.55 289.75 1526.3 Annual kWh 871255 4093493 1163346 6128095 Replacement Replacement LED LED LED Wattage (W) 60 90 130 Total (no. of lights) 3100 6797 1159 11056 Annual Hours 4380 4380 4380 kW 186 611.73 150.67 948.4 Annual kWh 814680 2679377 659934.6 4153992 Savings kW Saved 31 407.82 139.08 577.9 Annual kWh saved 56575 1414116 503411.7 1974103 Emissions reduced (tCO2e) 47.0704 1176.544 418.8385 1642.453 Energy Efficient Street Lighting
  45. 45. Street lighting Scenario 3 Type of Light Tube lights with Electronic Ballast Initial Wattage (W) 40 Total (no. of lights) 35907 Annual Hours 4015 kW 1436.28 Annual kWh 5766664 Replacement Replacement Tube light with Electronic Ballast Wattage (W) 28 Total (no. of lights) 35907 Annual Hours 4015 kW 1005 Annual kWh 4036665 Savings kW Saved 430.884 Annual kWh saved 1729999.26 Emissions reduced (tCO2e) 1439.36 Energy Efficient Street Lighting
  46. 46. Pilot Projects: 1. Revival of Renewable Energy Park 2. SPV installation at Sarojini Naidu School 3. Replacement of HPSV to LED a. At Raiya road, near Brahmsamaj Chowk (1Km) b. Jamnagar road, from madhapar chowk till sandhiya pul (2Km) c. Jamnagar road, from Sandhiya pul till Kesripul (2.5Km) 4. DeWAT system installation at Jilla Garden
  47. 47. • ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability at: www.iclei.org • ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability, South Asia at: www.iclei.org/sa • Email: soumya.chaturvedula@iclei.org THANK YOU

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