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Challenges and Opportunities in Incorporating Sustainable Mobility Principles in Private Development Projects - Sudeept Maiti


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SESSION 5B - ‘Reimagining Gated Communities’- Sustainable Mobility in Private Housing Developments

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Challenges and Opportunities in Incorporating Sustainable Mobility Principles in Private Development Projects - Sudeept Maiti

  1. 1. Reimagining Gated Communities: Challenges andopportunities in incorporating sustainable mobilityprinciples in private development projectsSudeept Maiti, Associate, Urban Development andAccessibility, EMBARQ India
  2. 2. Townships and gated communities are increasingly the urbanimagination of residential development of the city.The promise of a better quality of life isbeing defined as• the one where mobility is dependenton cars.• safety is realized through completesegregation.• spaces are more designed for carsthan people.2
  3. 3. 2
  4. 4. Can we reimagine these developments asopportunities?• Create a better quality of life for thepeople ?• Security is realized throughcommunity ownership andparticipation?• Create more people-orientedspaces?3
  5. 5. Can we reimagine to create …Connected communities?4
  6. 6. Situation today: Disconnected from within!Too many enclaves?Source:www.andertoons.com5
  7. 7. Reimagine: Connected communities?Connected spaces to create aconnected neighborhood?6
  8. 8. The segregated ‘enclave’planningThe hierarchicalvehicular networkReimagine: A networkfor pedestriansReimagine: Connected communities?7
  9. 9. Can a compromise between security and mobility be achieved?Reimagine: Connected communities?8
  10. 10. Cycles: an alternative ?Reimagine: Connected communities?9
  11. 11. Can we reimagine to create …More spaces designed forpeople?10
  12. 12. Situations like these make walking a tough choice !Situation Today: A need for prioritization of people!11
  13. 13. Need for more space!Situation Today: A need for prioritization of people!12
  14. 14. Maybe a little lessfor cars and lotmore for people!Situation Today: A need for prioritization of people!13
  15. 15. Getting the walkway design right! prioritizing people14
  16. 16. Maybe Ill be more comfortable taking the car!People first!Reimagine: prioritizing people through links
  17. 17. Create opportunities for social and economic interactionReimagine: prioritizing people by node creationConverting leftover spaces as sit-outsConverting pickup points as peoplespaces15
  18. 18. A safe place for everyoneReimagine: prioritizing people through junction design16
  19. 19. Can we reimagine to create …Safety, through communityinvolvement?17
  20. 20. Is complete segregation the answer?Today: Safety through segregation?Source:www.seos-projecteu .com18
  21. 21. Safety through segregation?Reimagine: Safety through live edges?Wouldn’t you feel safer here?19
  22. 22. Opportunity to createbetterneighborhoods?Reimagine: A place to celebrate?Artwork display Street furniture AmenitiesShading20
  23. 23. How do we do it?• Technical aspects• Finance• Value addition andmarketability21
  24. 24. How do we do it?• Capacity building amongstarchitects and planners forsustainable mobility• Creating publications andmanuals as a resource.• Create information resourcefor developersTechnical aspects:22
  25. 25. How do we do it?Finance: managing parking demand?Car ratio1.25Paved area55000sqmCar ratio1.00Paved area6% reductionRs 55 lakhSaved in constructionRs 18 lakhYearly maintenance23
  26. 26. How do we do it?• SafetySafe spaces, for childrenwomen and elderly• HealthHealthier environments• Better quality of lifeValue addition andmarketability:Effect of quality of life elements on competitivegrading of projects by real estate analystsElements thateffect the qualityof life effect thevalue of project by30to 45%Source: Product Viability study, Liasis Foras24
  27. 27. What are theBarriers and enablers?25
  28. 28. Barriers and enablersBarriers Enablers/ Recommendations1. Goal setting and aligning policies across and within levels of governmentPoliciesLack of infrastructure provisionInter-agency miscommunicationLack of information amongstgovernment agencies andofficialsAbsence of sustainable mobilityprinciples as planning mandatesin state township policies, statehousing policies or national andstate level transportation orclimate change policiesAdvocacy and awarenessMulti-stakeholder convening.Influence State Township planning policiesguidelines:for Greenfield developmentsfor Brownfield developments andredevelopment projects within old orinner city boundariesIn the long term, need for a newinstitutional set up26
  29. 29. Barriers and enablers2. Enabling policies and incentives for LCR investmentRegulationsRetrofitting housingdevelopment is more difficultthan planning upfrontBuilding bye-lawsDesign progressive regulations that wouldmandate the use of certain design elementsand sustainable mobility standardsProgressive regulations can help redirectcosts from auto-mobility and parking towardspromoting alternate technologies for internalmobility such as electric shuttles, bicyclesharing systems, and other para-transitfacilities3. Financial policies and instrumentsFinanceLack of incentivesLack of financial instrumentsMarket value creation - IncentivizeUse financial incentives to add market valueand create demandProviding incentives to private developers tointegrate sustainable mobility principles whileplanning new residential townships27
  30. 30. Barriers and enablersBarriers Enablers/ Recommendations4. Harness resources and building capacity for an LCR economyInformationLack of information fordeveloper to plan forsustainable mobilityAdvocacy and awareness/ Building informationsystemsDevelopers, real-estate professionals, townplanners, and architects—need to be madeaware of the principles and benefits ofsustainable mobility to plan for it.Adequate information would informdevelopers to locate developments close topublic transit nodesDeveloping relevant measurable indicatorswould help in impact assessments tocommunicate to policy makers andtherefore incentivize these developmentsDeveloping a rating system that could addvalue to the property and increaseawareness regarding sustainable mobilityprinciples28
  31. 31. Barriers and enablers5. Promote green business conduct and consumer behaviourInformationLack of information for potentialconsumers and settlersAdvocacy and awareness/ Building informationsystemsInstruments such trip-rate analysis and trip-calculators would help consumers identifythe benefits of such developmentsCost-benefit analyses and impactmeasurements for the individual fuel savings29
  32. 32. Reimagine to create …For what we really want.30
  33. 33. What do we want?- your feedback• Safe access• Great walkways/pedestrian paths as a priority• Be connected to everywhere and everyone• Places to sit, hang around stroll without having to pay !• More green spaces, less pollution, less commuting time.• A bus stop with safe crossing!• Active and safe public spaces• Give space back to people and only public transport options• Shaded spaces, better spaces.31
  34. 34. Then why build for cars?Source:www.falconevcom32