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www.ghgprotocol.org/city-accounting
Greenhouse Gas
Protocol for Cities
– Introduction and
Global Perspective
April 16, 201...
www.ghgprotocol.org/city-accounting
Cities’ Contribution To Global GHG Emissions
>70%
of global energy-related
CO2 emissio...
www.ghgprotocol.org/city-accounting
Why GPC?
Different types of
measurements
Account for only
a portion of
emissions
Uncle...
www.ghgprotocol.org/city-accounting
The GPC offers the first,
global standard to consistently
measure city-level emissions...
www.ghgprotocol.org/city-accounting
Lead Authors
Over 30 years
experience in promoting
sustainability worldwide
Represent ...
www.ghgprotocol.org/city-accounting
Global Launch
June 2012
Draft Version 1.0 for
Pilot Test
Jun 2011
C40-ICLEI MOU
Mar 20...
www.ghgprotocol.org/city-accounting
Base year
Emissions
Scenario
analysis
Target
SettingAction
Plan
Tracking
Progress
Impl...
www.ghgprotocol.org/city-accounting
Pilot City Experience: City of Rio de Janeiro
 Target:
Avoid 20% of 2005 emission
lev...
www.ghgprotocol.org/city-accounting
Reporting Framework
Scope Framework
Comprehensively report all GHG
emissions from:
• E...
www.ghgprotocol.org/city-accounting
Scope Framework
Scope 1
Agriculture, Forest,
& Other Land Use
Industrial Process &
Pro...
www.ghgprotocol.org/city-accounting
City-Induced Framework
Scope 1
Agriculture, Forest,
& Other Land Use
Industrial Proces...
www.ghgprotocol.org/city-accounting
BASIC+ Level Reporting
Scope 1
Agriculture, Forest,
& Other Land Use
Industrial Proces...
www.ghgprotocol.org/city-accounting
BASIC Level Reporting
Scope 1
In-boundary Transportation
Grid-Supplied
Energy
Transmis...
www.ghgprotocol.org/city-accounting
1,000+
Other potential cities
(C40 & ICLEI members)
35
Cities pilot tested
the GPC
70+...
Image: Jim Killock/Flickr
CITIES TAKING ACTION
228 Cities to Cut 13 Gt
Home to 436 million people
Compact of Mayors
Using ...
www.ghgprotocol.org/city-accounting
Thank You!
Holger Dalkmann
W Fong
Pankaj Bhatia
wfong@wri.org
www.ghgprotocol.org/city...
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CONNECTKaro 2015 - Session 7A - GPC - Greenhouse Gas Protocol for Cities

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Speaker - Mr. Holger Dalkman, Director, EMBARQ

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CONNECTKaro 2015 - Session 7A - GPC - Greenhouse Gas Protocol for Cities

  1. 1. www.ghgprotocol.org/city-accounting Greenhouse Gas Protocol for Cities – Introduction and Global Perspective April 16, 2015 Delhi, India Holger Dalkmann WRI
  2. 2. www.ghgprotocol.org/city-accounting Cities’ Contribution To Global GHG Emissions >70% of global energy-related CO2 emissions are attributable to cities Source: World Energy Outlook
  3. 3. www.ghgprotocol.org/city-accounting Why GPC? Different types of measurements Account for only a portion of emissions Unclear if targets will be met Incomplete data limits investment Unable to relate to national climate action WITHOUT GPC One measurement Consistently account for all emissions Emissions trajectory will understood Good data drives investment Can measure city’s contribution to national action WITH GPC
  4. 4. www.ghgprotocol.org/city-accounting The GPC offers the first, global standard to consistently measure city-level emissions. GPC
  5. 5. www.ghgprotocol.org/city-accounting Lead Authors Over 30 years experience in promoting sustainability worldwide Represent >1200 local governments across the globe Represent over 80 mega and innovative cities across the globe
  6. 6. www.ghgprotocol.org/city-accounting Global Launch June 2012 Draft Version 1.0 for Pilot Test Jun 2011 C40-ICLEI MOU Mar 2012 Draft Version 0.9 for Public Comment May-Dec 2013 Pilot Test by 35 cities July 2014 Draft Version 2.0 for Public Comment Dec 2014 GPC Development Process
  7. 7. www.ghgprotocol.org/city-accounting Base year Emissions Scenario analysis Target SettingAction Plan Tracking Progress Implemen- tation LOW-CARBON PLANNING CYCLE Why Measure Emissions?  Establish base year emissions  Identify emission sources and reduction opportunities  Set target and develop action plans  Track progress  Benchmarking
  8. 8. www.ghgprotocol.org/city-accounting Pilot City Experience: City of Rio de Janeiro  Target: Avoid 20% of 2005 emission level by 2020  GPC Application: Used the GPC to establish 2005 base year emissions and track its 2012 progress
  9. 9. www.ghgprotocol.org/city-accounting Reporting Framework Scope Framework Comprehensively report all GHG emissions from: • Emissions from in-boundary sources (scope 1, or “territorial”) • Emissions from the use of grid- supplied energy (scope 2) • Emissions from out-of-boundary sources as a result of activities in the city (scope 3) City-induced Framework Report only GHG emissions that attributable to activities in the city: • BASIC level reporting: Cover sources that occur in almost all cities and calculation methodologies/data are more readily available • BASIC+ level reporting: More comprehensive coverage of emissions sources
  10. 10. www.ghgprotocol.org/city-accounting Scope Framework Scope 1 Agriculture, Forest, & Other Land Use Industrial Process & Product Use In-boundary Transportation Grid-Supplied Energy Transmission & Distribution Out-of-Boundary Waste In-Boundary Waste Out-of-Boundary Transportation Stationary Fuel Combustion Scope 3 Scope 2 Other Indirect Emissions CO2 CH4 N2O HFCs PFCs SF6 NF3
  11. 11. www.ghgprotocol.org/city-accounting City-Induced Framework Scope 1 Agriculture, Forest, & Other Land Use Industrial Process & Product Use In-boundary Transportation Grid-Supplied Energy Transmission & Distribution Out-of-Boundary Waste In-Boundary Waste Out-of-Boundary Transportation Stationary Fuel Combustion Scope 3 Scope 2 Waste generated outside the city Waste generated in the city Waste generated in the city Energy generation supplied to the grid CO2 CH4 N2O HFCs PFCs SF6 NF3 Other Indirect Emissions
  12. 12. www.ghgprotocol.org/city-accounting BASIC+ Level Reporting Scope 1 Agriculture, Forest, & Other Land Use Industrial Process & Product Use In-boundary Transportation Grid-Supplied Energy Transmission & Distribution Out-of-Boundary Waste In-Boundary Waste Out-of-Boundary Transportation Stationary Fuel Combustion Scope 3 Scope 2 Waste generated in the city Waste generated in the city CO2 CH4 N2O HFCs PFCs SF6 NF3
  13. 13. www.ghgprotocol.org/city-accounting BASIC Level Reporting Scope 1 In-boundary Transportation Grid-Supplied Energy Transmission & Distribution Out-of-Boundary Waste In-Boundary Waste Stationary Fuel Combustion Scope 3 Scope 2 Waste generated in the city Waste generated in the city CO2 CH4 N2O HFCs PFCs SF6 NF3
  14. 14. www.ghgprotocol.org/city-accounting 1,000+ Other potential cities (C40 & ICLEI members) 35 Cities pilot tested the GPC 70+ Other cities used the GPC beta versions Global Adoption of the GPC
  15. 15. Image: Jim Killock/Flickr CITIES TAKING ACTION 228 Cities to Cut 13 Gt Home to 436 million people Compact of Mayors Using Global Protocol for Cities
  16. 16. www.ghgprotocol.org/city-accounting Thank You! Holger Dalkmann W Fong Pankaj Bhatia wfong@wri.org www.ghgprotocol.org/city-accounting

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