Involvement refers to the vehicle being identified as either causing the accident or consisting of vehicle occupants who were victims of the accidents.
Along the 45-degree line, the share of PKT = the share in fatalities/serious injuries. PKT is used to represent motorized modes by their share in volume of traffic. If a mode lies above the line, it shows a difference in the share in PKT from the share in total fatalities, and thus appears to be more dangerous than other motorized modes of transport. Figures in parentheses indicate daily fatality/serious injury rates.
Road Safety Assessment for Mumbai - Anirudh Tagat
Road Safety Assessment for MumbaiAnirudh Tagat, Consultant, EMBARQ India
All Tables, Charts: Mumbai Traffic Police, Traffic TrainingInstitute, BycullaTwo main reports used:a) Yearly Accident Review (2008-2012)b) Annual report generated by Mumbai Traffic Police(19-page, 7-page)[2008-2012]Passenger Kilometres Travelled [PKT] (CTS, MMRDA)for representing traffic volumes in MumbaiMethodology: Data Sources
Trends in fatalities and serious injuries (2008-12)
Data shows a reduction of 13% in total fatalities in Mumbaifor 2012 in comparison with 2011Serious injuries, however, have increased by 2% in thesame period.Past three years show a general decline in fatalitiesTrends in fatalities and serious injuries for 2011-2012
Where do most fatal accidents take place?(2008-12)Dotted line represents Mumbaiaverage of 31 fatalities1238884 8273 73 71 70 6860544841 393310020406080100120140Police StationsTotalFatalities(2008-2012)VikroliGoregaon (E)Vile ParleNehru NagarTrombayDahisarKherwadiKasturba MargDeonarMankhurdSewreeDadarGhatkoparBKCBycullaCuff Parade
Passenger-Kilometres Travelled indicates the total distancecovered by each mode of transport with reference to numberof passengers (public transport carries large number ofpeople over long distances, hence will have high PKT).Greater representativeness in safety assessment of variousmodesSince PKT data for 2012 was not available, 2008 data isused for analysis (see following figures)Rationale behind using Passenger KilometresTravelled (PKT) data
PKT and Serious Injuries (Causing) – 2012Auto-rickshaw(0.012)Taxi (0.021)Car (0.018)Bus (0.002)MotorizedTwo-wheeler(0.03)0.005.0010.0015.0020.0025.0030.0035.0040.000% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50%ShareinTotalSeriousInjuries(2012)Share in PKT (2008)45° line, Share in PKT =Share in Serious Injuries
Auto-rickshaws shown to contribute less towardsfatalities, but have greater share in serious injuries.Cars and motorcycles appear to be the least safe modes (onthe basis of accident data) of passenger transport.Rapid growth of private motor vehicles appears to be acausal factorFatalities and Serious Injuries Findings
PKT and Occupant Fatalities (At Time of Accident) –2012Auto-rickshaw(0.001)Taxi(0.0005) Car (0.0006)Bus (0)MotorizedTwo-wheelers(0.021)0.0010.0020.0030.0040.0050.0060.0070.0080.0090.00100.000% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50%ShareinOccupantFatalities(2012)Share in PKT (2008)45° line, Share in PKT =Share in OccupantFatalities
Auto-rickshaws appear to bea safer mode of transportcompared to others, but lesssafer than taxis or cars, onthe basis of accident data.Motorcycle users continue tobe the most vulnerable roadusers (along withpedestrians and cyclists)No bus occupant fatalitieswere recorded for 2012Occupant Fatality FindingsModeFatalities(2012)NormalizedShare (%)Auto-rickshaws 8 4.79Buses 0 0.00Taxis 1 0.60Motorized Two-wheelers 150 89.82Cars 8 4.79
1. Better Accident Reporting2. Safe Road Design3. Monitoring Vehicular Population4. Regulating flow of heavy commercial vehicles in urban areas5. Improving Vehicle Design and Maintenance6. Driver Training and Welfare7. E-enforcement7-Point Agenda for Road Safety
Accident Data forms can help save time and improve datacollection procedure. Domestic and international datasystems can be used as a case study.On-site data collection with a team of road safety experts forappropriate road safety data.The FIR filed on-site should cover all details necessary forroad safety assessment.Recommendations for Data Collection andManagement
Stakeholder workshop facilitated by Mumbai TrafficPolice, EMBARQ India and MTSUSharing of findings from Safety Assessment of MumbaiDiscussion of United Nations Decade of Action for RoadSafety (2011-20) commitmentsActivities initiated by the Traffic Police DepartmentRoad Safety Workshop