In the current pilot, we are focusing on rationalising 63 routes which are served by 228 buses
City Bus Service Modernisation "BusKaroPlus" - Anjum Parwez, IAS
City Bus Service Modernization“Bus Karo Plus”Anjum Parwez, IAS, Managing Director, BMTC
Presentation onCity Bus Service Modernisation“Bus Karo Plus”BMTC InitiativeByAnjum Parwez, IASManaging DirectorBMTC , Bangalore15th April 2013
Urban Transport and Traffic Management High population growth. Massive increase in registered vehicles. High use of personalized vehicle. Heavy congestion. Less share of Public Transport. Parking problem. Urban transport – Urban mobility is a major concern for UrbanPlanners and Policy makers. Urban Bus transport is and will remain the major componentof Urban Mobility.
At Present• Own 6472 buses• Bus Depots 38• Bus Stations 49• Manpower 33828• Routes 2398• Bus Staff Ratio 5.4Every day• Operate 6129 bus schedules• Perform 13 lakhs service Kms• Make 84443 bus trips• Earn Rs 4.20 Crore• Carry 49 lakh passengers• It is expected that, despite the fact that we are going to add other modesof MRT, by 2025, 55 Lakh passenger trips will be performed by busesonly.• BMTC need about 9000 buses by that time.• It needs about augmentation of 300 buses every year.• All the new buses added to fleet, either as augmentation or replacementwill be low floor good quality buses.Bus Operations of BMTC
Technology Change and Diesel ConsumptionSl. No. TechnologyYear ofInductionKMPLEffect of Replacement withBS IV Vehicle on KMPL1 BS-O 4.46 0.832 BS-I 2000 4.40 0.773 BS-II 2003 4.28 0.654 BS-III 2005 4.22 0.595 BS-IV 2011 3.63Replacement ScenarioBS-O to BS-IV -- Increase in annual diesel cost by Rs 3.78 lakhs per vehicle.BS-I to BS-IV -- Increase in annual diesel cost by Rs 3.54 lakhs per vehicle.BS-II to BS-IV -- Increase in annual diesel cost by Rs 3.40 lakhs per vehicle.BS-III to BS-IV -- Increase in annual diesel cost by Rs 3.33 lakhs per vehicle.Converting the entire fleet to BS-IV -- Increase in annual dieselcost by Rs. 44.62 – 51.49 Crore.
Type of Bus Average Cost (in Lakhs)Difference of Costwith BS-IV (InLakhs)BS-II 22.75 6BS-III 24.25 4.5BS-IV 28.75Bus Cost• These technological changes has happened mainly because of stringentemission norms, substantially adding to the cost of operation.• However STUs have not received any support from Government tocompensate these additional costs due to environmental norms.• STUs are not even allowed to take this component in the tariff fixation.It is resulting in reducing the margin of operation drastically for BMTC.
Statement showing variation in prices for high value itemsSl. No. ItemDecember 2011rate in Rs.December 2012rate in Rs.Difference inRs.% increase1 Tyre 10891.46 11838.90 947.44 8.702 Pre-cured Tread Rubber 162.00 189.66 27.66 17.073 Bearing 853.36 924.61 71.25 8.354 Automotive Batteries 4551.91 5850.00 1298.09 28.525 Alluminium Sheets 179591.00 189990.00 10399.00 5.796 Automotive Lubricants 131.67 136.96 5.29 4.027 Seats 74222.41 110260.00 36037.59 48.558 Spring Leaves 62661.16 70133.67 7472.51 11.939 Fuel Filer 1016.58 1093.96 77.38 7.6110 Oil Filter 123.57 205.87 82.30 66.6011 Automotives Glasses 676.28 723.81 47.53 7.03Average % Increase 19.47%On an average, BMTC is procuring Rs. 175 Crore worth of materialsannually. 20% increase on materials works out to Rs. 35 Crore annually.Spare Parts Cost
Sl. No ServiceNo ofSchsNo ofschedulesEPKMless thanRs 25.00% of schsNo ofschedulesEPKMless thanRs.30% ofschedules1 General Shift 1695 115 6.78 593 34.982 Night Out 2884 330 11.44 1564 54.233Double DayShift1349 41 3.03 388 28.764 Night Shift 51 13 25.49 40 78.43TOTAL 5979 499 2585Low Earning Schedules
There is limitation on increasing thePassenger TariffOther sources of revenue generationEfficiency ImprovementCost cuttingOperational OptimizationPopularizing Bus Transport
• Bus terminal• Bus bays• Platforms• Seating & lighting• Public conveniences• Information systems• Safety and security• Bus maintenance depot• Maintenance bays,• Washing platform• Bus parking• Services and Utilities• Fuel filling station• Amenities for crew• Passenger amenities• Bangalore One centers• Other citizen amenity centers• ATMs• Daily needs shopping• Park and Ride facilitiesTraffic and Transit Management Centers (TTMCs)
Popularizing Bus TransportAwareness CreationEasy Connectivity
Bus Day is being observedfor the citizens ofBangalore to leave theirprivate vehicles at homeand use publictransportation forcommuting. Traffic congestion reducedon the day. There has been a drop inthe pollution levels on theday.
High Frequency Servicealong major ArterialroadsEasy ConnectivityBig 10G1G2G3G4G5G6G7G8 G9 G10G11G12
Big CircleCircular Service alongOuter Ring Road
Inner CircleHigh DemandRoutes withinOuter Ring Road
Big ConnectFeeders for Big 10routes beyondOuter Ring Road
Number of Special Services ScheduleService Number of SchedulesBig 10 155Big Circle 81Big Connect 48Inner Circle 80Total 364
Complete Network VisionHigh Frequency oneach linkBig10 – 5 minInner Circle – 5 minBig Circle – 10 minBig Connect – 15 min
Hosur Road Corridor Improvement PlanMoving from the existing‘Destination Services’ modelto an‘Integrated Services’ model
Destination Services Model• Bus services in Bangalore are based on the‘Direct Services’ model.• Each locality is directly connected todestinations in the city centre with a dedicatedroute.• Such system leads to inefficiency.• As city expands and number of destinationsincreases, the number of routes increasesexponentially.• It results in a large degree of route redundancy.
Destination Services Model• Due to constrained fiscal capacities, fleet sizecannot keep up with the increase in number ofroutes.• It results in large number of routes with only 1or 2 buses.• If these routes are long – as new routes servingthe city periphery tend to be – this results inlong wait times in sub-urban areas.
Existing Services:From City Centre toElectronics City andBeyond63 Routes228 Buses
Study Aspect• Number or Routes.• Number of Schedules.• Bus Stop Access Mode.• Load Factor.• Frequency of Buses.• Waiting Time.• Arrival Pattern.• Bus Transfer Pattern for Journey Completion.• Passenger Trip Pattern.• Pattern of Travel of Bus Pass Holders.
53%4%4%12%4%10%13%Bus Stop Access Mode - Chandapura(From areas with BMTC service) [n=1650]BMTCKSRTCPrivate BusAuto2WCarWalk
Improving SimplicityExisting ProposedTRUNKFEEDERTOTAL15486361723Routes63.5% reduction in number of routeswhile maintaining same service coverage
KRMarketKBSBrigade RoadTrunk RoutesElectronicsCityAttibeleSBS6 Proposed Trunk Routes.It will serve the same travel patterns as 15Routes in the Existing Service.