Roundtable D - Offshore Renewable Energy


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  • 31 October 2012
  • 31 October 2012
  • Vestas Asia pacific is operating across the entire region with both production and Sales activities localized in all key markets
  • Roundtable D - Offshore Renewable Energy

    1. 1. THINKTANK ROUNDTABLE DOFFSHORERENEWABLE ENERGYOrganised by:Energy Research Institute @ NTU
    3. 3. OPPORTUNITIES  Combining resource needs to be cost effective of all islands  Developing wind parks to integrate between island utilities  Developing offshore wind parks  Integrating oil/gas industry into renewable parks  Moving technology competence from Europe to Asia  Expanding university talent to market  Developing universal methodologies and standards  Developing and enhancing roadmaps  Creating an industry of local experts: civil, electrical, environmental, permitting, university and consultants© Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved. 3
    4. 4. CHALLENGES  Data collection and verification  Moving from research to demonstration  Encouraging offshore developers into staying and building distributed technology farms  Proofing system stability and rate stability  IPP have difficult completing  Cost effective subsea cable interconnections between islands© Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved. 4
    5. 5. Safeguarding life, property and the environment© Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved. 5
    6. 6. Offshore Renewable Energy Conference 2012Panel DiscussionAndrew Crowle, Director Mechanical & MaterialsVestas Advanced Technology
    7. 7. 47,000+ turbines installed in 69 Countries20,000 employees globally 20% of global accumulated capacity Onshore A New Milestone:Vestas has reached an installed global capacity of >50GW of wind energy 55 million tons of CO2 saved every year 40% of global accumulated capacity Offshore7
    8. 8. Vestas in Asia Pacific Region Regional Sales Sales/Service Units Manufacturing Vestas Singapore ~ 75 employees9
    9. 9. Contents Vestas activities in Singapore Why are we here? Questions & Answers The Challenges – Group Discussion10 Offshore Renewable Energy Conference 2012
    10. 10. Vestas Singapore – 11 business areas on siteKey message: Opportunities for Cross functional integration Offshore Renewable Energy Conference 2012
    11. 11. Technology Hotspot – Vestas can leverage from the industrial eco-system Key message: global centre for industrial technology Mechanical Electronics Power Materials Software Offshore Engineering (Oil & Gas and Shipping) Growing Renewables Centre – Government backed ‘clean Tech’ strategy12 Offshore Renewable Energy Conference 2012
    12. 12. Why is Vestas in Singapore? Technology Hotspot – With extensive financial benefits Key message: Strong Government support Joint Materials Lab - NTU Access & Government labs Leverage on (A*STAR) research institutes Experimental Grid Lab Universities facilities Tax Structure Low 10% corporate tax rate Access to $60M National Science foundation grant Funding Grants Grant Support for PHD & Master & Resources students (Industrial Post Graduate Programme & National Research Foundation (Clean Energy) Scholarship13 Offshore Renewable Energy Conference 2012
    13. 13. FinancialsKey message: Low Cost Engineering Centre SG ChennaiOffshore Renewable Energy Conference 2012
    14. 14. Diverse Nationalities, 75% Masters/PhD Education Key message: Can attract highly educated talent from around the world15 Singapore Site Strategy - June 2012 Offshore Renewable Energy Conference 2012
    15. 15. Singapore - OverviewKey message: High calibre staff, easy to do business Highlights : •Rich talent pool - Easy to attract high calibre talent from across the world. •Integrated with Asia-Pacific & China BUs •Technology “hot spot” - country strategy to develop ‘Cleantech’ R&D leading to high levels of infrastructure, external support & project funding. Ease of doing business Best Labour Force •Major financial centre & regional business SINGAPORE Economy Rank USA hub with low corporate tax rates. Singapore 1 TAIWAN Hong Kong 2 SWITZERLAND BELGIUM New Zealand 3 United Kingdom 4 JAPAN IRELAND •R&D grant award funding 50% wages and United States 5 SWEDEN NETHERLANDS 30% of material costs. AUSTRALIA Source: Doing Business 2100 Source: BERI’s 2010 Labour Force Report, World Bank Evaluation •Strong IPR regulations16Offshore Renewable Energy Conference 2012
    16. 16. Questions & Answers17
    17. 17. SWOT Analysis Current State – Singapore Site Key message: Opportunity to add greater valueVestas Turbines R&D and GSS SingaporeMajor Strength Major WeaknessAttractive location for talent Lack in WTG domain knowledgeInternational Hub for R&D Access to large scaleEfficient Govt Support turbines hardware & manufacturing.Best IP Protection in region.Major Opportunity Major ThreatTo be the centre for grid Is the rest of thecompliance. organisation willing to operate with higher levelsTo be a Global hub for of responsibilty in SG.materials development.Wider exploitation of funding Not achieving grant HC& grants criteria will not achieveCentre for specification & optimum staff cost perqualification of electrical in emerging markets 18 Singapore Site Strategy - June 2012
    18. 18. Innovations in Offshore Wind Technology through R&D John Olav Giæver Tande Director NOWITECH Senior Research Scientist SINTEF Energy Research 19
    19. 19. A big global market for offshore wind► Firm European commitment► 2020: 40 GW; EUR 66bn► 2030: 150 GW, EUR 145bn► Significant developments in China, Japan, Korea and USA► Near-term large market is for bottom-fixed wind farms► Increasing interest in developing floating concepts 20
    20. 20. Main drivers► Battle climate change Stern Review (2006): ..strong, early action on► Security of supply climate change far outweigh► Industry value creation the costs of not acting. IEA 2DS scenario: 15 % wind in global fuel mix by 2050Copy from IEA Energy Technology Perspectives 2012 21
    21. 21. NOWITECH in brief Research partners: Associated research► a joint pre-competitive ►SINTEF (host) partners: research effort ►IFE ►DTU Wind Energy ►NTNU ►MIT► focus on deep offshore Industry partners: ►NREL wind technology (+30 m) ►Devold AMT AS ►Fraunhofer IWES ►Det Norske Veritas ►Uni. Strathclyde► budget (2009-2017) ►DONG Energy Power ►TU Delft EUR 40 millions ►EDF R&D ►Nanyang TU ►Fedem Technology AS Associated industry► co-financed by the partners: ►Fugro OCEANOR AS Research Council of ►GE Wind Power AS ►Access Mid-Norway Norway, industry and ►Kværner Verdal ►Energy Norway research partners ►NTE Holding AS ►Enova ►SmartMotor AS ►Innovation Norway► 25 PhD/post doc grants ►Statkraft ►NCEI ►Statnett SF ►NORWEA ►Statoil Petroleum AS ►NVE► Vision: ►Vestas ►Wind Cluster Mid-  large scale deployment ►Vestavind Offshore Norway  internationally leading 22
    22. 22. Multidisciplinary Research Challenges O&M Wind turbine Sub- structure Grid LPC distribution of offshore wind farm (example)Key issue: Innovations reducing cost of energy from offshore wind 23
    23. 23. Exciting floating concepts (2011, 2,3 MW) (2009, 2,3 MW) BlueH (2007, 80 kW) NREL/MIT HiPRwind 24
    24. 24. The HyWind demo – in operation since Sept. 2009 Turbine power 2,3 MW Turbine weight 138 tons Draft hull 100 m Nacelle height 65 m Rotor diameter 82,4 m Water depth 150–700 m Displacement 5300 tons Mooring 3 lines D @ water line 6m D submerged 8,3 m Data from Statoil 25
    25. 25. One big advantage: relatively easy installation!► In-shore assembly in sheltered waters► Tug-boats for transport to site for installation► Alternative: WindFlip? 26
    26. 26. It is stable? Yes; according to Simulations and Test in Ocean Basin Lab (2005) 20Tower top displacement (m) 15 10 5 0 -5 -10 With stabilizer Without stabilizer -15 100 150 200 250 300 Time (s) 27
    27. 27. Connection to oil and gas installations Gas ~ t u r b in e s E le c t r ic lo a d s ( s to r a g e ) subsea c a b le W in d t u r b in e► Wind farm operate in parallel with gas turbines  Saves fuel (~300 Sm3/MWhel) and emissions (CO2: ~600 kg/MWhel)► Little space available  No extra transformer at oil rig► Energy storage likely not economic 28
    28. 28. NOWITECH 10 MW reference turbine Initial design parameters Nominal power output 10.0 MW Design wind velocity 13.0 m/s Tip speed ratio 7.7 Hub height 93.5 m Turbine diameter 141.0 m Design water depth 60.0 m Wind & waves ala Doggerbank (work in progress!) The NOWITECH 10 MW reference turbine introduces a new generator and support structure concept
    29. 29. Superconducting generators reduce weight  100 times the current density compared to copper  More than doubles the achievable magnetic field  Eliminates rotor losses  Operating at 20-50 K  New materials give new electromagnetic designs  Possible step-changing technologyCourtesy AMSC  Activity in new FP7 project application: InnWind 30
    30. 30. Optimization of the offshore grid ► Inside and between wind farms ► New market solutions are required ► New technology (HVDC VSC, multi- terminal, hybrid HVDC/HVAC, .. ) ► Protection, Fault handling, Operation, Control, Cost, Security of Supply 140 10 Number of cable configurations 120 10 100 10 80 10 60 10 40 10 20 10 0 10 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Number of nodes 31
    31. 31. Innovative DC grid solutions for offshore windfarms avoiding need for large sub-stationConventional system +100 kV 33kV +100 kV
    32. 32. Remote presence reduce O&M costs► It is costly and sometimes impossible to have maintenance staff visiting offshore turbines► Remote presence:  Remote inspection through a small robot on a track in the nacelle equipped with camera / heat sensitive, various probes, microphone etc.  Remote maintenance through robotized maintenance actions
    33. 33. From Idea to Commercial Deployment 2014-16 Large Parks 2009 Pilot Park 2005 Commercial and Market Focus Prototype2001 Cost Focus Model test Technology Focus ConceptGraphic is copy from Statoil presentation on HyWind at WindPower R&D seminar; 20-21 January 2011, Trondheim, Norway
    34. 34. Rounding up► Remarkable results are already achieved by industry and R&D institutes on deep offshore wind technology► Technology still in an early phase – Big potential provided technical development and bringing cost down► Research plays a significant role in providing new knowledge as basis for industrial development and cost- effective offshore wind farms at deep sea► Cooperation between research and industry is essential for ensuring relevance, quality and value creation► Test and demonstration, also in large scale, is vital to bring research results into the market place► Offshore wind is a multidisciplinary challenge – international collaboration is the answer! 35
    35. 35. NOWITECH is a joint 40M€We make it possible research effort on offshore wind technology.Questions? Integrated numerical design tools New materials for blades and generators. Novel substructures (bottom-fixed and floaters) Grid connection and system integration Operation and maintenance Assessment of novel concepts 36